Native American Press / Ojibwe News

July 26, 2002
Marion’s Story

By Maxine V. Eidsvig

In the June 7, 2002, issue of Press/ON there was a story of the early lace makers on the Lower Sioux Reservation near Morton, Minnesota.  The article ended with a brief mention of Marion Ross, the granddaughter of Jeanette Crooks Campbell.  Marion Ross (aka Lorraine Bucholz) has been trying since October 29, 1998, to transfer her enrollment from the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe to the Lower Sioux Indian Community.

Records indicate that there is good reason for Marion’s desire to be enrolled in the Lower Sioux Indian Community, although there are those who will contend that it is only for per capita that she seeks enrollment.  Marion was born on the Lower Sioux Indian Community on March 19, 1920, to Amelia Jones Bucholz and Otto Bucholz.  There are birth, baptismal, and school records to verify that she as well as her mother and brothers, were indeed residents of the community.  Her grandmother, Jeanette, was also born and raised on the reservation and is listed on the census rolls of the Mdewakanton Band of Sioux Indians of Minnesota of 1886.  Until the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 was enacted, there were no other formal census rolls where one could be listed.   

Marion was away at the Flandreau, South Dakota Indian boarding school at the time the representatives of the BIA traveled to the various Indian reservations in Minnesota and South Dakota in 1934 to assist the communities in forming governments under the Indian Reorganization Act, which reversed the policy of allotment and encouraged tribal organization.  These representatives signed off on the tribal rolls prepared by tribal members.  Since Marion was physically at Flandreau, she was listed at Flandreau and for some reason her mother and brothers were also listed at Flandreau even though they had always resided at Morton.  In 1973, the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe wrote the Lower Sioux Community and asked for verification that the Lower Sioux Community had enrolled the Bucholz family—Amelia and her children, including Marion.  In June of 1979, the Lower Sioux Community “reaffirmed the membership” of 24 individuals, all of who had sought enrollment much earlier.  In March of 1980, the BIA affirmed the membership of the 24 individuals. The list included Amelia and five of Marion’s brothers but not Marion.  There is no logical explanation as to why Marion was not included. 



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