Canoe on Red Lake - photo courtesy Minnesota Historical Society
          photo courtesy Minnesota Historical Society
"Indian woman and child in canoe on Red Lake" - photographer E.B. Johnson, circa 1899

Historical Documents


            Hudson's Bay Company and the Earl of Selkirk's Red River Colony.


            Old Crossing treaty with the Red Lake and Pembina Bands of Chippewa, concluded on the 2nd of October, 1863

Amendments to Old Crossing Treaty - April 12, 1864

Halfbreed Scrip

Halfbreed Scrip issued on Article VII of the 1864 Amendments to the 1863 Red Lake and Pembina Treaty

Chippewa Half-Breeds of Lake Superior - 42d Congress, 2d Session, House of Representatives, Ex.Doc. No. 193

William Watts Folwell on "Chippewa Half-Breed Scrip"


January 14, 1889: "An act for the relief and civilization of the Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota"

Minnesota Chippewa Commission
       "Indian copy" of Red Lake transcripts provided to Red Lake General Council by the Minnesota Chippewa Commission


Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for cession of land.


Broken Treaty Papers

  , a website focusing on the genealogy and history of the Ahnishinahbæótjibway, Ojibwe, and Métis.

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