Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of eleven western townships, Red Lake Indian Reservation, "council" proceedings, page 62


heard my instructions read the other day, that I was directed to be fair and just to the Indians and to the United States.  I have not only been fair to you, but I have been liberal in price, and to be just to you I hare to take into consideration that which will be of the greatest benefit to you in the manner of payment.  My friends, that is a very large first payment.  I have made the calculation and it will be about $186.55 for each man, woman and child, figuring the number at 1340 persons.  It will be about $932.75 for a family of

five persons for the first payment.  Then the $50,000 annual payment would give each of you about $37.30 annually for fifteen years. My friends, the proposition that I have made to you is far better than any other disposition that could be made out of those payments, and to provide for the payment to continue for five years longer than we first talked of influenced me largely in increasing the price, so that you old people would thus have ample to provide for your wants the remainder of your days, and with this means your young men had ought to be in comfortable circumstances by the time the annual payments terminate.  I have been very liberal to you my friends, in the offer that I have made both as to price and manner of payment, and you must at least give me sufficient grounds upon which to base an argument that would probably carry the agreement through Congress, but to give you the large amount of $300,000 in the first payment I would fear the outcome.  You will see my friends, that my proposition will be best for you after considering it, and much as I would like to meet your wishes in the premises it would not be advisable, and I therefore cannot consent to your request.  Remember now we have reached an agreement as to price, and the manner of payment that I propose is for your best interests.  The agreement will protect you along the lines that we have talked of in our councils and I therefore hope that you will see the wisdom of accepting it without further

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