Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of eleven western townships, Red Lake Indian Reservation, "council" proceedings, page 46



been read to you, that large discretionary power is vested in me in these negotiations.  I am simply directed therein to be fair to the Indians and just to the United States.   The meaning of the words "fair to the Indians" is to give you a fair and reasonable price for your land and provide for manner of payments which will be the most conductive to your wellfare.  The meaning of the words "Just to the United States" is not to pay more than the land is worth, and to have the agreement such as will meet the approval of Congress. The word "Justice" also means protecting you in your just rights. As I told you heretofore, the people of the United States constitute the Government, and you are part of the people of the United States.

Now you have the matter before you my friends, and you certainly must understand it, because I have taken great pains to make it very clear to you.   The lump sun, $960,670, is based upon the number of acres included in the cession, at the rate of $3.75 per acre.  That makes the definite lump sum stated.

I have already said that any of you now located on that tract, who desire to remain there may do so, and the price of the number of acres required for allotments for those electing to remain will be deducted from the lump sum offered.  It would make that lump sum proportionately less.  As a friend of the Indians and having your best interests at heart, I would advise all to come within the reduced reservation.   You can only protect yourselves on the ceded tract by taking allotments, and if you remain on that portion you must take your allotments at once.   You then become full fledged white men in every sense of the word, and you will have white men all around you. The only advantage that you will have over the white man is that your allotments will not be taxed for twenty-five years, during the trust period.

Now my friends, you should understand the whole matter very

< HOME >
< NEXT >