Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of 11 western townships, Red Lake reservation, "council" proceedings, page 27



You have a big lake to procure fish from and dense woods to hunt in, near your homes, whilst the tract that we ask you to cede must be cultivated to produce anything.  A reduction of your reservation to a reasonable area, such as a cession of that tract would leave, you would be comparatively safe, you would not be asked for any additional cession in the future, at least not in the life-time of some of you old people who I see before me, and after the young men grow up and find that they have more land than they need they may offer to dispose of it, but that is in the distant future.   With your reservation remaining as it is without reducing it by the cession of that western portion you can rest assured that it will be opened up to settlement without your being consulted.   It may not be this year, it may not be next year, it may not be year after next, but it is sure to come within a very few years.    The growth of this country is such that there is a great rush for land, more land is needed for homes for settlers, and the Department that has charge of the Indian Affairs is powerless to prevent it being opened, as public sentiment demands it.   And the public through their members in Congress, their senators and representatives, demand that where Indians have more land than they require for their own use that they be paid a reasonable price for it and open it to settlement.  That is why I say the President, the Secretary of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs are powerless to prevent it. You are now in a position to protect yourselves in a way that very few Indians are, also to receive a large per capita payment for years to come.  And if we agree upon a price for the land, there is no question but that we can agree upon the terms, that is for the number of years that the payments shall continue.   There are a number of you people before me that are getting old like myself, and by having something to provide for your declining years, the next ten years, would be a great benefit not only to your-

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