Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of 11 western townships, Red Lake Indian Reservation, "council" proceedings, page 26



land.  My friends, I told you the other day that the President of the United States, the Secretary of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs hare your interests at heart and the interest of all the Indians, but that they are powerless to stop the tide of emigration and stop the opening up of the surplus lands of Indian reservations. All persons connected with the Department of the Interior, having charge of the Indians, are very desirous that I conclude an agreement with you for that tract of land, so that you may thus secure the residue that will be left, that is your reduced reservation.  As I told you the other day, the entire reservation as defined by that agreement of 1889, contains about 800,000 acres of land; the cession of that western portion which we desire, would leave you about 544,000 acres, which would allow about 400 acres for every man, woman and child belonging to your reservation.   The only object in the past for Indians to have large tracts of land was the advantage of having hunting grounds, but game is not only steadily but rapidly disappearing.  When I first went among the Indians west of the Missouri river the plains were covered with buffalo.  Today there is not a buffalo in the country except a few that are in parks owned by cities and private individuals.  The bear, otter, beaver, fox and even the wolf are disappearing from the country.  You people are very fortunate here in having a magnificent lake, which affords you a great many fish, but in a few years more there will be no game in the country.   Therefore this tract of land that I ask you to cede is of little value to you as it is, that is, you derive very little benefit from it at the present time. The game will soon disappear and there is nothing there that you can realize anything from except to locate upon it and cultivate the land, but you have a much better country for your homes right here, within the proposed diminished reservation, than you would have out there, and you would be very much happier to remain here,

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