Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of 11 western townships, Red Lake Indian Reservation, council proceedings, page 24



in relation to these claims.  "Any agreement that we may enter into for the western portion of your reservation will in no way effect the claims that you speak of, other than to aid in bringing them before the Department more forcibly."   Each of those individual claims that you speak of will be settled and determined upon its own merits, and any agreement that we may enter into for a portion of your reservation will contain a provision to that effect, by incorporating in the agreement words something to this effect: "That nothing in this agreement shall be construed to deprive the Indians of any benefits to which they are entitled under existing treaties or agreements."

The cession of the western portion of your reservation is an independent proposition and entirely different from what your last agreement was.  This is something in which you people of Red Lake Agency alone have any interest, that is, provided you take advantage of my presence here and my readiness to meet you on common grounds and a fair proposition, and you don't want to keep your ears closed so as not to hear what I am going to say.  You hare an opportunity now to protect yourselves in a way that there are no other Indians in the country that can be better protected.   Your agreement of 1889 does not protect you as a tribe and as an Agency fully.  There has been a certain tract of land described, and certain boundary lines within which you may take allotments, and under that agreement (which this book contains, indicating), the Government could at any time order allotments made to you and all the surplus lands would be declared open for settlement, under the same conditions that your other ceded lands are.  That is the pine land portions that were appraised and sold for less than their appraised value, and the agricultural land opened to settlement under the homestead acts at $1.25 per acre.   I am in a position at this time, having been sent here by the Secretary of the Interior to negotiate with you, to make a bargain that will protect you, and establish your undisputed right to the possession of

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