Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of 11 western townships, Red Lake Indian Reservation, page 16



present time, that is what the Indians derived from the lands ceded by that treaty.  This is one of the grievances in which we think there has been wrong done to us.  The understanding we had in that treaty was that the reservation line was to begin at a point on the International Boundary Line at the Lake of the Woods on the western shore, and from thence to the head of Thief River; thence down the main channel of the said Thief River to its mouth on the Red Lake river; thence from the mouth of the Thief Hirer direct south to the Wild Rice River; thence along the Wild Rice River to its head; thence from the head of the Wild Rice River along a creek which flows in from the east; thence from the source of this creek in a direct line to Portage Lake; thence from the east end of Portage Lake direct to the Mississippi River; thence following the main channel of the Mississippi River to Lake Bemidji; thence direct from the south side of Lake Bemidji where the Mississippi River runs into Lake Bemidji in a direct line north from the north end of Lake Bemidji; thence in a direct line north to Little Birch Lake; thence from Little Birch Lake in a direct line to the island in Black Duck Lake; thence from the said island north to the high ridge; thence from the termination of said high ridge in a direct line to the source of Muddy creek; thence from the source of Muddy creek in a direct line to the source of Black River; thence along the said Black River down to the Rainy River; thence following the main channel of the Rainy River to the International Boundary Line; and thence west along the International Boundary Line to the place of beginning.

That is how all of the old men understood the reservation line when they made the treaty.  This was our under standing, and the line was entirely different when made by the whites.

What we want to ask you about is this:- Who ceded the 13 townships on the southwest of the reservation in Polk County, at and around Fosston, who ceded that and who got the benefit for it? Was there any

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