Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 cession of 11 western townships, Red Lake Indian Reservation, page 10



as we shall agree upon, I representing the Government and you the Red Lake Chippewas.  There is an old saying used by the whites, that it requires two parties to make a bargain, and in justice to those interested both parties should have a voice in making the trade, and the Department desiring to allow you people to have a say in this proposed agreement has sent me here to talk with you and try and bargain with you for this piece of land.  There are no people who cheerfully accept a bargain forced upon them against their will, some-thing they have no voice in, and for that reason I have been sent here to present this matter and to consider it with you and to talk it over until we arrive at an agreement, and I will reason with you and give you a fair and plain answer to all your questions. I will say further that my negotiations with you people is for that piece of land and I cannot include any past grievances which you may have, but I would like to have you state fully and clearly what your grievances are and state the grounds upon which you base the same, and they will all appear in the minutes of our councils and will become a part of the printed document, if an agreement is entered into between us. Whilst I can only guarantee and pledge my word for the truth of every statement that I will make regarding the negotiations that we are engaged upon for the western portion of your reservation, I promise to faithfully submit your grievances in my report.  As for any agreement that we may enter into I know that it will be carried out to the letter, and as for the grievances that you speak of, I can only promise that I will do all that I can in presenting them properly, and if there is merit in them I have no doubt but that they will be adjusted in due time.  Any agreement that we may enter into in regard to this tract of land will not in any way conflict with your claims; those claims will have the same status with the Department and with the Government, no matter what the outcome of our negotiations in this matter may be; each stand on their own basis, and anything that there is right in, which from what I have learned and heard you may have in

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