Minutes of councils held by James McLaughlin, United States Indian Inspector, with the Indians of Red Lake Agency, Minnesota, from March 4th to March 10th, 1902, for Cession of land.
1902 - Red Lake land cession council minutes, page 2

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townships, only seven of which are full townships, the other twelve being fractional, lying along the boundary lines. The total acreage of the tract referred to is 256,152.28 acres, which is only a little over eleven full townships, about eleven and an eighth townships. The tract of land that our negotiations will include is that portion of your reservation lying in Red Lake County, situated west of the boundary line between Red Lake and Beltrami Counties, which line is about 14 miles in a direct line west from the most westerly point of Red Lake, as shown by the sectional maps prepared from the Government survey.  The entire tract has been surveyed and we therefore know the actual acreage that it contains, which is, as I have already stated, 256,152.28 acres.  Plats showing the acreage of each of said townships and fractional townships have been furnished by the Surveyor General of Minnesota, and I have them with me, there is therefore no guess work of approximate acreage, but we know the actual acreage as ascertained by survey.

Your present reservation approximates 800,000 acres, and the cession by you of the portion referred to would leave you about 544,000 acres, which is more than ample for your needs.  In order to obtain a personal knowledge of the land I came here by way of Thief River Palls, and therefore drove through about the middle of the tract from west to east, a distance of about 26 miles, and thus obtained a very general knowledge of the character of the country and quality of the land, and my trip across the country, together with what I have learned from persons familiar with it, convinces me that the greater portion of that land is good agricultural land, but there is considerable low, damp land, also some marshes, which portions are of comparatively little value unless the lands can be successfully drained.

There is also very little timber of any commercial value upon the tract, it is true there are numerous groves of small trees, mostly poplar, with some scattering small sized oak, which would provide



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