proceedings, page 4: ... trust period,
after which the allotment belongs to the
allottee, with the right to do what he pleased with
Indian reservation lands held in common by Indians cannot be sold or
of except to the United States; and while the fee or rested right to
is in the United States, the right of the Indians to the occupancy ...
proceedings, page 5: ...it, and you
old men should grasp the opportunity
of profiting by the proceeds of its cession which would provide for
comforts in your declining years; and you young men would thus be given
start, that should, with reasonable industry on your part, place you in
comfortable circumstances, and on the road to independence ...
proceedings, page 6:
... fairly upon
any reasonable proposition. I wish to add
that in case we conclude an
agreement for that tract of land, those now residing thereon may take
allottments where they now reside, or they may abandon those locations
remove within the diminished reservation, which latter course I would
much the better for them, in which event a provision would be made in
agreement allowing them a fair price ...
proceedings, page 7: ... Council
reconvened Tuesday Evening March 4th,
1902, 7:45 P.M.
McLAUGHLIN:- I am advised that you have sent for me and ...
proceedings, page 8: ... looking
for an answer from the department, we presented our grievances at
Washington and that is what I am looking for.
This what I have said, is the wish of all of the Indians that
here. The Indians wish to make no
agreement whatever until our matters are adjusted ...
proceedings, page 9: ... for
it will enable you to secure the very best land on the reservation
which cannot be interfered with by anyone and it is held in trust for
Now in regard to this piece of land that I have been talking to you about it is a different proposition from any grievance that you are speaking of...
proceedings, page 10: ... as
we shall agree upon, I representing the Government and you the Red
Lake Chippewas. There is an old saying
used by the whites, that it requires two parties to make a bargain, and
justice to those interested both parties should have a voice in making
trade, and the Department desiring to allow you people to have a say in
agreement has sent me here ...
proceedings, page 11: ... some of your
claims, there is no doubt but that
they will be adjusted in due time. On
account of ambiguous wording in some agreements with Indians they
Department and are very difficult to explain.
Now in considering this question in regard to the western
your reservation for its cession to the United States, we want to
other claims ...
proceedings, page 12: ... here
who speaks for you people, for the reason that I knew you had many
which you wish to present and I am ready to hear about those claims and
grievances that you wish to have placed before the Great Father’s
proceedings, page 13: ... Department,
and whatever I represent or report to the Department, the
Secretary usually approves. And in the
committees of Congress any representation that I make in regard to
any particular matter that I have been a party to, my statements are
taken without question ...
proceedings, page 14: ... consulted
as a party to it, or your voice being heard when it was
prepared, but I come here to try and agree with you upon the price of
and the manner of payment, so that you are a party to the trade ...
proceedings, page 15: ... thing
more to say to
you tomorrow. If you have nothing
further to say to-night we will adjourn until tomorrow morning at ten
proceedings, page 16: ... present
time, that is what the Indians derived from the lands ceded by
that treaty. This is one of the
grievances in which we think there has been wrong done to us. The understanding we had in that treaty was
that the reservation line was to begin at ...
proceedings, page 17: ...
Indian got any benefit for
those 13 townships? Who authorized
opening of those 13 townships?
page 18: ... into
thence following up the Clearwater river to intersect a line commencing
Marsh and directly west to the Clearwater river; thence from the Big
proceedings, page 19: ... and when the lumber concern who bought it contracted to have this timber cut there was 300,000,000 feet contracted for and cut out of the 70,000,000 feet estimated. And there was another ...
proceedings, page 20:
on these school
sections has been cut off and nobody seems to know who has cut the
After everything was accepted and ratified in our treaty of 1889 we
promised that we would not be bothered to dispose of any more of our
proceedings, page 21: ... found out that these trespassers hare paid for
that they hare stolen, and what monies that these trespassers have paid
in we claim
to be our own money.
Mr. Rice in negotiating the treaty of 1889 promised the Indians that ...
proceedings, page 22: ... that
you have given me in
regular order and in concise form the different grievances and claims
hare. It will enable me to report and
present them to the Department Officials in the exact words that you
them to me, and anything that I can do towards helping you in the
matter I will
do it with pleasure ...
proceedings, page 23: ... provided
in the agreement to entitle you to it, but there is no such
provision. If the commission
negotiating with you promised you free transportation they exceeded
authority. I hare read the agreement
carefully and there is no mention of such in the act that you accepted
proceedings, page 24: ... in
relation to these
claims. "Any agreement that we may
enter into for the western portion of your reservation will in no way
the claims that you speak of, other than ...
proceedings, page 25: ... this
reservation, and no
other Indians would hare rights to the proceeds & of this
yourselves. Whilst under the act of 1889
the surplus lands of this reservation, not required for allotments for
and your families, may be thrown open to settlement ...
proceedings, page 26: ... land. My friends, I told you the
other day that the President of the United States, the Secretary of the
Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs hare your interests at
and the interest of all the Indians, but that they are powerless to
tide of emigration and stop the opening up of the surplus lands of
proceedings, page 27: ... You
have a big lake to procure fish from and dense woods to hunt in, near
your homes, whilst the tract that we ask you to cede must be cultivated
produce anything. A reduction of your
reservation to a reasonable area, such as a cession of that tract would
would be comparatively safe, you would not be asked for any additional
in the future, at least not in the life-time of some of you old
proceedings, page 28: ... selves
but to your
families. Now I want to have these
notes prepared and have them reduced to writing so that I may read over
the claims that you hare presented this afternoon ...
proceedings, page 29: ... exclude them.
I know that you hare received letters from parties advising
cession. Before I left Washington I
learned that there were letters coming out here telling you not to
proposition presented for the cession of any portion of your
reservation. Those people are not
your friends in this
proceedings, page 30: ... There
are people that took homesteads on this land. There is a homesteader
that took a homestead, by the name of Katie McCarthy, and the estimate
homestead was that it contained 1,200,000 feet of standing pine ...
proceedings, page 31: ... homestead.
In township 149 of range 33 there are twenty-seven homesteads taken, that township contains about the sane amount of timber, that is each homestead has all the way from 150,000 to 1,000,000 feet of standing pine ...
proceedings, page 32: ... takes
in stepping on some
of his own promises. What step has
Government taken to base its rights for a claim to our reservation. That is what the Red Lake Indians want you to
make plain so that they can distinctly understand ...
proceedings, page 33: ... sent here to
treat for. All that we can say is
that we want our Great
Father to adjust our past grievances before we negotiate any more
proceedings, page 34: ... than
the United States. That is because of
sovereign right, the
general right in the United States Government in all the country. The
don't want to take your land from you for nothing ...
proceedings, page 35: ... that
all the territory in the United States is the property of the
United States, the land in the Indian reservations, the Military
and all Government reservations are properties of the United States in
certain sense. The Indian,
are reserved for the Indians to occupy, that is, it is their land so
they live and so long as their children live after them, but they
dispose of it. It is simply the right
of occupancy ...
proceedings, page 36: ...
boundary lines are fully defined by the treaties and whatever they
are in the treaties are the only lines]
will be considered. But I
will present your claims just as you have submitted them to me ...
proceedings, page 37: ... and
should there be any pine lands you will receive for them the price
provided by that act. As soon as that
is accomplished the white men will flock into the country as thick as
mosquitoes, and if you are prepared to meet that condition, well and
good. I am simply telling you what the
will be ...
proceedings, page 38: ... reservation,
calculating that births will increase that number to 1340 it would be
for each man, woman and child for the first payment.
A family of five persons would thus receive $975.00 for the
proceedings, page 39: ... consider. Under the present act it is doubtful
you are entitled to allotments of pine lands, the rulings have been
up to the present time, but I can provide for ...
proceedings, page 40: ...
money is concerned, and at
the same time you retain your share of the proceeds of the ceded land,
the lands ceded by the agreement of 1889.
Now it is for you to decide whether you want this
protection that I
offer you or take your chances under ..
proceedings, page 41: ... it
may be a difficult
matter to have it ratified, but I feel reasonably sure that it will
approval of the Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of Indian
and also the Committees of Congress ...
proceedings, page 42: ... representative
I am in
As I said in ay first council, and my friend Kay Gay Gah Bow Oince said the sane yesterday, we meet as friends and if we do not conclude an agreement we will part as friends...
page 43: ... interpreters
with you and explain each days session, I will, however, state here for
of those who have not been at all of our councils, what my offer is. The tract of land that will be included in
the cession, if we conclude an agreement, contains 256,152 28/100 acres. My offer is a definite lump sum,
proceedings, page 44: ... are
given: I have the original
of all our proceedings, which will be forwarded to the Department with
report, and is in every particular the same as the copy you have. I have one copy for transmittal ...
proceedings, page 45: ...you
may make me a
proposition. There are two parties to
this trade; I represent the Government, who is one party, you Red Lake
the other party...
proceedings, page 46: ...been
read to you, that
large discretionary power is vested in me in these
negotiations. I am simply directed therein
to be fair to
the Indians and just to the United States.
The meaning of the words "fair to the Indians" is to give you a fair and
reasonable price for your land and provide for manner of payments which
the most conductive to your
wellfare. The meaning of the words "Just to
the United States" is not to pay more than
land is worth, and to have the
as will meet the approval of Congress ...
page 47: ... clearly
from the way I have
explained it. If you have anything to say
to me I will remain in council, if not, and you wish, to consider this
further, I will now leave the room ...
proceedings, page 48: ... of persons in
your families should be given me
so that I may calculate accordingly. If you remain there you have
allotments, and your allotments will not be taxed for twenty-five
your personal property will be taxed ...
proceedings, page 49: ... I
think is the value of what you come to ask me for. This is the piece
of land that I was keeping for my children that you are here asking me
proceedings, page 50: ...yesterday,
when I made you the offer of $3.75
per acre. It is $1.25 per acre more
than I ever offered for Indian Reservation land, or ever had to pay for
proceedings, page 51: ...but
I am advising you to accept such, as it will be for your best interests. Many of you old people may not care for
allotments, but your children will need them ...
proceedings, page 52: ... wagon
loads, it would be
over thirty-one tons. The amount of
money is very easily spoken, but if you think it over you will see what
it represents. The great advantage
of this payment is ...
proceedings, page 53: ... and that is,
to ascertain the number of you
people, if any, who intend to remain on the ceded portion.
If they all come in here it is very simple ...
proceedings, page 54: ...
sufficient to pay for removing the dead to the diminished reservation,
if they wish to bring them in here ...
proceedings, page 55: ...of
all of you people. You hare
been very patient in remaining here all week, but I want you to remain
have your names to the agreement, after that you are at liberty to go
homes. I don't want to tax your
patience too far...
proceedings, page 56: ...that
you have taken this time to consider the matter and that you have had
two nights and all day yesterday to deliberate. You
are probably ready now to give me a definite answer, and I am
ready to hear your decision...
proceedings, page 57: ...
who are now located on the tract ceded, and have elected to come within
the diminished reservation, also for the removal of the dead buried
cession, I will make you another proposition ...
proceedings, page 58: ...the
first offer. My friends, you
have been so good since we have assembled in our councils and been so
and willing to discuss this matter so thoroughly among yourselves, and
gentlemanly with me, that my heart has warmed for you very much and I
do the very best for you that can be gotten through Congress...
proceedings, page 59: ...My
first offer provides for one large payment and ten annual installments
for the remainder. My last offer is
$1,000,000 with one large payment, and remainder in ...
proceedings, page 60: ...authority
was read I felt
that I understood it thoroughly. I
attentively to the reading of your authority to see if I could catch
that would cause me to be afraid of anything...
proceedings, page 61: ...
abandoned and for the removal of their dead. We
had a general discussion in regard to the
first payment that will be made...
proceedings, page 62: ...heard
my instructions read the other day, that I was directed to be fair and
the Indians and to the United States. I
have not only been fair to you, but I have been liberal ...
proceedings, page 63: ...question.
WAM WAZH WE YEZ CUNIG;- Well my friend, I will now place before you what we are ready to say. In my treaty here I only want to say, before we have the treaty written out and prepared, that I give you the land that you come to ask for. I cede that land to the United States and also ...
proceedings, page 64: ...pocket. My friend, we want to understand each other
fully what our wishes are. We are
prepared to close our treaty today and make an agreement with you, but
to make a good agreement ...
proceedings, page 65: ...have
considerable of the agreement
prepared. I will now go to the office
and write out the agreement in full, and will make two copies of it,
which will be left with you. When it is
prepared and ready for your signatures I will bring it here and have it
interpreted to you ...
proceedings, page 66: ...
are getting the right amount of money or not. I
am very glad my friends that your speaker has raised this
question as it has enabled me to explain it to you.
I have now answered all of your questions and will proceed to
office and prepare the agreement. I
want you all to be here when I return ...
proceedings, page 67: ...[WAM
WAAH WE YAZ CUNIG speaking:] 1st. We accept your offer of $1,000,000 . We will pay the Indians located on the ceded
tract for the improvements they abandon and for removing of their dead
proceedings, page 68: ...10th. That there shall be no sane or pond nets set
to catch fish, in the waters of Red Lake.
11th. After all pine timber on the ceded lands of our reservation under the act of 1889 has been cut ...
proceedings, page 69: ...dams,
such as you refer to, and any damage done to the property of
individuals has to be paid for by the parties who are benefitted by the
of such dams. This would apply to your
reservation lands ...
proceedings, page 70: ...it.
GAY BAY GAH BOW OINCE:- The reservation that will be left after we cede the western portion, we want it to be an Indian Reservation for all time to come, and that we shall never be required to take allotments ...
proceedings, page 71:
... are written
at the same time, the typewriter
made the same impressions on each at the same time, and therefore the
one is an
exact copy of the other. Now I will
have one of your young men hold that copy ...
IEEN JE GWON ABE:- I want to speak to you. God is listening to what we have been saying. God is a witness to this agreement. We want this agreement so that the mice cannot break into it as they have to other agreements. Our diminished reservation must remain intact for all time.
Inspector McLaughlin then signs the agreement.