1889 - Minnesota Chippewa Commission
Chippewa Indians in Minnesota - 1890 - 51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 117

homes at Gull Lake

1893: "Indian bark houses near Gull Lake Biological Station photographed during Minnesota Zoological Survey"

First council at Leech Lake.
August 8, 1889

Mr. Rice.  After the lapse of many years, it is pleasant to return and meet so many of you here.  It, however, makes me sad to miss so many faces that I saw long, long ago, but those who have been called by the Master of Life to the spirit land have left their representatives behind.  In dealing with you, I cannot but think that your fathers or their spirits are present, and if the result of our negotiations shall be as pleasant as those had with your fathers, I shall leave here with a light heart.  We may not have brought as much sunshine as we or you would desire, but we hope that we have brought something which will clear away the clouds that have hung over you so long.

The business upon which we have come is of the utmost importance.  It is of more importance to you than any business you have ever transacted.  it is not so much for the present as for the long future.  It will require your best attention, your best thought, and the aid of your wisest men.  We do not expect that you will all be of one mind; you will at first differ very materially among yourselves, but by discussion and comparison of views some of you will perhaps see the matter differently than at first.  All we went now is your earnest consideration, and well give you all the time that is necessary for consul tion.  We shall not hurry you.  We will leave the decision entirely to you and will be satisfied with it, hoping that it will be for the best.

We have thought perhaps you might desire another interpreter - one who is more intimate and familiar with you than the one we have brought - and so, if so, you may have one.  So far as in our power we will gratify you in everything that is right which you demand.  We will wait a moment before proceeding with the business before us, for you to determine whether  or not you will select another interpreter.  If you do not desire to name another we will proceed with the reading of the act, and at the next session, if you desire another one, all you will have to do is to say so.

Colonel Whiting will now read the act to you.

Commissioner Whiting.  Friends, although I am a stranger to you, I beg you to accept my kindly greeting.  The chairman of the commission directs me to read to you the laws under which we proceed.

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