They also begged that they might have an agent, as this reservation is so far (80 miles or more) from the White Earth Agency.
We think the Red Lake Indians, if properly aided, will become self-supporting and useful citizens.
The Red Lake Reservation, which they cede to the United States, contains 3,260,000 acres. The number of Indians occupying the same is 1,168.
The boundaries of the diminished reservation, from which allotments to the Red Lake Chippewas are to be made, are as follows:
Commencing at Thief River at a point on the dividing line between Marshall and Polk Counties, as designated on a map published by Rand, McNally & Co., of Chicago, in 1888; thence easterly to a point on the northwesterly shore of Upper Red Lake; thence along the northern shore of said lake to a point due north of a point 1 mile due east from the eastern end of the Lower Red Lake; thence southwesterly to a point on Hay Creek 1 mile from its mouth; thence due south to a point due east of a due westerly line which when extended will run between what is known as the most southerly sugar-bush on Red Lake road to White Earth, and north of what is called the "Big Marsh" to Clearwater River (said line being about 6 miles south of Red Lake); thence down Clearwater River to the southwesterly reservation line; thence along said line to the place of beginning (excepting the right to use in common all the water-ways within the above described limits).
This is larger than they will eventually require, but as there are swamps and other untellable lands therein, it can not be reduced until after survey and allotment shall be made.
White Earth Reservation, occupied by the Chippewas of the Mississippi, Pembinas, Otter Tail Pillagers, contains 796,672 acres, of which they cede to the United States four townships of pine land, viz: Townships 143, 144, 145, and 146, range 37 west. Residing on this reservation are Chippewas of the Mississippi, 1,169; Otter Tail Pillagers, 657; Pembinas, 218.
The first council was held at White Earth July 17, and the last on July 29. As with the Red Lake Indians, they were suffering for want of food, owing to the loss of their crops by early and severe frosts the season before. All were strenuously opposed to entertaining any propositions until the provisions of article 9, of the treaty of September 30, 1854, made at La Pointe, Wis., was fulfilled, and a settlement had for the damages to their reservation near the headwaters of the Mississippi, caused by building the reservoir dams; provisions for an adjustment in each case was made by the Northwest Commission three years ago in negotiations with them and the Leech Lake Indians, which negotiations have not been acted upon by Congress.
In regard to the treaty of September 30, 1854, it was impossible for us to explain why its plain and unquestioned provisions had not been fulfilled. The Chippewas employed an agent, and a delegation accompanied him to Washington some years ago, and after urgently insisting upon a settlement, there was found due to them the sum of $118,400, which had accrued from balances that had been covered into the Treasury between the years 1843 and 1878. This amount has never been questioned as being due under the treaty stipulations, and in the opinion of this Commission should be included in regular estimates. We gave the most solemn promises that our best efforts would be given to secure justice in this case, believing that we but voiced the intent of the Government in so doing. After giving assurances that justice would be speedily done and that we would bring the attention of the Department to these claims, the acceptance and signing of the propositions made was nearly unanimous.
The following will show that the Indians had been officially informed of the amount due them up to and including the year 1878. (Two-