1889 - Minnesota Chippewa Commission
Chippewa Indians in Minnesota - 1890 - 51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 13

                                    St. Paul, Minn., December 18, 1889
SIR: We have forwarded to your Department by express, December 16, 17, and 18, one copy of the census taken by the Commission of the Chippewa Indians of the State of Minnesota; two copies of the stenographic record of proceedings in the councils held with the, by the Commission; one copy of the agreements with the bands in the State, with the original signatures of the Indians attached; and inclose herewith one copy of a summarization of the census, and one copy of a summary showing the number of male adults in the various bands and the number of those who signed the agreements.

            I shall be obliged if the receipt of the various papers is acknowledged.

                                    HENRY M. RICE


            Commissioner of Indian Affairs
 Interior Department, Washington, D.C.
                                    St. Paul, Minn., December 26, 1889
            SIR: In obedience to instructions from your office, dated May 24, 1889, accompanied by "an act for the relief and civilization of the Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota," approved January 14, 1889, this Commission met in this city June 11, 1889.  After several meetings, it was deemed proper, owing to the deep interest in the Right Reverend Bishop Whipple, and his grace Archbishop John Ireland, had taken in the welfare of the Chippewas, that they should be consulted.  A copy of the following note was addressed to each, dated June 15, 1889:

            DEAR SIR: Your church has missions established among the Chippewa Indians in the State of Minnesota, with whom we are instructed to negotiate.
            On account of the intimate knowledge you have, and the deep interest you have manifested in the elevation of this race, we deem it proper you should be represented, and it will be a pleasure to the members of this Commission to have with us some one delegated by you who may explain to the Indians any matters affected their interests, which may be presented to them.
            In response to this invitation, Bishop Whipple selected Rev. E.S. Peake, who had long resided with these Indians, and Archbishop Ireland selected the Rev. Father Aloysius, O.S.B., a resident priest among them, both of whom accompanied us to Red Lake.
            That nothing should be omitted that could enlighten the Indians as to the intent of the Government, we had printed 500 copies of the act of January 14, 1889, and several hundred of the "Act to provide for the allotment of lands I severalty to Indians," approved February 8, 1887.  These we caused to be distributed among the missionaries, teachers, and other employés of the Government, as well as traders, mixed bloods, and Indians who read the English language.
            Owing to their destitute condition, the Indians were scattered in search of food, their crops having failed the previous season, and much time was taken in collecting them.
            The first council was held at Red Lake, June 29, where we remained until July 8.  We found them intelligent, dignified and courteous, but

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