Minnesota Chippewa Commission - 1889
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 10

"Chippewa Indians in Minnesota," 1890:

51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247.

            This summary shows that the total number of male adults is 2,178 and that 1,884 of that number signed their acceptance and consent to the act, being over 86 per cent. of such male adults, and more than the requisite "two-thirds of the male adults over eighteen years of age of the band or tribe of Indians occupying and belong to" each of the several reservations, and more than "two thirds of the male adults of all the Chippewa Indians in Minnesota," as is required in the case of the Red Lake Reservation. (Section 1 of the act.)

            The commissioners have not submitted their recommendations in separate form, and what is herein stated has been gathered from the general purport of the report, all of which will be more fully considered by the appropriate committees, with the view of doing complete justice to this tribe, which has reposed its confidence so firmly and fully in the Government and relied upon its justice.

            It is provided in section 1 of the act authorizing negotiations "that all agreements therefore shall be approved by the President of the United States before taking effect."

            The agreement or acceptance and consent of the Indians to the act, herewith, in ten parts, is therefore respectfully submitted for your action.

            Before the ceded lands within any of the reservations can be disposed of as contemplated in the act, all of said ceded lands must be surveyed as the public lands are surveyed, after which they are to be carefully examined I 40-acre lots, by competent and experienced examiners to be appointed for that purpose, and classified into "pine lands" and "agricultural lands," the pine lands are then to be valued and listed, etc. (section 4), and finally proclaimed as in market and offered for sale in the manner prescribed in section 5.

            The agricultural lands not allotted nor reserved for the use of the Indians, after having been surveyed, are to be advertised for thirty days and disposed of to actual settlers under the provisions of the homestead laws, each settler being required to pay $1.25 per acre for the lands so taken by him.

            Besides all this it will be necessary to ascertain how many and who of the Indians of the several reservations elect to take allotments on the reservations where they now live, as by the terms of the act they are permitted to do, instead of being removed to White Earth Reservation (section 3).  It is not seen how any of the ceded lands, except possibly those of the Red Lake Reservation and the four townships ceded in the White Earth Reservation, can be offered for sale or settlement until the Indians of the several reservations who elect to remain and take allotments where they are shall have signified their intention to so remain and shall have made their individual selections for allotment; nor can the Red Lake ceded lands be so offered until the surveys, examinations, classification, etc., shall have been fully completed.

            Your approval, therefore, of the agreement will not open any of the reservations to white settlement, nor render them subject to the occupancy or disposal in advance of the complete fulfillment of the preliminary work of surveys, examinations, etc., and in the case of the "pine lands," after all these preliminaries have been met, the lands must be "proclaimed as in market and offered for sale."

            It is perhaps unnecessary, then, that any action should be had at this time other than the approval of this agreement.

            Adverting here to the recommendation of the Commission that the Indians of the Red Lake Reservation be allowed to utilize the dead and fallen timber upon their reservation until such time as the survey, ap-

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