||"Chippewa Indians in
51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247.
the lands, as previously recited in this report. It is in said section further provided:
That Congress may at its discretion, from time to time, during the said period of fifty years, appropriate, for the purpose of promoting civilization and self-support among the said Indians, a portion of said principal sum, not exceeding five per centum thereof. The United States shall, for the benefit of said Indians, advance to them as such interest as aforesaid the sum of $90,000 annually, counting from the time when the removals and allotments provided for in this act shall have been made, until such time as said permanent fund, exclusive of the deductions hereinbefore provided for, shall equal or exceed the sum of $3,000,000, les ay actual interest that may be in the meantime accrue from an accumulation of said permanent fund; the payments of such interest to be made yearly in advance, and in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior, may, as to three-fourths thereof, during the first five years, be expended in procuring livestock, teams, farming implements, and seed, for such of the Indians, to the extent of their shares, as are fit and desire to engage farming; but as to the rest, in cash.
As the $90,000 already appropriated as the first payment of interest was promised by the commission should be paid pro rata in cash, there is no fund out of which the mills, etc., can be purchased, unless Congress shall make an appropriation to enable the Department to provide these necessary and essential things so urged by the commission, and make such appropriation reimbursable from the principal sum arising from the disposal of said lands. An item for that purpose is embraced in the draught of bill herewith.
It is suggested that there are many persons of Chippewa blood dwelling in Michigan, Wisconsin, and elsewhere, but that the chiefs and headmen should be consulted as to the justice of their claims when they assert the right to the benefits under recent negotiations.
It will be perceived that some portions of the recommendations of the commissioners may be carried into effect through orders of this Department, and the same will be done to the extent possible; but, as to those matters dependent upon further legislation the President will have to request action by Congress. The chief of these will be to make such appropriations as will pay the demands of the Indians under previous treaties, and for the damages done by the reservoirs established upon the reservation. This matter has long been pending, and its adjustment seems to be demanded by ordinary good faith and the plainest principles of justice.
The $150,000 hereinbefore mentioned, recommended for the damages done by the overflow of the reservation dams, with 5 per cent interest, should no longer be refused.
There should be a due appropriation made, also, for the establishment of schools, and the employment of farmers, blacksmiths, and physicians, and particular provision made to preserve these Indians from wand during the remainder of the winter and coming spring.
The first section of the act provides for an accurate census of each tribe or band, to be taken by the said commissioners while engaged in securing such cession and relinquishment, classifying them into male and female adults, and male and female minors; and the minors into those who are orphans and those who are not orphans; giving the exact number of each class.
The commissioners submit census reports taken by them in the manner and form prescribed by the act, a summary of which is as follows: