Minnesota Chippewa Commission - 1889
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 7

"Chippewa Indians in Minnesota," 1890:

51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247.

direction of the Secretary of the Interior, in such manner and upon such terms as to him shall seem best for their interests.

            I fully concur in the suggestion of the commissioners, that the ceded lands of the White Earth Reservation already surveyed should be disposed of under the terms of the act, at as early a date as possible, but I did not see how the swamp lands referred to and reported to be valuable chiefly for cedar and tamarac can be withheld from sale as requested without further legislation in view of the last clause of section 4 of the act, which reads as follows:

            All other lands acquired from the said Indians on said reservations other than pine lands are for the purposes of this act termed "agricultural lands."

            And section 6 provides specifically the manner in which unallotted and unreserved agricultural lands shall be disposed of.  I think, however, that this request of the Indians should receive favorable consideration by Congress, and that the necessary legislation should be had authorizing the reservation and disposal of the cedar and tamarac swamp lands as desired by the Indians.

            It is reported and believed that upon Grand Portage, Bois Forte, and Vermillion Lake Reservations there are valuable mines, and the Indians request that if such are discovered they shall be disposed of by the Secretary of the Interior as best to subserve the interests of all concerned.  I do not concur in the recommendations of the commissioners regarding the request of the Indians for the disposal of mineral lands.  I can not see how such a request can be complied with under the law.

            The commissioners state that the pine lands ceded is estimated by various parties from $25,000,00 to $50,000,000.

            It is reported by the commission that a further appropriation for surveys and examination of the lands will be necessary, and that a small appropriation should be used for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the Indians who may desire to visit the White Earth Reservation, with the expectation of removing there before allotments should be taken or confirmed elsewhere.

            Section 8 of the act makes an appropriation of $150,000 "to pay for procuring the cession and relinquishment, making the census, surveys, appraisals, removal, and allotments, and the first annual payment of interest herein contemplated and provided for."  Ninety thousand of this sum is required to pay the first annual payment of interest, leaving but $60,000 for the other purposes specified.  The commission has expended about $30,000 in procuring the cession and relinquishment, and making the census, leaving about $30,000 for the surveys, appraisals, and for the removal and allotments provided for in the ct.  this balance is manifestly insufficient to enable the Department to accomplish these further provisions of the act, and I therefore concur in the recommendation that a further appropriation be made, and an item for that purpose is included in the draught of bill herewith submitted, which also provides for defraying the expenses of Indians visiting the White Earth Reservation.

            The commission further remark that the Red Lake Indians should be encouraged to commence farming and building houses the coming spring, and furnished with cattle and implements, etc.

            All these requests of the Indians and recommendations of the commission for furnishing mills, farming implements, cattle, buildings etc., raise the question of an appropriation therefore, which requires to be carefully considered.  Section 7 of the act provides the manner for the disposition of the interest in the proceeds arising from the disposal of

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