51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247.
It is provided in section 7 of the act of January 14, 1889 (25 Stats., 642):
That one half of said interest shall, during the said period of fifty years, except in the cases hereinafter otherwise provided, be annually paid in cash in equal shares to the heads of families and guardians of orphan minors for their use; one fourth of the interest shall, during the same period and with the like exception be annually paid in cash in equal shares per capital to all other classes of said Indians; and the remaining one-fourth of said interest shall, during the said period of fifty years, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, be devoted exclusively to the establishment and maintenance of a system of free schools among said Indians, in their midst and for their benefit; and at the expiration of the said fifty years, the said permanent fund shall be divided and paid to all of said Chippewa Indians and their issue then living, in cash, in equal shares.
This construction by the Commission is deemed reasonable. While there may be some discussion possibly in regard to its validity, it is deemed that it is in harmony with the spirit of the act, and having been made the basis of the Indians' assent it should be adhered to.
The Indians desire that the Government will set aside a sufficient quantity of land on each reserve for Government buildings, such as may be necessary for physician, blacksmith, farmer, carpenters, and for missionaries, traders, etc. The commissioners recommend this, and the reservation, it is submitted, should be made, and the order as to the location and erection of such buildings be enforced.
The reservation of the necessary and suitable tracts of land for these purposes can be made subject of an executive order when proper selections have been made, which should be attended to before the lands are offered for disposal under the act.
The commissioners further recommend that on each reservation a tract of pine land be reserved and held by the General Government as might be necessary for their common use, to be so held during the pleasure of the Secretary of the Interior.
I doubt whether this request for the reserving and holding by the General Government of a tract of pine land upon each reservation for the common use of the Indians remaining thereon can be complied with without legislative authority therefore, in view of the terms and conditions of the act to which the Indians have given their consent.
They ask for saw-mills, cattle, agricultural and mechanical implements, which they must have, or they can make no substantial progress.
The commission reports that although the Indian shave decided to take allotments on their reservations, it is believed that many may be induced to remove to White Earth, and for this reason it is not prudent to urge individual allotments elsewhere than on the White Earth and Red Lake Reservations at present.
The removal of those who will go to White Earth will take place as soon as provisions can be made fir their subsistence. It will be of the greatest benefit to the Indians and to the State to have the removal made.
The Commission ask that there be granted 10 acres of maple timber for making sugar to each family occupying the same. This is deemed ample and is as much as should be granted. The matter should receive attention when the individual allotments are made to the Indians.
The commissioners state that it is important that the four townships of pine land on the White Earth Reservation should be early estimated and sold, as the timber is liable to be stolen or burned; while on the other hand the swamp lands of valuable cedar and tamarac should be withheld from sale under the pre-emption laws, and sold under the