|"Chippewa Indians in
51st Congress, 1st
Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No.
said, and for the purpose of making the allotments and
payments hereinafter mentioned, the said commissioners shall, while
securing such cession and relinquishment as aforesaid and before
same, make an accurate census of each tribe or band, classifying them
and female adults and male and female
minors; and the minors into those who are orphans and those who are not
orphans, giving the exact numbers of each class, and making such census
duplicate lists, one of which shall be filed with the Secretary of the
and the other with the official head of the band or tribe; and the
and approval of such cession and relinquishment by the President of the
States shall be deemed full and ample proof of the assent of the
shall operate as a complete extinguishments of the Indian title without
other or further act or ceremony whatsoever for the purposes and upon
in this act provided.
Commission was appointed by the President on the 26th day of
February 1889, and the several members thereof became duly qualified by
the bond required by section 2 and taking the oath thereunder required,
appears in the files of this Department. The
census required to be taken by section 1 was completed
and one of
the duplicate lists thereof filed with the Secretary of the Interior on
day of January, 1890, and the other with the official head of the band
by the report of the commission that it sought and obtained the
Bishop Whipple and Archbishop Ireland in its labors, and that all was
conducted in a spirit of fairness towards the Chippewas.
There were distributed among them 500 copies
of the act of January 14, 1889, and several hundred copies of the
allotment act of February 8, 1887.
were held at Red Lake, White Earth, Gull Lake, Leech Lake, Cass Lake,
Winnibagoshish, White Oak Point, Mille Lac, Grand Portage, Bois Forte
Vermillion Lake, and Fond du Lac.
Lake, the assent of all the Indians to the agreement as obtained except
called "pagans," residing on the northern shore of the lake. The Indians at Red Lake complained of
unfulfilled promises, plead for mills and cattle, and that their
might be surveyed in accordance with treaties. They
also prayed for an agent, as they were 80 miles from
Earth Agency. The Red Lake Reservation,
two-thirds of which at least is ceded to the United States, contains
acres, and the number of Indians occupying it is 1,168.
The boundaries of the diminished
reservation, from which allotments to the Red Lake Chippewas are to be
are given in the report. The
commissioners report that--
reservation is larger than will eventually be required, but as there
and other untellable lands therein, it can not be reduced until after
and allotments shall be made.
surplus lands that may remain after allotments shall have been
required by the law can be disposed of without further legislation is a
question which will require consideration, but such consideration is
necessary at this time.
on the Red Lake Reservation were also suffering for want of food, owing
loss of crops the last season.
of the White Earth Reservation were also suffering for food. They insisted upon the provision of article
9 of the treaty of September 30, 1854, and that damages should be paid
of the construction of reservoirs o the reservation near the headwaters
Mississippi, provision for which had been made by the Northwest
three years ago, and which negotiations have not been acted on by
Congress. No explanation could be given
why the provisions of the treaty of September 30, 1854, had not been
but the Indians were promised that the best efforts would be given to