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taken under the "Old Crossing
interpreted by the United States
The laws of the United States now in force, or
that may hereafter be
enacted, prohibiting the introduction and sale of spirituous liquors in
the Indian country, shall be in full force and effect throughout the
country hereby ceded, until otherwise directed by Congress or the
President of the United States.
In further consideration of the foregoing
cession, it is hereby agreed that the United States shall grant
to each male adult half-breed or mixed-blood who is related by blood to
the said Chippewas of the said Red Lake or Pembina bands who has
adopted the habits and customs of civilized life, and who is a citizen
of the United States, a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres of
land, to be selected at his option, within the limits of the tract of
country hereby ceded to the United States, on any land not previously
occupied by actual settlers or covered by prior grants, the boundaries
thereof to be adjusted in conformity with the lines of the official
surveys when the same shall be made, and with the laws and regulations
of the United States affecting the location and entry of the same: Provided,
That no scrip shall be issued under the provisions of this article, and
no assignments shall be made of any right, title, or interest at law or
in equity until a patent shall issue, and no patent shall be issued
until due proof of five years’ actual residence and cultivation, as
required by the act entitled “An act to secure homesteads on the public
Upon the urgent request of the Indians,
parties to this treaty,
there shall be set apart from the tract hereby ceded a reservation of
(640) six hundred and forty acres near the mouth of Thief River for the
chief “Moose Dung,” and a like reservation of (640) six hundred and
forty acres for the chief “Red Bear,” on the north side of Pembina
In witness whereof, the said Alexander Ramsey and Ashley C. Morrill,
commissioners on the part of the United States, and the chiefs,
headmen, and warriors of the Red Lake and Pembina bands of Chippewa
Indians, have hereunto set their hands, at the Old Crossing of Red Lake
River, in the State of Minnesota, this second day of October, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three.
Ashley C. Morrill,
Mons-o-mo, his x mark, Moose Dung, Chief of Red Lake.
Kaw-wash-ke-ne-kay, his x mark, Crooked Arm, Chief of Red Lake.
Ase-e-ne-wub, his x mark, Little Rock, Chief of Red Lak(e).
Mis-co-muk-quoh, his x mark, Red Bear, Chief of Pembina.
Ase-anse, his x mark, Little Shell, Chief of Pembina.
Mis-co-co-noy-a, his x mark, Red Rob, Warrior of Red Lake.
Ka-che-un-ish-e-naw-bay, his x mark, The Big Indian, Warrior of Red
Neo-ki-zhick, his x mark, Four Skies, Warrior of Red Lake.
Nebene-quin-gwa-hawegaw, his x mark, Summer Wolverine, Warrior of
Joseph Gornon, his x mark, Warrior of Pembina.
Joseph Montreuil, his x mark, Warrior of Pembina.
Teb-ish-ke-ke-shig, his x mark, Warrior of Pembina.