University of Michigan at Dearborn Native American Ethnobotany Database
(database accessed August 2005)

Bouteloua
38 entries


Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Food (Fodder)
Recognized as a good fodder.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Tewa Fiber (Brushes & Brooms)
Grass bundled, dried, made into brooms and used to sweep floors, hearths and metates.
Robbins, W.W., J.P. Harrington and B. Freire-Marreco 1916 Ethnobotany of the Tewa Indians. SI-BAE Bulletin #55 (p. 64)



Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Tewa Fiber (Brushes & Brooms)
Grass bundled, dried and used as hair brushes.
Robbins, W.W., J.P. Harrington and B. Freire-Marreco 1916 Ethnobotany of the Tewa Indians. SI-BAE Bulletin #55 (p. 64)



Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Apache, Chiricahua & Mescalero Other (Containers)
Moist grass laid onto hot stones to prevent steam from escaping.
Castetter, Edward F. and M. E. Opler 1936 Ethnobiological Studies in the American Southwest III. The Ethnobiology of the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache. University of New Mexico Bulletin 4(5):1-63 (p. 36)



Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Other (Decorations)
Worn by those, who in battle, had killed an enemy with a lance, grass resembled the feathered lance.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Food (Fodder)
Recognized as a good fodder.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Food (Fodder)
Recognized as a good fodder.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Other (Decorations)
Worn by those, who in battle, had killed an enemy with a lance, grass resembled the feathered lance.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula
Sideoats Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Other (Decorations)
Worn by those, who in battle, had killed an enemy with a lance, grass resembled the feathered lance.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Antidote)
Compound decoction of plant taken to counteract overdose of "life medicine."
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 15, 16)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Dermatological Aid)
Roots chewed and blown on cuts.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 15, 16)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Gynecological Aid)
Decoction of whole plant taken as a postpartum medicine.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 15, 16)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Panacea)
Cold, compound infusion of root used internally and externally as "life medicine."
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 15, 16)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Veterinary Aid)
Roots chewed and blown on incisions of castrated colts.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 15, 16)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Keres, Western Food (Forage)
Grass used for grazing purposes.
Swank, George R. 1932 The Ethnobotany of the Acoma and Laguna Indians. University of New Mexico, M.A. Thesis (p. 33)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Apache, Western Food (Porridge)
Seeds ground, mixed with corn meal and water and made into a mush.
Buskirk, Winfred 1986 The Western Apache: Living With the Land Before 1950. Norman. University of Oklahoma Press (p. 189)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Apache, White Mountain Food (Bread & Cake)
Seeds ground and used to make bread and pones.
Reagan, Albert B. 1929 Plants Used by the White Mountain Apache Indians of Arizona. Wisconsin Archeologist 8:143-61. (p. 149)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Apache, White Mountain Food (Porridge)
Seeds ground, mixed with meal and water and eaten as mush.
Reagan, Albert B. 1929 Plants Used by the White Mountain Apache Indians of Arizona. Wisconsin Archeologist 8:143-61. (p. 149)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Hopi Food (Forage)
Used as an important forage grass.
Whiting, Alfred F. 1939 Ethnobotany of the Hopi. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin #15 (p. 64)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Montana Indian Food (Forage)
Grass used for forage.
Blankinship, J. W. 1905 Native Economic Plants of Montana. Bozeman. Montana Agricultural College Experimental Station, Bulletin 56 (p. 8)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Food (Forage)
Important forage grass.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 15)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Apache, Western Fiber (Brushes & Brooms)
Stem used as comb and broom material.
Buskirk, Winfred 1986 The Western Apache: Living With the Land Before 1950. Norman. University of Oklahoma Press (p. 189)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Apache, White Mountain Fiber (Brushes & Brooms)
Blades bundled by a cord, the stiff end used as a hair comb and the other end used as a broom.
Reagan, Albert B. 1929 Plants Used by the White Mountain Apache Indians of Arizona. Wisconsin Archeologist 8:143-61. (p. 149)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Hopi Fiber (Basketry)
Used as the fill of coiled basketry.
Whiting, Alfred F. 1939 Ethnobotany of the Hopi. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin #15 (p. 64)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Zuni Fiber (Brushes & Brooms)
Grass bunches tied together and the severed end used as a hairbrush, the other as a broom.
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians. SI-BAE Annual Report #30 (p. 83)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Apache, White Mountain Other (Cash Crop)
Plant gathered and sold.
Reagan, Albert B. 1929 Plants Used by the White Mountain Apache Indians of Arizona. Wisconsin Archeologist 8:143-61. (p. 149)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Lakota Other (Toys & Games)
Most plants have two spikes: for sport, people would hunt for those with three.
Rogers, Dilwyn J 1980 Lakota Names and Traditional Uses of Native Plants by Sicangu (Brule) People in the Rosebud Area, South Dakota. St. Francis, SD. Rosebud Educational Scoiety (p. 29)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Montana Indian Other (Season Indicator)
Plant used to foretell winter, one fruit spike-mild winter and more fruit spikes-severe winter.
Blankinship, J. W. 1905 Native Economic Plants of Montana. Bozeman. Montana Agricultural College Experimental Station, Bulletin 56 (p. 8)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Navajo Other (Ceremonial Items)
Tied to the end of the wand carried by the girl in the Squaw Dance.
Elmore, Francis H. 1944 Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Sante Fe, NM. School of American Research (p. 25)



Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Blue Grama; Poaceae
Zuni Other (Cooking Tools)
Grass bunches tied together and used to strain goat's milk.
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians. SI-BAE Annual Report #30 (p. 83)



Bouteloua hirsuta Lag.
Hairy Grama; Poaceae
Kiowa Food (Fodder)
Very good fodder, according to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, for horses and mules.
Vestal, Paul A. and Richard Evans Schultes 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Cambridge MA. Botanical Museum of Harvard University (p. 14)



Bouteloua hirsuta Lag.
Hairy Grama; Poaceae
Navajo Other (Sacred Items)
Used to make sacred charcoal for certain ceremonies.
Elmore, Francis H. 1944 Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Sante Fe, NM. School of American Research (p. 25)



Bouteloua simplex Lag.
Matted Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Dermatological Aid)
Ashes applied to sores.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 16)



Bouteloua simplex Lag.
Matted Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Drug (Throat Aid)
Cold infusion used internally and externally for sore throat.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 16)



Bouteloua simplex Lag.
Matted Grama; Poaceae
Navajo, Ramah Food (Forage)
Important forage grass for a short season.
Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 16)



Bouteloua sp.
Grama Grass; Poaceae
Navajo Food (Fodder)
Used for sheep and horse feed.
Elmore, Francis H. 1944 Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Sante Fe, NM. School of American Research (p. 25)



Bouteloua sp.
Grama Grass; Poaceae
Apache, Chiricahua & Mescalero Other (Ceremonial Items)
Plant used in ceremonial contexts.
Castetter, Edward F. and M. E. Opler 1936 Ethnobiological Studies in the American Southwest III. The Ethnobiology of the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache. University of New Mexico Bulletin 4(5):1-63 (p. 24)



Bouteloua sp.
; Poaceae
Costanoan Other (Cooking Tools)
Hollow stems used as straws.
Bocek, Barbara R. 1984 Ethnobotany of Costanoan Indians, California, Based on Collections by John P. Harrington. Economic Botany 38(2):240-255 (p. 255)





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