- S -
Sac. A pouch, especially
in the cavities of anthers.
Saccate. With a pouch or sac.
Saggitate. Like an arrow-head, with the
lobes turned downward.
Samara. A simple indehiscent winged
Saphrophyte. A plant which grows on dead
Scale. A minute, rudimentary, or
Scape. A leafless or nearly
leafless stem or peduncle, arising from a subterranean part of a
plant, bearing a flower or flower-cluster.
Scapose. Having scapes, or resembling
Scarious. Thin, dry, and translucent, not
Scorpioid. Coiled up in the bud,
unrolling in growth.
Secund. Borne along one side of an
Segment. A division of a a leaf or
Sepal. One of the leaves of a calyx.
Septate. Provided with partitions.
Septicidal. A capsule which splits
longitudinally into and through its disseptiments.
Serrate. With teeth projecting
Serrulate. Diminutive of serrate ;
serrate with small teeth.
Sessile. Without a stalk.
Silicle. A silique much longer than
Silique. An elongated two-valved
capsular fruit, with two parietal placentae, usually dehiscent.
Sinuate. With strongly wavy margins.
Sinuous. In form like the path of a
Sinus. the space between the lobes
of a leaf.
Sorus (Sori). A group or cluster of
Like or pertaining to a spadix.
Spadix. A fleshy spike of flowrs.
Spathaceous. Resembling a spathe.
Spathe. A bract, usually more or
less concave, subtending a spadix.
like a spatula ; spoon-shaped.
Spermatozoids. Cells developed in the
antherid, for the fertilization of the oösphere.
Spicate. Arranged in a spike ; like a
Spike. An elongated flower cluster
or cluster of sporanges, with sessile or nearly sessile flowers or
Diminutive of spike ; especially applied to flower-clusters of grasses
Spinose. With spines or similar to
Spinule. A small sharp projection.
Spinulose. With small sharp processes
Sporange. A sac containg spores.
Spore. An asexual vegetative cell.
Sporocarp. Organ containg sporanges or
Sporophyte. The asexual generation of
Spreading. Diverging nearly at right
angles ; nearly prostrate.
Spur. A hollow projection from a
Squarrose. with spreading or projecting
Stamen. The organ of a flower which
bears the microspores (pollen-grains).
A sterile stamen, or other organ in the position of a stamen.
Standard. The upper, usually broad,
petal of a papilionaceous corolla.
Stigma. The summit or side of the
pistil to which pollen-grains become attached.
Stipe. The stalk of an organ.
Stipitate. Provided with a stipe.
Stipules. Appendages to the base of a
petiole, often adnate to it.
Stipulate. With stipules.
Stolon. A basal branch rooting at
Stoloniferous. Producing or bearing stolons.
Stoma (Stomata). The transpiring
orifices in the epidermis of plants.
Strict. Straight and erect.
Strigose. With appressed or ascending
Strophiole. An appendage to a seed at
Strophiolate. With a strophiole.
Style. The narowed top of the ovary.
Stylopodium. The expanded base of a style.
Subacute. Somewhat acute.
Subcoriaceous. Approaching leathery in
Subfalcate. Somewhat scythe-shaped.
Subligneous. Somewhat woody in texture.
Subterete. Nearly terete.
Subversatile. Partly or imperfetly
Succulent. Soft and juicy.
Sulcate. Grooved longitudinally.
Superior. Applied to the ovary when
free from the calyx ; or to a calyx adnate to an ovary.
Suture. A line of splitting
Symmetrical. Applied to a flower with its
parts of equal numbers.
Syncarp. A fleshy multiple or
B | C
D | E
F | G
H | I
J | K
L | M
N | O
P | Q
R | S
T | U
V | W
X | Y
Volume 1, page xx - xxi: Nathanie1 L.
Britton amd Addison Lord Brown, An
Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States,Canada, and the
British Possessions from Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern
Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d
Scribner's Sons, 1913
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