Glossary of Botanical Terms



 
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Sac.  A pouch, especially in the cavities of anthers.
Saccate.  With a pouch or sac.
Saggitate.  Like an arrow-head, with the lobes turned downward.
Samara.  A simple indehiscent winged fruit.
Saphrophyte.  A plant which grows on dead organic matter.
Scabrous.  Rough.
Scale.  A minute, rudimentary, or vestigial leaf.
Scape.  A leafless or nearly leafless stem or peduncle, arising from a subterranean part of a  plant, bearing a flower or flower-cluster.
Scapose.  Having scapes, or resembling a scape.
Scarious. Thin, dry, and translucent, not green.
Scorpioid.  Coiled up in the bud, unrolling in growth.
Secund.  Borne along one side of an axis.
Segment.  A division of a a leaf or fruit.
Sepal.  One of the leaves of a calyx.
Septate.  Provided with partitions.
Septicidal.  A capsule which splits longitudinally into and through its disseptiments.
Serrate.  With teeth projecting forward.
Serrulate.  Diminutive of serrate ; serrate with small teeth.
Sessile.  Without a stalk.
Setaceous.  Bristle-like.
Setose.  Bristly.
Silicle.  A silique much longer than wide.
Silique.  An elongated two-valved capsular fruit, with two parietal placentae, usually dehiscent.
Sinuate.  With strongly wavy margins.
Sinuous.  In form like the path of a snake.
Sinus.  the space between the lobes of a leaf.
Sorus (Sori).  A group or cluster of sporanges.
Spadiceous.  Like or pertaining to a spadix.
Spadix.  A fleshy spike of flowrs.
Spathaceous.  Resembling a spathe.
Spathe.  A bract, usually more or less concave, subtending a spadix.
Spatulate.  Shaped like a spatula ; spoon-shaped.
Spermatozoids.  Cells developed in the antherid, for the fertilization of the oösphere.
Spicate.  Arranged in a spike ; like a spike.
Spike.  An elongated flower cluster or cluster of sporanges, with sessile or nearly sessile flowers or sporanges.
Spikelet.  Diminutive of spike ; especially applied to flower-clusters of grasses and sedges.
Spinose.  With spines or similar to spines.
Spinule.  A small sharp projection.
Spinulose.  With small sharp processes or spines.
Sporange.  A sac containg spores.
Spore.  An asexual vegetative cell.
Sporocarp.  Organ containg sporanges or sori.
Sporophyte.  The asexual generation of plants.
Spreading.  Diverging nearly at right angles ; nearly prostrate.
Spur.  A hollow projection from a floral organ.
Squarrose.  with spreading or projecting parts.
Stamen.  The organ of a flower which bears the microspores (pollen-grains).
Staminodium.  A sterile stamen, or other organ in the position of a stamen.
Standard.  The upper, usually broad, petal of a papilionaceous corolla.
Stigma.  The summit or side of the pistil to which pollen-grains become attached.
Stipe.  The stalk of an organ.
Stipitate.  Provided with a stipe.
Stipules.  Appendages to the base of a petiole, often adnate to it.
Stipulate.  With stipules.
Stolon.  A basal branch rooting at the nodes.
Stoloniferous.  Producing or bearing stolons.
Stoma (Stomata).  The transpiring orifices in the epidermis of plants.
Strict.  Straight and erect.
Strigose.  With appressed or ascending stiff hairs.
Strophiole.  An appendage to a seed at the hilum.
Strophiolate.  With a strophiole.
Style.  The narowed top of the ovary.
Stylopodium.  The expanded base of a style.
Subacute.  Somewhat acute.
Subcordate.  Somewhat heart-shaped.
Subcoriaceous.  Approaching leathery in texture.
Subfalcate.  Somewhat scythe-shaped.
Subligneous.  Somewhat woody in texture.
Subterete.  Nearly terete.
Subulate.  Awl-shaped.
Subversatile.  Partly or imperfetly versatile.
Succulent.  Soft and juicy.
Sulcate.  Grooved longitudinally.
Superior.  Applied to the ovary when free from the calyx ; or to a calyx adnate to an ovary.
Suture.
  A line of splitting or opening.
Symmetrical.  Applied to a flower with its parts of equal numbers.
Syncarp.  A fleshy multiple or aggregate fruit.

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Volume 1, page xx - xxi: Nathanie1 L. Britton amd Addison Lord Brown,
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States,Canada, and the British Possessions from Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913

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