Glossary of Botanical Terms

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Caducous.  Falling away very soon after development
Caespitose.  Growing in tufts.
Callosity.  A small, hard protuberance.
Callus.  An extension of the inner scale of a grass spikelet; a protuberance.
Calyx.  The outer of two series of floral leaves.
Campanulate.  Bell-shaped.
Campylotropous.  Term applied to the curved ovule.
Cancellate.  Reticulated, with the meshes sunken.
Canescent.  With gray or hoary fine pubescence.
Canaliculate.  Channelled; longitudinally grooved.
Capitate.  Arranged in a head; knob-like.
Capsular.  Pertaining to or like a capsule.
Capsule.  A dry fruit of two carpels or more, usually dehiscent by valves or teeth.
Carinate.  Keeled; with a longitudinal ridge.
Carpel.  The modified leaf forming the ovary, or a part of a compound ovary.
Caruncle.  An appendage to a seed at the hilium.
Carunculate.  With a caruncle.
Caryopsis.  The grain; fruit of grasses, with a thin pericarp adherent to the seed.
Caudate.  With a slender tail-like appendage.
Caudex.  The persistent base of perennial herbs, usually only the part above ground.
Caudicle.  Stalk of a pollen-mass in the Orchid and Milkweed families.
Cauline.  Pertaining to the stem.
Cell.  A cavity of an anther or ovary.
Chaff.  Thin dry scales.
Chaloza.  The base of the ovule.
Charetaceous.  Papery in texture.
Chlorophyll.  Green coloring matter of plants.
Chlorophyllous.  Containing chlorophyll.
Ciliate.  Provided with marginal hairs.
Ciliolate.  Minutely ciliate.
Cilium.  A hair.
Cinereous.  Ashy ; ash-colored.
Circinnate.  Coiled downward from the apex.
Circumscissile.  Transversely dehiscent, the top falling away as a lid.
Clavate.  Club-shaped.
Cleistogamous.  Flowers which do not open, but are pollinated from their own anthers.
Cleft.  Cut about halfway to the mid-vein.
.  Cavity between the anther-sacs in orchids.
Cochleate.  Like a small snail shell.
Coma.  Tuft of hairs at the ends of some seeds.
CommissureThe contiguous surfaces of two carpels.
Conduplicate.  Folded lengthwise.
.  Blended together
Connate.  Similar organs more or less united.
Connective.  The end of the filament, between the anther-sacs.
Connivent.  Converging.
Convolute.  Rolled around or rolled up longitudinally.
Coralloid.  Resembling coral.
Cordate.  Heart-shaped.
Coriaceous.  Leathery in texture.
Corm.  A swollen fleshy base of a stem.
Corolla.  The inner of two series of floral leaves.
Corona ; Crown.  An appendagte of the corolla ; a crown-like margin at the top of an organ.
Coroniform.  Crown-like.
Corymb.  A convex or flat-topped flower-cluster of the racemose type with pedicels or rays arising from different points on the axis.
Corymbose.  Borne in corymbs ; corymb-like.
Costate.  Ribbed.
Cotyledon.  A rudimentary leaf of the embryo.
Crenate.  Scalloped ; with rounded teeth.
Crenulate.  Diminutive of crenate.
.  Hard and brittle.
Cucullate.  Hooded, or resembling a hood.
Culm.  The stem of grasses and sedges.
Cuneate.  Wedge-shaped.
Cusp.  A sharp stiff point.
Cuspidate.  Sharp-pointed ; ending in a cusp.
Cyme.  A convex or flat flower-cluster of the determinate type, the central flowers first unfolding.
Cymose.  Arranged in cymes ; cyme-like.

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Volume 1, pages xvii - xviii: Nathanie1 L. Britton amd Addison Lord Brown,
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions from Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913

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