from the Ahnishinahbæótjibway (We, the People)
Barnes and Nobles Dictionary of American Politics defines the Bureau of Indian Affairs as “A unit of the Department of the Interior, responsible for the exercise of special guardianship over the economic, educational, and moral welfare of Indians and other American aborigines, which acts as Trustee for Indian property seeking at the same time to encourage and train the Indian owners to exercise direct control, and which assists the Indian when he seeks to leave tribal ways and become assimilated to American culture outside the reservation.”
Also in that dictionary, “national sovereignty” is defined as, “an idea sometimes expressed by Daniel Webster and Abraham Lincoln that the Union is supreme because it is older than the States and in fact created them as states...”
The sovereignty of American Indian people and Nations is much older than the White man’s sovereignty.
Article VI, Section 2 of the Constitution of the United States of America reads, “This Constitution, and the laws of the Untied States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.”
The United States keeps talking about “freedom,” and they also claim that they are a “nation of laws.” But, they neglect to say that every one of these laws the White man wrote against Indians is written to steal land, resources, and freedom from Indian people. Indian people had no input in writing these laws. Every one of these laws is a civil and human rights violation. And, every one of these laws is a violation of international law.
A few examples of these laws include:
**: Creating apartheid “Trusteeship” over Indian nations.
the Bureau of Indian Affairs
1885: The Major Crimes Act
1887: The Dawes Act
1889: The Minnesota Chippewa Commission
1914: The Snyder Act—creating the U.S. Forest Service under the Department of Agriculture
1924: Citizenship—without the guaranteed right to vote
1934: The Wheeler-Howard Indian Reorganization Act
1946: The “Indian Claims Commission”
1953: Termination and Public Law 280
1987: The White Earth Land Settlement Act
These are just a few examples. All of these laws were legislated over our sovereign Indian people without our consent, and in most cases, without the U.S. even telling us about it. Secretary of the Interior Douglas McKay explained the U.S. Government’s attitude about “consent” in 1955, “In short, it seems to me that the principle of Indian ‘consent’ ... has most serious Constitutional implications ... I believe that it would be extremely dangerous.”
The Tribal Councils gave up their sovereignty when they adopted 1934 I.R.A. Constitutions. (They became colonial governments under the control of the U.S.A.) But, when Indian people signed the I.R.A. Constitutions at that time, they did not understand the shyster English that the B.I.A. used. They had no access to the news media. There was little communication between different Indian Nations.
Indian Nations and Traditional Indian people, however, have not given up our sovereignty. Applying Title 25 and the other White laws to acculturated Indian people who have chosen to follow the White man is legal. These people have given up their sovereignty, and with it their right to Indian property. Many of these people took the settlements that were offered them by the U.S.A., sold their land, and then came back onto the reservations. If they had come back willing to follow traditional Indian values, there wouldn’t be any problem. But, the U.S. Government encourages them and pays them to destroy our traditional values—and uses them in an illegal colonial government over Indian nations. These people have no right to make decisions which affect Indian land or Indian rights, and no jurisdiction in legitimate traditional Indian government.
Under International Law, Uncle Sam’s actions are criminal. Nobody but a criminal would occupy somebody else’s land and make all of these laws. Con games and bamboozling (except in “Indian Affairs”) are also against the law. So is genocide.
By Francis Blake