Reflections from the Ah­nish­i­nah­bæójib­way (We, the People)

October 30, 1992

In my research, doing the history and the genealogy of the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation, and of the people who call themselves the Chippewa Indians here at Red Lake, I find that the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians was created by an Act of the United States Congress in 1889.  There is a big sign on the Red Lake Reservation boundary, and also on the “centennial” Red Lake license plates, “celebrating” this Act when Congress blatantly tried to steal the land, resources, identity, and culture of the Anishinabe Ojibway People at Red Lake.  This racist piece of legislation, passed by the United States Congress on January 14, 1889, reads in part, “... and as to the Red Lake Reservation, the cession and relinquishment shall be deemed sufficient if made and assented to in like manner by two-thirds of the male adults of all the Chippewa Indians in Minnesota...”  These “Chippewa Indians” had no claim whatsoever to the Anishinabe Ojibway Peoples’ land that they were allegedly ceding.

In order to justify their thievery after the fact, the United States Executive Branch (including the Bureau of Indian Affairs) has interpreted this particular devious phrase as “creating the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe,” including turning White and Mulatto people into “Minnesota Chippewa Indians.”  In 1889, this nefarious scheme had absolutely nothing to do with the Anishinabe Ojibway people, nor the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation.  It still doesn’t.  We cannot sell Grandmother Earth, we cannot sell our religion, and we cannot sell our identity; although the “Chippewa Indians” who are claiming to be Aboriginal Indigenous People, but are not, will apparently sell anything if the “price is right.”

As the United States elections near, there is the question being asked, “if these Chippewa Indians are a Sovereign Nation, how come are they voting in the United States elections?”  (Why aren’t the Norwegians or the Swedes also “sovereign”—they have European patrilineal ancestors, just like so-called the Chippewa Indians do.)  The second question is, “When did they give the Indians suffrage, and why did they make the Indians citizens, when they all had European or Indo-European patrilines, and were already European subject peoples?”

“Indian Sovereignty” is an invention of foreign European il-legal thinking, just as “Indian” is a mythological identity created by the European immigrants.  United States “Sovereignty” is also a European Sovereignty which is foreign to this Continent, just like the “Chippewa Indians” have an European Sovereignty.  According to crooked European linear “logic,” it makes just about as much sense as most of the things the White people here do.  These Europeans have no identity, they have no roots here, and the only culture that they have is almost indistinguishable from the violent pseudo- “culture” of their relatives in Europe.  Whites are always saying, “why shouldn’t the Indian assimilate, and be like us?”  I’ve got news for you—the “Indian” is your bastard blood brother, with values exactly the same as yours.  The W.A.S.P. élite distorts and romanticizes “Indians,” because they are trying to turn the Anishinabe Ojibway into “Chippewa Indians” so that they can hide the genocide and the Big Lie on this Continent.

This is Anishinabe Ojibway land.  We, the Anishinabe Ojibway People, are a Sovereign Nation, no matter what any European-derived Nation, any “Indians,” or any Christian Church, for that matter, says or does.  Why should we give up our ancient and beautiful heritage for a second-class status in the racist Euro-American non-culture?

There have been a lot distortions, “spin control,” and other misinformation told about the “Minnesota Chippewa Tribe” that the United States Congress expediently invented on January 14, 1889, in addition to outright lies.  On February 5, 1936, the Executive Committee of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe held a meeting at Cass Lake.  According to the minutes of that meeting, Resolution Number 7 was, “WHEREAS the Red Lake Council has agreed to affiliate with the Minnesota Chippewa Tribal Council until the Red Lake Band is segregated by Act of Congress from the Chippewas of Minnesota in their common interests as provided under the Act of January 14, 1889 (25 Stat. 642). ...”  Delegates were appointed (including “Chippewa Indian” Peter Graves) to act for the Red Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, and this was “unanimously” agreed to by the fraudulent Minnesota Chippewa Red Lake Tribal Council.  None of the “Red Lake Tribal Councils,” nor any of the other “Chippewa Indian” Councils, have ever been authorized by the Anishinabe Ojibway People to speak, or otherwise act, for the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation.  Chippewa Indians representing the Anishinabe Ojibway people makes just about as much sense as having the Ku Klux Klan act as a “representative” for Malcolm X.

That European-derived Nation, the United States of America, whose Sovereignty is held by Europe through both their religion and their genealogy, uses European Sovereignty to claim “eminent domain” over Anishinabe Ojibway land.  They have used their subject people, the “Chippewa Indians,” to claim “right of occupancy” and to “purchase” resources which belong neither to them nor to their so-called Chippewa Indians.  It’s about time that an accounting was made between the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation and that Johnny-Come-Lately pretender, the United States.  We could start by talking about the taxes that are due to the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation, including taxes past due on all the land ceded by the European subjects and brokers, the “Chippewa Indians” in the “Treaties” and other schemes like the “1889 Agreement.”  If the Red Lake Chippewa Tribal Council were Anishinabe Ojibway people, they probably would have read the thing before they started “celebrating” it.  But, very few of them understand Crooked English, that’s why they keep trying to teach them the Creole language of “Chippewa” in school.

The Pembina Métis were voting in Minnesota Territorial elections, in the 1850’s—before they signed the 1863 “Red Lake and Pembina Treaty” as Chippewa Indians.  The Chippewa Indians were already citizens through their White patriline, when they got turned into citizens by allotment (1899), by “civilization,” and again by United States Statute in 1924.  (They got made into “citizens” so many times, they are second-class citizens.)  The U.S. keeps trying to use the “Indians” to claim jurisdiction over the Aboriginal Indigenous People.  I am not an Indian, I am Anishinabe Ojibway.  I am not a citizen of the United States; I hold the Sovereignty of the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation jointly with all other Anishinabe Ojibway People.  We, the Anishinabe Ojibway have a right to exist as a Sovereign Nation on our own land.  We do not need to vote according to the alien European scheme of mis-representative “democracy,” nor whatever else they want to call their foreign governments.


Everybody’s talking about “The Deficit.”  Nobody has even mentioned the underlying issue, which is that the theft of Aboriginal Indigenous Peoples’ resources has sustained the United States’ economy from the very beginning.  “The Deficit” is only a symptom of a sick plunder-economy that’s running out of things to steal.  Also, into whose pocket does the two hundred billion dollars per year compound interest on the deficit go?  With tinkle-down economics, you’re all in deep doo-doo.  Vote November 3, for small change, but hang onto your hat!  Better yet, put your hand on your ass and wish for the moon. ...  Hmmm.  I wonder if the homeless ever get home-sick?

I am solely responsible for this column.  My telephone number is (218) 679-2382; my mailing address is P.O. Box 484, Bemidji, MN 56601


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