Reflections from the Ahnishinahbæótjibway
(We, the People)

Wub-e-ke-niew



1991

Sign at the south boundary of Red Lake reservation .....

January 9, 1991: Letter to the Secretary of the Interior .....

April 17, 1991: Since 1958, when the Indo-European Indians brought the United States Government 1934 Indian Reorganization Act onto Anishinabe Ojibway Country at Red Lake, our Anishinabe Ojibway forests have been decimated .....

May 1, 1991: Hate groups and racism .....

May 15, 1991: Quotas, such as Affirmative Action, equal opportunity, and Indian Preference are all racism .....

June 5, 1991: There have been “Indians” all over the newspapers lately .....

June 19, 1991: Medallions and flags were used by both the British and the British-American governments to create Government Indian Chiefs .....

July 3, 1991: Sovereign and unique have been used to characterize “Indian Tribes.”  The way that the Indo-Europeans deal with the Aboriginal Indigenous Tribes completely ignores Aboriginal Indigenous Peoples’ Sovereignty .....

July 31, 1991: “You don’t belong here.  You’re an outsider.”  How many times have you .....

August 8,1991: Why does Chief Bemidji have his hand shading his eyes? .....

September 11, 1991: Hunting season has come again to the hinterland .....

September 25, 1991: In an unsigned Sunday editorial, the Bemidji Pioneer blamed “proximity to three American Indian reservations which suffer problems of unemployment and poverty” for part of Crime Capitol Bemidji’s .....

October 6, 1991: From the introduction to one of the B.I.A.’s long-range plans. .....

October 18,1991:  It is said that “history repeats itself,” .....

November 6, 1991: The World Series has come and gone for this year.  But, the racism that goes with .....

November 20, 1991: Princess Pale Moon is in the news again .....

December 4, 1991: According to the dictionary, “ethnic” is defined as .....

December 18, 1991: Beltrami County Commissioners are making plans to hire a half-time Welfare Fraud Investigator on the Red Lake Reservation .....


1992

January 8,1992: The first order of business under the illegal colonial 1934 Indian Reorganization Act “government” .....

January 15, 1992: Michael S. Berliner of the Ayn Rand Institute  praising the “Civilization” brought by Christopher Columbus .....

January 18, 1992: “Indians do not hold legal title to land held on their behalf by the United States” .....

February 5, 1992: The U.S. Forest Service is serving the timber industry as government agents of environmental destruction .....

February 19, 1992: The boilerplate Indian Reorganization Act “Revised Constitution” of the Red Lake Band of Chip-away Indians was adopted by the Constitution Committee on June 12, 1958 .....

March 4, 1992: There is still a lot of unsettled controversy about “Indian Nicknames.”  The problem is the White man’s crooked scheme of re-naming everybody here .....

March 18, 1992: “Aboriginal Indigenous” and “identity” are words which are not used in the same sentence by the Indo-European, or the Chippewa Indians .....

March 18, 1992: On March 3rd, the Democratic Precinct Caucuses were held .....

April 1, 1992: Iskigamizigegiizis, or in English the “sap boiling moon” .....

April 1, 1992: No community input on proposed amendments .....

April 10, 1992:  Dear Gramma — How do I become a Federally Recognized Indian?  How much does it cost? .....

April 10, 1992: When I was in Mission School, the Nuns accurately called them “our Indians,” in the same way that they would talk about owning a pet dog .....

April 15, 1992: In 1958, Roger Jourdain and the Bureau of Indian Affairs fraudulently brought the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act .....

April 29, 1992: On Wednesday, April 22, 1992, the State of California executed the son of a Cherokee Indian woman .....

May 15, 1992: Ventura County, California: The all-white Jury’s verdict was that Los Angeles Police Officers were “not guilty” of beating Rodney  King .....

May 18, 1992: Our research in the National Archives has found part of the Red Lake Mill audits from the early 1940s .....

May 21, 1992: What we are saying is that the history that the United States is operating under, is seriously distorted .....

July 3, 1992: Cross burning is a diversionary tactic .....

July 17, 1992: the George Herbert Walker “Bush administration has quietly asserted that it has the power to declare any Indian tribe in the nation extinct.” .....

July 18, 1992: Enclosed is what the Clinton Campaign in Minnesota sent in response to our request for your position paper .....

July 26, 1992: the “Indian” identity is owned by the Europeans, and the Whites can write anything they want to about their invention .....

July 31, 1992: the “Indian New Deal” (the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act) was a part of Franklin Roosevelt’s “Big Deal.” .....

August 21, 1992: The Political Editor of the Bemidji Pioneer wrote about “discrimination,”  He quoted the Honorable City Councilor Ralph Zachman, who said that if there was going to be any support for Joe Sayers’ protest against Bemidji discrimination, he would “have to drag them out of the bars.” .....

August 24, 1992: Your “Indians” have no choice.  “Indians” have been genetically engineered and brainwashed, and their Sovereignty is held by the Western European so-called Civilization .....

August 26, 1992: Letter from Joy Craddick — Here at Red Lake I am staying on some of the most sacred land in the country .....

September 2, 1992: This is an excerpt taken from the Lake Mohonk Conference, “Friends of the Indian” policy-making sessions held annually in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s .....

September 4, 1992: Now that the two party conventions are history, they can get on with the real mud-slinging, name-calling, and allegations .....

September 10, 1992: The Minneapolis Star Tribune referred to the Goddess, Ceres, as the “Roman corn goddess,” implying Indo-European ownership of the Aboriginal Indigenous food crop which the Euro-Americans call “corn.” .....

September 18, 1992: One of the themes of the G.O.P. Convention was “family values.” .....

September 20, 1992: “Indian” is a weasel-word invented by Europeans.  The word “Indian” refers to a stereotype and a stigma.  “Indian” is a Catch-22 category .....

September 21, 1992:  International Court of Justice—  We, the Anishinabe Ojibway People of the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation, are, by this letter, filing against the genocide, ecocide, human rights violations, and other acts of war committed against our People .....

September 23, 1992: Dear Senator Wellstone — … I am a Sovereign Anishinabe Ojibway person, living on my Aboriginal Indigenous land at Red Lake.  I am not an “Indian,” and I am not a “Native American.” .....

September 25, 1992: The United States Supreme Court has ruled that the Indian Allotment Act, passed by the United States Congress in 1888, allows taxation of Indian Fee Patent lands—another “get rich quick” scheme .....

October 2, 1992: King Henry the Eighth of England reclaimed his Sovereignty away from the Pope when Henry founded the Anglican Protestant Church .....

October 5, 1992: Enclosed is an commentary article for the Star Tribune, as we discussed .....

October 5, 1992: Euro-American scientists claim that “Indians” came over the Bering Strait .....

October 9, 1992: The First Amendment to the United States Constitution begins, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof ...” .....

October 23, 1992: There is a new sign posted at the “Reservation line” on Highway 89, a notice that “Alcohol is prohibited  ... ” .....

October 30, 1992: In my research, doing the history and the genealogy of the Anishinabe Ojibway Nation, and of the people who call themselves the Chippewa Indians here at Red Lake .....

November 6, 1992: According to last Saturday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune, the Catholic Church of the Holy Roman Empire is formally admitting that Galileo was right. .....

November 13, 1992: there was a parade in Fargo recently.  On one of the floats in this parade, immigrant Europeans featured the “tomahawk chop” .....

November 20,  1992: Red Lake school construction

November 22, 1992: When the Red Lake Chippewa enumerators for the United States Census came over, they were looking for Chippewa Indians to count .....

November 27, 1992: Tanja, a three-ton hippopotamus imprisoned in the Amsterdam zoo .....

December 4, 1992: the grand-daughter of Indian athlete Jim Thorpe, who is director of United Now Indian Olympic Nation (UNION), met with other activists .....

December 11, 1992: The State of Minnesota, Department of Education is, once again, putting Chippewa Indians in the position of alienating .....

December 12, 1992: BROADCASTING NEWS:  There is a group of people at Red Lake who are in the process of starting an AM and FM radio station .....

December 12, 1992: What they should be teaching these Indians first, is English.  The language that people speak here, and call “Reservation English,” is not a very useful language, and it is not really English .....

December 13, 1992:  … I was particularly amused by the things that you chose to edit out of the article.  I understand your linear and compartmentalized thinking .....

December 18, 1992: Camp Justice, on White Earth Reservation, is in the news again .....

December 25, 1992: Have you ever noticed the town of Redlake? .....

Wub-e-ke-niew at home (photo)


1993

January 1, 1993: It must be a sporting event to make Indian Treaties .....

January 15, 1993: The Mille Lacs Lake Band of Chippewa Indians is once again in the news .....

January 21, 1993: When the Jourdainian council here at Red Lake talked about Aboriginal Rights as a Sovereign Nation—along with Butch Brun—the question which always comes up is “why do these people claim that they are a sovereign nation, or quasi sovereign nation, and at the same time the United States calls them ‘wards of the government’ under ‘trusteeship’?” .....

January 22, 1993: The controversy surrounding Leonard Peltier and the F.B.I. is front-page news again—along with Robert Redford’s Hollywood “documentary” .....

February 5, 1993: Attorney General nominee Zoe Baird withdrew from the Cabinet confirmation process last week .....

February 5, 1993: 1910 letter questions how W.E. Natives establish blood quantum .....

February 12, 1993: According to Star Tribune staff writer Pat Doyle, who wrote an in-depth article on the Mille Lacs Treaty re-negotiations in last Sunday’s paper .....

February 19, 1993: The Tuesday Minneapolis Star Tribune featured a commentary article by Ronald Steiner, stating “Treaties function to specify grants from Indians to non-Indians,” and adding that “a treaty does not go out of date until one of the parties ceases to exist, or both of the parties agree to change it.” .....

February 26, 1993: The details of the ground rules for “Indian Gambling” need to be made clear and public .....

March 5, 1993: Under the Divine Mandate policy of “Manifest Destiny,” the United States Government created the Boarding Schools  .....

March 12, 1993: Mark Neuzil … wrote, “according to legal precedent, the treaties can be overridden by acts of Congress.  The president even has the power to declare entire tribes extinct” .....

March 14, 1993: Thank you for your letter, although I can not be of much help to you in tracing your lineage .....

March 19, 1993: The Associated Press ran an article last week in which “tribal leaders hailed a new dawn in Indian history” after a meeting with Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt .....

April 2, 1993: The State of Minnesota is trying to turn the 1837 Sandy Lake Treaty into the “1934 I.R.A. Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians Treaty,” and at the same time the I.R.A. Tribal Council at Mille Lacs is .....

April 9, 1993: The 1837 Broken Treaty is still in the news.  The State of Minnesota, which did not exist in 1837 .....

April 16, 1993: A travelling “American History” exhibit, the Seeds of Change, opens .....

April 23, 1993:  “Being Indian is a very old tradition among the blacks in New Orleans .....

April 24, 1993: The “Assimilation” policies of the United States Government. .....

April 24, 1993: One of the reasons that the people in the higher levels of Western European hierarchy .....

April 25, 1993: Dear Grampa:  How many Branch Davidians can you fit into an F.B.I. patrol car? .....

April 30, 1993: Gassing and burning the Branch Davidians was the top story .....

May 7, 1993: The Minneapolis Star Tribune published an article about sexual abuse on Red Lake Reservation on the front page of the “State/Metro” Section .....

May 14, 1993: Bemidji Mayor Douglas Peterson proclaimed last Friday, May 7, to be Arbor Day in Bemidji .....

May 21, 1993: The front page of last Sunday’s Metro/State section of the Minneapolis Star Tribune blared the stereotype of the “Drunken Indian” across all six columns .....

May 25, 1993: The Relocation programs which the Bureau of Indian Affairs used during the 1950’s and 1960’s to remove Aboriginal Indigenous people from the Reservation communities—and their indigenous lands—were not the first .....

June 21,1993: Dear Professor Lanai Guinier— We are writing in the hopes that you or one of your colleagues may be able to put us into contact with a lawyer who is able to take on the establishment .....

June 25, 1993: Greetings.  Boo-zhoo.  Parlez-vous Française, eh?  That’s Real Indian talk! .....

July 9, 1993: Al Gore, the environmentalist Vice President, is so serious about the environment that when he takes a walk in the woods he’s thinking about the ecology and forgets to pay attention to where he’s going .....

July 16, 1993: The Aboriginal Indigenous people on this Continent have been mis-labelled “Indian” for the convenience of the Europeans .....

July 23, 1993: A Philadelphia Daily News editorial reprinted in the Bemidji Pioneer reported that “Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman somehow managed to .....

July 30, 1993: On Sunday, the Bemidji Pioneer headlined their in-house editorial, “New Credibility for BIA with Deer appointment.”  They wrote, “the B.I.A. has long been mistrusted by Indians and tribal governments alike.”  That’s putting it mildly .....

July 30, 1993: When I talk to well-intentioned White people, some of them admit that “what my grandfather did was unfair,” but then the they add “things are different now” .....

August 6, 1993: On September 21, 1863, Governor Alexander Ramsey came to the “Old Crossing” of the Red Lake River......... 206

August 27, 1993:  Parlez vous Français, and Bonjour!  That’s Indian talk .....

September 1, 1993: Indians have always accused the Whites of racism, using racism as a bludgeon of guilt to keep Whites from looking at who the Indians really are .....

September 10, 1993: Dr. Michael Trujillo was nominated by Clinton to head the Indian Health Service, “a troubled agency,” according to an Associated Press report .....

September 24, 1993: The Red Lake unsanitary landfill was mentioned recently in the Minneapolis StarTribune.  The article quoted Red Lake’s professional indian environmentalist .....

October 1, 1993: On March 7, 1902, the B.I.A. held meetings at Redlake, using their Indians to steal from the Aboriginal Indigenous People again .....

October 8, 1993: The regional leadership of the Bureau of Indian Affairs was featured on the front page of Sunday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune.  According to the copyright article, Indian Preference Earl Barlow accepted vouchers which could be turned into cash at an Indian casino .....

October 15, 1993: After five hundred of Western European occupation, genocide, and grand theft of the Aboriginal Indigenous Peoples’ land and resources, the Europeans and their Indians, who have been on welfare for five hundred years, celebrated Columbus Day .....

October 22, 1993:  Indian identity is in the news … Dr. Gerald Hill of the University of Minnesota, Duluth, said that Indians do not want to become physicians because they are “afraid to lose their identity as an Indian” .....

November 5, 1993: The White Earth Land Settlement Act was an underhanded backroom deal from the first draft .....

November 19, 1993: Another hunting season has passed, so it’s fairly safe to go out in the woods again .....

November 26, 1993: Greetings, Pilgrims, and all you foreign-born Europeans who call yourselves Americans .....

December 3, 1993: The Cree Nation, and the Quebecois, who also call themselves a Nation, are presently at an impasse over the flooding of much of the Cree Nation .....

December 10, 1993: According to the news, the United States Government is colluding with the State of Minnesota to restructure, re-entrench and re-organize the apartheid structure of Indian Tribal Courts, after operating these kangaroo courts without any legal basis other than unilateral bureaucratic degree for more than a hundred years .....

December 17, 1993: The Western Europeans renamed this Continent, and called it “America.”  The Indians call it “Turtle Island.”  What it should really be called is “Fantasy Island” .....

December 24, 1993: One hundred and twenty two years after the United States Congress unilaterally decided that Indian Tribes no longer existed and abolished the Treaty-making process, the U.S. and the State of Minnesota are still living in a nostalgic dream of the mythological frontier .....

December 31, 1993: …When I was growing up at Red Lake, people referred to other people who were not from Red Lake, as “Outsiders,” and many people (mostly “Outsiders” themselves) still use this term.  But, Reservation English seems to be on shaky ground, and now some Wanna-Be’s are using the term “Non-Member” .....


1994

January 14, 1994: In the January 7, 1994 Ojibwe News, Charles Lone Eagle expressed his distress with the media circus which has hounded him.  He said that he was tired of being given the identity of a drunk who was a Trunk Indian .....

January 28, 1994:  Rumor has it that Al Gore is reinventing government by cutting back on bureaucracy .....

January 31, 1994: The Minneapolis Star Tribune has turned over a new page, and edited their stylebook .....

February 11, 1994: ... the Red Lake Chippewa Tribal Council passed a resolution to hire Claire Henderson as a Research Consultant under the Cross Cultural program, to “authenticate” the Red Lake Chippewa history.  I don’t know why the Tribal Council needs to spend an undisclosed amount of money to find out who they are .....

February 16, 1994: The October-November, 1993 issue of International Gaming & Wagering Business had a front-page article by Matt Connor, “Corruption on the reservation: Cause for concern?” .....

March 4, 1994: The rumor is that there are two farms which are going to be bought up by the Bureau of Indian Affairs .....

March 11, 1994: On Sunday and Monday, staff writer Pat Doyle published a two-part series on the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the Minneapolis Star Tribune.  In his article, he quotes B.I.A. Commissioner Ada Deer, “It’s always easy to talk about phasing out the bad old BIA” .....

March 18, 1994: After reading the 1991 and 1992 management agreements between Chip Wadena and Gaming World International, I was taken back in time to the Indian Treaty-making era.  I said to myself, “this agreement sounds familiar” .....

April 3,1994: Remember when a nickel was a nickel and when you made a purchase you got your money’s worth?  This was part of the Great Depression .....

April 8, 1994: According to Sunday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune, “the Clinton administration has discovered India,” and “the [real] Indians are miffed” .....

April 15, 1993: Amendments to the Indian Freedom of Religion Act are currently under consideration by the United States Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs, in the U.S. Legislative Branch .....

April 28, 1958: Vote plan for Red Lake Indians scored.  U.S. commissioner’s order could leave Chippewas worse off than before, “U” experts feel .....

April 29, 1994: On Friday, April 29, the Clinton Administration is hosting an Indian media circus, which the White House press relations office termed an “historic event” .....

May 6, 1994: There has been an uproar in the news media about the due process of law as it is being applied by the government .....

May 13, 1994: On Monday, May 9, the Minneapolis StarTribune ran a front-page article about the people they identify as the Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota Tribe “buying back the land” .....

May 20, 1994: The immigrants are arguing about “treaties” under their imported laws again .....

June 10, 1994: The Red Lake 1934 I.R.A. Tribal elections are over, and Bobby Whitefeather is the new shadow Chairman of the Red Lake Band of Chip-away Indians (representing the B.I.A.), just as I predicted .....

June 17, 1994: The Northern Minnesota town of Squaw Lake is in the news .....

June 24, 1994: Pat Doyle’s article in the Tuesday, June 14 issue of the Minneapolis Star Tribune quoted expert witnesses for the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians who claimed that Chief Hole-in-the-Day did not speak for the Mille Lacs Chippewa .....

July 1, 1994: While I was digging through my papers looking for another document, I came across some copies of B.I.A. records .....

July 8, 1994: The Indians clear across the country, including here at Red Lake, celebrated their “Independence” on the Fourth of July .....

July 15, 1994: On July 7, at about 6:30 in the evening, I received a call from a Federally Recognized blood-quantum Indian, who stated that my columns were “negative writing” about the Indians and the Whites .....

July 20, 1994: “Hey, Chief!”  “Hey ... Indian!”  “Can you make it rain?”  “Ugh!  Do you live in a tee-pee?”  “Can you make a fire by rubbing two sticks together ... do you use smoke-signals? .....

July 29, 1994: The Sunday, July 24, Bemidji Pioneer featured an article by Pioneer staffwriter Jodi Gregory, “‘Kids Count’ study paints bleak picture” .....

August 5, 1994: While looking through Indian Country Today, which lauds itself as “America’s Indian Newspaper,” I came across a racist ad for the Marty Indian School in Marty, South Dakota .....

August 26, 1994: Honest Injun!  Former Commissioner of Indian Affairs John Collier, who helped design the 1934 I.R.A. which is the foundation of the present Indian Tribal Governments, described the so-called “breeds” and the Wanna-be’s who call themselves Indians .....

September 2, 1994: According to the Bemidji Pioneer, the 1994-95 Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians’ Royalty were named earlier this month at what the Pioneer called the “Red Lake Nation Fair” .....

September 16, 1994: “Mille Lacs Chippewa snare a fish and game victory, but waters will remain muddy for a while in treaty dispute,” according to the Minneapolis Star Tribune headline on September 4—but the Indian treaties have always been a muddy issue .....

September 23, 1994: The September 18 Bemidji Pioneer published a letter to the editor with the headline, “Red Lake sovereign nation, yet county taxes pay costs” .....

September 30, 1994: Many of the blue-blood and the supposedly (self-proclaimed) upper-crust “old families” who immigrated to the land they call America, did not come here voluntarily .....

October 7, 1994: The Native American Press/Ojibwe News scooped all the White Man’s in-house (mainstream) newspapers, by reporting the Indian Reorganization Act election fraud at White Earth in meticulously documented detail .....

October 14, 1994: According to the headline in the October 6 Minneapolis Star Tribune, “Show of force evicts farmer who didn’t pay tax.”  The problem is that the Gibbon, Minnesota farmer who lost his farm, Oliver Kramer, thought he owned “his” land—and he didn’t .....

October 21, 1994: When I was growing up in the late 30’s and early 40’s, one of the luxuries we had on the Res was “going to the show” .....

October 28, 1994: The October 21 Native American Press published letters submitted by community members, including one from the Department of the Interior to the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, authorizing establishment of the “Minnesota Chippewa [Indian] Courts” .....

November 4, 1994: Staffwriter Gary Blair’s article in the October 28 Ojibwe News was headlined, “Indian Chamber of Commerce faces dilemma: Who is an Indian?” .....

November 11, 1994: The election is over, and you did it again!  You said you were going to “kick the rascals out,” and you voted the same old ones, and some new ones who are just as bad or worse, right in to office .....

November 18, 1994:What follows is an excerpt from Chapter 7 of my book, We Have The Right To Exist .....

November 25, 1994: Someone sent me a copy of the October 19 issue of Indian Country Today.  A front-page headline reads, “Mocking a culture,” with a photograph of a White high school student in turkey feathers acting the role of “Big Chief” of Bennett County  .....


1995

March 17, 1995: Red Lake’s newest author spotted in the Big Apple .....

April 26, 1995: Field School Class project from Wub-e-ke-niew .....

June 25, 1995: Wub-e-ke-niew injured in auto accident

July 7, 1995:  Greetings, pilgrims! And to the rest of the descendants of the Western European immigrants, I hope all of you had an enjoyable holiday while celebrating your “independence” in the Land of the Free .....

July 11,1995: Dear Gerry Spence — We very much enjoyed reading your book, With Justice For None.  Your title is right on the mark .....

July 14, 1995: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s program “restoring wetlands” on private land is “on the chopping block,” according to Sunday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune.  “Restoration” of wetlands is yet another rip-off coming out of linear Western European thinking, out of harmony and out of balance .....

July 21, 1995: On the twelfth of July, the Minneapolis Star Tribune had an article in the Metro section reporting the jury’s decision that the Native American Press/Ojibwe News publisher and staffwriter were “not guilty” of “defama­tion of character” .....

July 28, 1995: “Set priorities, avoid weekends when planning trip to Disneyland,” advises the Sunday Travel section of the Minneapolis Star Tribune .....

July 31, 1995: From its beginning, the United States of America’s policy toward the indigenous people of this continent has been genocide .....

August 4, 1995: Viewpoints North, Show 235 ...  we’ll visit with Francis Blake, Junior, as he discusses his book entitled, We Have The Right To Exist .....

August, 1995: Remnants of what was here.  In 1913, botanists Nathaniel Lord Britton and Addison Brown of the New York Botanical Garden published An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada .....

August 18, 1995: “Park status assailed,” according to the headline in Sunday’s Duluth News-Tribune .....

September 1, 1995: “Activist heads home from China,” according to the front-page headline in Friday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune .....

September 8, 1995: “Chip Wadena” was the headline of a staff editorial in Tuesday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune .....

September 9, 1995: Corruption in “Indian Country” are making the news, with the indictment of Chip Wadena and his cohorts.  But fraud, embezzlement, stealing has been business as usual .....

December 14, 1995: Book Review.  Wub-e-ke-niew.  We Have The Right To Exist ... Like Vine Deloria’s Custer Died for Your Sins (CH, Mar ‘70),  this book offers an uncompromising critique of Euroamerican colonization of “New World” natives .....

Looking west from Wub-e-ke-niew and Clara's house .....


1996

January 28,1996: There has been a great amount of discussion and debate about “family values” and “community” in the political arena, with each political party claiming that they know more about how to create a viable society than the other party  .....

February 6,1996: Big Tree Hunt.  “In 1962, the Department of Natural Resources launched a Big Tree Hunt to locate and identify the state’s largest native trees  ..... [Download PDF file]

February 11,1996: The foundation of Ah­nish­i­nah­bæót­jib­way society is the   .....

February 16, 1996: Greetings, pilgrims and immigrants.   Just about everybody survived the big cold spell during the first week of February  .....

February 16, 1996: To the Minneapolis Star Tribune commentary page — In the Metro Section of the Thursday, February 15 Star Tribune, there was an article headlined “Heritage of Indian firefighters questioned”  .....

February 21, 1996: Governor Arne Carlson is “firmly opposed to any increase” in Minnesota’s poverty-level minimum wage, according to the Tuesday, February 20 Minneapolis Star Tribune  .....

February 23, 1996: Maple sugaring time is almost here—it’s time to start checking your taps, cleaning your kettles, and getting your wood supply ready to make a good healthy food  .....

March 15, 1996: On February 16, 1996, Skip Finn appeared in court with a “Notice of Motion and Motion to Quash” all fishing expeditions by the U.S. Government on the Leech Lake Indian Reservation  .....

March 3, 1996: Spring — the Season of Sugar.  By the time you read this, we will be in our sugarbush: cutting firewood, washing kettles and pails  .....

August 9, 1996: In the June elections at White Earth, held when Wadena’s four-year term was already out, Bugger McArthur won the contest for I.R.A. tribal chairman  .....

September 20, 1996: A Memorial to the Aboriginal Indigenous People of this Continent.  We of the Bear Dodem of the Ah­nish­i­nah­bæót­jib­way intend to establish a radio station on our Aboriginal land at Red Lake as a memorial to the Aboriginal people who have lived here since time immemorial  .....


1997

Wub-e-ke-niew at Lake Itasca (photo)

May 8, 1997: Language from an Ah­nish­i­nah­bæót­jib­way perspective.  Once upon a time, not so very long ago, the air in Southern California was clean .....

June 9, 1997: Six Questions About Language from Wub-e-ke-niew to Dr. Harvey Sarles .....

June 13, 1997: Victims of Congress.  According to Friday’s Minneapolis Star Tribune, Congress finally passed its flood relief legislation—which the President is expected to veto .....

June 20, 1997: INDIAN TAXES, AGAIN: In Wednesday, June 18, staffwriter Pat Doyle published an article in the Minneapolis Star Tribune.  According to the article, headlined “County to get a fraction of its request from tribe” .....

June 27, 1997: RED LAKE WINS $27 MILLION?  According to the front page of the June 19 Bemidji Pioneer, the Red Lake Band recently “won” 27 million dollars “compensation” for destruction of red and white pine after 1889 .....

July 11, 1997: “Clinton is the first president to level about race,” according to journalist Syl Jones in the Commentary section of the June 17 Star Tribune .....

July 18, 1997: Another ‘New Deal.’  Newt Gingrich and his cronies are making moves to bring one of Democratic President Franklin Roosevelt’s projects, the “New Deal,” to an end .....

August 8, 1997: Greetings and hello to all of you peasants and you immigrants, and boozhoo to all you Indians, eh.  When Mike Tyson telephoned Ross Perot, what did Perot say? .....

August 29, 1997: Greetings and hello to all of you peasants and you immigrants, and boozhoo to all you Indians, eh  .....

September 5, 1997: Since I’ve been writing this column, I’ve been getting a lot of mail and telephone calls that need to be answered.  Tuesday, my mail-order certificate for completing a home-study course in Shamanism finally arrived .....

September 12, 1997:  Dear Shaman— Why are the Treaties only written in the English language, why aren’t they also written in the Indian languages? .....

September 19, 1997: Dear Shaman— Why did the Pilgrims and other European immigrants call this “The Promised Land,” when there were people living here? .....

Memories of autumn, 1997

October 24, 1997: Wub-e-ke-niew of the Bear Dodem died ... at home with his Ah­nish­i­nah­bæót­jib­way land which, as he said, “has been in my family for hundreds of millennia” .....

November 17, 1997: Dear Noam Chomsky— Thank you very much for your letter of condolence about my husband Wub-e-ke-niew.  Your letter is one that would have meant a great deal to him, as it does to me ....


1998

May 29, 1998: Widow of Wub-e-ke-niew removed from Red Lake probate hearing  .....

Bobby Whitefeather's "order of removal"

Mary Harding's
statement

May 29, 1998: Red Lake hits new low on human rights  .....

Memorial dinner announcement

October 17, 1998: A memorial dinner in honor of Wub-e-ke-niew  .....


1999

January 22, 1999: Red Lake continues to violate legacy and widow of Wub-e-ke-niew .....

In memory of Wub-e-ke-niew

October 22, 1999: In memory of Wub-e-ke-niew.  Two years ago, in the autumn-golden sunlight of a mid-October afternoon, Wub-e-ke-niew and I finished cutting, splitting and stacking our firewood for the winter .....



Appendix

Snapshot of Wub-e-ke-niew, August 1977


1986

March 3, 1986: To the Editor— ... Aaron Beauchamp writes, “Why should special attention be paid to a minor language? [meaning Ojibway]”  His (perhaps unconscious) arrogance and bigotry stand out loud and clear .....

September 4, 1986: Europeans brought Bemidji’s crime problem with them.  Mr. Ryan discretely labels Indian people as “sociological factors” in his August 26 letter to the editor but then proceeds to make it quite clear that he is blaming Indians for Bemidji’s crime .....

November 3, 1986: Lorraine Kingsley on “Discipline”

November 12, 1986: Dear Professor Chomsky— I am enclosing a photocopy of an English 121 paper on the assigned topic of “Discipline” .....


1987

Wub-e-ke-niew on the south shore of lower Red Lake (photo)

February 12, 1987: To the Editor— In today’s Bemidji Pioneer, Brad Swenson wrote an opinion about making English the “official language” of the State of Minnesota .....

Photos from 1997 .....


1988

May 24, 1988: Dear Mr. Giago— In a page-one article of your February 11, 1987 issue [of the Lakota Times], Mr. Frank Whitaker reported on the Alliance for American Indian Leaders (AAIL) .....

May 24, 1988: First issue of the Ojibwe News

June 1, 1988: Elections. The tribal elections in Red Lake this year were very quiet .....

June 8, 1988: Red Lake sawmill court case.  United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, Dockets Number 85-5272 and 97-5188 ...Filed on May 2, 1988, the United States Court of Appeals ruled on the Red Lake Tribal Council’s complaint of August 3, 1983 to transfer $800,000 from the “Sawmill Account” .....

June 8, 1988: Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.  The United States Government has at least eighteen (18) bureaucrats governing every Indian .....

June 8, 1988: Political Dictionary.    Barnes and Nobles Dictionary of American Politics defines the Bureau of Indian Affairs as “A unit of the Department of the Interior, responsible for the exercise of special guardianship over the economic, educational, and moral welfare of Indians and other American aborigines .....

June 8, 1998:  Naanaboozho for Tribal Office.  I am running for any Chippewa Tribal Office!  Vote for me, Naanaboozho .....

June 8, 1988: A Right to Know.  Brad Swenson, in his Sunday June 12 Bemidji Pioneer article, labelled the Ojibway People for Justice, “protestors” .....

June 8, 1988: WANTED: There is an urgent need for volunteers and donated equipment for the Anishinabe Maanashigan Project .....

June 22, 1988: History.  The farewell address of President Andrew Jackson, Marcy 4, 1837.   ... Inaugurated in 1829, Andrew Jackson attempted to root out corruption in the bureaucracy .....

June 29, 1988: Analysis.  There is a tradition in Feudal Europe about the “King’s Preserves” .....

June 29, 1998: Allotment of Indian lands.  Senator Pendleton of Ohio had very dramatically stated the position of the Indian during the debate on allotment of Indian lands as early as 1881 .....

Summer, 1988 ... photos

July 6, 1988: Welfare Concerns.  The politicians are warming up for November’s elections, and already letters to the editor are starting to wave the WELFARE! flag .....

July 6, 1988: Interview with New Fond du Lac Chairman.  Duluth, MN—Bob Peacock replaces Bill Houle as Fond du Lac Tribal Chairman.  We spoke with Chairman-elect Peacock .....

July 15, 1988:  Ross Swimmer interviewed.  Transcript of Press Conference with Commissioner of Indian Affairs Ross Swimmer, July 12, 1988, Minneapolis, MN .....

July 20, 1988:  Swimmer meets with Red Lake Peoples Council.    Meeting with [Ross] Swimmer and [Earl] Barlow, July 12, 1988—1:00 p.m., Minneapolis, Minnesota—  [Earl] Barlow: Mr. Swimmer again, will take this spot and answer .....

July 27, 1988: Swimmer meets with Red Lake Peoples Council.  Transcript of meeting with Swimmer and Barlow continued from last week .....

July 27, 1988:  An open letter to Ross Swimmer.  Dear Mr. Swimmer—  We thank you for taking the time to talk with the press, and to meet with us while you were in Minneapolis .....

August 31, 1988: Animals in their proper place,” the August 23 Bemidji Pioneer captions a picture of a Japanese sika deer at the zoo.  The picture shows a prisoner in an alien land .....

September 7, 1988: More than two years ago, in May of 1986, the Red Lake Independent published an article about the epidemic of diabetes on the Red Lake Reservation.  The response of the Indian Health Service was to start a public-relations newsletter in Red Lake, and to launch a seat belt campaign .....

September 14, 1988: “Colonialism” is a dirty word in the lexicon of our democracy.  It has always been so, as would be expected in a country that began as a former colony in revolution against colonialism .....

October 12, 1988:  Who says Indians don’t pay property tax?  “Indians don’t pay taxes.”  That’s what Congressmen, county commissioners, certain political reporters and non-Indians living near reservations like to tell Indians .....

November 30, 1988:  Housing vote typical of system.  The racist class system strikes again in Bemidji.  The City Council has made decisions “for” the poor people .....

December 14, 1988: A traditional perspective - Democratic government on Indian land.  “Assimilated” is defined by the New Century Dictionary as: to make like, accordant, or conformable; liken or compare; convert into a substance suitable for absorption into the system; appropriate and absorb or incorporate, as the body does food .....

December 21, 1988:  Political pollution contaminating process of siting toxic waste dump ...  We need to clean up the political pollution contaminating the process of siting both toxic and atomic waste dumps in the Northwoods .....


1989

April 16, 1989:  To the Editor— Rabbi Meir Kahane writes in the Friday, April 14 newspaper about the Jewish claim to Israel, that the Jewish God gave them Israel 3,000 years ago and therefor the Palestinian State has no right to exist .....

May 30, 1989:  Recommend Europeans return to Europe. ... P.C. Frederick writes that, “if the Indians insist on this treaty, they should be required to fish with methods used when the treaty was agreed on” .....

May 30, 1989:  Is the Star Tribune into propaganda?  In the last month, the Star and Tribune has referred to tribal people as “vindictive,” published a large picture of a cigar-store Indian [would they have done that with a statue caricaturing a Black man?], and erroneously reported that Sanguinaria canadensis was used by Indians for “war paint” among other things .....

November 8, 1989:  Dear Michael Q. Patton— You requested information regarding our application to the Northwest Minnesota Initiative Fund .....


1990

January 3, 1990: Indian’s rights supported.  The Thursday, December 21 edition of the Bemidji Pioneer ran only a part of an Associated Press story about Ester Nahgahnub .....

February 5, 1990:  Dear Javier Perez de Cuillar— There is unrest around the world .....

February 11, 1990:  Dear Noam Chomsky— Thank you for your book, which we enjoyed reading .....

April 4, 1990: I say what I can to make this a better world.  Charles Murphey of Fort Yates wrote an open letter against H.R. 4033, which would establish a Federal “Office of Indian Treaty Conflict Resolution” .....

May 16, 1990: Treaty rights are a news issue again.  The European-Americans who want to abrogate the treaties .....

September 12, 1990: The real issue in the standoff between the Mohawk Nation and Canada/England is Sovereignty .....

October 3, 1990: Stealing personal Sovereignty and abolishing personal identity of Indigenous people is a necessary part of Indo-European colonization and Indo-European democracy .....

October 17, 1990: The original game plan of the government, as outlined in the Lake Mohonk Conference of “Friends of the Indians” and other places, was to use the Mixed-bloods to destroy Sovereign Indigenous people, and then assimilate them into the melting pot of the Indo-European population—although near the bottom of the hierarchy (because of racism) .....

October 31, 1990: In the last column, I wrote about identities.  Wherever the Indo-European people have gone and stolen other peoples’ land, their elite has been giving people identities which are created by Indo-Europeans .....

December 1990: To the Department of the Interior, United States Government— This is to inform you that I want my name removed from the basic membership, identification, and enrollment lists of your “Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians.”  I will no longer be identified by your racist term of “Indian” .....



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