White Earth Reservation, early 1900s

Ransom Judd Powell Papers
Minnesota Historical Society Microfilm M-455
        [editor's note: see Wub-e-ke-niew for description of phonetic coding]

FAMILY  No. 58

                      KAH DAH WAH BE DAY


\;{;\"-:\"[ Gi-ji-gos-se-kot [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #I]     

\:{:\"-:\"[ Ke-che-go-se-kot [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #I]     

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #I (after Kohl, p. 147): "the first ancestor mentioned by Mon-go-sid, was born in the early 1500's, probably near the St. Lawrence River in what is now Quebec, Canada.  Between 1300 and 1400 the Chippewa were near the Atlantic Ocean in the present New England states and on both sides of the International boundary between the United States and Canada.  By around 1400 they were being forced by the eastern tribes, west along the St. Lawrence River toward the Great Lakes.

     "Kohl says of the name Gi-ji-gos-se-kot, "With the name of the last, Loon-foot's genealogical tree was lost in the clouds...of this name Loon-foot gave me the extraordinary explanation, 'le ciel qui a peur de l'homme.' He must have been a species of Titan.  I cannot give the derivation of the word, but I find in it certainly, traces of Gigjig = heaven and agoski = fear."

father of: /;-\',(>;<,\,( Misk-wan-di-ba-gan (.1550) [V.R. #1]


/;-\',(>;<,\,( Misk-wan-di-ba-gan (.1550) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #1]

/;-\,',(>:<,\,( Mis-kah-wan-de-bah-gahn (.1550) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #1]   

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #1 (after Kohl, p. 147): ..."male, born around 1550, son of \;{:\"-:\"[ Gi-ji-gos-se-kot.  His name is given by Kohl in French as "l'homme a la tete rouge."  This seems to be a correct translation as a man who had over his head a red animal skin.  At this period the Chippewa were roaming over a large section of Eastern Canada and nearing the Great Lakes.

father of: /;>;\',\"} Mi-ti-gua-kosh (.1580) [V.R. #2]


/;>;\',\"} Mi-ti-gua-kosh (.1580) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #2]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #2 (after Kohl, p. 147): "... son of /;-\',(>;<,\,( Misk-wan-di-ba-gan.  He was probably born north of the Great Lakes in the present Quebec or Ontario. The Chippewa were supposedly into the Northern Peninsula of Michigan and around Lake Huron at this time, as well as in Canada.  During his lifetime Mi-ti-gua-kosh could have encountered the French who were settling into Quebec.

     "The Chippewa and the Ottawa had early contact with the French.  The Chippewa in particular traded furs for guns and other French goods.  They then acted as traders with the western tribes, exchanging the French goods for furs.

     "The name Mi-ti-gua-kosh was translated by Kohl as 'le bec du bois.'  The English translation would be 'a stick of wood'."

father of: },',^,\;{;[ Scha-wan-a-gi-jik (.1610) [V.R. #3]


},',^,\;{;[ Scha-wan-a-gi-jik (.1610) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #3]    

},',^:\:};[ Shah-wan-e-ge-shick (.1610) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #3]  

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #3 (after Kohl, p. 147): son of /;>;\',\"} Mi-ti-gua-kosh.  Around 1600 the Chippewa were still around Lake Huron but were being driven north by the Hurons and Wyandottes.  During the period of 1600 to 1625 the Chippewa were in northern Michigan and around Sault Ste. Marie.  Mackinac Island was an Algonquian fishing center and had a fairly permanent population.

     "In Tanguay's Canadian Genealogy there are numerous entries from 1625 on, of marriages between Frenchmen and women with recognizable Chippewa names, showing the early contact the Chippewa had with the French.

     "The French translation of Scha-wan-a-gi-jik is 'le ciel du sud' and the English is 'southern sky'."

father of: ',{;\; Wajki (.1640) [V.R. #4]


',{;\; Wajki (.1640) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #4]             

':}\; Waish-key (.1640) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #4]          

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #4 (after Kohl, p. 147 ff)]: "son of },',^,\;{;[ Scha-wa-na-gi-jik.  Kohl says 'I received from Loon-foot no explanation of this word, but Wajki means so much as 'the young man' or `the beginner.''  There were several Chiefs by this name in later years, probably descendants of this man.

     "In 1668 the French sponsored a gathering of Algonquins (including Chippewas) at Che-goi-me-gon Bay (now Chequamegon Bay) near La Pointe, Wisconsin, at the instigation of the French priests.  The Chippewa were described as being intruders in the Sioux country although the meeting seems to have been all Algonquin and the preaching in that tongue.  In 1670 the Sioux drove the Algonquins out of the Che-goi-me-gon Bay area and reclaimed it as their own.

     "Minnesota Historical Collections: 'A deputation of the Indians, around Mackinaw arrived at Montreal, in the summer of 1694, and went back with a number of traders, about the end of September.  The convoy was commanded by Cadillac, Sieur Delamothe, captain of the marines, on his way to relieve Louvigny, Sieur de.

     "'Le Sueur, Sieur arrived at Montreal, on the 15th of July 1695, with five Frenchmen, and a party of Lake Superior Indians, as well as a Sious Indian and squaw, the first who ever visited Montreal.

     "'The Indians were much impressed, by witnessing the army, under Cresafi, Chevalier distinguished by ancestry and bravery, march through the streets on their way to Lake Ontario.  On the 18th of July they were formally received by Frontenac, Governor, in the presence of the principal persons of the town. {;(\",<: Chingouabe, chief of the Sauteurs (Ojibways) said: 'That he was come to pay his respects to Onontio, in the name of the young warriors of Point Cagouamigon, and to thank him for having given them some Frenchmen to dwell with them: and to testify their sorrow for one Jobin, a Frenchman who was killed at a feast.  It occurred accidentally not maliciously.  We came to ask a favor of you.  We are allies of the Sciou.  Some Outagamis or Mascoutens have been killed.  The Sciou came to mourn with us.  Let us act, father, and take revenge.  LeSueur alone, who is acquainted with the language of the one and the other, can serve us.  We ask that he return with us."

     "'After the council was over, the Indians passed several days in trading their furs, and wondering at the ways of the white man, but on the 29th, they were called together again, and Frontenac replied to the Ojibway chief:'

     Frontenac asked the Ojibway not to meddle in the affairs of the Sciou.

     "'After the distribution of presents, Chingouabe said: 'Father! it is not the same with us, as with you.  When you command, all the French obey you and go to war.  But I shall not be heeded, and obeyed by my nation in like manner.  Therefore I cannot answer, except for myself and those immediately allied or related to me.  Nevertheless I shall communicate your pleasure to all the Sauteurs, and in order that you may be satisfied of what I say, I will invite the French who are in my village to be witnesses of what I shall tell my people in your behalf.'

     "'Two days after this the Ojibways left for Lake Superior.'

     "Chief Chingouabe (Shing-wah-bay meaning Deaf Man) is almost certainly an ancestor of this family.  The name };(',<: Shing-wah-bay is found repeatedly in this family (see #22) and not in any other family.

father of: ',{,',>,{\"- Wa-ja-wa-daj-kos (.1670) [V.R. #5]


',{,',>,{\"- Wa-ja-wa-daj-kos (.1670) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #5]    

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #5 (after Kohl, p. 147)]: "son of ',{;\; Wajki.  His name in French is given as a 'cause qu'il le peau-bien rouge.'  The translation I was given is 'One having a a red skin or wearing a very red skin.'

     "By around 1700 the Chippewa seem to have occupied, at least in part, the area around Northern Lake Michigan and Lake Superior.  Their first settlement at La Pointe (Madeleine Island) was not until 1726, according to some of the old Chiefs.  Certainly they were hunting and raiding into Minnesota by this time.

     "The Chippewa and the Sioux were allies and trading partners.  The Chippewa were allowed to hunt and trap on the Sious held lands.  The Sioux still had little contact with the French, relying on the Chippewa as middle men to handle their furs in exchange for French goods.

father of: /,{;',\,( Matchi-wai-jan (.1700) [V.R. #6]


/,{;',\,( Matchi-wai-jan (.1700) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #6]  

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #6 (after Kohl, p. 147)]: "son of ',{,',>,{\"- Wa-ja-wa-daj-kos.  The translation of this name is given as 'l'homme qui porte une grande peu -- the Great Skin.'  He was supposed to have been a mighty hunter.

    "In 1734 it was reported that the Loon Clan was around the Nipigon River on the north shore of Lake Superior.  Also around this period they are supposed to have driven the Hurons and Wyandottes out of northern Michigan and reclaimed land they had previously called their own.

    ",(>:\';"- Au-daig-we-oss, Chief meaning Crow's Flesh, was born around 1700 and was the Head Chief of the Loon Family.  He supplanted ',<,{,[ Waub-uj-e-jauk meaning White Crane, as first chief of the Chippewa.  He and Matchi-wai-jan were contemporaries.  It is interesting to note that Au-daig-we-oss's son was \:{:':}\,( Ke-che-waish-kung (Great Buffalo), who was chief at La Pointe. Descendants of Great Buffalo are related to this family.

    "After 1670 the Chippewa were the largest and most important tribe on Lake Superior.  The other tribes had been decimated by the Iroquois but the Chippewa were far enough removed to have escaped their raids.  The Sioux had also fought with most other tribes around them but had remained allies of the Chippewa.  It was probably in Matchi-wai-jan's time that something occurred to set the two against each other.  The Chippewa were hunting and trapping in Wisconsin and Minnesota on lands still held by the Sioux but by 1700 the Sioux had started their retreat west and fighting between the two was increasing.

father of: <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1730) [V.R. #7]


<;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825) [V.R. Broken Tooth Genealogy, #7] 

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #7 (after Kohl, p. 147)]: son of /,{;',{,( Matchi-wai-jan (.1700), probably born at La Pointe, Wisconsin.

   "The French translation of his name is given as 'l'homme qui fait secher,' and the English as 'the man who was dry or needed a drink of water.'  From the Tales of the Four Lakes, Bi-aus-wah was 'generally accepted as the leader of the first successful attacks on Sandy Lake.  He was the principal Chief of the Sandy Lake village during its first years as capital of the Ojibway Nation.  Bi-aus-wa was even better known, however, for his civil leadership than as a war chief.'  Kohl writes 'Loonfoot said that his grandfather had been a great 'jossakid' (magician).  Once his squaw had been quite paralyzed, nearly dead, but his grand father had brought her to life with his breath (en soufflant).' There were several chiefs named Bi-aus-wa ad in some of the histories they have become confused.

   "It was during Bi-aus-wah's time that the fighting between the Chippewa and the Sioux was at its most intense.  The Sioux and the Chippewa had been allies, at least to some extent, until about 1730.  The Sioux occupied the northern part of Minnesota and the Dakotas.  The Chippewa were closer to the French and English fur traders and acted as middle men.  They traded for guns, amunition, metal pots and pans, etc.  then traded with the Sioux for furs. [Add info.]  Until after 1736 the Chippewa did not have a foothold west of Lake Superior.  From the Tales of Four Lakes, \:{:',<;}:}; Ke-chi-wa-bi-she-shi meaning 'Great Marten', 'who was killed near Elk River was said to have fought in nearly 100 battles and been wounded in many of them.  He was Bi-aus-wah's most important war chief and lead every major campaign against the Sioux after the Ojibway had settled in the Northern lake region of Minnesota.'

   "It has been written that Bi-aus-wah had only one son when he died, and that he substituted himself for his son and was burned at the stake by the Fox Indians.  However I have found ample evidence that the children listed below were his children.  They undoubtedly had different mothers.  It was almost unheard of in those days for a Chippewa man, particularly a Chief, to have only one wife.  They usually fathered fifteen or more children although many died in childhood.

   "Chippewa families tend to be interrelated.  It was a common custom for Chiefs to marry daughters of other Chiefs.  Another common practice was the 'Indian ideal marriage' of first cousins, children of a brother and sister."

father of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760) [V.R. #8+]

   -,\,>,\,( Zah-gah-tah-gun, Chief (.1770) [V.R. #9+]

   ,\:/;(>:/";:( Ah-ke-min-de-moien (.1790) [V.R. #10+]

<:>':':\:};[ Ped-way-way-ge-shig (.1780) [V.R. #11+]

   {:<,(>,\: Che-baun-dah-ke (.1790) [V.R. #12+]

   ,':^:}, A-way-ne-sha (.1790) [V.R. #13+]


\,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8]

Broken Tooth, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8]   

\,>,',<:>: Kah dah wah be day [Powell 10/0275]                    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:head

[Powell 10/0275]: "The old chief of the Sandy Lake band was made chief by the English. ... He was called Broken Tooth by the English.  He came from Canada."

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8]: "(Schoolcraft said that he died in 1822 but Kah-dah-wah-be-day signed a treaty in 1825, see below), son of <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825).  There are many variations in the spelling of his name.  In 1825 \,>,',<:>, Kau-tau-wau-beta, or Broken Tooth signed the treaty at Prairie du Chien in the then Territory of Michigan.  His son \,';(>" Caw-win-dow (\,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo) also signed.  In 1837 at St. Peters in the Territory of Wisconsin (now Minnesota) only Ka-nan-da-wa-win-zo, or Le Brocheau, signed.  As Chief of the Sandy Lake band Kah-dah-wah-be-day was the oldest Chief on the upper Mississippi in 1828.  He was called Breche or Brechedent by the French.

  "From the Wisconsin Historical Collection, Vol. 7, Page 196-7: 'The Sandy Lake tribe of Indians is the second in size.  It has eighty-five men, two hundred and forthy-three women and children, besides thirty-five half breeds.  They are divided into three parties, one resides about half way from Sandy Lake to Leech Lake, at a place called Pac-au-gum-aw, on a small lake through which the Mississippi runs, and near the boundary between these and the Leech Lake Indians.  These Indians hunt north to Vermillion Lake, and the head waters of the Fond du Lac River, and on which the Northwest Company has an establishment; west to Pauc-qua-gun-aw, above mentioned; east to the Fond du Lac River and down it to the Portage de la Prairie, south to the borders of the Sioux country, or near Elk river which falls into the Mississippi.'  In 1805 Pike, Zebulon found the Chippewa at the Sandy, Little Rock, Leech and Red lakes and on the Platte, Little Elk, Swan and Crow Wing rivers.  He estimated the population at 3,000.

  "From the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections, Vol. 37, P. 526: 'A great many Savages came, among whom were Katawabitais and /,(\"-;[ Mangozeit.'  A footnote at the bottom of the page reads '\,>,',<,>, Katawabata, or Parted Teeth.  Thirty-seven years afterwards, namely in 1822, this man visited me at Sault St. Marie, being then a man verging towards seventy.  He told me that he was a boy at the time of the taking of old Mackinac, 1763.  The French, he said, wished him to take up the war club, but he refused.  The English afterwards thanked him for this, and requested him to raise the tomahawk in their favor, but he declined.  The Americans afterwards thanked him for this, nor did they ask him to go to war.  They continually advised to peace, and he adds, I am a friend of peace.  Though not in the lineal line of Chiefs of Sandy Lake, he was regarded as a civil chief and counsellor: and was respected both by the Indians and the traders.  He died at Sandy Lake in 1822.'  Schoolcraft, III, p. 361, note.

husband of: "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay (She Rises High in the Sky Woman) and probably others.  Her parents are not known."

father of (by Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay):

  \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14], aka \,<:/:>,<: Kah be me dah be [58:1]

  ">;}\',\,/:\': O-dish-quah-gah-me-quay (.1800) [58:3] [V.R. #15]

  {:\,>:\':-:) Che-kah-dah-quay-zaince (.1790) [58:4] [V.R. #16+]

  ___ [58:5]

  /,^,( Mah-nun (.1800) [58:2] [V.R. 17+]

  \,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo (.1800) [58:6] [V.R. #18+]

  /,(\"-;[ Man-go-sid (.1800) [V.R. #19+]

  \:^:-\': Ke-nee-se-quay (.1800) [V.R. #20+]


\:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] [Powell 10/0275]

\,<:/:>,<: Kah be me dah be [58:1] [Powell 10/0275]             

Powell Genealogies, family #58:1

son of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8] and "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay

husband of: /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

issue: {:':^,^: Che way nun nee [58:7], aka {:':^,^; Che-way-nun-nee (.1810) [V.R. #55+]

<:;,<:>,} Be yah be daush [58:8], aka <:;,<:>,} Be-yah-be-daush (born 1817) [V.R. #56+] (LL-907)

">;}\',\,/:\': O dish quah gah me quay [58:9], aka Sloan, Mary [58:9] (O-3934), aka ">;}\',\,/:\': O-dish-quah-gah-me-quay (1829) [V.R. #57+] (WE-3934)

/;(>:/";:( Min de moyien [58:10], aka /;(>:/";:( Min-de-moien (.1830) [V.R. #58+]

"\:/,',<:\': O ge mah wub e quay [58:11], aka "\:/,\:};[ O-ge-mah-wub-equay (.1830) [V.R. #59+]

',<,^: Wah bun ay [58:12], aka ',<,^: Wah-bun-ay (.1830) [V.R. #60+]


{:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [V.R. #55] [Powell 10/0277]   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:7

child of: \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] and /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

spouse of #1: "/;"':-:\': O my ow o say quay, and #2 \,{, Kah chah

issue: {:\',(>"} Che quon dosh [58:25]

   ,(>: Un dee [58:26]

   Moose [58:27]

   ,;}\':"-:\': Aysh quay o say quay [58:28]

   <:}:\;,':\': Be zhe kieu e quay [58:39]

   <,-:/:) Baze maince [58:30], aka Bazil [58:30]

spouse of, #3: \,<:}:\:':\,( Kah be zhe ke way gun, aka \,"<:};\:':\,( Kah o be shig ke way gin [V.R. #211p]

issue: \:}:,} (1847 - December 29, 1914) Kay zhe aush [58:31] [V.R. #211+] (LL-1372) [notation: "Leech Lake"]

spouse of, #4: "/,>':,-:^" O mud way aus se no [V.R. #209]

issue: "(<:<:',^"\': (.1850 - #1889) Oom be be wun oquay [V.R. 209+]

   /,\;-:) (1848 - May 8, 1913) Mah gis e daince, aka Mary (1848 - May 8, 1913) [V.R. #210+]


{:\',(>"} Che quon dosh [58:25] [Powell 10/0279]            

Powell Genealogies, family #58:25

son of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [Powell 10/0277] [V.R. #55] and "/;"':-:\': O my ow o say quay, or #2 \,{, Kah chah, or [V.R. #205], ,;^:':\,<"':\': A-ne-we-gah-bow-equay

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #205], he and his wife "died long before 1889 and little is known of them."

spouse of: \,\:<:\': Kah gay be quay

issue: >:>,( Tay tang [58:98] [V.R. #601]

>"^,) Tow nance [58:99] [V.R. #602]

,\,\,({ Ah kah kunj [58:100] [V.R. #603]


,(>: (.1850 - 1887) Un dee [58:26] [V.R. #206] [Powell 10/0279]

"(>: (.1850 - 1887) On-dee [V.R. #206]                      

Powell Genealogies, family #58:26

child of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [Powell 10/0277] [V.R. #55] and "/;"':-:\': O my ow o say quay, or #2 \,{, Kah chah, or "/,>':,-:^" O-mud-way-aus-se-no [V.R. #206]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #206] "Her name, Un-dee, was probably a nickname, part of a longer name."

spouse of, #1: -"(\,\,/;[ Soong-gah-cumig, aka -"(\,\,/;[ Song-ah-cumig, aka 'Strong Ground', not identified.  The Morrison family, particularly the Fond du Lac branch, used the name Songacumig as a surname." [V.R. #206s]

spouse of, #2: },<,\,/:\;}\,( Shah bah kah me gish kung

issue: /:},\:"-:\': May zhah ke o say quay [58:101]

',',-,-:) Wah wah sah saince [58:102]

/,>':,( Mud way aung [58:103], "died young" [V.R. # ]


Moose [58:27] [Powell 10/0279]                              

Powell Genealogies, family #58:27

child of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [Powell 10/0277] [V.R. #55] and "/;"':-:\': O my ow o say quay, or #2 \,{, Kah chah


,;}\':"-:\': (.1849 - May 1891) Aysh quay o say quay [58:28] [V.R. #207] [Powell 10/0279]   

"Shade of Green" (.1849 - May 1891) [V.R. #207]             

Sloan, Julia (.1849 - May 1891) [V.R. #207]                 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:28

daughter of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [Powell 10/0277] [V.R. #55] and "/;"':-:\': O my ow o say quay, or #2 \,{, Kah chah, or [V.R. #207] "/,>':,-:^" O-mud-way-aus-se-no

wife of: Lydic [Powell 10/279], aka "Burns, Christopher (.1850) in the Roman Catholic Church in Aitkin, Minnesota.  He was a non-Indian, born around 1850 in Ireland." [V.R. #207s]

issue: ';(\,,<:'"^"\': Win gah ah be won o quay [58:104]


<:}:\;,':\': Be zhe kieu e quay [58:39] [Powell 10/0279]    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:39

wife of: -:\"-:\: Say cos e gay [son of Drumbeater]

issue: "none"


<,-:/:) Baze maince [58:30] [Powell 10/0279]                

Bazil [58:30] [Powell 10/0279]                              

Powell Genealogies, family #58:30

son of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [Powell 10/0277] and "/;"':-:\': O my ow o say quay, or #2 \,{, Kah chah [V.R. #55]


\:}:,} (1847 - December 29, 1914) Kay zhe aush [58:31] [V.R. #211] (LL-1372) 

\:"}:,} (1847 - December 29, 1914) Kay o zhe aush [V.R. #211]

"Blown Swiftly" (1847 - December 29, 1914) [V.R. #211]      

"Fast Flyer" (1847 - December 29, 1914) [V.R. #211]         

[notation: "Leech Lake"]

son of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [V.R. #55] and \,<:}:\:':\,( Kah be zhe ke way gun, aka \,"<:};\:':\,( Kah o be shig ke way gin [V.R. #211p]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #211] "As a Chippewa of the Pillager bands, he signed the treaty of 1889 at age 43.  He lived at Leech Lake, Minnesota."

husband of, #1: >:\,/:) Tay-cum-eence, "aka 'Short Cut', died January 1892, daughter of <,\",-,( Pah-go-aus-ung and >,(':':\': Taung-way-way-quay." [V.R. #211s]

issue: /:>':':^;( (1876) May dway we nind [V.R. #632+] (LL-1373)

^:^,,(\,<: (1882 - March 1899) Nay nah aung abe [V.R. #633] (LL-1374)

husband of, #2: >,\"\',[ (1842 - 1897) Tah-co-gaud (LL-1657).  "This marriage is questionable.  Her probate does not list Kay-o-zhe-aush as a husband." [V.R. #211s]

husband of, #3: <"^:,}:\ (1850) Po-ne-aush-eak of Red Lake, daughter of ^:^,,(\,<: Nay-nah-aung-abe and ',<:}:}:\': Wah-be-shay-she-quay. [V.R. #211s]


"(<:<:',^"\': (.1850 - #1889) Oom be be wun oquay [V.R. 209]

daughter of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [V.R. #55] and "/,>':,-:^" O mud way aus se no [V.R. #209]

wife of: McCabe, Robert, "married Indian custom.  He was a non-Indian, born in Scotland.  He and Oom-be-be-wun-oquay lived near Grand Rapids, Minnesota.  After Oom-be-be-wun-oquay`s death he married ,\"\;- Ah-go-gis aka \"\,( Ko-gun, who raised Margaret, Lucy and Ida McCabe." [V.R. #209s]

issue: McCabe, Margaret (1877) [V.R. #623+] (LL-732)

McCabe, Lucy (1877) [V.R. #624+] (LL-614)

McCabe, Ida (1874/5) [V.R. #625+] (LL-968)

McCabe, Frank [V.R. #626] "died young, before 1889"


/,\;-:) (1848 - May 8, 1913) Mah gis e daince [V.R. #210] (LL-925)  

Mary (1848 - May 8, 1913) [V.R. #210] (LL_925)              

/,(\:-;>:) (1848 - May 8, 1913) Mun ge zi daince [V.R. #210]

"Little Cripple Foot" (1848 - May 8, 1913) [V.R. #210]      

daughter of: {:':^,^: (.1810) Che way nun nee [58:7] [V.R. #55] and "/,>':,-:^" O mud way aus se no [V.R. #209p]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #210], "died at Ball Club, Minnesota"

wife of, #1: "Ke-way-din, Chief (1837 - January 23, 1918) aka \:',>;( (1837 - January 23, 1918) Ke-wah-tin, 'North Wind' (WE-3834).  They were married and divorced Indian custom.  He died at Bena, Minnesota, son of ',(<:>:;: Waun-be-de-yay and "-"',\") O-zow-ah-koonce.  His second wife was <:>':':\:};\"\ Be-dway-way-ge-shig-oke and his third ,;^:':\,<"':\': Ay-ne-we-gah-bow-equay.  As a Chippewa of the White Oak Point band he signed the treaty of 1889 at age 52.  He was Chief by 1890, still of a White Oak Point band, then transferred to White Earth in 1899." [V.R. #210s]

issue: Donnell, John (.1865) [V.R. #627+], aka ^:>,',{:':[ (.1865) Nay tah wah je wabe, "listed in some records as a separate child but apparently is the same person"

"<:>,',{:',( O be tah wah je wun [V.R. #628], "died young"

wife of, #2: Donnell, Samuel, aka Dunnell, Sam, non-Indian.  He and /,\;-:>:) Mah-gis-e-daince were married Indian custom." [V.R. #210s]

issue: Donnell, Rose (April 22, 1873) [V.R. #630+] (LL-692)

Donnell, Sam (1868) [V.R. #631+] (LL-926)


<:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush [58:8] [V.R. #56] [Powell 10/0277]   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:8

(LL-907)

child of: \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] and /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

spouse of, #1: ,;}\:<,( Aysh ke bun

issue: ">;}\',\,/:\': O dish quah gah me quay [58:32]

   <:}:\:,) Be zhe ke aince [58:33]

   \:};\':[ Be shig waib [58:34]

   \,\:\:,^,\',[ Kah ge gay aun ah quod [58:35]

   /,^,( Mah nun [58:36]

spouse of, #2: ">;}\':\,/;\"\': O dish quay cumig oquay

issue: ,\:':(-;:) Ah ke wen zie aince [58:37]

   "\:/,',<:\':) O ge mah wub e quaince [58:38]


">;}\',\,/:\': (1839 - June 15, 1921) O dish quah gah me quay [58:32] [V.R. #212] [Powell 10/0279]                                                    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:32

daughter of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush, Chief [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ,;}\:<,( Aysh ke bun

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #212] "(LL-558), born 1839, Leech Lake, Minnesota, died June 15, 1921, age 80, Deer River, Minnesota."

wife of, #1: Jenkins, George, "non-Indian.  They were married and divorced Indian custom." [V.R. #212s]

issue: Son died young [V.R. #634]

Jenkins, Charles (1864) [V.R. #635+] (LL-569)

"-,',\"(>;[ O-zah-wah-kon-dib [V.R. #636] female, died age 5 years

wife of, #2: "Nichols, William, non-Indian" (V.R. #212s]

issue: /:;,( (.1865) Me yaun [V.R. #637+] (LL-910)

^,',\,/;\',<: (.1869) Nah-wah-cumig-wabe [V.R. #638+], aka Jenkins, John (.1869) [58:105] [V.R. #638+]


<:}:\:,) (1835 - November 1898) Be zhe ke aince [58:33] [V.R. #213] (LL-559) [Powell 10/0279]                                                            

<:}:\; (1835 - November 1898) Be zhee kee (LL-559) [V.R. #213] 

"Buffalo" (1835 - November 1898) [V.R. #213] (LL-559)       

Powell Genealogies, family #58:33

child of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush, Chief [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ,;}\:<,( Aysh ke bun

spouse of: [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #213] "\:/,',{:',^"\ (1844 - December 1896) O-ke-mah-wah-je-won-oke [V.R. #213s]

issue: "none surviving" [V.R. #213]


\:};\':[ Be shig waib [58:34] [V.R. #214] [Powell 10/0279]  

Powell Genealogies, family #58:34

child of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush, Chief [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ,;}\:<,( Aysh ke bun

issue: \,>,\:':\:};\"\ (1871) Kah tah ke we ke shig oke (LL-1179) [V.R. #642+]


\,\:\:,^,\',[ (.1855 - .1885) Kah ge gay aun ah quod [58:35] [V.R. #215] [Powell 10/0279]   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:35

child of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ,;}\:<,( Aysh ke bun

spouse of: ',>,^,( Wah tah nun [78:80], "who died before 1889, daughter of ,\:':(-; Ah-ke-wen-zie and \:':,}:\': Ke-way-aush-equay." [V.R. #215s]

issue: >:<,-,-,( Tay bus ah um [58:106]

<:>,-:\:[ (.1872) Pe-daus-e-gaik, aka <:>,-:\:\': (.1872) Be-dah-se-gay-quay [V.R. #643], died unmarried, no children

\,\,^,^:\': (1876) Kah-kah-naun-equay (LL-578) [V.R. #644+]


/,^,( (1852 - April 1910) Mah nun [58:36] [V.R. #217] [Powell 10/0279]  

"Iron Wood" (1852 - April 1910) [V.R. #217] (BR-3)          

/"^:( (1852 - April 1910) Monon [V.R. #217] (BR-3)          

,',\',\:};\"\ (1852 - April 1920) Ah-wa-kwa-ge-shig-o-kwe [V.R. #217] (BR-3) 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:36

child of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush, Chief [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ,;}\:<,( Aysh ke bun

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #217], "She was allotted on the Bad River Reservation (BR-3) in Wisconsin."

spouse of, #1: "',<:};- Wah-be-zhise.  He was a Wisconsin Chippewa although he and Mah-nun evidently lived in Minnesota as it is noted that he went back to Wisconsin.  He and Mah-nun had no children." [V.R. #217s]

spouse of, #2: "Cloud, Antoine (1842 - December 1910), a Bad River Chippewa (BR-38). He and Mah-nun adopted two children: Cloud, Antoine Anakwad whose sister was /,^;>" Manido aka Barber, Charlotte; and :\',/:\, Equa-me-ga, a female, who married a Stoddard.  She had at least two children: Frank Stoddard, Frank and Perrault, Julia Stoddard." [V.R. #217s]


,\:':(-;:) Ah ke wen zie aince [58:37] [Powell 10/0279]     

Powell Genealogies, family #58:37

child of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ">;}\':\,/;\"\': O dish quay cumig oquay


"\:/,',<:\':) O ge mah wub e quaince [58:38] [Powell 10/0279]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:38

child of: <:;,<:>,} (1817) Be yah be daush [58:8] [V.R. #56] and ">;}\':\,/;\"\': O dish quay cumig oquay


">;}\',\,/:\': (1829) O dish quah gah me quay [58:9] [V.R. #57] [Powell 10/0277]

Sloan, Mary (1829) [58:9] [Powell 10/0277]                    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:9

(O-3934)

daughter of: \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] and /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

wife of, #1: \:<:<:-;(>,( Kay bay be zin dung

issue:

wife of, #2: Sloan, John R. (White)

issue: Sloan, Maggie [58:39]

   Sloan, John [58:40] (O-3630, a-2100)

   Sloan, William [58:41] (O-3923, a-2593)


Sloan, Maggie (.1840 - #1889) [58:39] [V.R. #223] [Powell 10/0279]  

Sloan, Margaret (.1840 - #1889) [V.R. #223]                 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:39

daughter of: Sloan, John R. (White) and ">;}\',\,/:\': (1829) O dish quah gah me quay [58:9] [V.R. #57]

wife of, #1: "Garden, John Charles.  He and Margaret Sloan lived in Little Falls, Minnesota." [V.R. #223s]

wife of, #2: Roy, Gais, not identified. [V.R. #649s]

issue: Roy, Mary (1877) (WE-4064) [V.R. #649+]

Roy, Julia (1880) (WE-4065) [V.R. #650+]

Roy, Joseph, died before 1889, age 7 years [V.R. #651]


Sloan, John (May 1853 - January 2/3, 1909) [58:40] [V.R. #224] [Powell 10/0279]   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:40

(O-3630, a-2100)

son of: Sloan, John R. (White) and ">;}\',\,/:\': (1829) O dish quah gah me quay [58:9] [V.R. #57]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #224] "born May 1853, Sandy Lake, Minnesota, died January 2 or 3, 1909 at White Earth, Minnesota.  As a Chippewa of the Gull Lake band he signed the agreement of 1889 at age 35."

husband of, #1: \:\;(,',{:\',( Kay kin ah wah je gwon [2:493] (O-2901) [Powell 10/0054]

issue: ,<:^:{;( Ah be no jean [2:593], or Cardinal, Mrs. Mart [2:593] (O-2902) [notation: "3/4"]

>"[ Toot [2:594], or Sloan, Jane [2:594] (O-2903) [notation: "3/4"]

husband of, #2: Bishop, Ellen (1848 - March 9, 1936), aka \':/:>"\ (1848 - March 9, 1936) Quay-me-took [V.R. #224s] (WE-3738), born at Pokegama Dam near Sunrise, Minnesota, died at White Earth


Sloan, William [58:41] [Powell 10/0279]                     

Powell Genealogies, family #58:41

(O-3923, a-2593)

son of: Sloan, John R. (White) and ">;}\',\,/:\': (1829) O dish quah gah me quay [58:9] [V.R. #57]


/;(>:/";:( (.1830) Min de moyien [58:10] [V.R. #58] [Powell 10/0277]  

Powell Genealogies, family #58:10

daughter of: \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] and /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

spouse of: /:},\:\:};[ Me zhuck e ge shig "?"

issue: }:<,;,-:\: She bah yah se gay [58:42]

   /,{:\:';- Mah je ke wis [58;43]

   ,-;^:',\,/;[ Ah sin e wah cumig [58:44]

   },<':':\': Shub way way quay [58:45]

   \',(>"}:,) Quon dosh e aince [58:46]


}:<,;,-:\: (.1835 - #1889) She bah yah se gay [58:42] [V.R. #226] [Powell 10/0279]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:42

child of: /:},\:\:};[ Me zhuck e ge shig "?" and /;(>:/";:( (.1830) Min de moyien [58:10] [V.R. #58]

spouse of: ':{:{,\"<:\': Way che chah goob equay

issue: \,\,<:}: Kah kah be zhe [58:107]

>,>,,>, Tah dah ah dah [58:108]


/,{:\:';- (1839 - December 1899) Mah je ke wis [58:43] [V.R. #227] [Powell 10/0279]    

Sky, George (1839 - December 1899) [V.R. #227]              

White, George (1839 - December 1899) [V.R. #227]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:43

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #227]:  Allotted at Leech Lake, "(LL-500).  As a Chippewa of the White Oak Point band, he signed the treaty of 1889 at age 50.  He married sisters ... daughters of \,\,\,( Kah-kah-kun and ,\:\',^:<:\ Ah-ke-gwon-ay-beak.  The two sisters were plural wives.  George Sky had no children by either one of his wives."

son of: /:},\:\:};[ Me zhuck e ge shig "?" and /;(>:/";:( (.1830) Min de moyien [58:10] [V.R. #58]

husband of, #1:  },<,\,( (.1845 - #1889) Shah-bah-kun, aka "That Passes Under Everything" (.1845 - #1889) [V.R. #227s]

husband of, #2: ,({:\:};\"\ (1848 - February 5, 1928) Aun-je-ge-shig-oke (LL-501), died in Bena, Minnesota. [V.R. #227s]


,-;^:',\,/;[ Ah sin e wah cumig [58:44] [Powell 10/0279]    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:44

child of: /:},\:\:};[ Me zhuck e ge shig "?" and /;(>:/";:( (.1830) Min de moyien [58:10] [V.R. #58]

spouse of: {:-:) Je seance

issue: ':{:{,[ Way che chag [58:109]

"}\:\': Osh ke quay [58:111]

\':\':\,[ Quay quay cub [58:111]

"}\:\': Osh ke quay [58:112]


},<':':\': Shub way way quay [58:45] [Powell 10/0279]       

Powell Genealogies, family #58:45

child of: /:},\:\:};[ Me zhuck e ge shig "?" and /;(>:/";:( (.1830) Min de moyien [58:10] [V.R. #58]


\',(>"}:,) Quon dosh e aince [58:46] [Powell 10/0279]       

Powell Genealogies, family #58:46

child of: /:},\:\:};[ Me zhuck e ge shig "?" and /;(>:/";:( (.1830) Min de moyien [58:10] [V.R. #58]


"\:/,',<:\': (.1830) O ge mah wub e quay [58:11] [V.R. #59] [Powell 10/0277]   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:11

daughter of: \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] and /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

spouse of, #1: \:{"-;:( Ke cho syien [1:7] [Powell 10/0007] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, # :] "His first wife was Ah-ke-way."

issue: /,\,(>',':^:^: (1862) Muck kun dwa we ne nee [1:33] [V.R. #233+] (O-4761, a-2439"x") [notation: "FULL BLOOD, Rahily 8/2/19"]

spouse of, #2: Jordan, Bazil [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, # :] "not positively identified.  A Bazil Jourdain applied for Chippewa Half Breed Scrip in 1865 and 1871.  He was rejected as being a mixed-blood of the Red Lake band, who had received scrip under the treaty of 1854.  He was said to be an old man in 1875.  His brother was Jourdain, Peter.  A Bazile Jourdain received his annuity at La Pointe, Wisconsin in 1843 as a Chippewa of the Sandy Lake Band #1."

issue: ':-,\',>:':^:^: (.1860) We sah quah day we ne nee [58:48] [V.R. #234+]

   ';(>:\"(};} Win de goon shish [58:49], "Little Giant", died young [V.R. #235]

   :\':(};} (1853) E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth (1853) [58:50], aka Jourdain, Elizabeth (1853) [V.R. #236+] (O-4812 X, a-2486) [notation: "3/4"]

   \',(>"} (.1863) Quan dosh [58:51], aka Jourdain, Quandosh (.1863 - September 12, 1907) [58:51] [V.R. 237] (O-5057, a-3033), "never married and had no children"

   /;(>:/";:( (1861) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238+] (O-4748, a-2425) [notation: "3/4"]


':-,\',>:':^:^: (1868 - 1903) We sah quah day we ne nee [58:48] [V.R. #234] [Powell 10/0279]

Jourdain, James "Sock" (1868 - 1903) [V.R. #234]            

Selkirk, "Sock" (1868 - 1903) [V.R. #234]                   

<:<,>,\: (1868 - 1903) Bay-bah-tah-gay [V.R. #234]          

"Half Breed Indian" (1868 - 1903) [V.R. #234]               

Powell Genealogies, family #58:48

child of: Jordan, Bazil and "\:/,',<:\': (.1830) O ge mah wub e quay [58:11] [V.R. #59]

spouse of: ,',^:\:};\"\': Ah wun e ge shig o quay [32:93] (O-4781 LP, a-2457 FP) [Powell 10/0216]

issue: /,\;[ Mah geet [32:162], aka Marguerite [32:162] (O-4782 LP, a-2458 LP) [notation: "X M/"]

<:/;-\',/,\',>"\': Pe mis quam ah quod oquay [32:163] (O-4783 LP, a-2459 LP) [notation: "X M/"]

"\:/,':\,<" O ge mah we gah bow [32:164] (O-4784, a-2660)


';(>:\"(};} Win de goon shish [58:49] [Powell 10/0280]      

Powell Genealogies, family #58:49

child of: Jordan, Bazil and "\:/,',<:\': (.1830) O ge mah wub e quay [58:11] [V.R. #59]


:\':(};} E quain shish [58:40] [Powell 10/0280]             

Jourdain, Elizabeth [V.R. # ]                               

Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] [Powell 10/0280]                   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:50

(O-4812 X, a-2486) [notation: "3/4"]

child of: Jordan, Bazil and "\:/,',<:\': (.1830) O ge mah wub e quay [58:11] [V.R. #59]

wife of: Libby, Mark H.

issue: Libby, Rosie [58:122] (O-4813, a-2487)

Libby, Laura [58:123] (O-4814, a-2488)

Libby, Roma [58:124] (O-4815, a-2488)

Libby, Edith [54:125] (O-4816, a-2490)

Libby, Joe [54:126] (O-4817, a-2491)

Libby, Susan (March 31, 1874 - July 27, 1934) (WE-4786) [V.R. #673+]

Libby, Archie [54:127] (O-4789, a-2465)

Libby, Nellie (November 1882 - September 24, 1932), aka ',<:},\ (November 1882 - September 24, 1932) Wah be zhuk (WE-5054) [V.R. 675]


Libby, Rosie (1890 - 1965) [58:122]

Libby, Rose (1890 - 1965) (WE-4813) [V.R. #678]           

':':}:\',^:<:\': (1890 - 1965) Way we zhe gwon ay be quay (WE-4813) [V.R. #678] 

(O-4813, a-2487)

daughter of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Jourdain, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #678] "born in Libby, Minnesota"

wife of, #1: Leith, Walter Jesse, "a Sioux Indian born on Grey Cloud Island in Southern Minnesota." [V.R. #678s]

issue: "Rose Libby and Walter Jesse Leith had three sons born 1910 to 1919 in Aitkin, Morton and International Falls, Minnesota."

wife of, #2: LeBeau, "not identified.  No children." [V.R. #678s]


Libby, Laura [58:123]

(O-4814, a-2488)

daughter of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)


Libby, Roma (1898 - August 5, 1911) [58:124] [V.R. #681]

(O-4815, a-2488)

child of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)


Libby, Edith Marie (1898) [54:125] [V.R. #692]

(O-4816, a-2490)

daughter of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)


Libby, Joe [54:126] [Powell 10/0280]                      

Powell Genealogies, family #58:126

son of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)


Libby, Joseph Bazile (1886) (WE-4817) [V.R. #677]         

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #677: "born Libby, Minnesota.  He attended the Carlisle Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.  He married McLean, Myrtle Lucille, born around 1895, Sioux City, Iowa.  She and Joseph Libby had one daughter born in Portland, Oregon.

(O-4817, a-2491)

son of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Jourdain, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)


Libby, Archie (1886) [54:127] [V.R. #676] [Powell 10/0280]

\':';- (1886) Que wis (WE-4789) [V.R. #676]               

Powell Genealogies, family #58:127

(O-4789, a-2465)

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #676] "born Sandy Lake, Minnesota"

son of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)

husband of: "McArthur, Myrtle (1887), aka :\':-:) (1886) Equay zaince (WE-626), daughter of McARthur, Henry D. and Lynde, Julia.  Archie and Myrtle Libby lived in Minneapolis, Minnesota, where two children were born to them."


Libby, Susan (March 31, 1874 - July 27, 1934) (WE-4786) [V.R. #673]    

daughter of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Jourdain, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #673] "born in Libby, Minnesota, died St. Paul, Minnesota.  She lived in Libby, Minnesota, where her children were born.

wife of, #1: Tiessen, John, a non-Indian, born in Germany. [V.R. #673s]

issue: Tiessen, Charles (1898) (WE-4787) [V.R. #1276+]

    Tiessen, Otto (1900) [V.R. #1277]

    "Susan Libby and John Tiessen had six more children, two boys and four girls born between 1901 and 1917."

wife of, #2: Griesbach, Fred.  He died before Susan Libby. [V.R. #673s]


Libby, Nellie (November 29, 1882 - September 24, 1932) (WE-5054) [V.R. #675]

',<:},\ (November 29, 1882 - September 24, 1932) Wah be zhuk (WE-5054) [V.R. 675]    

daughter of: Libby, Mark and :\':(};} E quain shish [58:40], aka Libby, Elizabeth [58:50] (O-4812 X, a-2486)

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #675] "born Libby, Minnesota, died Fond du Lac, Minnesota."

wife of: Wakefield, Charles (August 8, 1874 - May 25, 1940) (WE-5053, LL-599), "son of Wakefield, William and \,(>"':(-") Kan do wen zoonce.  His first wife was \:}:<, Kay zhe bah." [V.R. #675s]

issue: "Nellie Libby and Charles Wakefield had five children, two boys and three girls born between 1903 and 1920." [V.R. #675]


\',(>"} Quan dosh [58:51] [Powell 10/0280]                  

Jourdain [58:51] [Powell 10/0280]                           

Powell Genealogies, family #58:51

(O-5057, a-3033)

child of: Jordan, Bazil and "\:/,',<:\': (.1830) O ge mah wub e quay [58:11] [V.R. #59]


/;(>:/";:( (1861 - October 17, 1915) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238] [Powell 10/0280]    

Jourdain, Amanda "Mandy" (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238] 

Antell, Mrs. Elmer (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238]    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:52

(O-4748, a-2425) [notation: "3/4"]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #238] ... "her children were allotted on the White Earth Reservation, they did not live there but at Kimberley ..."

child of: Jordan, Bazil and "\:/,',<:\': (.1830) O ge mah wub e quay [58:11] [V.R. #59]

wife of: Antell, Elmer

issue: Antell, John [58:128] (O-4749 LP, a-2426)

Antell, Thomas (May 15, 1890) [58:129] (O-4750, a-2427) [V.R. #686]

Antell, Henry (March, 1892) [58:130] (O-4751, a-2428) [V.R. #687+]

Antell, James Robert (1895) (WE-4752) [V.R. #688+]

Antell, Floren ... [V.R. #689+]


Antell, John (December 25, 1886 - December 15, 1957) [58:128] [V.R. #685]  

(O-4749 LP, a-2426)

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #685] "born Kimberley, Aitkin County, Minnesota, died Mahnomen County, Minnesota."

son of: Antell, Elmer and /;(>:/";:( (1861 - October 17, 1915) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238], aka Jourdain, Amanda "Mandy" (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238]

husband of: Bunker, Mayme Ellen (.1888) (WE-3649), born Pine City, Minnesota, daughter of Bunker, William and Goodwin, Lottie. [V.R. #685s]

issue: "John and Mayme Antell had twelve children, seven sons and five daughters born between 1914 and 1934 on the White Earth Reservation." [V.R. #685]


Antell, Thomas (May 15, 1890 - February 11, 1951) [58:129] (O-4750, a-2427) [V.R. #686]   

son of: Antell, Elmer and /;(>:/";:( (1861 - October 17, 1915) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238], aka Jourdain, Amanda "Mandy" (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #686] "born Kimberley, Minnesota, died Mahnomen County, Minnesota"

husband of: Richardson, Anna (1891) "(WE-4589), born Pine City, Minnesota, daughter of Richardson, Albert and Ross, Mary.  Thomas and Anna Antell lived on the White Earth Reservation." [V.R. #686s]

issue: "three children, one son and two daughters, born on White Earth Reservation." [V.R. #686]


Antell, Henry C. (March, 1892 - January 25, 1957) [58:130] (O-4751, a-2428) [V.R. #687]   

son of: Antell, Elmer and /;(>:/";:( (1861 - October 17, 1915) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238], aka Jourdain, Amanda "Mandy" (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238] [V.R. #238]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #687] "born Kimberley, Minnesota, died Mahnomen County, Minnesota."

husband of: "Brown, Eliza (1887), aka :\',(<;- (1887) Equaim-bis (WE-2470), born Island Lake Township, Mahnomen County, Minnesota, daughter of ':{,^:/:\',( Way jon e me gwon and >:>,<,-:\': Tay dah bus equay." [V.R. #687s]

issue: "Henry and Eliza Antell had nine children, four sns and five daughters born at Island Lake on the White Earth Reservation between 1912 and 1927." [V.R. #687]


Antell, James Robert (.1895) (WE-4752) [V.R. #688]        

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #688] "born Kimberly, Minnesota"

son of: Antell, Elmer and /;(>:/";:( (1861 - October 17, 1915) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238], aka Jourdain, Amanda "Mandy" (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238]

husband of, #1: Jenkins, Lizzie (January 1, 1898 - October 4, 1968) aka \:':>;^,<:\ (January 1, 1898 - October 4, 1968) Ke-way-din-ah-beak (LL-1758), born at Six Mile Lake near Bena, Minnesota, daughter of Jenkins aka ^:\,^,\',[ Ne-gaun-ah-quot and ^:"<:\': Neo-be-quay.  Her first husband was Jackson, William, her third Tuttle, John, her fourth Mink, Frank and her fifth Roberts, William." [V.R. #688s]

husband of, #2: Ganske, Anna Alvina, non-Indian, born around 1895 in Sleepy Eye, Minnesota. [V.R. #688s]

issue: "James Antell and Anna Ganske had four children, three sons and one daughter, born between 1921 and 1925." [V.R. #688]


Antell, Florence (1897) (WE-4753) [V.R. #689]             

daughter of: Antell, Elmer and /;(>:/";:( (1861 - October 17, 1915) Min de moy ien [58:52] [V.R. #238], aka Jourdain, Amanda "Mandy" (1861 - October 17, 1915) [V.R. #238]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #698] "born Aitkin County, Minnesota

wife of: Turner, John Frank (.1887) "aka :/,\,\; (.1887) O-mah-kah-kee (WE-4649), born Solon Springs, Wisconsin, son of Turner, Robert and ^,}:^:\': (.1887) Nah-zhe-nay-quay." [V.R. #698s]

issue: "Florence Antell and John Frank Turner had nine children, three sons and six daughters born on the White Earth Reservation between 1920 and 1937.  They also adopted a daughter born in 1917." [V.R. #698s]

   

',<,^: (.1830 - #1889) Wah bun ay [58:12] [V.R. #60] [Powell 10/0278] 

"Morning" (.1830) [V.R. #60]                                  

Powell Genealogies, family #58:12

child of: \:<:\',( Kay-bay-gwon (.1790) [58:1] [V.R. #14] and /;-\',>;-:) Mis quah dis eence

spouse of: "};^"':\:};[ (.1820) O shin o we ge shig [78:24], aka "Tuttle, Joseph (.1820-#1889), aka "}:^,':\:};[ (.1820-#189) O-zhe-nah-we-ge-shig, son of <:},^,^:[ Pay-shah-nah-neeb and \:{:<;\-" Gay-je-pik-so.  He was a member of the Bear Totem and of the Lac du Flambeau band of Wisconsin.  His sisters married #33 and #34 in this family." [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #60]

issue: \:<:\,<" Kay bay gah bow [58:53], "Forever Standing" [V.R. #239], "may have been enrolled in Wisconsin"

   ':^,^: Way nun nee [notation: "Ball Club"] [V.R. #240]

   /:},\:<:^:- May zhah ke be nais [58:55]

   ,\"\;- Ah ko gis [58:56]

   ">;}\':\,/:\': (1869) O dish quay gah me quay [58:57], aka Flemming, Mrs. (1869) [58:57], aka Tuttle, Julia (1869) (LL-620) [V.R. #243+]

   Tuttle, John (1854) (LL-616) [V.R. #241+]

   Tuttle, George (1859) (LL-1184) [V.R. #242]

   Tuttle, Julia (1869) (LL-620) [V.R. #243+]


...

child of: ... and \:>:\': Ke-de-quay.

spouse of: "\,<:\',^:,}:\ O-gub-ay-guan-ay-aush-eke

issue: Tuttle, Julia (1879 -1885) [V.R. #692]

\:':, ... Ke-we-ah ..... [V.R. #693]


Tuttle, George (1859) (LL-1184) [V.R. #242]                 

son of: "};^"':\:};[ (.1820) O shin o we ge shig [78:24], aka "Tuttle, Joseph (.1820-#1889), aka "}:^,':\:};[ (.1820-#189) O-zhe-nah-we-ge-shig and ',<,^: (.1830 - #1889) Wah bun ay [58:12] [V.R. #60]

spouse of, #1: ^;(\':-:) Ning-quay-zaince:

Tuttle, John (1883) (LL-1188) [V.R. #697+]

',<;}\:\',^:,} (1891 - March 1901) Wah-bish-ke-guan-ay-aush (LL-1186) [V.R. #698]

Tuttle, Julia (1896) (LL-1187) [V.R. #699+]

spouse of, # ..... (1852 - July 15 1921), /;-\"/,\, Mis-co-mah-quah, aka 'Red Bear' and "}"',}\"':\': O-zhow-ush-ko-way-quay. Her first husband was /,-\,':\:};[ Mus-kah-we-ge-shig, her second "\:/,',[ O-ge-mah-wub and her fourth Sky, Joseph.  She adopted Indian custom a daughter of Tuttle, George and his second wife.  This daughter was born after 1900.


">;}\':\,/:\': (1869) O dish quay gah me quay [58:57]       

Flemming, Mrs. (1869) [58:57]                               

Tuttle, Julia (1869) (LL-620) [V.R. #243]                   

daughter of: "};^"':\:};[ (.1820) O shin o we ge shig [78:24], aka "Tuttle, Joseph (.1820-#1889), aka "}:^,':\:};[ (.1820-#189) O-zhe-nah-we-ge-shig and ',<,^: (.1830 - #1889) Wah bun ay [58:12] [V.R. #60]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #243] ..."'place in an abandoned railroad camp on the old Duluth and Winnipeg right-of-way on Pile Driver Creek, north of Ball Club Lake.  People homesteading the country around Northome and Margie had to walk back and forth to Deer River for supplies, and Ernie was convenient for them.  I think he settled there with his Indian wife and two girls in 1896, and the following winter, when the dead and down law was passed by Congress (1897) he started cutting.  I stayed at his place one night in the spring of 1897.  He was out cooking in a camp much of the time, and his wife took care of the stoppers and did some Indian trading.  As soon as Ernie found out that the Eastern Railroad had made a survey through the Bena location he got an allotment there for his family.  One eighty acres was cut through by the right-of-way and went north to the lake.  The road between Winnibigoshish and Federal (Leech Lake) dams went right by there. If there was going to be a town around here it would be right there.

"Ernie later got other property by buying up Indian allotments, and he got stumpage this way.  As soon as the railroad built through his Bena allotments he built a stopping place there and operated both places for a short time before completely moving to the Bena site."

wife of, #1: McLean, Daniel

issue: "two children [who were] were raised by Ernest Flemming and used Flemming as their last name." [V.R. #243]

Flemming, Catherine McLean (1888) [V.R. #700+] (LL-621)

Flemming, Ida McLean (1890) [V.R. #701+] (LL-622)

wife of, #2: Flemming, Ernest


O-dish-quay-cumig-oquay (1785 - 1850) [V.R. #15]                

"Woman at the End of the Earth" (.1785 - July 9, 1850) [V.R. #15]

Ermatinger, Charlotte (.1785 - July 9, 1850) [V.R. #15]         

">;}\',\,/:\': O-dish-quah-gah-me-quay (.1800) [58:3] [V.R. #15] [Powell 10/0277]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:3

daughter of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8] and "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #15: she died in "Philipsburg, Quebec, daughter of Chief Ah-dah-wah-be-day and Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay.  R. J. Powell noted that she married and went to Montreal. She married Ermatinger, Captain Charles Oakes, born around 1780, died 4 Sep 1853, Montreal, Quebec.  He was a partner of the North West Company and was it's agent for many years.  He had a large stone mansion at Sault Ste. Marie.  Charles and Charlotte Ermatinger had three sons and four daughters.  Their descendants are in Canada and Wisconsin.


Ke-che-kah-day-quay-zaince (.1790) [V.R. #16]

"Big Little Girl" (.1790) [V.R. #16]

{:\,>:\':-:) Che-kah-dah-quay-zaince (.1790) [58:4] [V.R. #16+] [Powell 10/0275] 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:4

daughter of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8] and "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay

spouse of: {:\',>:) Che quod aince [notation: "M/"], aka Ke-che-quod-aince.  He has not been definitely identified.  A Quod-ance, a Chippewa of the Sandy Lake band received his annuity in 1843 at La Pointe, Wisconsin, with 1 male, 1 female and 2 children in the family.

issue: "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay (.1815) [58:13], aka Hole-in-the-Day, Mary (.1815 - December, 1893) [V.R. #16+] (O-4060) [notation: "M/"]

"<:}" O be show (.1833) [58:14], aka Aitkin, Mrs. Roger (.1833) [58:14] [V.R. #62+] (O-4043 LP, a-2675) [notation: "M/"]

/;,{:<: My ah je be (.1830) [58:15] [V.R. #63+]


"(<:<:',^"\':(.1815 - December, 1893) Om be be won o quay [58:13] [Powell 10/0278]  

Hole-in-the-Day, Mary (.1815 - December, 1893) [V.R. #61]     

Powell Genealogies, family #58:13

(O-4060) [notation: "M/"]

daughter of: {:\,>:\':-:) Che-kah-dah-quay-zaince (.1790) [58:4] [V.R. #16+] and {:\',>:) Che quod aince [notation: "M/"]

spouse of, #1: Aitkin, William Alexander (White) (1785), aka },\,^,}:) (1785) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ (1785) Ke che gahne gwabe.  [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #61:] "born 1785 in Scotland (age 58, 1850 Minnesota Territorial Census, Benton County), died in 1851, buried at Aitkinville (Swan River), Minnesota.  He came to America as a boy and while still a very young man came to the Chippewa Country with Canadian trader Drew, John.  He became a trader on his own account and in 1831 became a partner with Astor, J.J. in the Fond du Lac Department.  Later his headquarters were at Sandy Lake in Aitkin County, which was named for him.  He was called by the Indians },\,^,}:) Shah-gah-naush-eence 'Little Englishman'.

   "William Aitkin had several Chippewa wives, one of whom was Ermatinger, Madeline aka <:},\',>"\': Pa-shig-quah-do-quay 'Striped Cloud', who was the daughter of Ermatinger, Charles and perhaps ">;}\',\,/:\': O-dish-quah-gah-me-quay (See #15).  He had at least eleven children, the mothers of whom have not been positively identified.  The children given below have been documented from several sources as children of Om-be-be-won-oquay."

issue: Aitkin, Selam (.1839) [58:58] [V.R. #244+]

   Aitkin, Bob (.1842) [58:59], aka Aitkin, Robert (.1842) [V.R. #245+]

   <:\") (.1858) Pay goonce [58:60], aka Aitkin, Belle (.1858) [58:60] [V.R. #246+] (O-3950, a-2606)

   Aitkin, Anne (.1845) [58:61], aka Mooers, Mrs. Anne (.1845) [58:61] [V.R. #248+]

   Aitkin, Amanda (.1844) [58:62], aka Madison, Mrs. (.1844) [58:62] [V.R. #248+]

   Aitkin, Childa (1846) [58:63], aka Poussin, Mrs. G.W. (1846) [58:63] [V.R. #249+] (O-3965, a-2617)

   Aitkin, Delia [58:64], aka Winters, Delia [58:64]

spouse of, #2: Roy, Peter (.1800) [31:4], aka ">,\: (.1800) O dah kay [31:4] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #61] "son of Roy, John Baptiste and a Chippewa, name unknown.  He had other wives and children but since there were several Peter Roys also called O-dah-kay, who they were has not been reliably determined at this time."

issue: Roy, Joseph August (1859) [V.R. #251+] (WE-3895)

                    "Children in Fam. 31"


Aitkin, Selam (1839 - 1889) [58:58] [V.R. #244] [Powell 10/0280]    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:58

son of: Aitkin, William (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #244] "He is listed in the 1850 Minnesota Territorial Census in Benton County, age 11, born Minnesota.  He applied for Half Breed Scrip in 1865 while living in Cass County, Minnesota, 'father an Englishman, mother a full blood who was born & lived at Sandy Lake.'  Selam Aitkin was a Civil War soldier in Co. G., 9th Minn. Reg. and was discharged for disability 6 Oct 1863."

husband of: }"\"\: (1844 - August 16, 1925) Sho ge ge [27:37] (WE-4058), " daughter of \':':-:);} Que-we-zaince-ish and "\, O-gah.  Sha-go-je was age 44 in the 1889 Gull Lake census.  Selam Aitkin had no children with Sha-go-je and no other marriages or children found." [V.R. #244s]

"no issue"


Aitkin, Bob (.1842) [58:59] [V.R. #245] [Powell 10/0280]    

<,<,\;( (.1842) Ba-ba-kin [V.R. #245]                       

Powell Genealogies, family #58:59

son of: Aitkin, William A. (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #245] "born Crow Wing, Minnesota (age 8, 1850 Minnesota Territorial Census, Benton County).  He was a Civil War soldier in Co. G., 9th Minn. Reg.  He was discharged in the hospital at Keokuk, Iowa, 18 May 1865. ...   Robert and Mary Aitkin lived at Red Lake, Minnesota."

husband of: Brands, Mary (1841 - June 12, 1906), aka Bians, Mary (1841 - June 12, 1906), aka <:;,) (1841 - June 12, 1906) Pe yaunce, daughter of /:\',/;- Me quah mais and /,^,{:',^: Mah nah je wun ay, aka 'Bad Horn.'  Robert Aitkin died around 1880, and Mary Brands married Raish, Peter, Hunter, Sam and maybe Warren, William V. Tyler." [V.R. #245s]

issue: Aitkin, Nancy (1866/7 - 1895) [V.R. 702], baptized 1868, age one year, Crow Wing, Minnesota.  Godparents were Dugal, Joseph and Dufault, Sophia.  She died in August 1895, unmarried, no children.

Aitkin, Charles (1870) [V.R. #703+] (LL-1462)

Aitkin, John William (February 1872) [V.R. #704], baptized February 14, 1872 at Red Lake, Minnesota.  Godparents were Roy, J.B. and Roy, Josette.  John Aitkin died young.

Aitkin, William (February 1, 1874) [V.R. #705+] (LL-1464)

Aitkin, Robert (1875) [V.R. #706+] (LL-1463)


<:\") (1858 - August 19, 1918) Pay goonce [58:60] [V.R. #246] [Powell 10/0280]

Aitkin, Belle (1858 - August 19, 1918) [58:60] [V.R. #246] [Powell 10/0280]  

Aitkin, Isabelle (1868 - August 19, 1918) [V.R. #246]       

Aitkin, Elizabeth (1868 - August 19, 1918) [V.R. #246]      

Aitkin, Julia (1868 - August 19, 1918) [V.R. #246]          

Powell Genealogies, family #58:60

(O-3950, a-2606)

daughter of: Aitkin, William (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13]

wife of, #1: "Boswell, Thomas, not definitely identified but probably the Thomas Boswell aka ',^,>:(\':) Wan-a-den-gwens who also married Mah-nun-onz-ish, Josephine." [V.R. #246s]

issue: Julia (1869) [58:136a] (O-3958), aka Boswell, Julia (1869) [V.R. #707+] (WE-3958)

wife of, #2: "Beaulieu, John (1841 - January 1, 1897) (WE-28), born Lac des Sables, baptized 20 Aug 1843, La Pointe, Wisconsin, died on the White Earth Reservation, son of Beaulieu, Paul H. and Fairbanks, Marie.  He is listed with his parents in the 1850 Minnesota Territorial Census in Benton County, age 9 years.  His first wife was Mis ... " [V.R. #246s]

issue: Beaulieu, Robert (1873) [V.R. #708] (WE-3951)

Beaulieu, Roger J. (April 7, 1867) [V.R. #709+] (WE-3955)

wife of, #3: Leelands, Samuel

issue: Ward, Delia (January 17, 1881) [58:135] [V.R. #710+], aka Leelands, Delia (Janaury 17, 1881) [V.R. #710+] (O-3952, a-2599 X)

wife of, #4: Crowan, Gilbert

issue: Crowen, Mary Cecelia (1887) [58:136] [V.R. #711+] (O-3953, a-2607)


Julia (1869) [58:136a] [Powell 10/0281]                   

Boswell, Julia (1869) [V.R. #707+] (WE-3958) [Powell 10/0281]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:136a

(O-3958)

daughter of: Boswell, Thomas and Aitkin, Belle (1858 - August 19, 1918) [58:60]

wife of: Hudkins (White) "?"

issue: Hudkins, George [58:178] (O-3960)


Aitkin, Anne (.1845) [58:61] [V.R. #247] [Powell 10/0280]   

Mooers, Mrs. Anne (.1845) [58:61] [V.R. #247] [Powell 10/0280] 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:61

daughter of: Aitkin, William (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #247]: "An Anne Aitkin was attending school at La Pointe, Wisconsin in 1848, probably this person."

wife of: Mooers, Mr., "aka Mooers, Daniel S., aka Mooers, David S., a non-Indian.  He was around Leech Lake and the Upper Mississippi country at the time of the Sioux uprising, 1860-62.  He may have been the son of Mooers, Hazen who was employed by the American Fur Company, March 27, 1818 at Montreal, as clerk for five years at $250, for Prairie du Chien, the Interior and the Upper Mississippi.  Daniel S. Mooers and Anne Aitkin lived at Crow Wing, Minnesota.  After Anne Aitkin's death he married Root, Martha." [V.R. #247s]

issue: Mooers, Charles G. [58:137] (O-4859, a-2697)

Mooers, Sam E. (1860) [58:138] [V.R. #712+] (O-4068)

McLean, Lillie [58:139] (O-[illegible]) [note: this person has been deleted]

Mooers [58:140], aka Cooper, Mrs. [58:140] (O-4073, a-2627)

Mooers, Carrie A. [V.R. #713+]


Mooers, Sam E. (1860) [58:138] [V.R. #712+] [Powell 10/0281] 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:138

(O-4068)

son of: Mooers, D. S. and Aitkin, Anne (.1845) [58:61] [V.R. #247]

husband of: ___

issue: Mooers, Elsie L. [58:179] (O-4069, a-2696)

    Mooers, Daniel S. [58:180] (O-4070)

    Mooers, Edw. S. [58:181] (O-4071)

    Mooers, Charles E. [58:182] (O-4072)

    Mooers, Alice [58:183] (O-4857, a-2694)

    Mooers, Lewis D. [58:184] (O-4858, a-2695)


McLean, Lillie [58:139] [Powell 10/0281]                  

Powell Genealogies, family #58:139 [deleted]

(O-[illegible]) [note: this person has been deleted]

daughter of: Mooers, D. S. and Aitkin, Anne (.1845) [58:61] [V.R. #247]

wife of: McLean [note: this person has been deleted]

issue: McLean, Lizzie [58:185] (O-146, a-92) [note: this person has been deleted]

    McLean, Josephine [58:186] (O-147X, a-90) [note: this person has been deleted]

    McLean, Louis [58:187] (O-148, a-91) [note: this person has been deleted]

    McLean, George [58:188] (O-149, a-92] [note: this person has been deleted]


Mooers [58:140] [Powell 10/0281]                          

Cooper, Mrs. [58:140] [Powell 10/0281]                    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:140

(O-4073, a-2627)

daughter of: Mooers, D. S. and Aitkin, Anne (.1845) [58:61] [V.R. #247]

wife of: ___

issue: Cooper, Lilly [58:189] (O-4074, a-2689)

    Cooper, Claude [58:190] (O-4075, a-2690)

    Cooper, Paul [58:191] (O-4855, a-2691)

    Cooper, Juanita [58:192] (O-4856, a-2692)


Aitkin, Amanda [58:62] [Powell 10/0280]                     

Madison, Mrs. [58:62] [Powell 10/0280]                      

Powell Genealogies, family #58:62

daughter of: Aitkin, William (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13]

wife of:

issue: Madison, William (1879 - July 3, 1902) [V.R. #715] (WE-4061)

Madison, Selam (December 28, 1859) [V.R. #716+] (WE-3861)


Aitkin, Childa (1846/1850 - January 1, 1933) [58:63] [V.R. #249] [Powell 10/0280] 

^,}:\ (1846/1850 - January 1, 1933) Nah zheek [58:63] [V.R. #249] [Powell 10/0280]

Henry, Mrs. Louis William (Childa) (1846/1850 - January 1, 1933) [V.R. #249] 

Poussin, Mrs. G.W. (1846/1850 - January 1, 1933) [58:63] [V.R. #249] [Powell 10/0280]  

Powell Genealogies, family #58:63

(O-3965, a-2617)

daughter of: Aitkin, William (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13], aka Hole-in-the-Day, Mary (on Childa's death certificate) [V.R. #249]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #249] "She was born in Brainerd, Minnesota and died in Ponsford, Minnesota.  She was living in Cass County in 1869, but moved to the White Earth Reservation before 1904 as her son Henry, William P., died there."

wife of: Henry, Louis William, non-Indian.  He was supposed to have been born on the White Earth Reservation but the reservation did not exist until 1868. [V.R. #249s]

issue: Henry, Robert [58:141] (O-3966, a-2618 X)

Henry, Wm. P. (1879 - July 17, 1904) [58:142] (O-3967), died "unmarried, no children" [V.R. #  ]

wife of, #2: Poussin, George W., unidentified.  Childa Aitkin's death certificate lists her as widow of G. W. Poussin.  No children found by his second marriage. [V.R. #249s]


Aitkin, Delia [58:64] [Powell 10/0280]                      

Winters, Delia [58:64] [Powell 10/0280]                     

Powell Genealogies, family #58:64

daughter of: Aitkin, William (White), aka },\,^,}:) Sha gah naush eence, aka \:{:\,^:\':[ Ke che gahne gwabe and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won o quay [58:13]


Roy, Joseph August (.1859 - June 6, 1917) [V.R. #251]       

(WE-3895)

son of: Roy, Peter (.1800) [31:4], aka ">,\: (.1800) O dah kay [31:4] and "(<:<:',^"\': Om be be won oquay

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #251] "born around 1859, Gull Lake, Minnesota, died Red Lake, Minnesota. He was a Chippewa of the ... "

husband of: Roy, Catherine, " ... Redby on the Red Lake Reservation, daughter of Roy, John and Goneville, Josette, aka Cornville, Josette, aka McPharlan, Josette."

issue: Roy, Julia (1874) [V.R. #719+], aka \,^:;:( (1874) Cun-ay-yean [V.R. #719+] (WE-3897)

Roy, Belle (1879) [V.R. #720+] (WE-3898)

Roy, Mary (1884) [V.R. #722+] (WE-3900)

Roy, Josie (1881) [V.R. #721+] (WE-3899)

Roy, Margaret (1884/5) [V.R. #723+] (WE-3901)

Roy, Elizabeth (1887) [V.R. #724+] (WE-3902)

Roy, Susan (1890) [V.R. #725+] (WE-3903)

Roy, Hilda (18..) [V.R. #726] (WE-4249)


"<:}" (.1933 - February 19, 1911) O be show [58:14] [V.R. #62] [Powell 10/0278]

Aitkin, Mary (.1833 - February 19, 1911) [58:14] [V.R. #62] [Powell 10/0278]   

"<:-:( (.1833 - February 19, 1911) O-be-zain [V.R. #62]       

"Quiet" (.1833 - February 19, 1911) [V.R. #62]                

Powell Genealogies, family #58:14

(O-4043 LP, a-2675) [notation: "M/"]

daughter of: {:\,>:\':-:) Che-kah-dah-quay-zaince (.1790) [58:4] [V.R. #16+] and {:\',>:) Che quod aince [notation: "M/"]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #62] "died on the White Earth Reservation in Minnesota ... O-be-zain and Roger Aitkin lived about three miles south west of Beaulieu, Minnesota on the White Earth Reservation."

wife of: Aitkin, Roger (1829 - July 24, 1912) [V.R. #62] (O-4042, a-2674) "son of William A. Aitkin and Pay-shah-quah-do-quay [V.R. #61].  Roger Aitkin was an interpreter for Hole-in-the-Day, Chief II.  He was also a Civil War veteran of Co. G., 9th Minn. Reg., mustered in August 20 1862 and out August 24 1865."

issue: "none"


/;,{:<: (.1830) My ah je be [58:15] [V.R. #63] [Powell 10/0278]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:15

son of: {:\,>:\':-:) Che-kah-dah-quay-zaince (.1790) [58:4] [V.R. #16+] and {:\',>:) Che quod aince [notation: "M/"]

spouse of: \:\:<:\': Kay gay be quay

issue: /,^,;}>,^;} (.1850) Mah nah ish tah nish [58:66] [V.R. #252+]

   ',},-[ Wah zhusk [58:67], "Muskrat" [V.R. #253]


/,^,;}>,^;} (.1850) Mah nah ish tah nish [58:66] [V.R. #252] [Powell 10/0280]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:66

child of: /;,{:<: My ah je be [58:15] and \:\:<:\': Kay gay be quay

wife of: Warren, Tyler [67:10], aka Warren, Wm. V. [67:10]

issue: /"}:) Mooshaince [58:143]

,{:\,>:\': Ah je gah day quay [58:144]


',},-[ Wah zhusk [58:67] [Powell 10/0280]                   

Powell Genealogies, family #58:67

child of: /;,{:<: My ah je be [58:15] and \:\:<:\': Kay gay be quay


___ [58:5] [Powell 10/0275]                                     

Powell Genealogies, family #58:5

daughter of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8] and "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay

spouse of: <,\"^:\:};[ Pug o nay ge shig

issue: \':':-:) Que we zaince [58:16], aka Hole in the day [58:16]


\':':-:) (.1825 - August 17, 1868) Que we zaince [58:16] [V.R. #64] [Powell 10/0278]

Hole in the day, Chief II (.1825 - August 17, 1868) [58:16] [V.R. #64] [Powell 10/0278]  

Hole-in-the-Day, Chief Joseph (.1825 - August 17, 1868) [V.R. #64]    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:16

son of: <,\"^:\:};[ Pug o nay ge shig and /,^,( Mah-nun [58:5]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64:] "born around 1825, perhaps near Crow Wing, Minnesota, killed August 17, 1868 near the Agency at Crow Wing.  More has been written about Chief Hole-in-the-Day than any other Minnesota Chippewa Chief.  Here I give only the history relating to his personal life.

   "He and his father were members of the Bear Clan while his mother, of course, was of the Loon Clan.  He became Chief in 1847 when his father died.  He is said to have been 20 years old at that time.  His interpreter and bodyguard was "{;<': O-jib-way (WE-816) who is the ancestor of the many Parkers on the White Earth Reservation, and whose children married into this family.

   "Chief Hole-in-the-Day owned three valuable pieces of land in Minnesota. One was a farm in Cass County just above the Old Agency.  Another was a farm of approximately one square mile, north of the Agency at Crow Wing. He had a large two story house on this land which was burned down.  The land his father had claimed was a maple woods between Gull and Round Lakes above Crow Wing.

   "After Hole-in-the-Day's death an administrator was appointed to handle his estate.  It was said that he left two widows and six children at the Crow Wing Agency, and one widow and one minor in Minneapolis.  The estate was not settled until forty years later.  Apparently his heirs received almost nothing.

 "From the treaty of March 19th, 1867, Article 5: 'the annuity of $1,000 a year which shall here after become due under Article 3 of the Treaty of August, 1847, shall be paid to Chief Hole in the Day and to his heirs.'  This was paid during his lifetime but evidently not continued after his death.  It has been suggested that the money was for his band and not for him personally, however, there is other evidence that chiefs did receive money from treaties for themselves.

   "I have found several wives for Hole-in-the-Day and there is ample testimony that he had plural wives.  LaDoux, Naomi of White Earth, Minnesota, whose grandmother lived at Crow Wing, told me that after Hole-in-the-Day brought his white wife back from Washington, she lived downstairs in the big house and his Indian wives lived upstairs.  The wives and children I have been able to find are given below.  The order of the wives is unknown."


spouse of, #1: -,\:/: (.1844) Sah ge may [27:43] [V.R. #64], daughter of LaPrairie, Joseph and -"(\,\,/;[ Song ah cumig.

issue: "none" [according to Powell]

   Hole-in-the-Day, Emily baptized 18 Feb 1855 at St. Columba, White Earth [V.R. #262]


spouse of, #2: ">,^:' O dah niew [Powell notation:"?"] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64]: "aka ;:(>,{:':<:\ (.1830) I-een-dah-je-way-beak, aka ,:(>,{:':\': (.1830) Ah-een-dah-je-way-be-quay, daughter of ':{:{:\',[ Way-che-chay-gwub and }:<: She-bay.  She was the mother of Hole-in-the-Day, Ignatius who became Chief after his father's death.  She would probably have been his first wife."

issue: Hole-in-the-Day, Ignatius (.1850) [V.R. #254+]

   "<:},\:};\"\': (1857) O be zhe ge shig oquay [58:67a], aka Roberts, Louise (1857) [58:67a], aka Hole-in-the-Day, Louise (1857) [V.R. #255+] (O-909, a-706) [notation: "X M/"]

Hole-in-the-Day, Julia (.1864 - .1884) [V.R. #256+]

   \:':>,<:\': (1866) Ke we tah be quay [58:67b], aka Fairbanks, Mrs. John (1866) [58:67b], aka Hole-in-the-Day, Carrie Madeline (1866) [V.R. 257+] (O-932, a-720) [notation: "X M/"]


spouse of, #3: \,<:\,^,<:\': Kah-be-gah-nah-be-quay 'Lasting Feather', parents unknown [V.R. #64]

issue: "Hole-in-the-Day, Michael [V.R. #258] baptized August 20, 1853 at Crow Wing, Minnesota.  His godparents were Alman, Michel and Roy, Lisette.  He may be the same person as [V.R. #260]"


spouse of, #4: Name Unknown [V.R. #64]

issue: "<:-, O be saw, aka "<:-,( O be zahn.  She is supposed to have married Jourdain, Peter but I have not been able to identify either one of them. [V.R. #64]"

   \',>:) Quod-aince [V.R. #260], no information.  He may be the same person as [V.R. #258]"


spouse of, #5: McCarty, Ellen [V.R. #64]. "The baptismal register from Belle Prairie, Minnesota calls her 'Kuter, Helen, Irish from Washington.'  Hole-in-the-Day met her while on a trip to Washington, D. C.  She was a maid in the hotel where they were staying.  They were married in Washington and then returned to Minnesota.  After his death she went to Minneapolis and eventually married Wildung, H.R.."  Hole in the Day's descendants by this marriage went by the name of Woodbury.

issue: Hole-in-the-Day, Joseph (1868) [V.R. #261+] (WE-347)


spouse of, #6: ',-:;, Waseya.  [V.R. #64] She was a Sioux Indian and is buried in the Protestant Cemetery at Crow Wing, Minnesota.


spouse of, #7: :\':- Equays, aka :\':-:) Equay-zaince, died before 1870, daughter of ',>:^, Wah-de-nah and ',<"{:\:) Wah-bo-je-gaince.  Her second husband was Swan, Tom.


spouse of, #8: >:<;}\"\,/;\"\': Te-bish-co-cumig-oquay [V.R. #336] (WE-368).

issue: Hole-in-the-Day, John [V.R. #263] baptized 17 Feb 1861 at St. Columba, White Earth


spouse of, #9: ___

issue: [V.R. #64] "Children baptized at Belle Prairie, Minnesota, no mother given:

   Hole-in-the-Day, Maria Antoinette (.1862) [V.R. #264], baptized June 13, 1873, age 11 years.  Godparents were Chartier, Charles and Dun, Maria or Gun, Maria

   Hole-in-the-Day, Maria Francoise [V.R. #265], baptized June 13, 1873, no age.  Godparents were Bisson, Mark and Branchaud, Margaret.

"Children buried at St. Benedict's, White Earth, Minnesota:

   Hole-in-the-Day, Mary Elizabeth (Isabelle), born August 29, 1852 [V.R. #266+]

   Hole-in-the-Day, Rose (.1868 - June 5, 1889) [V.R. 267] buried St. Benedict`s Cemetery, White Earth, Minnesota.  A Rose Hole-in-the-Day was attending St. Benedict's Academy in 1886/7 at St. Joseph, Minnesota"


Hole-in-the-Day, Julia (.1864 - .1884) [V.R. #256]          

daughter of: \':':-:) (.1825 - August 17, 1868) Que we zaince [58:16] [V.R. #64], aka Hole in the day, Chief II (.1825 - August 17, 1868), aka Hole-in-the-Day, Chief Joseph (.1825 - August 17, 1868) and wife #2: ">,^:' O dah niew [Powell notation:"?"] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64]: "aka ;:(>,{:':<:\ (.1830) I-een-dah-je-way-beak, aka ,:(>,{:':\': (.1830) Ah-een-dah-je-way-be-quay

wife of: "Fairbanks, John Bazil (1854 - February 26, 1936) (WE-931), baptized 10 Feb 1854, Crow Wing, Minnesota, died White Earth, Minnesota, son of Fairbanks, John P. and Beaulieu, Catherine.  John and Julia Fairbanks had no children.  After the death of Julia, he married her sister, Hole-in-the-Day, Carrie Madeline, below.  John B. Fairbanks as a Chippewa of the White Earth Mississippi band, signed the agreement of 1889 at age 33." [V.R. #256s]


\:':>,<:\': (1866) Ke we tah be quay [58:67b] [V.R. #257]   

Fairbanks, Mrs. John (1866) [58:67b] [V.R. #257]            

Hole-in-the-Day, Carrie Madeline (1866) [V.R. #257]         

(O-932, a-720) [notation: "X M/"]

daughter of: \':':-:) (.1825 - August 17, 1868) Que we zaince [58:16] [V.R. #64], aka Hole in the day, Chief II (.1825 - August 17, 1868), aka Hole-in-the-Day, Chief Joseph (.1825 - August 17, 1868) and wife #2: ">,^:' O dah niew [Powell notation:"?"] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #64]: "aka ;:(>,{:':<:\ (.1830) I-een-dah-je-way-beak, aka ,:(>,{:':\': (.1830) Ah-een-dah-je-way-be-quay

wife of: "Fairbanks, John Bazil (1854 - February 26, 1936) (WE-931), baptized 10 Feb 1854, Crow Wing, Minnesota, died White Earth, Minnesota, son of Fairbanks, John P. and Beaulieu, Catherine.  John P. Fairbanks had first married her sister, above.

issue: Fairbanks, Charles Albert (1886) [V.R. #736+] (WE-933)

Fairbanks, Carrie (1888) [V.R. #737] (WE-934)

Fairbanks, Robert M. (1891) [V.R. #738+] (WE-935)

Fairbanks, George P. (1892) [V.R. #739+] (WE-933)


Hole-in-the-Day, Joseph (1868) [V.R. #261]                  

Woodbury, Joseph (1868) [V.R. #261]                         

<,\"^:\:};[ (1868) Pug o nay ge shig [V.R. #261]            

son of: \':':-:) (.1825 - August 17, 1868) Que we zaince [58:16] [V.R. #64], aka Hole in the day, Chief II (.1825 - August 17, 1868), aka Hole-in-the-Day, Chief Joseph (.1825 - August 17, 1868) and wife #5, McCarty, Ellen [V.R. #64s]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #261] "(WE-347), baptized 27 Jul 1868, age 3 months, at the Indian Agency near Crow Wing, Minnesota.  His godparents were Jean Eveque and Susane MacFarlen.  He was the son of Chief Joseph Hole-in-the-Day and Ellen Kater (or McCarty). After the death of Chief Hole-in-the-Day, Ellen Kater went to Minneapolis ... the agreement of 1889 at age 21.  He died on the White Earth Reservation 3 Sep 1904, only 34 years old."

husband of, #1: Pease, Jane Cynthia, a non-Indian.  They were divorced around 1896.  She died in Alameda, California in 1948. [V.R. #261s]

issue: Woodbury, Henry (1892) [V.R. #740+] (WE-349)

Woodbury, Gladys (1894 - October 23, 1915) [V.R. #741] (WE-350)

Woodbury, Clarence (March 8, 1888) [V.R. #742+] (WE-348)

Woodbury, Mary Walton (January 12, 1891 - September 1893) [V.R. #742]

husband of, #2: Smith, Edith (February 22, 1880 - August 25, 1911), a Tuscarora Indian from New York.  She was born in Lewiston, New York and died in Colorado.  She was the daughter of Smith, Amos and Smith, Mary.  Her second husband was Hoffner, H.C.

issue: Woodbury, Joseph H. (1903) [V.R. #744]

(WE-347)


Hole-in-the-Day, Mary Elizabeth "Isabelle" (August 29, 1852 - May 3, 1875) [V.R. #266] 

daughter of: \':':-:) (.1825 - August 17, 1868) Que we zaince [58:16] [V.R. #64], aka Hole in the day, Chief II (.1825 - August 17, 1868), aka Hole-in-the-Day, Chief Joseph (.1825 - August 17, 1868) and **

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #266] "born Crow Wing, Minnesota, buried St. Benedict's Cemetery, White Earth, Minnesota."

wife of: Warren, William Vincent (1848 - April 1900), aka Warren, Tyler (1848 - April 1900), son of Warren, William Whipple (the Historian) and Aitkin, Mathilda.  William Vincent Warren had seven wives, Mary Hole-in-the-Day was his second.  See [V.R. #252] for more information on him."

issue: Warren, William A. (October 25, 1871) [V.R. 745] (WE-137)


/,^,( Mah-nun (.1800 - 1825) [58:2] [V.R. 17+] [Powell 10/0275] 

Powell Genealogies, family #58:2

child of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8] and "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay

[notation: "went to Montreal"]

wife of: [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #17: "Bug-o-nay-ge-shig, Chief, the first Hole-in-the-Day, Chief.  He was born in the early 1800's near La Pointe, Wisconsin and died in the spring of 1847 near the Platte River in Benton County, Minnesota.  From information received from Mellor, Bruce of Little Falls, Minnesota, that in the Taliaferro papers is a notation that the father of Bug-o-nay-ge-shig and Strong Ground was called T­he S­m­o­ke (­O-se-quan-wah or Gos-se-quan-waw), and that The Smoke died following the 1825 Prairie du Chien treaty in September of 1825 and is buried near Indian Agent Law, Taliaferro's house at/near Fort Snelling.  Bug-o-nay-ge-shig's brother was Song-ah-cumig or Strong Ground, also a Chief.  Charlotte aka Be-wah-be-co-ke-shig-oquay (Iron Sky) (WE-1202) was a niece of Hole-in-the-day and Strong Ground.  She was the daughter of Che-gah-gah-sin-de-bay and O-je-tah-day-quay (RJP 90)).  She married the well known Johnson, John aka En-e-me-gah-bow.

"Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was at Prairie du Chien for the treaty of 1825 and signed as Chief from Sandy Lake.  His wife, Mah-nun, was with him and died on the return trip.  I have found one reference saying she was killed by the Sioux and anothr that she died on the return from the 1826 treaty at Fond du Lac, of the 'Great Sickness.'

"There are several references to the fact that Bug-o-nay-ge-shig and Strong Ground were 'Pipe Bearers' for Ba-be-sig-aun-de-bay, Chief or Curly Head and that they were chosen by him to take charge of the Mississippi Chippewa when he died, Bug-o-nay-ge-shig becoming the head Chief.  Chif Ba-be-sig-aun-de-bay was the third principal chief on the Upper Mississippi.  He moved from the shores of Lake Superior to the vicinity of Crow Wing early in the 1800's.  We can assume that Chief Bug-o-nay-ge-shig came at about the same time.

"The treaty of 1837 at St. Peters in the Territory of Wisconsin (later Minnesota) was signed by Pa-goo-na-kee-zhig, or Hole in the Day, Chief, and by Songa-ko-mig or the Strong Ground, Chief, both from Gull Lake and Swan River.  Wa-boo-jig, or the White Fisher signed as warrior.  At the treaty of 1842 at La Pointe of Lake Superior, Wisconsin Territory, Wa-bo-jig signed as 1st Chief from Gull Lake nd Po-Go-ne-gi-shik signed ast 1st Chief from Crow Wing River and Song-go-com-ick as 2nd Chief from Crow Wing River.

"It was said that Chief Bug-o-nay-ge-shig was not a hereditary Chief although his mother was the daughter of a Chief.  He selected a home site at Gull Lake, Minnesota that was later occupied by his son, Chief Hole-in-the-Day II.  Chief Bug-o-nay-ge-shig had other wives and children but only one by Mah-nun."

mother of: Que-we-zaince (.1824), aka Hole-in-the-Day II, Chief (.1824) [V.R. #64]


Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo, Chief (.1800) [V.R. #18]                

Se-gin-ing-go-noonce (.1800) [V.R. #18]                         

Le Brocheux (.1800) [V.R. #18]                                  

"Berry Hunter" (.1800) [V.R. #18]                               

\,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo (.1800) [58:6] [V.R. #18+] [Powell 10/0277]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:6

son of: \,>,',<:>: Kah-dah-wah-be-day, Chief (.1760 - #1837) [38:head] [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #8] and "(<:\:};\"\': Om-be-me-ge-shig-oquay

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #18:  "...died between 1880 and 1889.  He signed the treaty of 1825 as being from Sandy Lake.  In the treaties of 1842 and 1847 he is listed as being 1st Chief from Sandy Lake.  In the treaty of 1854 he is listed as 1st Chief of the Mississippi bands.

"'The Indians of Leech Lake are in bands: and each band has its own chief.  No general leader of the whole is acknowledged; but the Brachu who resides at Sandy Lake has, when he is present, some considereable influence over them.  These are severaly influenced by the Brachu, who, it seems, raised himself to this superior station merely by his eloquence.  His ancestors have always been of good standing, and for a time furnished chiefs for the Tribe at Sandy Lake.  It appears that he is the First Emperor of these tribes, they having been entirely distinct and independent previous to his time.' Wisconsin Historical Collection, Vol, 7, page 196-7."

"Kah-mun-dum-aw-wince (sic) as a Chippewa Chief of the Sandy Lake band received his annity payment at La Pointe in 1843 with one male, one female and five chldren in the family."

husband of: /,{:"-:\': Mah je o say quay (Start Walking Woman).  Her parents are not known.  If he had other wives or children their names have not been preserved.

issue: /;-\',>:- Mis quah dais (.1828) [58:17] [V.R. #65+]

,^,>,- Ah nah tas [58:18], aka Ah-nah-tah [V.R. #66]

William (.1834) [58:19], aka William, Chief (.1834) [V.R. #67+] (O-3765) [notation: "MIXED BLOOD, Rahily 8/14/18"]

\';>:) Quid aince [58:20] (.1835), aka \'">:) Quod aince (.1835) [V.R. #68+]

">;}\',\,/:\': O dish quah gah me quay (.1835) [58:21] [V.R. #69+]

Child, died as a baby, name unknown [V.R. #70]

/,^,( Mah nun (no information) [V.R. #71]

\:^:-:\': Ke nees e quay (.1840) [58:23] [V.R. #72+]

\,>,[ (1846) Kah duck [58:24] (O-5062, a-3039) [notation: "7/8 HR"] [V.R. #73+]

    

/;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] [Powell 10/0278]

"The Turtle" (.1828) [V.R. #65]                               

Powell Genealogies, family #58:17

[[Powell 10/0158]: notation: "Chief at Sandy Lake"]

child of: \,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo (.1800) [58:6] [V.R. #18+] and /,{:"-:\': Mah je o say quay

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #65]: "There was an earlier Mis-quah-dais, also a Sandy Lake Chief, and the two have become confused in the records. This Chief Mis-quah-dais had three wives who were plural wives.  They were all Indian custom marriages."

spouse of, #1: ^:\,^,} Ne gaun aush, aka "^,\,^,}:\': (.1920 - December 26, 1910) Nah-gaun-aush-equay [V.R. #65s] 'Foremost Sailing Woman' (WE-3783), died 26 at age 82.  Her death certificate reads 'died of old age, a widow' but does not list her parents.  Her first husband was \':':-:);} Que-we-zaince-ish.  She was a member of the White Oak Point Band until 1899 when she moved to the White Earth Reservation where she received her allotment.

issue: ,;^:':':>,( (.1845) Ay ne way we dung [58:68] [V.R. #268+]

spouse of, #2: /";:( Mo yien, aka "/;(>:/";:( Min-de-moien [V.R. #65s].  This is a very common Chippewa name and she has not been identified"

issue: ,\:':(-; (.1845) Ah ke wen zie [58:69] [V.R. #269+]

   \:-:<"( Ge ze bong [58:70], aka \:-:<,( Ge se bong [V.R. #270]

   {:\,>,[ Che kah duck [58:71] [V.R. #271]

   ,;-:<,( Ay se bun [58:72], aka "Raccoon" [V.R. #272]

spouse of, #3: ">;}\':\',^,<:\': (.1839 - July 20, 1921) O dish quay gwon abe quay [19:26] (O-5067, a-3043) [Powell 10/0158] [V.R. #65s]  "daughter of ,\,^"- Ah-gah-nos and -,\,{:':\': Sah-gah-je-way-quay.  She was a member of the White Oak Point band until 1907 when she transferred to the White Earth Reservation.  Her first husband was \',>"} Quod-dosh, her second <:<,/:\:};[ Bay-baum-e-ge-shig, her third ^,^"- Nah-noze and her last Chief Mis-quah-dais."

issue: Misquadais, John (.1860) [V.R. #273+]

   ^:^,,<:\': Nay nah ah be quay [19:107]

   ':^"(\: We non gay [19:108]

   \',>,) Quod aince [19:109] [V.R. #275+]

   /:-\',^:\': (.1876) Mays quah ne quay [19:110] [V.R. #274+]

   <,\"^:\:};[ Pug o nay ge shig [19:111] [V.R. #276+]


,;^:':':>,( (.1845 - .1880) Ay ne way we dung [58:68] [V.R. #268]   

son of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and ^:\,^,} Ne gaun aush, aka ^,\,^,}:\': (.1920 - December 26, 1910) Nah-gaun-aush-equay [V.R. #65s] 'Foremost Sailing Woman' (WE-3783)

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #268] "killed at Kimberley, Minnesota about 1880"

husband of: "-,', O zow wah, aka "-,',\") O-zah-wah-koonce Indian custom around 1870.  She was the daughter of "\:/,',[ O-ge-mah-wub.  She died before 1889." [V.R. #268s]

issue: <:}:\:};\"\': (1874) Pay she ge shig oquay [58:145] [V.R. #746+] (WE-3749)

"Son died young before 1880" [V.R. #747]

"Son died young before 1880" [V.R. #748]


,\:':(-; (.1845 - #1889) Ah ke wen zie [58:69] [V.R. #269]  

"Old Man" (.1845 - #1889) [V.R. #269]                       

son of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and /";:( Mo yien, aka "/;(>:/";:( Min-de-moien [V.R. #65s]

husband of, #1: :\':';};[ Equay-wish-ib [5:89b], "daughter of ',<"{;[ Wah-bo-jig and "\,<:"- O-gah-bay-os.  Her first husband was ',<:}:} Wah-be-shesh or \'">:) Quod-aince.  She is [V.R. #438] in this family." [V.R. #269s]

issue: Quincy, James (1881) [V.R. #749+] (WE-4811) "There is testimony [he] was the son of a non-Indian but other records have him as the son of Ah-ke-wen-zie."

husband of, #2: "}"',\" O-zow-wah-ko, "unidentified.  Since there is no information on her other children, she may have been from Canada and her children may have descendants there." [V.R. #269s]

issue: {:<,\,>: Che bah kah day [58:147] [V.R. #750]

:^:^: E ne nee [58:148] [V.R. #751]

<:>':':,^,\',[ Ped way way aun ah quod [58:149] [V.R. #752]

,;(>,-"\',^:<:\': Ain dus o gwon ay be quay [58:150] [V.R. #753]

"<:-,( O be zon [58:151] [V.R. #754]


\:-:<"( Ge ze bong [58:70]                                  

\:-:<,( Ge se bong [V.R. #270]                              

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and /";:( Mo yien, aka "/;(>:/";:( Min-de-moien [V.R. #65s]


{:\,>,[ Che kah duck [58:71] [V.R. #271]                    

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and /";:( Mo yien, aka "/;(>:/";:( Min-de-moien [V.R. #65s]


,;-:<,( Ay se bun [58:72]                                   

"Raccoon" [V.R. #272]                                       

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and /";:( Mo yien, aka /;(>:/";:( Min-de-moien [V.R. #65s]


Misquadais, John (.1860) [V.R. #273]                        

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and ">;}\':\',^,<:\': (.1839 - July 20, 1921) O dish quay gwon abe quay [19:26]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #273] "He was not allotted and may have belonged to the Mille Lacs band."

husband of: Ida "no other name found." [V.R. #273s]

issue: Misquadais, Frank (1898) [V.R. #755+] (WE-5068), who "was a grandson of Chief Mis-quah-dais but his parents are not definitely identified." [V.R. #273]


\',>,) Quod aince [19:109] [V.R. #275+]                     

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and ">;}\':\',^,<:\': (.1839 - July 20, 1921) O dish quay gwon abe quay [19:26]


/:-\',^:\': (.1876 - April 1904) Mays quah ne quay, Chief [19:110] [V.R. #274]

/;-\',^:\': (.1876 - April 1904) Mis-quah-ne-quay [V.R. #274]

"Red Hair" (.1876 - April 1904) [V.R. #274]                 

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and ">;}\':\',^,<:\': (.1839 - July 20, 1921) O dish quay gwon abe quay [19:26]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #274] "Chief Mays-quan-ne-quay died at age 28 and little is known of him or his children."

husband of: ,;-:<,( Ay-se-bun, not identified. [V.R. #274s]

issue: /;-\',>:- (1895 - April 15, 1913) Mis quah dais, female [V.R. #756]

Misquahdais, John (November 1900) [V.R. #757], aka /,^:-,^,\',[ (November, 1900) Mah ze naun ah qod [V.R. #757], "lived in Libby, Minnesota"

<,\"^:\:};[ Pug o nay ge shig [19:111] [V.R. #276+]         

child of: /;-\',>:- (.1828) Mis quah dais, Chief [58:17] [V.R. #65] and ">;}\':\',^,<:\': (.1839 - July 20, 1921) O dish quay gwon abe quay [19:26]


,^,>,- Ah nah tas [58:18] [Powell 10/0278]                    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:18

child of: \,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo (.1800) [58:6] [V.R. #18+] and /,{:"-:\': Mah je o say quay


William [58:19] [Powell 10/0278]                              

Powell Genealogies, family #58:19

(O-3765) [notation: "MIXED BLOOD, Rahily 8/14/18"]

son of: \,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo (.1800) [58:6] [V.R. #18+] and /,{:"-:\': Mah je o say quay

spouse of: -"(\:\',^,<:\': Song ke gwon abe quay [19:130] (O-3766, a-2356) [Powell 10/0163]

issue: -,\"}\:>:':\': Sah gosh ko day way qua [19:260] (O-3770, a-2361)

   ',\:/, Wah ge mah [19:261]

   \,\:\:"-:\': Kah ge gay o say quay [19:262]

   "\,<:\:};\"\': O gah bay ge shig o quay [19:263] (O-3767, a-2357) [notation: "MIXED BLOOD, Rahily 8/14/18"]  

   \:<:{:',( Kay bay je won [19:264]


\';>:) Quid aince [58:20] [Powell 10/0278]                    

Powell Genealogies, family #58:20

son of: \,^,(>,',':(-" Kah-nun-dah-wah-wen-zo (.1800) [58:6] [V.R. #18+] and /,{:"-:\': Mah je o say quay

spouse of: \:':>,\:};\"\': Ke we tah ge shig oquay

issue: /,{:"-:\': Mah je o say quay [58:84]

   /:},\:;,} May zhuck e aush [58:85]


">;}\',\,/:\': O dish quah gah me quay [58:21] [Powell 10/0279]

Powell Genealogies, family #58:21

daughter of: <:>':':\:};[ Ped-way-way-ge-shig (.1780) [V.R. #11] and "/,/:\': O mah me quay

wife of, #1: ">,\: O dah kay [31:4], aka Roy, O dah kay [31:4]

                    "Children in Fam. 31"

wife of, #2: /:(':':,} Mayn way way aush

issue: ^,<,^:,} Nah bun ay aush [58:87]


\:^:-:\': Ke nees e quay [58:23] [Powell 10/0279]             

Powell Genealogies, family #58:23

daughter of: <:>':':\:};[ Ped-way-way-ge-shig (.1780) [V.R. #11] and "/,/:\': O mah me quay

wife of: /:\',/:',[ May quom e wub

issue: Nancy [58:88]

   ^:\,\:};\"\': Ne gah ge shig o quay [58:89]


\,>,[ (1846) Kah duck [58:24] [V.R. #73] [Powell 10/0279]     

Powell Genealogies, family #58:24

(O-5062, a-3039) [notation: "7/8 HR"]

child of: <:>':':\:};[ Ped-way-way-ge-shig (.1780) [V.R. #11] and "/,/:\': O mah me quay

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #73]: " ... her death; that their said parents lived at Sandy Lake in what is now Aitkin County, Minnesota until about the year 1901 when they removed to and lived upon the White Earth Reservation until their death and made their home on said Reservation near Roy Lake in Mahnomen County, Minnesota."

spouse of: \:':>,\',^,<: Ke we tah gwon abe [19:24] (O-5061, a-3038) [Powell 10/0158]

issue: ^:}"\',^,<:\': Ne zho gwon abe quay [19:88], aka "Two Feather Woman" [V.R. #288]

   \:}:/,^:>") Ge zhe mun e donce [19:89], aka \:}:,^:>") Ge-zhe-un-e-doonce [V.R. #289], aka "Little Daytime Insect" [V.R. #289]

   ':;:\',{:',( Way yay quah je wung [19:90] [V.R. #290]

   /;-\"\:^:' (1860) Mis co ge nieu [19:91], aka Auginaush, James (1860) [V.R. #291+] (O-5064, a-3028)

   ^">;^;}\,( (1861) No din ish kung [19:92], aka Auginaush, Jack (1861) [V.R. #292+] (O-4829 LP, a-2481) [notation: "X M/"]

   /:},\:,}:) May zhah ke aush eence [19:93] [V.R. #293], "died young"

   ,<:>,}:\': (.1860) Ah be daush e quay [19:94] [V.R. #294+], aka "Steady Wind" (.1860) [V.R. #294+]

   /;-\',>:- (1874 - May 1896) Mis quah dais [19:95] [V.R. #295]


-,\,>,\,( Zah-gah-tah-gun, Chief (.1770) [V.R. #9+]               

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #9]: son of <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825) [V.R. #7] and **


,\:/;(>:/";:( Ah-ke-min-de-moien (.1790) [V.R. #10+]              

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #10]: daughter of: <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825) [V.R. #7]


<:>':':\:};[ Ped-way-way-ge-shig (.1780) [V.R. #11]               

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #11]: child of <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825) [V.R. #7]

husband of: "/,/:\': O mah me quay

parent of: ...

  "\:<',( O-gay-bwan (.1810) [V.R. #39+]

  "<:>,<:\"\': O-be-dah-be-ko-quay (.1810) [V.R. #40+]

  \:<:"-:\': Kay-bay-o-say-quay (died young) [V.R. #41]

  ">,<:\': O-dub-e-non-equay (.1810) [V.R. #42+]

  ,\:/;>:/";:( Ah-ke-min-de-mo-yien (.1820) [V.R. #43+]

  ,;:}:\': Ay-e-zhe-equay (.1835) [V.R. #44+]

  ^"':\:};[ Now-e-ge-shig (1812) [V.R. #45+] (WE-2587)

  /,^:>"':^:^:\': Mah-ne-do-we-ne-nee-quay (.1810) [V.R. #46+]

  /:},\:;,} May-zhuck-ke-aush (.1800) [V.R. #47+]


,\:/;(>:/";:( Ah ke min de moien (.1820 - #1889) [V.R. #42]     

"Old Lady of the Land" (.1820 - #1889) [V.R. #42]               

daughter of: <:>':':\:};[ Ped-way-way-ge-shig (.1780) [V.R. #11] and "/,/:\': O mah me quay

wife of: [V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #42] "Francois Blair aka Blair, Joseph aka Bellaire, Joseph aka Che-be-nay, born around 1810, died Jul 1883.  His first wife was Mo-co-mah-ne-quay.  In the 1860 census of Ottertail County, Minnesota, Francois Blair is listed as a mixed-blood, born around 1815.  He is listed as a trader with real property valued at $100 and personal property at $1,500."

issue:


{:<,(>,\: Che-baun-dah-ke (.1790) [V.R. #12]                      

daughter of: <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825) [V.R. #7]

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #7: "She married ',<"- Wah-boose (Rabbit), a Sioux Indian.  He had a Sioux name which is not known.  There is no further information on the children listed below. They may have Sioux descendants or have been killed in the Indian wars as were so many."

mother of (by Wah-boose):

  ,\: Ah-ke, probably aka ,\:/;(>:/";:( Ah-ke-min-de-moien [V.R. #48]

  "{:/) O-je-c'nce [V.R. #49]



,':^:}, A-way-ne-sha (.1790) [V.R. #13]                           

"':^:},( O-wa-ne-shan (.1790) [V.R. #13]                          

"Young Beaver" (.1790) [V.R. #13]                                 

[V.R., Broken Tooth Genealogy, #13]: "born around 1790 at Sandy Lake (in what is now Minnesota)

child of: <;,-', Bi-aus-wa (.1720 - #1825) [V.R. #7]

 



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