We Have The Right To Exist, by Wub-e-ke-niew:  Appendix V - P.O.W. camps established by the Bureau of Indian Affairs by 1871
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We Have The Right To Exist
A Translation of Aboriginal Indigenous Thought
The first book ever published from an
Ahnishinahbæótjibway Perspective

By Wub-e-ke-niew

- Appendix V -
P.O.W. camps established by the Bureau of Indian Affairs by 1871

Name of Reservation

Name of tribe occupying Reservation

Population

Square

miles

Area in

acres

Date of Treaty or law establishing 

Reserve

WASHINGTON TERRITORY

 

 

 

 

 

 Tulalip

Dwamish, Suquamish, and other allied tribes

3,383

308

197,120

Treaty January 22, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 927

Skokomish

S'Klallamus

825

6

4,000

Treaty January 22, 1855, Stats. at Large, 

Makah (Neah Bay Agency)

Makah

550

20

12,000

Treaty January 31, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 939

Puyallup

Nisqually, Puyallup, Steilacoom, Squaw skin, and others

750

7

4,480

Treaty December 26, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1132

Quinaielt

Quinaielt and Quil-leh-ute

539

6

3,840

Treaty July 11, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 971

Yakima

Yakima

2,700

2,000

2,280,000

Treaty June 9, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 951

Chehallis

Chehallis

900

216

138,240

Order of the Secretary of the Interior, July 8, 1864

Fort Colville

Colville, Spokanes, Okinakanes, San Pocilo, & c.

3,349

---

---

Living on lands not actually set aside as a Reservation

OREGON

 

 

 

 

 

Umatilla

Walla-Walla, Cayuses, and Umatilla

850

800

512,000

Treaty of June 9, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 945

Warm Springs

Confederated tribes of middle Oregon

616

1,600

1,024,000

Treaty of June 25, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 963.

Grand Ronde

Calapooias, Molallas, Tum-waters, and Clackamas

1,100

108

69,120

Treaty of January 22, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1143.

Alsea and Siletz

Coos, Umpqua, Sinselano, Alsea, and others

2,800

1,720

1,100,800

Treaty August 11, 1855; not ratified, but Reservation occupied.

Klamath

Klamath, Moadoc, and Yahooskin bands of Snakes

4,000

1,200

768,000

Treaty October 14, 1864, Stats. at Large, vol. 16, p. 707.

CALIFORNIA

 

 

 

 

 

Round Valley

Ulkie, Con-Con, Pitt River, Wylackie, and Redwood

793

50

31,603

Act of Congress, April 8, 1864, Stats. at Large, vol. 13, p. 30 and Executive Order, March 30, 1870.

Hoopa Valley

Hoonsolton, Miscott, Cernalton, Tish- tang-a-tang, and others

800

60

38,400

Act of Congress, April 8, 1864, Stats. At Large, vol. 13, p. 39

Tule

Tule and Manache

374

2

1,280

Temporarily leased.

San Pasqual and Pala

Mission (San Luis Rey, Diegenes, and Coahuillas tribes

5,056

216

138,240

Executive Order January 31, 1870; order revoked; Indians scattered in Southern California

ARIZONA

 

 

 

 

 

Colorado River

Mohave

725

117

75,000

Act of Congress, March 3, 1865, Stats. at Large, vol. 13, p. 559.

Gila River

Pima, Maricopa, Papago, Cocopah, Mohave, and Apache

4,031

100

64,000

Act of Congress, February 28, 1859, Stats. at Large, vol. 11, p. 401.

NEVADA

 

 

 

 

 

Truckee River or Pyramid Lake

Walker River

Pah-Utes

1,050

500

322,000

Established by authority of the Department

UTAH

 

 

 

 

 

Unitah Valley

Unitah Utes

7,800

3,186

2,039,040

Executive Order, October 3, 1861

NEW MEXICO

 

 

 

 

 

Navajo

Navajo

8,234

5,200

3,328,000

Treaty June 1, 1868, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 667

Pueblo

Pueblo

7,683

687

439,664

Confirmed by United States patents in 1864 under old Spanish grants

Southern Apache

Cimmaron, Gila, Jicarilla, Mohuache, Mescalero, and Miembres bands of Apaches

3,479

227

145,280

Established by Department order December, 1863

COLORADO

 

 

 

 

 

Southern Ute (Los Tebequache, Muache, Capote, Weeminuche, Pinos and White River Agencies

Yampa, Grand River, and Unitah bands of Utes

3,870

23,10

14,784,000

Treaty March 2, 1868, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 619.

DAKOTA

 

 

 

 

 

Devil's Lake (Sisseton Agency)

Sisseton, Warpeton, and Cuthead bands of Sioux

730

540

345,600

Treaty February 19, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 505.

Fort Berthold

Arikaree, Gros Ventres, and Mandan

2,700

13,500

8,640,000

Executive Order April 12, 1870

General Sioux Reserve (Yankton, Whetstone, Crow, Creek, Cheyenne River and Grand River Agencies)

Brule, Ogallalah, Minneconjon, Yanctonai, Onepapa, Blackfeet, Cuthead, Two Kettle, Sans Arc, and Santee bands of Sioux

28,219

40,570

25,964,800

Treaty April 29, 1860, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 505

Ponca

Ponca

736

900

576,000

Treaty March 12, 1858, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 505

Lake Traverse (Sisseton Agency)

Sisseton and Warpeton bands of Sioux

1,426

1,940

1,241,600

Treaty February 19, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 505

IDAHO

 

 

 

 

 

Nez Percé (Lapwai)

Nez Percé

2,807

2,100

1,344,000

Treaty June 9, 1863, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 647

Cour d'Alene

Spokanes, Cour d'Alene, and others of North Idaho

300

400

256,000

Executive Order, June 14, 1867

Fort Hall

Shoshone and Bannock (Boise and Bruneau bands)

1,037

2,459

1,568,000

Treaty, July 3, 1868, Stats. At Large, vol. 15, p. 673

Shoshone, Bannock & c.

Mixed bands of Shoshones, Bannocks, and Sheep-eaters

600

60

38,400

 

MONTANA






General Reservation (Milk River and Blackfeet Agencies)

Gros Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blackfeet, and Crow tribes; also Assiniboines, Northern Cheyennes, and Araphaoes, and Santee and Yankton Sioux

23,690

27,200

17,408,000

Treaty concluded July 13 and 15, and September 1, 1868; not yet ratified

Jocko (Flathead Agency)

Pend d'oreille, Flathead, and Kootenay

1,900

2,240

1,433,600

Treaty July 16, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 975

Mountain Crow

Mountain Crow

2,700

9,800

6,272,000

Treaty May 7, 1868, Stats. at Large, vol. 16, p. 673

 

WYOMING

 

 

 

 

 

Wind River

Eastern bands of Shoshones and Bannocks

2,000

4,200

2,688,000

Treaty July 3, 1868, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 673

NEBRASKA

 

 

 

 

 

Winnebago

Winnebago

1,400

200

128,000

Treaty with Omahas, March 6, 1865, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p.  667

Omaha

Omaha

984

540

345,600

Treaty March 6, 1865, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 667

Otoe

Otoe and Missouria

450

250

160,000

Treaty December 9, 1864, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 605

Great Nemaha

Iowa and Sac and Fox of the Missouri

450

250

160,000

Treaty December 9, 1845, Stats. at Large, vol. 11, p. 605

Santee Sioux

Santee Sioux

987

130

183,200

Executive Order March 1, 1866

Pawnee

Pawnee

2,364

450

288,000

Treaty September 24, 1857, Stats. at Large, vol. 11, p. 729

KANSAS

 

 

 

 

 

Pottawatomie (diminished Reservation)

Prairie band of Pottawatomies

400

121

77,357

Treaty June 1845, Stats. at Large, vol. 9, p. 853

Chippewa and Munsee

Chippewa and Munsee or Christian

250

9

5,760

Treaty July 16, 1859, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 1105

Miami

Miami

100

16

10,240

Treaty June 5, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10., p. 1111

Kickapoo (diminished Reservation)

Kickapoo

296

30

19,200

Treaty June 28, 1862, Stats. at Large, vol. 13, p. 623

New York

New York Indians

32

16

10,240

Treaty January 15, 1838, STats. at Large, vol. 7, p. 550

INDIAN TERRITORY

 

 

 

 

 

Cherokee

Cherokee

14,682

28,335

13,014,135

Treaty February 14, 1833, Stats. at Large, vol. 7, p. 414

Creek

Creek

13,000

5,048

3,230,720

Treaties, February 14, 1833, and June 14, 1866, Stats. at Large, vol. 7, p. 417, and vol. 14, p. 785

Quapaw (Quapaw special agency)

Quapaw

225

163

104,000

Treaties, May 13, 1833, and February 23, 1867, STats. at Large, vol. 7, p. 417 and vol. 14, p. 785

Peoria & c. (Quapaw special agency)

Peoria, Kaskaskia, Piankeshaw, and Wea

151

113

 

Treaty, February 23, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 513

Ottawa (Quapaw special agency)

Ottawas of Blanchard's Fork and Roche de Boeuf

149

39

24,960

Treaty February 23, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 513

Shawnee (Quapaw special agency)

Eastern Shawnees

73

39

24,960

Treaty February 23, 1867, Stats at Large, vol, 15, p. 513

Wyandott (Quapaw special agency)

Wyandott

169

31

20,000

Treaty February 23, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 513

Seneca (Quapaw special agency)

Seneca

155

59

44,000

Treaty February 23, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 513

Arapaho and Cheyenne

Arapaho and Cheyenne

3,390

6,434

4,011,500

Executive Order August 10, 1869, in lieu of Reservation set apart by treaty of October 28, 1867

Sac and Fox

Sac and Fox of the Mississippi

468

756

483,840

Treaty February 18, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 15, p. 495

Pottawatomie

Pottawatomie

1,336

900

576,000

Treaty February 2, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 755

Seminole

Seminole

2,300

313

200,000

Treaty March 21, 1866, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 755

Kiowa, Commanche, and Apache

Kiowa, Commanche, and Apache

5,372`

5,546`

3,549,440

Treaty March 21, 2866, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 755

Chicksaw

Chickasaw

5,000

6,840

4,377,600

Treaty June 22, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 11, p. 611

Choctaw

Choctaw

15,000

10,450

6,688,000

Treaty, June 18, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 11, p. 611

Osage (Neosho agency)

Osage

3,375

875

560,000

Article 16, Cherokee treaty July 1866, and order Secretary of Interior, March 21, 1871

Wichita

Wichita, Caddo, Waco, Keechie, Tawacanie, and Ionie tribes

1,216

 

 

 

MINNESOTA

 

 

 

 

 

Red Lake (Chippewa Agency)

Red Lake and Pembina bands of Chippewas [sic]

1,596

5,000

3,200,000

Treaty October 2, 1863, Stats. at Large, vol. 13, p. 667

White Earth (Chippewa Agency)

Leech Lake (Chippewa Agency)

Chippewas of the Mississippi

4,140

2,300

1,472,000

Treaty March 19, 1867, Stats. at Large, vol. 16, p. 719

Bois Forte (Chippewa Agency)

Bois Forte Band of Chippewas

1,063

156

100,054

Treaty April 7, 1866, Stats. at Large, vol. 14, p. 765

Pigeon River (Lake Superior agency)

Grand Portage Band of Chippewas of Lake Superior

419

81

51,840

Treaty September 30, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1109

Fond du Lac (Lake Superior Agency)

Fond du Lac band of Chippewas of Lake Superior

469

156

100,121

Treaty September 30, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1109

WISCONSIN

 

 

 

 

 

Red Cliff (La Pointe or Lake Superior Agency)

La Pointe band of Chippewas of Lake Superior

926

3

2,000

Treaty September 30, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1109

Bad River (La Pointe or Lake Superior Agency)

La Pointe band of Chippewas of Lake Superior

867

120

76,900

Treaty, September 30, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1109

Lac Court d'Oreille (La Pointe or Lake Superior agency)

Small bands of Chippewas of Lake Superior

867

120

76,900

Treaty, September 30, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1109

Lac du Flambeau (La Pointe or Lake Superior agency)

Small bands of Chippewas of Lake Superior

660

144

92,160

Treaty September 30, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1109

Menomonee (Green Bay agency)

Menomonee

1,348

360

230,400

Treaty May 12, 1854, Stats. at Large, vol. 10, p. 1064

Stockbridge and Munsee (Green Bay agency)

Stockbridge and Munsee

220

72

46,000

Treaty February 5, 1856, Stats. at Large, vol. 11, p. 663

Oneida (Green Bay agency)

Oneida

1,293

95

60,800

Treaty February 3, 1838, Stats. at Large, vol, 7, p. 566

MICHIGAN

 

 

 

 

 

Fourteen small Reservations (Mackinac agency)

Chippewas of Saginaw, Swan Creek, and Black River, and Ottawas and Chippewas including some Chippewas of Lake Superior and Pottawatomies of Huron

8,547

1,146

733,600

Treaties October 18, 1864, and July 31, 1855, Stats. at Large, vol. 18, p. 1109, and vol. 11, p. 621

NEW YORK

 

 

 

 

 

Cattaraugus (New York Agency)

Senecas, Cayugas, and Onondagas

1,607

35

22,400

Treaty June 30, 1802, Stats. at Large, vol. 7, p. 70

Allegany (New York Agency)

Seneca

980

42

23,880

By arrangement with State of New York

Tonawanda (New York agency)

Seneca

655

11

7,000

Treaty, November 5, 1857, Stats. at Large, vol. 12, p. 991

Onondaga (New York agency)

Onondaga and Oneida

332

9.5

6,100

By arrangement with State of New York

Oneida (New York Agency

Oneida

197

 

288

By arrangement with State of New York

St. Regis (New York agency)

St. Regis

694

---

---

 

Tuscarora (New York agency)

Tuscarora

461

9.5

5000

By arrangement with State of New York


Total


236,468


217,151


138,907,002

 


a Total of 102 Reservations in 1871.


     a Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the year 1871, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1872, pages 682-685.


[Editor's note: Indian treaties ratified by the U.S. Congress and compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler have been digitalized and are posted online by the Oklahoma State University Library.  The B.I.A.'s 1871 list, reproduced above, is incomplete.]


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