1889 - Minnesota Chippewa Commission
Chippewa Indians in Minnesota - 1890 - 51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247
 
  
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 21




the Chippewas of the Mississippi, and two-thirds to the Pillagers, etc., from which agreement they never heard until informed by us.
            From information received on this subject, this Commission can not recommend a less award than the amount mentioned, viz, $150,000, with 5 per cent. interest per annum to date, and $1.25 per acre for the overflowed lands.  These Indians have absolutely ceded to the United States 46,920 acres, which can not be sold as provided in the act of January 14, 1889, for their benefit, as it is and must be reserved for the overflow caused by the reservoir dams.
            From Leech Lake we went to Cass Lake, holding our first council there August 23, and the last on the 26th of the same month.  As ay of the Indians of this band attended all the councils at Leech Lake, all they required was that explanation should be made to those who were not present at the latter place.  They in strong terms asked that unsettled matters be liquidated as soon as possible.  All freely gave their assent and signatures to the propositions.
            From there we went to the Lake Winnebagoshish band.  We had much trouble in assembling them as they were out gathering wild rice.  Our first council was held August 31, and the last September 2, but we were in almost constant session day and night, as they were anxious to return to their rice fields. Several of the chiefs had attended the councils at Leech Lake, and seemed well informed of the object of our visit.  The injury done them in building the reservoir dams was without doubt very great.  Two or three of their burying grounds were so washed by the overflow that the remains of their buried dead were unearthed and scattered along the shore.  This desecration but added poignancy to the sorrow caused by the loss of subsistence.
            Here, as at Cass Lake they felt deeply hurt that those who were in the greatest want--the old, the sick, and the helpless young--should have been compelled to appear in person at Leech Lake when their annuities were paid or go without them.  This harmful practice could be easily avoided by paying to the representatives of such, with the approval of the chief, the amount due.  These Indians, like those of Cass Lake are destitute of aid from the Government, having no missionary, school, farmer, blacksmith, or physician.  The Winnebagoshish Reservation is marked upon the map by township lines, which is erroneous, as the treaty fixes its line by natural boundaries beyond those shown by township lines.  This has given much dissatisfaction, as whites have settled between the two lines, and consequently upon the reservation, as the Indians claim.  The matter should be adjusted.  Every adult male of the band gave his assent to the agreement.
            On September 5 we held a council with a part of the White Oak Point Indians at Payment Point; on the 6thth near Grand Rapids.  Most of the Indians showed such signs of dissipation and consequent degradation as would lead one to fear they were beyond the hope of improvement.  They seem aware of their condition, and tremblingly asked that whiskey might be kept from the country.   They also asked that missionaries and school teachers be sent them.  They seemed like lost wards of the Government, who had fallen into the hands of their worst enemies, the whiskey sellers.  All present gave their signatures.
            From the last point we sent our messengers to find the scattered members of other White Oak Point bands, and succeeded in gathering them at Kimberly, a water tank station on the Northern Pacific Railway, where we held the first council on September 19, and our last on the 23d.  The two leading chiefs had attended the councils at White Earth,








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