1889 - Minnesota Chippewa Commission
Chippewa Indians in Minnesota - 1890 - 51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247
 
  
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 20





            The commission say that the Indians will be very materially damaged in their industries and will require permanent provision.  The total damage awarded by the Commission, outside of resultant damages, is as follows, viz:
Individual property ……………. $2,041,50
Tribal property …………………...7,996.68
                                                 ___________
            Total……………………..10,038.18

            The total annual damage awarded by them is $26,860.
            The estimate of the Commission for annual damages for race at 10 cents per pound, and hay at $28 per ton, would appear at first sight to be rather extravagant, but when we consider that over 46,000 acres of land are taken from the Indians without any compensation whatsoever, it is believed that the estimate is not too high.
            There are funds now at the disposition of this Department, under the act of 1881, sufficient to pay the damage awarded for individual and tribal property, $10,038.18, but as the Indians refused to accept the ward in this respect of the former Commission, which is some $5,000 greater than that of the present Commission, they will hardly accept the latter unless an appropriation is made to pay the annual damages awarded by the latter commission.
            In accordance with the award of the Commission it will require $36,838.18 for present payment, of which amount, as before stated, $10,038.18 is available, leaving $26,800 to be provided for.
            As the acts of 1880 and 1881 make provision for payment of present damages only and none for the payment of annual damages, I am of the opinion that this sum for the present year should be treated as a deficiency, and recommend that Congress be asked to attach an item to the deficiency bill, already submitted by this Department, appropriating the sum of $26,800, and that annually hereafter an appropriation of $26,800 be made in order to carry out the award of the Commission.
            Very respectfully your obedient servant,
                        H. Price, Commissioner
THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR
            It appears by this that the award, amounting to $15,466.90, was without hesitation rejected by the Indians.  It is surprising that they should have done so, when the United States engineer, Major Allen, reported that the number of acres overflowed amounted to 46,920, which overflow destroyed their gardens, their rice fields, their hay lands, their fish, and their grave-yards.  It is an annual and perpetual loss.  The award did not allow 40 cents an acre for the land, to say nothing of the damages occasioned by the loss of their almost sole subsistence.
            On December 22, 1882, a new commission, consisting of General and Ex-Governor William R. Marshall, Capt. R. Blakely, and Rev. J.A. Gilfillan, was appointed; practical, thorough-going men, in whose judgment every one had confidence.  After a careful and exhaustive examination these gentlemen estimated the annual damages at $26,800, and the damages to individual and tribal property at $10,038,18.
            The Commissioner of Indian Affairs then approved of this award.  He said:
            In accordance with the award of the Commission it will require $36,838.18 for the present payment, of which amount, as before stated, $10,038.18 is available, leaving $26,800 to be provided for; and that annually thereafter an appropriation of $26,800 be made, in order to carry out the award of the Commission.
            No award is made by the Commission for or on account of the land taken and occupied in the construction of the reservoirs.
            By the fourth article of agreement made by the Northwest Indian Commission (not acted upon by Congress) on the part of the United States and the Pillager Indians, it was agreed that the United States would pay said Indians $150,000, which should be in full satisfaction for losses and damages sustained by them, one-third of said sum to be paid to







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