Minnesota Chippewa Commission - 1889
 
  
Report of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission, page 3




"Chippewa Indians in Minnesota," 1890:

51st Congress, 1st Session - House of Representatives - Ex. Doc. No. 247.

[page 3]

said, and for the purpose of making the allotments and payments hereinafter mentioned, the said commissioners shall, while engaged in securing such cession and relinquishment as aforesaid and before completing the same, make an accurate census of each tribe or band, classifying them into male and female adults  and male and female minors; and the minors into those who are orphans and those who are not orphans, giving the exact numbers of each class, and making such census in duplicate lists, one of which shall be filed with the Secretary of the Interior and the other with the official head of the band or tribe; and the acceptance and approval of such cession and relinquishment by the President of the United States shall be deemed full and ample proof of the assent of the Indians, and shall operate as a complete extinguishments of the Indian title without any other or further act or ceremony whatsoever for the purposes and upon the terms in this act provided.
            The Commission was appointed by the President on the 26th day of February 1889, and the several members thereof became duly qualified by giving the bond required by section 2 and taking the oath thereunder required, as appears in the files of this Department.  The census required to be taken by section 1 was completed and one of the duplicate lists thereof filed with the Secretary of the Interior on the 3d day of January, 1890, and the other with the official head of the band or tribe.
            It appears by the report of the commission that it sought and obtained the assistance of Bishop Whipple and Archbishop Ireland in its labors, and that all was done was conducted in a spirit of fairness towards the Chippewas.  There were distributed among them 500 copies of the act of January 14, 1889, and several hundred copies of the general allotment act of February 8, 1887.
            Councils were held at Red Lake, White Earth, Gull Lake, Leech Lake, Cass Lake, Lake Winnibagoshish, White Oak Point, Mille Lac, Grand Portage, Bois Forte and Vermillion Lake, and Fond du Lac.
            At Red Lake, the assent of all the Indians to the agreement as obtained except a few called "pagans," residing on the northern shore of the lake.  The Indians at Red Lake complained of unfulfilled promises, plead for mills and cattle, and that their boundaries might be surveyed in accordance with treaties.  They also prayed for an agent, as they were 80 miles from the White Earth Agency.  The Red Lake Reservation, two-thirds of which at least is ceded to the United States, contains 3,200,000 acres, and the number of Indians occupying it is 1,168.  The boundaries of the diminished reservation, from which allotments to the Red Lake Chippewas are to be made, are given in the report.  The commissioners report that--
            This reservation is larger than will eventually be required, but as there are swamps and other untellable lands therein, it can not be reduced until after survey and allotments shall be made.
            Whether the surplus lands that may remain after allotments shall have been completed as required by the law can be disposed of without further legislation is a question which will require consideration, but such consideration is not necessary at this time.
            The Indians on the Red Lake Reservation were also suffering for want of food, owing to the loss of crops the last season.
            The Indians of the White Earth Reservation were also suffering for food.  They insisted upon the provision of article 9 of the treaty of September 30, 1854, and that damages should be paid because of the construction of reservoirs o the reservation near the headwaters of the Mississippi, provision for which had been made by the Northwest Commission three years ago, and which negotiations have not been acted on by Congress.  No explanation could be given why the provisions of the treaty of September 30, 1854, had not been fulfilled, but the Indians were promised that the best efforts would be given to se-






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