1. DRYOPTERIDACEAE
   [Tourn.] L. sp. Pl. 1062.  1753

Description

Locale

      Taxonomy key
                                                                                                1. N. species
a
-       
a
-
a
-
a
-         
a
-         
a
-        
a
-
a
-
a
-  
Family Dryopteridaceae    (Family Information, Photo Gallery and Map Gallery)
            Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert.  Plant found in Wisconsin
              common lady fern, lady fern
            Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. angustum (Willd.) G.Lawson  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              common lady fern, lady fern, northeastern lady fern, northern lady fern
                  Aspidium angustum Willd.
                  Asplenium elatius Link
                  Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl
                  Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl var. elatius (Link) Butters
                  Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl var. rubellum (Gilbert) Butters
                  Athyrium angustum (Willd.) C.Presl var. subtripinnatum Butters
                  Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. subsp. angustum (Willd.) R.T.Clausen
                  Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw.
                  Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw. f. elatius (Link) Clute
                  Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw. f. rubellum (Gilbert) Farw.
                  Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mert. var. rubellum Gilbert
            Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh. Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              bladder fern, bulblet bladder fern, bulblet fragile fern
                  Filix bulbifera (L.) Underw.
            Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh.  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              bladder fern, brittle bladder fern, northern fragile fern
                  Cystopteris dickieana Sim
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. subsp. dickieana (Sim) Hyl.
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. angustata Lawson
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. fragilis
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. woodsioides H.Christ
                  Filix fragilis (L.) Gilib.
            Cystopteris laurentiana (Weath.) Blasdell  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              Laurentian bladder fern, St. Lawrence bladder fern
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. huteri (Hausm.) Luerss.
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. laurentiana Weath.
                  Cystopteris X laurentiana (Weath.) Blasdell
            Cystopteris protrusa (Weath.) Blasdell  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              creeping fragile fern, lowland bladder fern
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. protrusa Weath.
            Cystopteris tennesseensis Shaver  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              Tennessee bladder fern
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. f. simulans Weath.
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. simulans (Weath.) McGregor
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. tennesseensis (Shaver) McGregor
                  Cystopteris X tennesseensis Shaver
            Cystopteris tenuis (Michx.) Desv.  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              MacKay's brittle fern, upland brittle bladder fern
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. mackayi G.Lawson
            Cystopteris X illinoensis R.C.Moran  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              Illinois bladder fern
            Deparia acrostichoides (Sw.) M.Kato  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              silver false spleenwort, silvery glade fern, silvery spleenwort
                  Athyrium acrostichoides (Sw.) Diels
                  Athyrium thelypterioides (Michx.) Desv.
                  Athyrium thelypterioides (Michx.) Desv. f. acrostichoides (Sw.) Gilbert
                  Diplazium acrostichoides (Sw.) Butters
            Diplazium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) M.Broun  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              glade fern, narrow-leaved glade fern, narrow-leaved spleenwort
                  Athyrium angustifolium (Michx.) Milde
                  Athyrium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) Tidestr.
            Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              spinulose wood fern, toothed wood fern
                  Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Müll.) Sw.
                  Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. spinulosa (O.F.Müll) Fiori
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt
            Dryopteris clintoniana (D.C.Eaton) Dowell  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              Clinton's shield fern, Clinton's wood fern
                  Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw. var. clintonianum D.C.Eaton
                  Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray var. clintoniana (D.C.Eaton) Underw.
                  Dryopteris X poyseri Wherry
            Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              crested shield fern, crested wood fern
                  Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw.
            Dryopteris expansa (C.Presl) Fraser-Jenk. & Jermy  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              northern wood fern, spreading wood fern
                  Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Müll.) Sw. var. americanum Fisch. ex Kunze
                  Dryopteris assimilis S.Walker
                  Dryopteris dilatata auct. non (Hoffm.) A.Gray
                  Dryopteris dilatata (Hoffm.) A.Gray subsp. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Hultén
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt var. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Fernald
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt var. dilatata auct. non (Hoffm.) Underw.
            Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              male fern
            Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              fragrant fern, fragrant wood fern
                  Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott var. remotiuscula Kom.
                  Thelypteris fragrans (L.) Nieuwl.
                  Thelypteris fragrans (L.) Nieuwl. var. hookeriana Fernald
            Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) A.Gray  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              giant wood fern, Goldie's fern, Goldie's wood fern
                  Aspidium goldianum Hook. ex Goldie
            Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              fancy wood fern, glandular wood fern, intermediate wood fern
                  Aspidium intermedium Muhl. ex Willd.
                  Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Müll.) Sw. var. intermedium (Muhl. ex Willd.) D.C.Eaton
                  Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) C.V.Morton
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt var. intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) Underw.
            Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray X D. marginalis (L.) A.Gray  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              glandular marginal wood fern
            Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A.Gray * +
              marginal shield fern, marginal wood fern
                  Aspidium marginale (L.) Sw.
            Dryopteris X boottii (Tuck.) Underw. (pro sp.) * +
              Boott's wood fern
                  Aspidium boottii Tuck.
            Dryopteris X pittsfordensis Sloss. +
              Pittsford's wood fern
            Dryopteris X slossonae Wherry ex Lellinger +
              Slosson's wood fern
            Dryopteris X triploidea Wherry +
              triploid wood fern
                  Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. fructuosa (Gilbert) C.V.Morton
                  Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray var. fructuosa (Gilbert) Wherry
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt var. fructuosa (Gilbert) Trudell
            Dryopteris X uliginosa (A.Braun ex Dowell) Druce +
              spinulose crested wood fern
                  Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray X D. spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt
            Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman * +
              common oak fern, western oak fern
                  Dryopteris disjuncta (Rupr.) C.V.Morton
                  Dryopteris dryopteris (L.) Britton
                  Dryopteris linnaeana C.Chr.
                  Dryopteris linnaeana C.Chr. f. glandulosa R.M.Tryon
                  Lastrea dryopteris (L.) Bory
            Gymnocarpium jessoense (Koidz.) Koidz.
              Asian oak fern, northern oak fern
            Gymnocarpium jessoense (Koidz.) Koidz. subsp. parvulum Sarvela * +
              Asian oak fern, Nahanni oak fern, northern oak fern
            Gymnocarpium robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman * +
              limestone oak fern, scented oak fern
                  Dryopteris robertiana (Hoffm.) C.Chr.
                  Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman var. pumilum (DC.) B.Boivin
            Gymnocarpium X brittonianum (Sarvela) K.M.Pryer & Haufler [Excluded in Wisconsin]
              oak fern
            Gymnocarpium X heterosporum W.H.Wagner [Excluded in Wisconsin]
              black-spore oak fern
            Gymnocarpium X intermedium Sarvela +
              intermediate oak fern
            Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro
              ostrich fern
            Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro var. pensylvanica (Willd.) C.V.Morton * +
              American ostrich fern, ostrich fern
                  Matteuccia pensylvanica (Willd.) Raymond
                  Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro var. pubescens (Terry) Clute
                  Onoclea struthiopteris (L.) Hoffm. var. pensylvanica (Willd.) B.Boivin
                  Pteretis nodulosa (Michx.) Nieuwl.
                  Pteretis nodulosa (Michx.) Nieuwl. f. pubescens (Terry) Fernald
                  Pteretis pensylvanica (Willd.) Fernald
                  Pteretis pensylvanica (Willd.) Fernald f. pubescens (Terry) Fernald
                  Pteretis struthiopteris (L.) Nieuwl.
                  Struthiopteris pensylvanica Willd.
            Onoclea sensibilis L. * +
              sensitive fern
                  Onoclea sensibilis L. f. obtusilobata (Schkuhr) Gilbert
                  Onoclea sensibilis L. var. obtusilobata (Schkuhr) Torr.
            Dryopteris phegopteris (L.) C.Chr.
              =Phegopteris connectilis
            Dryopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) C.Chr.
              =Phegopteris hexagonoptera
            Dryopteris thelypteris (L.) A.Gray
              =Thelypteris palustris var. palustris
            Dryopteris thelypteris auct. non (L.) Sw.
              =Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens
                  Dryopteris thelypteris (L.) A.Gray var. haleana (Fernald) M.Broun & Weath.
                  Dryopteris thelypteris (L.) A.Gray var. pubescens (G.Lawson) Weath.
            Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott * +
              Christmas fern
                  Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott var. acrostichoides
                  Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott var. schweinitzii (Beck) Small
            Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fée * +
              Braun's holly fern
                  Aspidium braunii Spenn.
                  Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fée subsp. purshii (Fernald) Calder & Roy L.Taylor
                  Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fée var. purshii Fernald
            Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth [Excluded in Wisconsin] *
              northern holly fern
            Aspidium simulatum Davenp.
              =Thelypteris simulata
                  Dryopteris simulata Davenp.
            Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R.Br. * +
              rusty cliff fern, rusty woodsia
            Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr.
              blunt-lobe cliff fern, blunt-lobed woodsia
            Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr. subsp. obtusa * +
              blunt-lobe cliff fern, blunt-lobed woodsia
            Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton
              Oregon cliff fern, Oregon woodsia, western cliff fern
            Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton subsp. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) Windham * +
              Cathcart's cliff fern, Oregon cliff fern, Oregon woodsia, western cliff fern
                  Woodsia cathcartiana B.L.Rob.
                  Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton f. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) B.Boivin
                  Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton f. glandulosa T.M.C.Taylor
                  Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton var. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) C.V.Morton
                  Woodsia pusilla E.Fourn. var. cathcartiana (B.L.Rob.) T.M.C.Taylor
            Woodsia scopulina D.C.Eaton [Excluded in Wisconsin]
              mountain cliff fern, Rocky Mountain woodsia
            Woodsia X abbeae Butters * +
                  Woodsia confusa T.M.C.Taylor
                  Woodsia oregana D.C.Eaton var. squammosa B.Boivin

Family Dryopteridaceae  formerly part of Polypodiaceae 1:14  (Family Information, Photo Gallery and Map Gallery)
            Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh. * +
              bladder fern, bulblet bladder fern, bulblet fragile fern
                  Filix bulbifera (L.) Underw.
            Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. * +
              bladder fern, brittle bladder fern, northern fragile fern
                  Cystopteris dickieana Sim
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. subsp. dickieana (Sim) Hyl.
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. angustata Lawson
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. fragilis
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. woodsioides H.Christ
                  Filix fragilis (L.) Gilib.

            Cystopteris tenuis (Michx.) Desv. * +
              MacKay's brittle fern, upland brittle bladder fern
                  Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. mackayi G.Lawson
            Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs * +
              spinulose wood fern, toothed wood fern
                  Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Müll.) Sw.
                  Dryopteris austriaca (Jacq.) Woyn. var. spinulosa (O.F.Müll) Fiori
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt
            Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray * +
              crested shield fern, crested wood fern
                  Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw.
            Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott * +
              male fern
            Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott * +
              fragrant fern, fragrant wood fern
                  Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott var. remotiuscula Kom.
                  Thelypteris fragrans (L.) Nieuwl.
                  Thelypteris fragrans (L.) Nieuwl. var. hookeriana Fernald
            Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A.Gray * +
              marginal shield fern, marginal wood fern
                  Aspidium marginale (L.) Sw.
            Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman * +
              common oak fern, western oak fern
                  Dryopteris disjuncta (Rupr.) C.V.Morton
                  Dryopteris dryopteris (L.) Britton
                  Dryopteris linnaeana C.Chr.
                  Dryopteris linnaeana C.Chr. f. glandulosa R.M.Tryon
                  Lastrea dryopteris (L.) Bory
            Gymnocarpium robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman * +
              limestone oak fern, scented oak fern
                  Dryopteris robertiana (Hoffm.) C.Chr.
                  Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman var. pumilum (DC.) B.Boivin
            Dryopteris expansa (C.Presl) Fraser-Jenk. & Jermy * +
              northern wood fern, spreading wood fern
                  Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Müll.) Sw. var. americanum Fisch. ex Kunze
                  Dryopteris assimilis S.Walker
                  Dryopteris dilatata auct. non (Hoffm.) A.Gray
                  Dryopteris dilatata (Hoffm.) A.Gray subsp. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Hultén
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt var. americana (Fisch. ex Kunze) Fernald
                  Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F.Müll.) Watt var. dilatata auct. non (Hoffm.) Underw.
            Dryopteris phegopteris (L.) C.Chr.
              =Phegopteris connectilis
            Dryopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) C.Chr.
              =Phegopteris hexagonoptera
            Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott * +
              Christmas fern
                  Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott var. acrostichoides
                  Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott var. schweinitzii (Beck) Small  
           Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth [Excluded in Wisconsin] *

              northern holly fern
            Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr. subsp. obtusa * +
              blunt-lobe cliff fern, blunt-lobed woodsia

Family Dryopteridaceae    (Family Information, Photo Gallery and Map Gallery)
            Deparia acrostichoides (Sw.) M.Kato * +
              silver false spleenwort, silvery glade fern, silvery spleenwort
                  Athyrium acrostichoides (Sw.) Diels
                  Athyrium thelypterioides (Michx.) Desv.
                  Athyrium thelypterioides (Michx.) Desv. f. acrostichoides (Sw.) Gilbert
                  Diplazium acrostichoides (Sw.) Butters
            Diplazium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) M.Broun * +
              glade fern, narrow-leaved glade fern, narrow-leaved spleenwort
                  Athyrium angustifolium (Michx.) Milde
                  Athyrium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) Tidestr.

medicinal plant

Sources:

Nathanie1 L. Britton amd Addison Lord Brown,
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions from Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913

Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin - Madison, WISFLORA: Wisconsin Vascular Plant Specie
Links
BACK NEXT
HOME INDEX
LIST
Web page © Maquah Publications, 2005
Hosted by the World's Greatest Web-server, NERP.NET