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Abelmoschus esculentus . Okra - Malvaceae *MN* non-native
       Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
 Hibiscus esculentus L.


Abies P. Mill.     Fir

Abies balsamea . Balsam fir - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Abies balsamea (L.) P. Mill.
Pinus balsamea L.


Abutilon P. Mill.       Indian mallow

Abutilon theophrasti . Velvet leaf - Malvaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Abutilon theophrasti Medik.
 Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby
 Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.


Acalypha L.       copperleaf

Acalypha gracilens Gray           slender threeseed mercury
 Acalypha gracilens Gray var. delzii L. Mill.
 Acalypha gracilens Gray var. fraseri (Muell.-Arg.) Weatherby

Acalypha rhomboidea . Three-seeded mercury - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acalypha rhomboidea Raf.       Virginia threeseed mercury
 Acalypha virginica L. var. rhomboidea (Raf.) Cooperrider

Acalypha virginica L.       Virginia threeseed mercury


Acer L.       maple

Acer ×freemanii E. Murr.       Freeman maple

Acer ginnala . Amur maple - Aceraceae *MN* non-native
       Acer ginnala Maxim.

Acer negundo . Boxelder - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer negundo L.

Acer negundo var. interius . Boxelder - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer negundo L. var. interius (Britt.) Sarg.
 Acer interius Britt.
 Acer negundo L. ssp. interius (Britt.) A.& D. Löve
 Negundo interius (Britt.) Rydb.

Acer negundo var. negundo . Boxelder - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer negundo L. var. negundo
 Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench
 Negundo negundo (L.) Karst.

Acer negundo L. var. violaceum (Kirchn.) Jaeger
 Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench ssp. violaceum (Kirchn.) W.A. Weber

Acer nigrum . Black maple - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer nigrum Michx. f.
 Acer nigrum Michx. f. var. palmeri Sarg.
 Acer saccharum Marsh. ssp. nigrum (Michx. f.) Desmarais
 Acer saccharum Marsh. var. nigrum (Michx. f.) Britt.
 Acer saccharum Marsh. var. viride (Schmidt) E. Murr.
 Saccharodendron nigrum (Michx. f.) Small

Acer pensylvanicum L.       striped maple

Acer platanoides L.       Norway maple
 Acer platanoides L. var. schwedleri Nichols.

Acer pseudoplatanus L.       sycamore maple

Acer rubrum . Red maple - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer rubrum L.

Acer rubrum L. var. rubrum       red maple
 Acer rubrum L. var. tomentosum Tausch
 Acer stenocarpum Britt.
 Rufacer rubrum (L.) Small

Acer saccharinum . Silver maple - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer saccharinum L.
 Acer dasycarpum Ehrh.
 Acer saccharinum L. var. laciniatum Pax
 Acer saccharinum L. var. wieri Rehd.
 Argentacer saccharinum (L.) Small

Acer saccharum . Sugar maple - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer saccharum Marsh.

Acer saccharum Marsh. var. saccharum       sugar maple
 Acer nigrum Michx. f. var. glaucum (F. Schmidt) Fosberg
 Acer nigrum Michx. f. var. saccharophorum (K. Koch) Clausen
 Acer saccharum Marsh. var. glaucum (F. Schmidt) Sarg.
 Saccharodendron saccharum (Marsh.) Moldenke

Acer saccharum Marsh. var. schneckii Rehd.       sugar maple
 Acer saccharum Marsh. ssp. ozarkense E. Murr.
 Acer saccharum Marsh. var. rugellii (Pax) Rehd.
 Acer saccharum Marsh. ssp. schneckii (Rehd.) Desmarais

Acer spicatum . Mountain maple - Aceraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acer spicatum Lam.

Acer tataricum L.       tatarian maple


Achillea L.       yarrow

Achillea filipendulina Lam.       fernleaf yarrow

Achillea ligustica All.       Ligurian yarrow

Achillea millefolium . Yarrow - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Achillea millefolium L.       common yarrow

Achillea millefolium L. var. borealis (Bong.) Farw.
 Achillea borealis Bong.
 Achillea borealis Bong. ssp. typica Keck
 Achillea millefolium L. ssp. atrotegula Boivin
 Achillea millefolium L. ssp. borealis (Bong.) Breitung
 Achillea millefolium L. var. fulva Boivin
 Achillea millefolium L. var. parviligula Boivin
 Achillea millefolium L. var. parvula Boivin

Achillea millefolium L. var. millefolium       common yarrow

Achillea millefolium L. var. nigrescens E. Mey.       common yarrow
 Achillea nigrescens (E. Mey.) Rydb.

Achillea millefolium L. var. occidentalis DC.       western yarrow
 Achillea angustissima Rydb.
 Achillea aspleniifolia auct. non Vent.
 Achillea eradiata Piper
 Achillea gracilis Raf.
 Achillea laxiflora Pollard & Cockerell
 Achillea lanulosa Nutt.
 Achillea lanulosa Nutt. var. arachnoidea Lunell
 Achillea lanulosa Nutt. var. eradiata (Piper) M.E. Peck
 Achillea lanulosa Nutt. ssp. typica Keck
 Achillea millefolium L. var. aspleniifolia (Vent.) Farw.
 Achillea millefolium L. var. gracilis Raf. ex DC.
 Achillea millefolium L. ssp. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper
 Achillea millefolium L. var. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper
 Achillea millefolium L. ssp. occidentalis (DC.) Hyl.
 Achillea millefolium L. ssp. pallidotegula Boivin
 Achillea millefolium L. var. rosea (Desf.) Torr. & Gray
 Achillea millefolium L. var. russeolata Boivin
 Achillea occidentalis (DC.) Raf. ex Rydb.
 Achillea rosea Desf.
 Achillea tomentosa Pursh, non L.

Achillea nobilis . Noble yarrow - Asteraceae *MN* non-native

Achillea ptarmica . Sneezeweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Achillea ptarmica L.

Achillea sibirica . Siberian yarrow - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Achillea sibirica Ledeb.
 Achillea multiflora Hook.


Achnatherum Beauv.       needlegrass

Achnatherum hymenoides (Roemer & J.A. Schultes) Barkworth       Indian ricegrass
 Eriocoma cuspidata Nutt.
 Oryzopsis hymenoides (Roemer & J.A. Schultes) Ricker ex Piper
 Stipa hymenoides Roemer & J.A. Schultes


Acinos P. Mill.       acinos

Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy       basil thyme
 Acinos thymoides (L.) Moench
 Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairville ex Gaud.
 Clinopodium acinos (L.) Kuntze
 Satureja acinos (L.) Scheele


Aconitum L.       monkshood

Aconitum napellus . Monkshood - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
       Aconitum napellus L.       Venus' chariot

Aconitum noveboracense Gray ex Coville       northern blue monkshood
 Aconitum noveboracense Gray ex Coville var. quasiciliatum Fassett
 Aconitum uncinatum L. ssp. noveboracense (Gray ex Coville) Hardin


Acorus L.       sweetflag

Acorus americanus . Sweet flag - Acoraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf.
 Acorus calamus auct. non L.
 Acorus calamus L. var. americanus (Raf.) H.D. Wulff.

Acorus calamus . Sweet flag - Acoraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Acorus calamus L.       calamus


Acroptilon Cass.       hardheads

Acroptilon repens (L.) DC.       hardheads
 Centaurea picris Pallas ex Willd.
 Centaurea repens L.


Actaea L.       baneberry

Actaea pachypoda . White baneberry - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Actaea pachypoda Ell.
 Actaea alba auct. non (L.) P. Mill.

Actaea rubra . Red baneberry - Ranunculaceae*MN*native to Minnesota
       Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd.

Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. ssp. rubra       red baneberry
 Actaea spicata L. ssp. rubra (Ait.) Hultén


Adenocaulon Hook.       trailplant

Adenocaulon bicolor . American trailplant - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Adenocaulon bicolor Hook.


Adiantum L.       maidenhair fern

Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Paris       Aleutian maidenhair
 Adiantum pedatum L. var. aleuticum Rupr.
 Adiantum pedatum L. ssp. aleuticum (Rupr.) Calder & Taylor
 Adiantum pedatum L. ssp. calderi Cody
 Adiantum pedatum L. ssp. subpumilum (W.H. Wagner) Lellinger
 Adiantum pedatum L. var. subpumilum W.H. Wagner

Adiantum pedatum . Maidenhair fern - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Adiantum pedatum L.       northern maidenhair


Adlumia Raf. ex DC.       adlumia

Adlumia fungosa . Allegheny vine - Fumariaceae *MN* origin undetermined
       Adlumia fungosa (Ait.) Greene ex B.S.P.


Adoxa L.       adoxa

Adoxa moschatellina . Moschatel - Adoxaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Adoxa moschatellina L.       muskroot


Aegilops L.       goatgrass

Aegilops cylindrica Host       jointed goatgrass
 Aegilops cylindrica Host var. rubiginosa Popova
 Aegilops tauschii auct. non Coss.
 Cylindropyrum cylindricum (Host) A. Löve
 Triticum cylindricum (Host) Ces., Pass. & Gib.


Aegopodium L.       goutweed

Aegopodium podagraria . Goutweed - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
       Aegopodium podagraria L.       bishop's goutweed
 Aegopodium podagraria L. var. variegatum Bailey


Aesculus L.       buckeye

Aesculus glabra . Ohio buckeye - Hippocastanaceae *MN* non-native
       Aesculus glabra Willd.

Aesculus glabra Willd. var. glabra       Ohio buckeye
 Aesculus glabra Willd. var. leucodermis Sarg.
 Aesculus glabra Willd. var. micrantha Sarg.
 Aesculus glabra Willd. var. monticola Sarg.
 Aesculus glabra Willd. var. pallida (Willd.) Kirchn.
 Aesculus glabra Willd. var. sargentii Rehd.

Aesculus hippocastanum L.       horse chestnut

Aesculus ×marylandica Booth ex Kirchn.      


Aethusa L.       aethusa

Aethusa cynapium . Fool's parsley - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
       Aethusa cynapium L.


Agalinis Raf.       false foxglove

Agalinis aspera . Rough gerardia - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agalinis aspera (Dougl. ex Benth.) Britt.       tall false foxglove
 Gerardia aspera Dougl. ex Benth.

Agalinis auriculata . Eared false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
       Agalinis auriculata (Michx.) Blake       earleaf false foxglove
 Aureolaria auriculata (Michx.) Farw.
 Gerardia auriculata Michx.
 Otophylla auriculata (Michx.) Small
 Tomanthera auriculata (Michx.) Raf.

Agalinis gattingeri . Round-stemmed false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
       Agalinis gattingeri (Small) Small       roundstem false foxglove
 Gerardia gattingeri Small

Agalinis paupercula (Gray) Britt.       smallflower false foxglove

Agalinis paupercula (Gray) Britt. var. borealis Pennell       smallflower false foxglove
 Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell var. parviflora (Benth.) Boivin
 Gerardia paupercula (Gray) Britt. ssp. borealis (Pennell) Pennell
 Gerardia paupercula (Gray) Britt. var. borealis (Pennell) Deam
 Gerardia purpurea L. var. parviflora Benth.

Agalinis paupercula (Gray) Britt. var. paupercula       smallflower false foxglove
 Gerardia paupercula (Gray) Britt.
 Gerardia paupercula (Gray) Britt. var. typica Pennell
 Gerardia purpurea L. var. paupercula Gray

Agalinis purpurea . Purple false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell  Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell var. carteri Pennell
 Gerardia purpurea L.
 Gerardia purpurea L. var. carteri (Pennell) Pennell
 Gerardia purpurea L. var. grandiflora Benth.
 Gerardia purpurea L. ssp. parvula Pennell

Agalinis purpurea var. parviflora . Purple false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Agalinis purpurea var. purpurea . Purple false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Agalinis skinneriana (Wood) Britt.       Skinner's false foxglove
 Gerardia skinneriana Wood

Agalinis tenuifolia . Slender-leaved false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf.       slenderleaf false foxglove
 Agalinis besseyana (Britt.) Britt.
 Gerardia besseyana Britt.
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl var. macrophylla Benth.
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl ssp. macrophylla (Benth.) Pennell

Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. var. parviflora (Nutt.) Pennell       slenderleaf false foxglove
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl var. parviflora Nutt.
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl ssp. parviflora (Nutt.) Pennell

Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. var. tenuifolia       slenderleaf false foxglove
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl var. humilis Benth.
 Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl var. typica Pennell


Agastache Clayton ex Gronov.       giant hyssop

Agastache foeniculum . Blue giant hyssop - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
 Agastache anethiodora (Nutt.) Britt.

Agastache nepetoides . Yellow giant hyssop - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agastache nepetoides (L.) Kuntze

Agastache scrophulariaefolia . Purple giant hyssop - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agastache scrophulariifolia (Willd.) Kuntze       purple giant hyssop
 Agastache scrophulariifolia (Willd.) Kuntze var. mollis (Fern.) Heller


Ageratina Spach       snakeroot

Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins.       white snakeroot

Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. altissima       white snakeroot
 Ageratum altissimum L., non Eupatorium altissimum L.
 Eupatorium rugosum Houtt.
 Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. chlorolepis Fern.
 Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. tomentellum (B.L. Robins.) Blake
 Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. var. villicaule (Fern.) Blake
 Eupatorium urticifolium Reichard var. tomentellum B.L. Robins.


Agoseris Raf.       agoseris

Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf.       pale agoseris

Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. agrestis (Osterhout) Q. Jones ex Cronq.       pale agoseris

Agoseris glauca var. glauca . Glaucous false dandelion - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. glauca       pale agoseris
 Agoseris turbinata Rydb.
 Troximon glaucum Pursh

Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. laciniata (D.C. Eat.) Smiley       false agoseris
 Agoseris arizonica Greene
 Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. parviflora (Nutt.) Rydb.
 Agoseris parviflora (Nutt.) Greene
 Macrorhynchus glaucus (Pursh) D.C. Eat. var. laciniatus D.C. Eat.
 Troximon parviflorum Nutt.


Agrimonia L.       agrimony

Agrimonia eupatoria L.       churchsteeples

Agrimonia gryposepala . Common agrimony - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr.       tall hairy agrimony

Agrimonia parviflora Ait.       harvestlice

Agrimonia pubescens Wallr.       soft agrimony
 Agrimonia bicknellii (Kearney) Rydb.
 Agrimonia mollis (Torr. & Gray) Britt.

Agrimonia rostellata Wallr.       beaked agrimony

Agrimonia striata . Roadside agrimony - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agrimonia striata Michx.


Agropyron Gaertn.       wheatgrass

Agropyron cristatum . Crested wheatgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
       Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn.

Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. ssp. pectinatum (Bieb.) Tzvelev       crested wheatgrass
 Agropyron cristatiforme Sarkar
 Agropyron pectiniforme Roemer & J.A. Schultes

Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) J.A. Schultes       desert wheatgrass
 Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. ssp. desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) A. Löve
 Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. var. desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) Dorn

Agropyron repens (L.) . Quackgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"


Agrostemma L.       corncockle

Agrostemma githago . Purple cockle - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
       Agrostemma githago L.       common corncockle


Agrostis L.       bentgrass

Agrostis canina L.       velvet bentgrass
 Agrostis canina L. var. varians (Thuill.) Ducomm.

Agrostis capillaris L.       colonial bentgrass
 Agrostis sylvatica Huds.
 Agrostis tenuis Sibthorp
 Agrostis tenuis Sibthorp var. aristata (Parnell) Druce
 Agrostis tenuis Sibthorp var. hispida (Willd.) Philipson
 Agrostis tenuis Sibthorp var. pumila (L.) Druce
 Agrostis vulgaris With.

Agrostis gigantea . Redtop - Poaceae *MN* non-native
       Agrostis gigantea Roth
 Agrostis alba auct. non L.
 Agrostis gigantea Roth var. dispar (Michx.) Philipson
 Agrostis nigra With.
 Agrostis stolonifera L. ssp. gigantea (Roth) Schuebl. & Martens
 Agrostis stolonifera L. var. major (Gaudin) Farw.

Agrostis hyemalis . Winter bentgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P.
 Agrostis antecedens Bickn.
 Cornucopiae hyemalis Walt.

Agrostis hyemalis . var. hyemalis Winter bentgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Agrostis hyemalis var. scabra . Winter bentgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Agrostis perennans . Autumn bentgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
        Agrostis perennans (Walt.) Tuckerman         upland bentgrass
 Agrostis altissima (Walt.) Tuckerman
 Agrostis elata (Pursh) Trin.
 Agrostis oreophila Trin.
 Agrostis perennans (Walt.) Tuckerman var. aestivalis Vasey
 Agrostis perennans (Walt.) Tuckerman var. elata (Pursh) A.S. Hitchc.
 Agrostis schweinitzii Trin.
 Cornucopiae perennans Walt.

Agrostis scabra Willd.       rough bentgrass
 Agrostis geminata Trin.
 Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P. var. geminata (Trin.) A.S. Hitchc.
 Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P. var. tenuis (Tuckerman) Gleason
 Agrostis scabra Willd. var. geminata (Trin.) Swallen
 Agrostis scabra Willd. var. septentrionalis Fern.
 Agrostis scabra Willd. ssp. septentrionalis (Fern.) A.& D. Löve

Agrostis stolonifera . Redtop - Poaceae *MN* non-native
       Agrostis stolonifera L.       creeping bentgrass
 Agrostis alba L. var. palustris (Huds.) Pers.
 Agrostis alba L. var. stolonifera (L.) Sm.
 Agrostis maritima Lam.
 Agrostis palustris Huds.
 Agrostis stolonifera L. var. compacta Hartman
 Agrostis stolonifera L. var. palustris (Huds.) Farw.

Agrostis stolonifera var. palustris . Redtop - Poaceae *MN* non-native

Agrostis stolonifera var. stolonifera . Redtop - Poaceae *MN* non-native


Ailanthus Desf.       ailanthus

Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle       tree of heaven


Ajuga L.       bugle

Ajuga genevensis . Blue bugle - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
       Ajuga genevensis L.

Ajuga reptans L.       common bugle


Akebia Dcne.       chocolate vine

Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne.       chocolate vine


Alcea L.       hollyhock

Alcea ficifolia L.       Antwerp hollyhock

Althaea rosea . Hollyhock - Malvaceae *MN* non-native
        Alcea rosea L.       hollyhock
 Althaea rosea (L.) Cav.


Aletris L.       colicroot

Aletris farinosa L.       white colicroot


Alisma L.       water plantain

Alisma gramineum . Narrow-leaved water plantain - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alisma gramineum Lej.
 Alisma geyeri Torr.
 Alisma gramineum Lej. var. angustissimum (DC.) Hendricks
 Alisma gramineum Lej. var. geyeri (Torr.) Lam.
 Alisma gramineum Lej. var. graminifolium (Wahlenb.) Hendricks
 Alisma gramineum Lej. var. wahlenbergii auct. non (Holmb.) Raymond & Kucyniak
 Alisma lanceolatum Gray

Alisma subcordatum . Heart-leaved water plantain - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alisma subcordatum Raf.       American water plantain
 Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. parviflorum (Pursh) Torr.
 Alisma plantago-aquatica L. ssp. subcordatum (Raf.) Hultén

Alisma triviale . Common water plantain - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alisma triviale Pursh       northern water plantain
 Alisma brevipes Greene
 Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. americanum J.A. Schultes
 Alisma plantago-aquatica L. ssp. brevipes (Greene) Samuelsson
 Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. brevipes (Greene) Victorin


Alliaria Heister ex Fabr.       alliaria

Alliaria petiolata . Garlic mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
       Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
 Alliaria alliaria (L.) Britt.
 Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex Bieb.
 Erysimum alliaria L.
 Sisymbrium alliaria (L.) Scop.


Allium L.       onion

Allium burdickii (Hanes) A.G. Jones       narrowleaf wild leek
 Allium tricoccum Ait. var. burdickii Hanes

Allium canadense L.       meadow garlic

Allium canadense var. canadense . Wild garlic - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Allium canadense L. var. canadense       meadow garlic
 Allium acetabulum (Raf.) Shinners
 Allium canadense L. var. ovoideum Farw.
 Allium canadense L. var. robustum Farw.
 Allium continuum Small

Allium cepa L.       garden onion

Allium cepa L. var. cepa       garden onion
 Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum G. Don
 Allium cepa L. var. multiplicans Bailey
 Allium cepa L. var. proliferum (Moench) Regel
 Allium cepa L. var. solaninum Alef.

Allium cernuum . Nodding wild onion - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Allium cernuum Roth       nodding onion

Allium cernuum Roth var. cernuum       nodding onion

Allium sativum L.       cultivated garlic

Allium schoenoprasum L.       wild chives

Allium schoenoprasum var. sibiricum . Wild chives - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Allium schoenoprasum L. var. sibiricum (L.) Hartman       wild chives
 Allium schoenoprasum L. var. laurentianum Fern.
 Allium schoenoprasum L. ssp. sibiricum (L.) Celak.
 Allium sibiricum L

Allium scorodoprasum L.       sand leek

Allium scorodoprasum L. ssp. rotundum (L.) Stearn       sand leek
 Allium rotundum L.

Allium stellatum . Prairie wild onion - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Allium stellatum Nutt. ex Ker-Gawl.       autumn onion

Allium textile . White wild onion - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Allium textile A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.       textile onion
 Allium aridum Rydb.
 Allium geyeri S. Wats. var. textile (A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.) Boivin
 Allium reticulatum G. Don
 Allium reticulatum G. Don var. playanum M.E. Jones

Allium tricoccum . Wild leek - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Allium tricoccum Ait.       wild leek
 Validallium tricoccum (Ait.) Small

Allium tricoccum var. burdickii . Burdick's leek - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum . Wild leek - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng.       Chinese chives

Allium vineale L.       wild garlic

Allium vineale L. ssp. vineale       wild garlic


Alnus P. Mill.       alder

Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.       European alder
 Alnus alnus (L.) Britt.

Alnus incana (L.) Moench       gray alder

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa . Speckled alder - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alnus incana (L.) Moench ssp. rugosa (Du Roi) Clausen
Alnus incana (L.) Moench var. americana Regel
Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng.
Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng. var. americana (Regel) Fern.

Alnus viridis (Vill.) Lam. & DC.       green alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa . Green alder - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alnus viridis (Vill.) Lam. & DC. ssp. crispa (Ait.) Turrill       mountain alder
 Alnus crispa (Ait.) Pursh
 Alnus crispa (Ait.) Pursh var. elongata Raup
 Alnus crispa (Ait.) Pursh var. mollis (Fern.) Fern.
 Alnus ×hultenii Murai p.p.
 Alnus viridis (Vill.) Lam. & DC. var. crispa (Ait.) House
 Duschekia viridis (Vill.) Opiz p.p.


Alopecurus L.       foxtail

Alopecurus aequalis . Short-awn foxtail - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alopecurus aequalis Sobol.

Alopecurus aequalis Sobol. var. aequalis       shortawn foxtail
 Alopecurus aequalis Sobol. var. natans (Wahlenb.) Fern.
 Alopecurus aristulatus Michx.
 Alopecurus geniculatus L. var. aristulatus (Michx.) Torr.

Alopecurus carolinianus . Carolina foxtail - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Alopecurus carolinianus Walt.
 Alopecurus macounii Vasey
 Alopecurus ramosus Poir.

Alopecurus geniculatus L.       water foxtail
 Alopecurus pallescens Piper

Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.       slender meadow foxtail
 Alopecurus agrestis L.

Alopecurus pratensis . Meadow foxtail - Poaceae *MN* non-native
       Alopecurus pratensis L.       meadow foxtail


Althaea L.       marshmallow

Althaea officinalis L.       common marshmallow


Alyssum L.       madwort

Alyssum alyssoides . Alyssum - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
       Alyssum alyssoides (L.) L.       pale madwort
 Alyssum calycinum L.
 Clypeola alyssoides L.

Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit.       yellowtuft


Amaranthus L.       pigweed

Amaranthus albus . Tumbleweed - Amaranthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amaranthus albus L.       prostrate pigweed
 Amaranthus albus L. var. pubescens (Uline & Bray) Fern.
 Amaranthus graecizans auct. non L.
 Amaranthus graecizans L. var. pubescens Uline & Bray
 Amaranthus pubescens (Uline & Bray) Rydb.

Amaranthus arenicola I.M. Johnston       sandhill amaranth
 Amaranthus torreyi auct. non (Gray) Benth. ex S. Wats.

Amaranthus blitoides . Prostrate pigwee
       Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats.       mat amaranth
 Amaranthus graecizans auct. non L.

Amaranthus caudatus L.       love-lies-bleeding
 Amaranthus edulis Speg.

Amaranthus cruentus L.       red amaranth
 Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. cruentus (L.) Thellung
 Amaranthus hybridus L. var. cruentus (L.) Moq.
 Amaranthus paniculatus L.

Amaranthus hybridus . Smooth pigweed - Amaranthaceae *MN* non-native
       Amaranthus hybridus L.       slim amaranth
 Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd.
 Amaranthus incurvatus Tim. ex Gren. & Godr.
 Amaranthus patulus Bertol.

Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.       Prince-of-Wales feather
 Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. hypochondriacus (L.) Thellung
 Amaranthus leucocarpus S. Wats.

Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.       carelessweed

Amaranthus powellii . Powell's amaranth - Amaranthaceae *MN* non-native
       Amaranthus powellii S. Wats.       Powell's amaranth
 Amaranthus bouchonii Thellung
 Amaranthus bracteosus Uline & Bray
 Amaranthus retroflexus L. var. powellii (S. Wats.) Boivin
 Amaranthus viscidulus Greene

Amaranthus retroflexus . Redroot - Amaranthaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Amaranthus retroflexus L.       redroot amaranth
 Amaranthus retroflexus L. var. salicifolius I.M. Johnston

Amaranthus rudis . Tamarisk water hemp - Amaranthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amaranthus rudis Sauer       tall amaranth
 Acnida tamariscina auct. non (Nutt.) Wood
 Amaranthus tamariscinus auct. non Nutt.

Amaranthus spinosus L.       spiny amaranth

Amaranthus tricolor L.       Joseph's-coat
 Amaranthus gangeticus L.

Amaranthus tuberculatus . Tubercled amaranth - Amaranthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) Sauer       roughfruit amaranth
 Acnida altissima (Riddell) Moq. ex Standl.
 Acnida altissima (Riddell) Moq. ex Standl. var. prostrata (Uline & Bray) Fern.
 Acnida altissima (Riddell) Moq. ex Standl. var. subnuda (S. Wats.) Fern.
 Acnida concatenata (Moq.) Small
 Acnida subnuda (S. Wats.) Standl.
 Acnida tamariscina (Nutt.) Wood var. prostrata Uline & Bray
 Acnida tuberculata Moq.  Amaranthus altissimus Riddell
 Amaranthus ambigens Standl.
 Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) Sauer var. prostratus (Uline & Bray) B.L. Robins.
 Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) Sauer var. subnudus S. Wats.

Amaranthus viridis L.       slender amaranth
 Amaranthus gracilis Desf.


Ambrosia L.       ragweed

Ambrosia acanthicarpa . Annual bursage - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Ambrosia acanthicarpa Hook.       flatspine burr ragweed
 Franseria acanthicarpa (Hook.) Coville
 Gaertneria acanthicarpa (Hook.) Britt.

Ambrosia artemisiifolia . Common ragweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.       annual ragweed

Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. artemisiifolia       annual ragweed

Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourtils       annual ragweed
       Ambrosia elatior L.

Ambrosia bidentata . Lance-leaved ragweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
         Ambrosia bidentata Michx.      lanceleaf ragweed

Ambrosia ×helenae Rouleau

Ambrosia ×intergradiens Wagner

Ambrosia psilostachya . Western ragweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Ambrosia psilostachya DC.       Cuman ragweed
 Ambrosia californica Rydb.
 Ambrosia coronopifolia Torr. & Gray
 Ambrosia cumanensis auct. non Kunth
 Ambrosia psilostachya DC. var. californica (Rydb.) Blake
 Ambrosia psilostachya DC. var. coronopifolia (Torr. & Gray) Farw.
 Ambrosia psilostachya DC. var. lindheimeriana (Scheele) Blank.
 Ambrosia rugelii Rydb.

Ambrosia tomentosa Nutt.       skeletonleaf burr ragweed
 Franseria discolor Nutt.
 Franseria tomentosa (Nutt.) A. Nels., non Gray
 Gaertneria discolor (Nutt.) Kuntze
 Gaertneria tomentosa (Nutt.) Heller

Ambrosia trifida L.       great ragweed

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida . Great ragweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Ambrosia trifida L. var. trifida       great ragweed
 Ambrosia trifida L. var. integrifolia (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr. & Gray


Amelanchier Medik.       serviceberry

Amelanchier alnifolia . Saskatoon juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer       Saskatoon serviceberry

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer var. alnifolia       Saskatoon serviceberry

Amelanchier arborea . Downy serviceberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern.       common serviceberry

Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern. var. arborea       common serviceberry
 Amelanchier oblongifolia (Torr. & Gray) M. Roemer

Amelanchier bartramiana . Northern juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier bartramiana (Tausch) M. Roemer       oblongfruit serviceberry

Amelanchier humilis Wieg.       low serviceberry
 Amelanchier humilis Wieg. var. campestris Nielsen
 Amelanchier humilis Wieg. var. compacta Nielsen
 Amelanchier humilis Wieg. var. exserrata Nielsen
 Amelanchier mucronata Nielsen
 Amelanchier stolonifera auct. p.p. non Wieg.

Amelanchier interior . Inland juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier interior Nielsen       Pacific serviceberry
 Amelanchier wiegandii Nielsen

Amelanchier intermedia . Intermediate juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Amelanchier ×intermedia Spach (pro sp.)

Amelanchier laevis . Smooth juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier laevis Wieg.       Allegheny serviceberry
 Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern. var. cordifolia (Ashe) Boivin
 Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern. ssp. laevis (Wieg.) S. McKay ex Landry
 Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern. var. laevis (Wieg.) Ahles
 Amelanchier ×grandiflora Rehd.    Amelanchier laevis Wieg. var. nitida (Wieg.) Fern.

Amelanchier ×neglecta Egglest. ex G.N. Jones (pro sp.)

Amelanchier ×quinti-martii Louis-Marie (pro sp.)

Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC.       roundleaf serviceberry

Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC. var. gaspensis Wieg.       Gaspe serviceberry
 Amelanchier gaspensis (Wieg.) Fern. & Weatherby

Amelanchier sanguinea var. sanguinea . Huron juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC. var. sanguinea       roundleaf serviceberry
 Amelanchier amabilis Wieg.
 Amelanchier huronensis Wieg.

Amelanchier spicata . Creeping juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amelanchier stolonifera Wieg.       running serviceberry
 Amelanchier spicata auct. p.p. non (Lam.) K. Koch

Amelanchier wiegandii . Wiegand's juneberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Amerorchis

Amerorchis rotundifolia . Small round-leaved orchis - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Ammannia L.       redstem

Ammannia coccinea . Ammannia - Lythraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Ammannia coccinea Rottb.       valley redstem
 Ammannia coccinea Rottb. ssp. purpurea (Lam.) Koehne
 Ammannia teres Raf.

Ammannia robusta Heer & Regel       grand redstem
 Ammannia coccinea Rottb. ssp. robusta (Heer & Regel) Koehne


Ammophila Host       beachgrass

Ammophila breviligulata . Beachgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
          Ammophila breviligulata Fern.       American beachgrass


Amorpha L.       false indigo

Amorpha canescens . Leadplant - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amorpha canescens Pursh
 Amorpha brachycarpa Palmer

Amorpha fruticosa . False indigo - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amorpha fruticosa L.       desert false indigo
 Amorpha angustifolia (Pursh) Boynt
 Amorpha bushii Rydb.
 Amorpha croceolanata P.W. Wats.
 Amorpha curtissii Rydb.
 Amorpha dewinkeleri Small
 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. angustifolia Pursh
 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. croceolanata (P.W. Wats.) P.W. Wats. ex Mouillef.
 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. emarginata Pursh
 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. occidentalis (Abrams) Kearney & Peebles
 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. oblongifolia Palmer
 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. tennesseensis (Shuttlw. ex Kunze) Palmer
 Amorpha occidentalis Abrams
 Amorpha occidentalis Abrams var. arizonica (Rydb.) Palmer
 Amorpha occidentalis Abrams var. emarginata (Pursh) Palmer
 Amorpha tennesseensis Shuttlw. ex Kunze
 Amorpha virgata Small

Amorpha nana . Fragrant false indigo - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Amorpha nana Nutt.       dwarf false indigo


Ampelopsis Michx.       peppervine

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv.       Amur peppervine
       Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. var. maximowiczii (Regel) Rehd.
       Ampelopsis heterophylla (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.

Ampelopsis cordata Michx.       heartleaf peppervine
       Cissus ampelopsis Pers.


Amphicarpaea Ell. ex Nutt.       hogpeanut

Amphicarpaea bracteata . Hog peanut - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.       American hogpeanut

Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. var. bracteata       American hogpeanut
 Amphicarpaea comosa (L.) G. Don
 Amphicarpaea pitcheri Torr. & Gray
 Falcata comosa (L.) Kuntze
 Falcata pitcheri (Torr. & Gray) Kuntze
 Glycine comosa L.


Amsinckia Lehm.       fiddleneck
       Amsinckia lycopsoides Lehm.       tarweed fiddlenec
 Amsinckia barbata Greene
 Benthamia lycopsoides (Lehm.) Lindl. ex Druce


Anagallis L.       pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis . Pimpernel - Primulaceae *MN* non-native
       Anagallis arvensis L.       scarlet pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis L. ssp. arvensis       scarlet pimpernel

Anagallis minima . Chaffweed - Primulaceae *MN* non-native
        Anagallis minima (L.) Krause       pearly everlasting
 Centunculus minimus L.


Anaphalis DC.       pearly everlasting
      
Anaphalis margaritacea . Pearly everlasting - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth.       western pearly everlasting
 Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. var. angustior (Miq.) Nakai
 Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. var. intercedens Hara
 Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. var. occidentalis Greene
 Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. var. revoluta Suksdorf
 Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. var. subalpina Gray
 Anaphalis occidentalis (Greene) Heller
 Gnaphalium margaritaceum L.


Anchusa L.       bugloss

Anchusa arvensis . Alkanet - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
       Anchusa arvensis (L.) Bieb.       small bugloss
 Lycopsis arvensis L.

Anchusa azurea P. Mill.       Italian bugloss
 Anchusa italica Retz.

Anchusa officinalis L.       common bugloss
 Anchusa procera Bess. ex Link


Andromeda L.      bog rosemary

Andromeda polifolia L.       bog rosemary

Andromeda polifolia L. var. glaucophylla (Link) DC.       bog rosemary
       Andromeda glaucophylla . Bog rosemary - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
 Andromeda glaucophylla Link
 Andromeda glaucophylla Link var. iodandra Fern.
 Andromeda polifolia L. ssp. glaucophylla (Link) Hultén


Andropogon L.       bluestem

Andropogon gerardii . Big bluestem - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Andropogon gerardii Vitman
 Andropogon chrysocomus Nash
 Andropogon furcatus Muhl. ex Willd.
 Andropogon gerardii Vitman var. chrysocomus (Nash) Fern.
 Andropogon provincialis Lam.

Andropogon hallii . Sand bluestem - Poaceae *MN* non-native
       Andropogon hallii Hack.
 Andropogon gerardii Vitman var. incanescens (Hack.) Boivin
 Andropogon gerardii Vitman var. paucipilus (Nash) Fern.
 Andropogon hallii Hack. var. incanescens Hack.
 Andropogon paucipilus Nash

Andropogon virginicus L.       broomsedge bluestem

Andropogon virginicus L. var. virginicus       broomsedge bluestem
 Andropogon virginicus L. var. tetrastachyus (Ell.) Hack.


Androsace L.       rockjasmine

Androsace occidentalis . Western androsace - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Androsace occidentalis Pursh       western rockjasmine
 Androsace arizonica (Gray) Derganc
 Androsace occidentalis Pursh var. arizonica (Gray) St. John
 Androsace occidentalis Pursh var. simplex (Rydb.) St. John

Androsace septentrionalis . Northern androsace - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Androsace septentrionalis L.       pygmyflower rockjasmine
 Androsace puberulenta Rydb.
 Androsace septentrionalis L. var. puberulenta (Rydb.) R. Knuth


Anemone L.       anemone

Anemone acutiloba . Sharp-lobed hepatica - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Anemone americana . Round-lobed hepatica - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Anemone blanda Schott & Kotschy       Greek thimbleweed

Anemone canadensis . Canada anemone - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone canadensis L.       Canadian anemone
 Anemonidium canadense (L.) A.& D. Löve

Anemone caroliniana . Thimbleweed - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone caroliniana Walt.       Carolina anemone

Anemone cylindrica . Long-headed thimbleweed - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone cylindrica Gray       candle anemone

Anemone halleri . Haller's anemone - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Anemone multifida var. multifida . Cut-leaved anemone - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone multifida Poir.       Pacific anemone

Anemone multifida Poir. var. hudsoniana DC.       Hudson's anemone
 Anemone globosa (Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex Pritz
 Anemone hudsoniana (DC.) Richards.
 Anemone multifida Poir. var. globosa Torr. & Gray
 Anemone multifida Poir. var. nowosadii Boivin

Anemone patens var. multifida . Pasqueflower - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia . Wood anemone - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone quinquefolia L.       nightcaps

Anemone quinquefolia L. var. bifolia Farw.       twoleaf anemone
 Anemone nemorosa L. var. bifolia (Farw.) Boivin
 Anemone quinquefolia L. var. interior Fern.

Anemone virginiana . Tall thimbleweed - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone virginiana L.

Anemone virginiana var. alba . Tall thimbleweed - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone virginiana L. var. alba (Oakes) Wood
 Anemone cylindrica Gray var. alba Oakes
 Anemone riparia Fern.
 Anemone virginiana L. var. riparia (Fern.) Boivin

Anemone virginiana var. cylindroidea . Tall thimbleweed - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone virginiana L. var. cylindroidea Boivin      

Anemone virginiana var. virginiana . Tall thimbleweed - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Anemone virginiana L. var. virginiana


Anethum L.       dill
 
Anethum graveolens . Dill - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
       Anethum graveolens L.


Angelica L.       angelica

Angelica atropurpurea . Angelica - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Angelica atropurpurea L.       purplestem angelica
 Angelica atropurpurea L. var. occidentalis Fassett

Angelica venenosa (Greenway) Fern.       hairy angelica
 Angelica villosa (Walt.) B.S.P.


Antennaria Gaertn.       pussytoes

Antennaria howellii Greene       Howell's pussytoes

Antennaria howellii Greene ssp. canadensis (Greene) Bayer       Canadian pussytoes
 Antennaria canadensis Greene
 Antennaria neodioica Greene ssp. canadensis (Greene) Bayer & Stebbins
 Antennaria neglecta Greene var. randii (Fern.) Cronq.
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. randii (Fern.) Boivin
 Antennaria randii Fern.
 Antennaria spathulata (Fern.) Fern.

Antennaria howellii Greene ssp. neodioica (Greene) Bayer       Howell's pussytoes
 Antennaria grandis (Fern.) House
 Antennaria neodioica Greene
 Antennaria neglecta Greene var. attenuata (Fern.) Cronq.
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. attenuata Fern.
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. chlorophylla Fern.
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. grandis Fern.
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. interjecta Fern.
 Antennaria neglecta Greene var. neodioica (Greene) Cronq.
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. rupicola (Fern.) Fern.
 Antennaria obovata E. Nels.
 Antennaria rhodantha Fern.
 Antennaria rupicola Fern.
 Antennaria russellii Boivin

Antennaria howellii Greene ssp. petaloidea (Fern.) Bayer       small pussytoes
 Antennaria appendiculata Fern.
 Antennaria concolor Piper
 Antennaria neodioica Greene ssp. petaloidea (Fern.) Bayer & Stebbins
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. petaloidea Fern.
 Antennaria neglecta Greene var. petaloidea (Fern.) Cronq.
 Antennaria petaloidea (Fern.) Fern.
 Antennaria pedicellata Greene
 Antennaria petaloidea (Fern.) Fern. var. scariosa Fern.
 Antennaria petaloidea (Fern.) Fern. var. subcorymbosa (Fern.) Fern.
 Antennaria stenolepis Greene

Antennaria microphylla . Tiny-leaved pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Antennaria microphylla Rydb.       littleleaf pussytoes
 Antennaria bracteosa Rydb.
 Antennaria nitida Greene
 Antennaria parvifolia sensu Greene, non Nutt.
 Antennaria parvifolia Nutt. var. bracteosa (Rydb.) A. Nels.
 Antennaria rosea Greene var. nitida (Greene) Breitung
 Antennaria solstitialis Lunell

Antennaria neglecta . Field pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Antennaria neglecta Greene       field pussytoes
 Antennaria angustiarum Lunell
 Antennaria athabascensis Greene
 Antennaria campestris Rydb.
 Antennaria campestris Rydb. var. athabascensis (Greene) Boivin
 Antennaria chelonica Lunell
 Antennaria erosa Greene
 Antennaria howellii Greene var. athabascensis (Greene) Boivin
 Antennaria howellii Greene var. campestris (Rydb.) Boivin
 Antennaria longifolia Greene
 Antennaria lunellii Greene
 Antennaria nebraskensis Greene
 Antennaria neglecta Greene var. athabascensis (Greene) Taylor & MacBryde
 Antennaria neglecta Greene var. campestris (Rydb.) Steyermark
 Antennaria parvula Greene
 Antennaria wilsonii Greene

Antennaria neglecta var. canadensis . Field pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria neglecta var. neglecta . Field pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria neglecta var. neodioica . Field pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria neglecta var. petaloidea . Field pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria parlinii Fern.       Parlin's pussytoes

Antennaria parlinii Fern. ssp. fallax (Greene) Bayer & Stebbins       Parlin's pussytoes
 Antennaria ambigens (Greene) Fern.
 Antennaria ampla Bush
 Antennaria arkansana Greene
 Antennaria arnoglossa Greene var. ambigens Greene
 Antennaria bifrons Greene
 Antennaria brainerdii Greene
 Antennaria calophylla Greene
 Antennaria fallax Greene
 Antennaria farwellii Greene
 Antennaria fallax Greene var. calophylla (Greene) Fern
 Antennaria greenei Bush
 Antennaria mesochora Greene
 Antennaria munda Fern.
 Antennaria occidentalis Greene
 Antennaria parlinii Fern. var. farwellii (Greene) Boivin
 Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards. var. ambigens (Greene) Cronq.
 Antennaria umbellata Greene

Antennaria parlinii Fern. ssp. parlinii       Parlin's pussytoes
          Antennaria arnoglossa Greene
          Antennaria parlinii Fern. var. arnoglossa (Greene) Fern.
          Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards. var. arnoglossa (Greene) Cronq.

Antennaria parvifolia . Small-leaved pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Antennaria parvifolia Nutt.       small-leaf pussytoes
 Antennaria aprica Greene
 Antennaria aprica Greene var. minuscula (Boivin) Boivin
 Antennaria aureola Lunell
 Antennaria holmii Greene
 Antennaria latisquamea Greene
 Antennaria minuscula Boivin
 Antennaria obtusata Greene
 Antennaria pumila Greene
 Antennaria recurva Greene
 Antennaria rhodanthus Suksdorf

Antennaria plantaginifolia . Plantain-leaved pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards.       woman's tobacco
 Antennaria caroliniana Rydb.
 Antennaria decipiens Greene
 Antennaria denikeana Boivin
 Antennaria nemoralis Greene
 Antennaria petiolata Fern.
 Antennaria pinetorum Greene
 Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards. var. petiolata (Fern.) Heller
 Gnaphalium plantaginifolium L.

Antennaria plantaginifolia var. ambigens . Plantain-leaved pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria plantaginifolia var. parlinii . Plantain-leaved pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria plantaginifolia var. plantaginifolia . Plantain-leaved pussytoes - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Antennaria rosea Greene       rosy pussytoes

Antennaria rosea Greene ssp. rosea       rosy pussytoes
 Antennaria acuminata Greene
 Antennaria alborosea Porsild ex M.P. Porsild
 Antennaria chlorantha Greene
 Antennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn. var. rosea (Greene) D.C. Eat.
 Antennaria formosa Greene
 Antennaria hendersonii Piper
 Antennaria imbricata E. Nels.
 Antennaria lanulosa Greene
 Antennaria neodioica Greene var. chlorantha (Greene) Boivin
 Antennaria oxyphylla Greene
 Antennaria rosea Greene ssp. divaricata E. Nels.
 Antennaria rosea Greene var. imbricata (E. Nels.) E. Nels.
 Antennaria speciosa Greene


Anthemis L.       chamomile

Anthemis arvensis L.       corn chamomile
 Anthemis arvensis L. var. agrestis (Wallr.) DC.

Anthemis cotula . Dog fennel - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Anthemis cotula L.       stinking chamomile
 Maruta cotula (L.) DC.

Anthemis tinctoria . Golden marquerite - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Anthemis tinctoria L.       golden chamomile
 Cota tinctoria (L.) J. Gay


Anthoxanthum L.       vernalgrass

Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss.       annual vernalgrass
 Anthoxanthum odoratum L. var. puelii (Lecoq & Lamotte) Coss. & Durieu
 Anthoxanthum puelii Lecoq & Lamotte

Anthoxanthum odoratum L.       sweet vernalgrass


Anthriscus Pers.       chervil

Anthriscus sylvestris . Chervil - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
       Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffmann       wild chervil
 Chaerophyllum sylvestre L.


Anthyllis L.       kidneyvetch

Anthyllis vulneraria L.       common kidneyvetch


Antirrhinum L.       snapdragon

Antirrhinum majus L.       garden snapdragon


Apera Adans.       silkybent

Apera interrupta (L.) Beauv.       dense silkybent
 Agrostis interrupta L.

Apera spica-venti (L.) Beauv.       loose silkybent
 Agrostis spica-venti L


Apios Fabr.       groundnut

Apios americana . Groundnut - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Apios americana Medik.
 Apios americana Medik. var. turrigera Fern
 Glycine apios L


Aplectrum Torr.       Adam and Eve

Aplectrum hyemale . Puttyroot - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr.       Adam and Eve


Apocynum L.       dogbane

Apocynum androsaemifolium . Spreading dogbane - Apocynaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
 Apocynum ambigens Greene
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. glabrum Macoun
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. griseum (Greene) Bég. & Bel.
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. intermedium Woods.
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. incanum A. DC.
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. ssp. pumilum (Gray) Boivin
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. pumilum Gray
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. tomentellum (Greene) Boivin
 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. woodsonii Boivin
 Apocynum pumilum (Gray) Greene
 Apocynum pumilum (Gray) Greene var. rhomboideum (Greene) Bég. & Bel.
 Apocynum scopulorum Greene ex Rydb.

Apocynum cannabinum . American hemp - Apocynaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Apocynum cannabinum L.       Indianhemp
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. angustifolium (Woot.) N. Holmgren
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. glaberrimum A. DC.
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. greeneanum (Bég. & Bel.) Woods.
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. hypericifolium Gray
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. nemorale (G.S. Mill.) Fern.
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. pubescens (Mitchell ex R. Br.) Woods.
 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. suksdorfii (Greene) Bég. & Bel.
 Apocynum hypericifolium Ait.
 Apocynum pubescens Mitchell ex R. Br.
 Apocynum sibiricum Jacq.
 Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var. cordigerum (Greene) Fern.
 Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var. farwellii (Greene) Fern.
 Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var. salignum (Greene) Fern.
 Apocynum suksdorfii Greene
 Apocynum suksdorfii Greene var. angustifolium (Woot.) Woods.

Apocynum sibiricum . Clasping dogbane - Apocynaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Apocynum floribundum . Intermediate dogbane - Apocynaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Apocynum ×floribundum Greene (pro sp.)
 Apocynum jonesii Woods.
 Apocynum medium Greene
 Apocynum medium Greene var. floribundum (Greene) Woods.
 Apocynum medium Greene var. lividum (Greene) Woods.
 Apocynum medium Greene var. leuconeuron (Greene) Woods.
 Apocynum medium Greene var. sarniense (Greene) Woods.
 Apocynum medium Greene var. vestitum (Greene) Woods.
 Apocynum milleri Britt.


Aquilegia L.       columbine

Aquilegia brevistyla Hook.       smallflower columbine

Aquilegia canadensis . Columbine - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aquilegia canadensis L.       red columbine
 Aquilegia australis Small
 Aquilegia canadensis L. var. australis (Small) Munz
 Aquilegia canadensis L. var. coccinea (Small) Munz
 Aquilegia canadensis L. var. eminens (Greene) Boivin
 Aquilegia canadensis L. var. hybrida Hook.
 Aquilegia canadensis L. var. latiuscula (Greene) Munz
 Aquilegia coccinea Small
 Aquilegia phoenicantha Cory

Aquilegia vulgaris . European columbine - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
       Aquilegia vulgaris L.       European columbine


Arabidopsis Heynh.       rockcress

Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.       mouseear cress
 Arabis thaliana L.
 Sisymbrium thalianum (L.) J. Gay & Monn.


Arabis L.       rockcress

Arabis canadensis . Sicklepod - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis canadensis L.       sicklepod

Arabis caucasica Willd.       gray rockcress
 Arabis albida Stev.
 Arabis albida Stev.

Arabis divaricarpa . Spreading rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis ×divaricarpa A. Nels. (pro sp.)       spreadingpod rockcress
  Arabis acutina Greene
Arabis confinis S. Wats. var. interposita (Greene) Welsh & Reveal
Arabis divaricarpa A. Nels. var. dechamplainii Boivin
Arabis divaricarpa A. Nels. var. interposita (Greene) Rollins
Arabis divaricarpa A. Nels. var. stenocarpa M. Hopkins
Arabis divaricarpa A. Nels. var. typica Rollins
Arabis interposita Greene
Boechera divaricarpa (A. Nels.) A.& D. Löve

Arabis drummondii . Drummond's rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis drummondii Gray
Arabis brachycarpa (Torr. & Gray) Britt.
Arabis connexa Greene
Arabis confinis S. Wats.
Arabis drummondii Gray var. connexa (Greene) Fern.
Arabis drummondii Gray var. oxyphylla (Greene) M. Hopkins
Arabis oxyphylla Greene
Boechera drummondii (Gray) A.& D. Löve
Erysimum drummondii (Gray) Kuntze
Turritis drummondii (Gray) Lunell

Arabis glabra . Tower mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh.       tower rockcress
  Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh. var. furcatipilis M. Hopkins
  Turritis glabra L.

Arabis hirsuta . Hairy rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.

Arabis hirsuta var. adpressipilis . Hairy rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. glabrata Torr. & Gray       mountain rockcress

Arabis hirsuta var. pycnocarpa . Hairy rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. pycnocarpa (M. Hopkins) Rollins       creamflower rockcress
Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. adpressipilis (M. Hopkins) Rollins
Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. ssp. pycnocarpa (M. Hopkins) Hultén
Arabis ovata sensu Small, non Michx.
Arabis pycnocarpa M. Hopkins
Arabis pycnocarpa M. Hopkins var. adpressipilis M. Hopkins

Arabis holboellii Hornem.       Holboell's rockcress

Arabis holboellii var. retrofracta . Holboell's rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Arabis holboellii Hornem. var. retrofracta (Graham) Rydb.
Arabis arcuata (Nutt.) Gray var. secunda (T.J. Howell) Robertson
Arabis caduca A. Nels.
Arabis consanguinea Greene
Arabis exilis A. Nels.
Arabis holboellii Hornem. var. consanguinea (Greene) G. Mulligan
Arabis holboellii Hornem. var. secunda (T.J. Howell) Jepson
Arabis holboellii Hornem. var. tenuis Böcher
Arabis kochii Blank.
Arabis lignipes A. Nels.
Arabis mcdougalii Rydb.
Arabis polyantha Greene
Arabis retrofracta Graham
Arabis retrofracta Graham var. multicaulis Boivin
Arabis rhodanthus Greene
Arabis secunda T.J. Howell
Arabis tenuis Greene
Boechera retrofracta (Graham) A.& D. Löve
Boechera tenuis (Böcher) A.& D. Löve

Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir.       smooth rockcress

Arabis laevigata var. laevigata . Smooth rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir. var. laevigata       smooth rockcress
Arabis heterophylla Nutt.
Arabis lyrifolia DC.
Turritis laevigata Muhl. ex Willd.

Arabis lyrata . Lyre-leaved rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis lyrata L.       lyrate rockcress
  Arabidopsis lyrata (L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
  Arabis lyrata L. var. glabra (DC.) M. Hopkins

Arabis missouriensis Greene       green rockcress
Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir. var. missouriensis (Greene) Ahles
Arabis missouriensis Greene var. deamii (M. Hopkins) M. Hopkins
Arabis viridis Harger
Arabis viridis Harger var. deamii M. Hopkins
Arabis viridis Harger var. heterophylla (Farw.) Farw.

Arabis ?procurrens Waldst. & Kit.       running rockcress

Arabis shortii . Stellate rock cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arabis shortii (Fern.) Gleason       Short's rockcress
Arabis dentata (Torr.) Torr. & Gray
Arabis dentata (Torr.) Torr. & Gray var. phalacrocarpa M. Hopkins
Arabis perstellata E.L. Braun var. phalacrocarpa (M. Hopkins) Fern.
Arabis perstellata E.L. Braun var. shortii Fern.
Arabis shortii (Fern.) Gleason var. phalacrocarpa (M. Hopkins) Steyermark
Iodanthus dentatus (Torr.) Greene
Sisymbrium dentatum Torr.


Aralia L.       spikenard

Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem.       Japanese angelica tree

Aralia hispida . Bristly sarsaparilla - Araliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aralia hispida Vent.

Aralia nudicaulis . Wild sarsaparilla - Araliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aralia nudicaulis L.

Aralia racemosa . American spikenard - Araliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aralia racemosa L.

Aralia racemosa L. ssp. racemosa       American spikenard


Arceuthobium Bieb.       dwarf mistletoe

Arceuthobium pusillum . Dwarf mistletoe - Viscaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arceuthobium pusillum Peck       eastern dwarf mistletoe
  Razoumofskya pusilla (Peck) Kuntze


Arctium L.       burrdock

Arctium lappa L.       greater burrdock
Lappa major Gaertner

Arctium minus . Common burdock - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Arctium minus Bernh.       lesser burrdock
Lappa minor Hill

Arctium tomentosum . Hairy burdock - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Arctium tomentosum P. Mill.       woolly burrdock


Arctostaphylos Adans.       manzanita

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi . Bearberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.       kinnikinnick
Arctostaphylos adenotricha (Fern. & J.F. Macbr.) A.& D. Löve & Kapoor
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. adenotricha Fern. & J.F. Macbr.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ssp. adenotricha (Fern. & J.F. Macbr.) Calder & Taylor
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. coactilis Fern. & J.F. Macbr.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ssp. coactilis (Fern. & J.F. Macbr.) A.& D. Löve & Kapoor
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ssp. longipilosa Packer & Denford
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. leobreweri J.B. Roof
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. marinensis J.B. Roof
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ssp. monoensis J.B. Roof
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. pacifica Hultén
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ssp. stipitata Packer & Denford
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. stipitata (Packer & Denford) Dorn
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. suborbiculata W. Knight
Uva-Ursi uva-ursi (L.) Britt.


Arenaria L.       sandwort

Arenaria lateriflora . Side-flowering sandwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Arenaria macrophylla . Large-leaved sandwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list

Arenaria serpyllifolia L.       thymeleaf sandwort
Arenaria leptoclados (Reichenb.) Guss.
Arenaria serpyllifolia L. ssp. leptoclados (Reichenb.) Nyman
Arenaria serpyllifolia L. var. tenuior Mert. & Koch

Arenaria serpyllifolia var. serpyllifolia . Thyme-leaved sandwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native

Arenaria stricta var. litorea . Rock sandwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list


Arethusa L.       dragon's mouth

Arethusa bulbosa . Dragon's mouth - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arethusa bulbosa L.


Argemone L.       pricklypoppy

Argemone albiflora Hornem.       bluestem pricklypoppy

Argemone albiflora Hornem. ssp. albiflora       bluestem pricklypoppy
Argemone alba Lestib. f.

Argemone mexicana L.       Mexican pricklypoppy
Argemone leiocarpa Greene


Argentina Hill       silverweed
 
Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb.       silverweed cinquefoil
Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb. var. concolor (Ser.) Rydb.
Argentina argentea (L.) Rydb.
Potentilla anserina L.
Potentilla anserina L. var. concolor Ser.
Potentilla anserina L. var. sericea Hayne
Potentilla anserina L. var. yukonensis (Hultén) Boivin
Potentilla egedii Wormsk. ssp. yukonensis (Hultén) Hultén
Potentilla yukonensis Hultén


Arisaema Mart.       Jack in the pulpit

Arisaema dracontium . Green dragon - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott
  Muricauda dracontium (L.) Small

Arisaema triphyllum . Jack-in-the-pulpit - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott       Jack in the pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott ssp. pusillum (Peck) Huttleston       Jack in the pulpit
  Arisaema acuminatum Small
  Arisaema pusillum (Peck) Nash

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott ssp. stewardsonii (Britt.) Huttleston       Jack in the pulpit
  Arisaema atrorubens (Ait.) Blume var. stewardsonii (Britt.) G.T. Stevens
  Arisaema stewardsonii Britt.

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott ssp. triphyllum       Jack in the pulpit
  Arisaema atrorubens (Ait.) Blume


Aristida L.       threeawn

Aristida basiramea . Base-branched three-awn - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aristida basiramea Engelm. ex Vasey       forked threeawn

Aristida dichotoma var. curtissii . Churchmouse three-awn - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aristida dichotoma Michx.       churchmouse threeawn

Aristida dichotoma Michx. var. curtissii Gray ex S. Wats. & Coult.       Curtis' threeawn
Aristida basiramea Engelm. ex Vasey var. curtissii (Gray ex S. Wats. & Coult.) Shinners
Aristida curtissii (Gray ex S. Wats. & Coult.) Nash

Aristida dichotoma Michx. var. dichotoma       churchmouse threeawn

Aristida longispica Poir.       slimspike threeawn

Aristida longespica var. geniculata . Slimspike three-awn - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aristida longispica Poir. var. geniculata (Raf.) Fern.       slimspike threeawn
Aristida geniculata Raf.
Aristida intermedia Scribn. & Ball
Aristida necopina Shinners

Aristida longispica Poir. var. longispica       slimspike threeawn
Aristida gracilis Ell.

Aristida oligantha . Prairie three-awn - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aristida oligantha Michx.       prairie threeawn
Aristida ramosissima Engelm. ex Gray var. chaseana Henr.

Aristida purpurascens Poir.       arrowfeather threeawn

Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens       arrowfeather threeawn
  Aristida affinis (J.A. Schultes) Kunth
  Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. minor Vasey

Aristida purpurea Nutt.       purple threeawn

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta . Red three-awn - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey       Fendler threeawn
Aristida longiseta Steud.
Aristida longiseta Steud. var. robusta Merr.
Aristida longiseta Steud. var. rariflora A.S. Hitchc.
Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. robusta (Merr.) Piper

Aristida tuberculosa . Seaside three-awn - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Aristida tuberculosa Nutt.       seaside threeawn


Aristolochia L.       dutchman's pipe

Aristolochia clematitis L.       birthwort

Aristolochia macrophylla Lam.       pipevine

Aristolochia macrophylla Lam.       pipevine
Aristolochia durior Hill
Isotrema macrophyllum (Lam.) C.F. Reed

Aristolochia serpentaria L.       Virginia snakeroot
Aristolochia convolvulacea Small
Aristolochia hastata Nutt.
Aristolochia nashii Kearney
Aristolochia serpentaria L. var. hastata (Nutt.) Duchartre
Aristolochia serpentaria L. var. nashii (Kearney) Ahles
Endodeca serpentaria (L.) Raf. var. hastata (Nutt.) C.F. Reed

Aristolochia tomentosa Sims       woolly dutchman's pipe
Isotrema tomentosa (Sims) Huber


Armoracia P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.       armoracia

Armoracia lacustris . Lake-cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Armoracia rusticana . Horseradish - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
       Armoracia rusticana P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.       horseradish
Armoracia armoracia (L.) Britt.
Armoracia lapathifolia Gilib.
Cochlearia armoracia L.
Nasturtium armoracia (L.) Fries
Radicula armoracia (L.) B.L. Robins.
Rorippa armoracia (L.) A.S. Hitchc.


Arnica L.       arnica

Arnica cordifolia Hook.       heartleaf arnica
Arnica cordifolia Hook. ssp. genuina Maguire
Arnica cordifolia Hook. var. humilis (Rydb.) Maguire
Arnica cordifolia Hook. var. pumila (Rydb.) Maguire
Arnica cordifolia Hook. var. whitneyi (Fern.) Maguire
Arnica hardinae St. John
Arnica humilis Rydb.
Arnica paniculata A. Nels.
Arnica whitneyi Fern.

Arnica lonchophylla Greene       longleaf arnica

Arnica lonchophylla var. lonchophylla . Long-leaved arnica - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Arnica lonchophylla Greene ssp. lonchophylla       longleaf arnica
Arnica alpina (L.) Olin var. lonchophylla (Greene) Welsh
Arnica alpina (L.) Olin ssp. lonchophylla (Greene) Taylor & MacBryde
Arnica angustifolia Vahl ssp. lonchophylla (Greene) G.W. Douglas & G. Ruyle-Douglas
Arnica chionopappa Fern.
Arnica gaspensis Fern.
Arnica lonchophylla Greene ssp. chionopappa (Fern.) Maguire


Arnoglossum Raf.       Indian plaintain

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (L.) H.E. Robins.       pale Indian plaintain
  Cacalia atriplicifolia L.
  Cacalia rotundifolia (Raf.) House
  Mesadenia atriplicifolia (L.) Raf.

Arnoglossum muehlenbergii (Schultz-Bip.) H.E. Robins.       great Indian plaintain
Arnoglossum reniforme (Hook.) H.E. Robins.
Cacalia muehlenbergii (Schultz-Bip.) Fern.
Cacalia reniformis Muhl. ex Willd., non Lam.
Mesadenia reniformis Raf.
Senecio muehlenbergii Schultz-Bip.

Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.       groovestem Indian plaintain
Cacalia paniculata Raf.
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
Cacalia pteranthes Raf.
Cacalia tuberosa Nutt.
Mesadenia tuberosa (Nutt.) Britt.


Arnoseris Gaertn.       arnoseris

Arnoseris minima (L.) Schweig. & Koerte       lamb succory
Hyoseris minima L.


Aronia melanocarpa . Black chokeberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Arrhenatherum Beauv.       oatgrass

Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl       tall oatgrass

Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl var. bulbosum (Willd.) Spenner       tall oatgrass
  Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl ssp. bulbosum (Willd.) Schübler & G. Martens
  Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl var. tuberosum Thiel.

Arrhenatherum elatius var. elatius . Tall oat grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
        Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl var. elatius       tall oatgrass
  Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl var. biaristatum (Peterm.) Peterm.
  Avena elatior L.


Artemisia L.       sagebrush

Artemisia abrotanum . Southernwood - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
        Artemisia abrotanum L.       southernwood
  Artemisia procera Willd.

Artemisia absinthium . Absinthe wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Artemisia absinthium L.       absinthium
  Artemisia absinthium L. var. insipida Stechmann

Artemisia annua . Sweet wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Artemisia annua L.       sweet sagewort

Artemisia biennis . Biennial wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Artemisia biennis Willd. var. biennis       biennial wormwood

Artemisia campestris . Tall wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Artemisia campestris L.       field sagewort

Artemisia campestris ssp. borealis . Tall wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements       field sagewort

Artemisia campestris L. ssp. borealis (Pallas) Hall & Clements var. borealis (Pallas) M.E. Peck       field sagewort
Artemisia borealis Pallas
Artemisia borealis Pallas var. latisecta Fern.
Artemisia borealis Pallas ssp. purshii (Hook.) Hultén
Artemisia borealis Pallas var. purshii Hook.
Artemisia canadensis Michx.
Artemisia campestris L. var. canadensis (Michx.) Welsh
Artemisia campestris L. ssp. canadensis (Michx.) Scoggan
Artemisia campestris L. var. purshii (Hook.) Cronq.
Artemisia richardsoniana Bess.
Artemisia spithamea Pursh
Oligosporus groenlandicus (Hornem.) A.& D. Löve

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata . Tall wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Artemisia campestris L. ssp. caudata (Michx.) Hall & Clements       field sagewort
Artemisia caudata Michx.
Artemisia campestris L. var. caudata (Michx.) Palmer & Steyermark
Artemisia caudata Michx. var. calvens Lunell
Artemisia forwoodii S. Wats.
Oligosporus caudatus Poljakov
Oligosporus campestris (L.) Cass. ssp. caudatus (Michx.) W.A. Weber

Artemisia cana Pursh       silver sagebrush

Artemisia cana Pursh ssp. cana       silver sagebrush
  Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber

Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth.       Carruth's sagewort
  Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth. var. wrightii (Gray) Blake
  Artemisia kansana Britt.

Artemisia dracunculus . Tarragon - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Artemisia dracunculus L.       tarragon
Artemisia dracunculoides Pursh
Artemisia dracunculoides Pursh var. dracunculina (S. Wats.) Blake
Artemisia dracunculus L. ssp. glauca (Pallas ex Willd.) Hall & Clements
Artemisia dracunculus L. var. glauca (Pallas ex Willd.) Bess.
Artemisia glauca Pallas ex Willd.
Artemisia glauca Pallas ex Willd. var. dracunculina (S. Wats.) Fern.
Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov
Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. dracunculinus (S. Wats.) W.A. Weber
Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. glaucus (Pallas ex Willd.) A.& D. Löve

Artemisia frigida . Sage wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Artemisia frigida Willd.       prairie sagewort

Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.       white sagebrush

Artemisia ludoviciana var. ludoviciana . White sage - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
        Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. ludoviciana        white sagebrush
Artemisia diversifolia Rydb.
Artemisia gnaphalodes Nutt.
Artemisia herriotii Rydb.
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. americana (Bess.) Fern.
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. brittonii (Rydb.) Fern.
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. gnaphalodes (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. latifolia (Bess.) Torr. & Gray
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. var. pabularis (A. Nels.) Fern.
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. typica Keck
Artemisia pabularis (A. Nels.) Rydb.
Artemisia purshiana Bess.
Artemisia vulgaris L. ssp. ludoviciana (Nutt.) Hall & Clements
Artemisia vulgaris L. var. ludoviciana (Nutt.) Kuntze

Artemisia pontica . Roman wormwood - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Artemisia pontica L.       Roman wormwood

Artemisia serrata . Leafy mugwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Artemisia serrata Nutt.       sawtooth wormwood

Artemisia stelleriana . Dusty Miller - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Artemisia stelleriana Bess.       oldwoman

Artemisia vulgaris . Common mugwort - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
       Artemisia vulgaris L.       common wormwood

Artemisia vulgaris L. var. vulgaris       common wormwood
Artemisia selengensis Turcz. ex Bess.
Artemisia vulgaris L. var. glabra Ledeb.
Artemisia vulgaris L. var. latiloba Ledeb.
Artemisia vulgaris L. var. selengensis (Turcz. ex Bess.) Maxim.


Aruncus L.       aruncus

Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern.       bride's feathers

Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern. var. dioicus       bride's feathers
Aruncus allegheniensis Rydb.

Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern. var. vulgaris (Maxim.) Hara       bride's feathers
  Aruncus aruncus (L.) Karst.
Aruncus sylvester Kostel.
Aruncus vulgaris (Maxim.) Raf. ex Hara
Spiraea aruncus L.


Asarum L.       wildginger

Asarum canadense . Wild ginger - Aristolochiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asarum canadense L.       Canadian wildginger
Asarum acuminatum (Ashe) Bickn.
Asarum canadense L. var. acuminatum Ashe
Asarum canadense L. var. ambiguum (Bickn.) Farw.
Asarum canadense L. var. reflexum (Bickn.) B.L. Robins.
Asarum reflexum Bickn.
Asarum rubrocinctum Peattie


Asclepias L.       milkweed

Asclepias amplexicaulis . Clasping milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Asclepias amplexicaulis Sm.       clasping milkweed

Asclepias exaltata . Poke milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias exaltata L.       poke milkweed
Asclepias bicknellii Vail
Asclepias phytolaccoides Pursh
 
Asclepias hirtella . Prairie milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Asclepias hirtella (Pennell) Woods.       green milkweed
  Acerates hirtella Pennell
  Asclepias longifolia Michx. var. hirtella (Pennell) Farmer & Bell

Asclepias incarnata L.       swamp milkweed

Asclepias incarnata var. incarnata . Swamp milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias incarnata L. ssp. incarnata        swamp milkweed

Asclepias incarnata L. ssp. pulchra (Ehrh. ex Willd.) Woods.       swamp milkweed
Asclepias incarnata L. var. neoscotica Fern.
Asclepias incarnata L. var. pulchra (Ehrh. ex Willd.) Pers.
Asclepias pulchra Ehrh. ex Willd.

Asclepias lanuginosa . Woolly milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias lanuginosa Nutt.       sidecluster milkweed
  Acerates lanuginosa (Nutt.) Dcne.
  Asclepias otarioides auct. non Fourn.

Asclepias meadii Torr. ex Gray       Mead's milkweed

Asclepias ovalifolia . Oval-leaved milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias ovalifolia Dcne.       oval-leaf milkweed

Asclepias purpurascens . Purple milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias purpurascens L.       purple milkweed

Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq.       fourleaf milkweed

Asclepias speciosa . Showy milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias speciosa Torr.       showy milkweed
  Asclepias giffordii Eastw.

Asclepias stenophylla . Narrow-leaved milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
       Asclepias stenophylla Gray       slimleaf milkweed
  Acerates angustifolia (Nutt.) Dcne.
  Polyotus angustifolius Nutt.

Asclepias sullivantii . Sullivant's milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Asclepias sullivantii Engelm. ex Gray       prairie milkweed

Asclepias syriaca . Common milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Asclepias syriaca L.       common milkweed
Asclepias intermedia Vail
Asclepias kansana Vail
Asclepias syriaca L. var. kansana (Vail) Palmer & Steyermark

Asclepias tuberosa L.       butterfly milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa var. interior . Butterflyweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias tuberosa L. ssp. interior Woods.       butterfly milkweed
  Asclepias tuberosa L. var. interior (Woods.) Shinners
  Asclepias tuberosa L. ssp. terminalis Woods.

Asclepias verticillata . Whorled milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias verticillata L.       whorled milkweed

Asclepias viridiflora . Green milkweed - Asclepiadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asclepias viridiflora Raf.       green comet milkweed
Acerates viridiflora (Raf.) Pursh ex Eat.
Acerates viridiflora (Raf.) Pursh ex Eat. var. ivesii Britt.
Acerates viridiflora (Raf.) Pursh ex Eat. var. linearis Gray
Asclepias viridiflora Raf. var. lanceolata Torr.
Asclepias viridiflora Raf. var. linearis (Gray) Fern.


Asimina Adans.       pawpaw

Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal       pawpaw


Asparagus L.       asparagus

Asparagus officinalis . Asparagus - Liliaceae *MN* non-native
       Asparagus officinalis L.       garden asparagus


Asperugo L.       German-madwort

Asperugo procumbens L.       German-madwort


Asplenium L.       spleenwort

Asplenium montanum Willd.       mountain spleenwort

Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.       lobed spleenwort
×Asplenosorus pinnatifidus (Nutt.) Mickel

Asplenium platyneuron . Ebony spleenwort - Aspleniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Asplenium platyneuron (L.) B.S.P.       ebony spleenwort

Asplenium platyneuron (L.) B.S.P. var. platyneuron       ebony spleenwort
  Asplenium platyneuron (L.) B.S.P. var. incisum (Howe ex Peck) B.L. Robins.

Asplenium rhizophyllum . Walking fern - Aspleniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Asplenium rhizophyllum L.       walking fern
  Camptosorus rhizophyllus (L.) Link

Asplenium ruta-muraria L.       wallrue

Asplenium ruta-muraria L. var. cryptolepis (Fern.) Wherry       wallrue
  Asplenium cryptolepis Fern.

Asplenium scolopendrium L.       Hart's tonguefern

Asplenium scolopendrium L. var. americanum (Fern.) Kartesz & Gandhi       Hart's tonguefern
  Phyllitis japonica Komarov ssp. americana (Fern.) A.& D. Löve
  Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman var. americana Fern.

Asplenium trichomanes L.       maidenhair spleenwort

Asplenium trichomanes L. ssp. quadrivalens D.E. Mey.       maidenhair spleenwort

Asplenium trichomanes var. trichomanes . Maidenhair spleenwort - Aspleniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
       Asplenium trichomanes L. ssp. trichomanes       maidenhair spleenwort

Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum L.      brightgreen spleenwort    Asplenium viride Huds.


Aster L.       aster

Aster tataricus L. f.       Tatarian aster

Aster borealis . Bog aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster brachyactis . Short-rayed aster - Asteraceae *MN* non-native

Aster ciliolatus . Lindley's aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster cordifolius . Heart-leaved aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster drummondii . Drummond's aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster ericoides . Heath aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster falcatus var. commutatus . Sickle-shaped aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster firmus . Red-stemmed aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster hesperius . Western panicled aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster laevis . Smooth blue aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster laevis var. geyeri . Smooth aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster laevis var. laevis . Smooth aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster lanceolatus . Eastern panicled aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster lanceolatus var. interior . Eastern panicled aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster lanceolatus var. lanceolatus . Eastern panicled aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster lanceolatus var. simple . Eastern panicled aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster lateriflorus . Side-flowering aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster macrophyllus . Large-leaved aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster modestus . Modest aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster novae-angliae . New England aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster novi-belgii . New York aster - Asteraceae *MN* non-native

Aster oblongifolius . Aromatic aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster ontarionis . Ontario aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster oolentangiensis . Skyblue aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster pilosus var. pilosus . Awl aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster praealtus . Veiny lined aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster prenanthoides . Crooked aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster pubentior . Flat-topped aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster puniceus . Red-stemmed aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster sagittifolius . Tail-leaved aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster sericeus . Silky aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster shortii . Short's aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list

Aster umbellatus . Flat-topped aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster amethystinus . New England and heath aster hybrid - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Aster longulus . Long aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Astragalus L.       milkvetch

Astragalus adsurgens var. robustior . Prairie milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Astragalus agrestis . Field milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Astragalus agrestis Dougl. ex G. Don       purple milkvetch
Astragalus dasyglottis Fisch. ex DC.
Astragalus danicus Retz. var. dasyglottis (Fisch. ex DC.) Boivin
Astragalus goniatus Nutt.
Astragalus hypoglottis Hook.

Astragalus alpinus L.       alpine milkvetch

Astragalus alpinus var. alpinus . Alpine milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
       Astragalus alpinus L. var. alpinus       alpine milkvetch
Astragalus alpinus L. ssp. alaskanus Hultén
Astragalus alpinus L. ssp. arcticus Hultén
Astragalus astragalinus (Hook.) A.& D. Löve
Atelophragma alpinum (L.) Rydb.

Astragalus canadensis . Canada milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Astragalus canadensis L.       Canadian milkvetch

Astragalus canadensis L. var. canadensis       Canadian milkvetch
Astragalus carolinianus L.
Astragalus canadensis L. var. carolinianus (L.) M.E. Jones
Astragalus canadensis L. var. longilobus Fassett
Astragalus halei Rydb.

Astragalus cicer . Chickpea milkvetch - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
       Astragalus cicer L.       cicer milkvetch

Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt.       groundplum milkvetch

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus . Ground plum - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt. var. crassicarpus       groundplum milkvetch
Astragalus caryocarpus Ker-Gawl.
Astragalus succulentus Richards.
Geoprumnon crassicarpum (Nutt.) Rydb. ex Small
Geoprumnon succulentum (Richards.) Rydb.

Astragalus flexuosus (Hook.) Dougl. ex G. Don       flexile milkvetch

Astragalus flexuosus var. flexuosus . Slender milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Astragalus flexuosus (Hook.) Dougl. ex G. Don var. flexuosus       flexile milkvetch
Astragalus flexuosus (Hook.) Dougl. ex G. Don var. elongatus (Hook.) M.E. Jones
Astragalus flexuosus (Hook.) Dougl. ex G. Don var. sierrae-blancae (Rydb.) Barneby
Pisophaca flexuosa (Hook.) Rydb.

Astragalus laxmannii Jacq.       Laxmann's milkvetch

Astragalus laxmannii Jacq. var. robustior (Hook.) Barneby & Welsh       prairie milkvetch
Astragalus adsurgens Pallas var. robustior Hook.
Astragalus adsurgens Pallas ssp. robustior (Hook.) Welsh
Astragalus striatus Nutt.
Astragalus sulphurescens Rydb.

Astragalus lotiflorus . Lotus milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Astragalus lotiflorus Hook.       lotus milkvetch
Astragalus lotiflorus Hook. var. nebraskensis Bates
Astragalus lotiflorus Hook. var. reverchonii (Gray) M.E. Jones
Batidophaca lotiflorus (Hook.) Rydb.

Astragalus missouriensis Nutt.       Missouri milkvetch

Astragalus missouriensis var. missouriensis . Missouri milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Astragalus missouriensis Nutt. var. missouriensis       Missouri milkvetch
  Xylophacos missouriensis (Nutt.) Rydb.

Astragalus neglectus . Cooper's milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Astragalus neglectus (Torr. & Gray) Sheldon       Cooper's milkvetch
  Astragalus cooperi Gray
  Phaca neglecta Torr. & Gray

Astragalus racemosus Pursh       cream milkvetch

Astragalus racemosus var. racemosus . Racemose milk vetch - Fabaceae *MN* origin undetermined
       Astragalus racemosus Pursh var. racemosus       cream milkvetch

Astragalus tenellus . Loose-flowered milkvetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Astragalus tenellus Pursh       looseflower milkvetch
  Astragalus tenellus Pursh var. strigulosus (Rydb.) F.J. Herm.
  Homalobus tenellus (Pursh) Britt.


Athyrium Roth       ladyfern

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth       common ladyfern

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum . Lady fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ssp. angustum (Willd.) Clausen
Athyrium angustum (Willd.) K. Presl
Athyrium angustum (Willd.) K. Presl var. rubellum (Gilbert) Butters
Athyrium angustum (Willd.) K. Presl var. subtripinnatum Butters
Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth var. angustum (Willd.) Lawson
Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth var. michauxii (Spreng.) Farw.
Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth var. rubellum Gilbert


Atriplex L.       saltbush

Atriplex hastata . Spearscale - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Atriplex hortensis . Orache - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
       Atriplex hortensis L.       garden orache
Atriplex hortensis L. var. atrosanguinea hort.

Atriplex littoralis L.       grassleaf orache
Atriplex patula L. var. littoralis (L.) Gray

Atriplex micrantha Ledeb.       twoscale saltbush
  Atriplex heterosperma Bunge

Atriplex patula . Spearscale - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
       Atriplex patula L.       spear saltbush
  Atriplex patula L. var. bracteata auct. non Westerlund
  Atriplex patula L. var. japonica Level.

Atriplex prostrata Bouchér ex DC.       triangle orache
Atriplex hastata sensu Aellen, non L.
Atriplex latifolia Wahlenb.
Atriplex patula L. var. hastata auct. non (L.) Gray
Atriplex patula L. ssp. hastata sensu Hall & Clements 1923, non (L.) Hall & Clements
Atriplex patula L. var. triangularis (Willd.) Thorne & Welsh
Atriplex prostrata Bouchér ex DC. var. triangularis (Willd.) Rauschert
Atriplex triangularis Willd.

Atriplex rosea L.       tumbling saltweed

Atriplex tatarica L.       Tatarian orache


Atropa L.       belladonna

Atropa bella-donna L.       belladonna


Aureolaria Raf.       false foxglove

Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw.       smooth yellow false foxglove

Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. var. flava       smooth yellow false foxglove
Agalinis flava (L.) Boivin
Aureolaria calycosa (Mackenzie & Bush) Pennell
Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. ssp. reticulata (Raf.) Pennell
Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. var. reticulata (Raf.) Pennell
Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. ssp. typica Pennell
Aureolaria reticulata Raf.
Dasistoma calycosa Mackenzie & Bush
Dasistoma flava (L.) Wood
Gerardia calycosa (Mackenzie & Bush) Fern.
Gerardia flava L.
Gerardia flava L. var. calycosa (Mackenzie & Bush) Steyermark
Gerardia flava L. var. reticulata (Raf.) Cory

Aureolaria grandiflora (Benth.) Pennell       largeflower yellow false foxglove

Aureolaria grandiflora var. pulchra . Large-flowered false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aureolaria grandiflora (Benth.) Pennell var. pulchra Pennell       largeflower yellow false foxglove
  Aureolaria grandiflora (Benth.) Pennell ssp. pulchra (Pennell) Pennell
  Gerardia grandiflora Benth. var. pulchra (Pennell) Fern.

Aureolaria pedicularia . Fernleaf false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened List
       Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf.       fernleaf yellow false foxglove

Aureolaria pedicularia var. ambigens . Fernleaf false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. ambigens (Fern.) Farw.       fernleaf yellow false foxglove
Agalinis pedicularia (L.) Blake var. ambigens (Fern.) Blake
Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ssp. ambigens (Fern.) Pennell
Gerardia pedicularia L. var. ambigens Fern.

Aureolaria pedicularia var. intercedens . Fernleaf false foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. intercedens Pennell       fernleaf yellow false foxglove
  Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ssp. intercedens (Pennell) Pennell
  Gerardia pedicularia L. var. intercedens (Pennell) Fern.

Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. pedicularia       fernleaf yellow false foxglove
Agalinis pedicularia (L.) Blake
Agalinis pedicularia (L.) Blake var. caesariensis (Pennell) Blake
Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ssp. caesariensis Pennell
Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. caesariensis (Pennell) Pennell
Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ssp. carolinensis Pennell
Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. var. carolinensis (Pennell) Pennell
Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ssp. typica Pennell
Dasistoma pedicularia (L.) Benth.
Gerardia pedicularia L.

Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell       downy yellow false foxglove
Agalinis virginica (L.) Blake
Aureolaria dispersa (Small) Pennell
Aureolaria microcarpa Pennell
Dasistoma dispersa Small
Dasistoma virginica (L.) Britt.
Gerardia dispersa (Small) K. Schum.
Gerardia virginica (L.) B.S.P.


Aurinia Desv.       aurinia

Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv.       basket of gold
  Aethionema saxatile (L.) R. Br.
  Alyssum saxatile L.


Avena L.       oat

Avena fatua . Wild oats - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Avena fatua L.       wild oat
Avena fatua L. var. glabrata Peterm.
Avena fatua L. var. vilis (Wallr.) Hausskn.
Avena hybrida Peterm. ex Reichenb. p.p.

Avena sativa . Cultivated oats - Poaceae *MN* non-native
       Avena sativa L.       common oat
Avena byzantina K. Koch
Avena fatua L. var. sativa (L.) Hausskn.
Avena hybrida Peterm. ex Reichenb. p.p.
Avena sativa L. var. orientalis (Schreb.) Alef.


Axyris L.       Russian pigweed

Axyris amaranthoides . Russian pigweed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
       Axyris amaranthoides L.       Russian pigweed


Azolla Lam.       mosquitofern

Azolla mexicana . Mexican mosquito fern - Azollaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Azolla mexicana Schlecht. & Cham. ex K. Presl       Mexican mosquitofern


B
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Bacopa Aubl.       waterhyssop

Bacopa rotundifolia . Water hyssop - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Bacopa rotundifolia (Michx.) Wettst.       disk waterhyssop
Bacopa nobsiana Mason
Bacopa simulans Fern.
Bramia rotundifolia (Michx.) Britt.
Hydranthelium rotundifolium (Michx.) Pennell
Macuillamia rotundifolia (Michx.) Raf.


Ballota L.       horehound

Ballota nigra L.       black horehound

Ballota nigra L. var. nigra       black horehound


Balsamita P. Mill.       balsamita

Balsamita major Desf.       costmary
Balsamita major Desf. var. tanacetoides (Boiss.) Moldenke
Chrysanthemum balsamita (L.) Baill., non L.
Chrysanthemum balsamita (L.) Baill. var. tanacetoides Boiss.
Pyrethrum majus (Desf.) Tzvelev
Tanacetum balsamita L.


Baptisia Vent.       wild indigo

Baptisia alba (L.) Vent.       white wild indigo

Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. macrophylla (Larisey) Isely       largeleaf wild indigo
Baptisia lactea (Raf.) Thieret
Baptisia leucantha Torr. & Gray
Baptisia leucantha Torr. & Gray var. divaricata Larisey
Baptisia leucantha Torr. & Gray var. pauciflora Larisey
Baptisia pendula Larisey var. macrophylla Larisey

Baptisia australis . Blue false indigo - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
       Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.       blue wild indigo

Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. var. australis       blue wild indigo

Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Ell.       longbract wild indigo

Baptisia bracteata var. glabrescens . Plains wild indigo - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
       Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Ell. var. leucophaea (Nutt.) Kartesz & Gandhi       longbract wild indigo
Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Ell. var. glabrescens (Larisey) Isely
Baptisia leucophaea Nutt.
Baptisia leucophaea Nutt. var. glabrescens Larisey

Baptisia lactea . White wild indigo - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list

Baptisia tinctoria . Rattleweed - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
       Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.       horseflyweed
Baptisia gibbesii Small
Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. var. crebra Fern.
Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. var. projecta Fern.


Barbarea Ait. f.       yellowrocket

Barbarea orthoceras . Winter cress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
       Barbarea orthoceras Ledeb.       American yellowrocket
   Barbarea americana Rydb.
     Barbarea orthoceras Ledeb. var. dolichocarpa Fern.

Barbarea verna (P. Mill.) Aschers.       early yellowrocket
  Barbarea praecox (Smith) R. Br.
  Campe verna (P. Mill.) Heller
  Erysimum vernum P. Mill.

Barbarea vulgaris . Yellow rocket - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
       Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f.       garden yellowrocket
Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J.& K. Presl) Reichenb.
Barbarea stricta auct. non Andrz.
Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. var. arcuata (Opiz ex J.& K. Presl) Fries
Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. var. brachycarpa Rouy & Foucaud
Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. var. longisiliquosa Carion
Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. var. sylvestris Fries
Campe barbarea (L.) W. Wight ex Piper
Campe stricta auct. non (Andrz.) W. Wight ex Piper


Bartonia Muhl. ex Willd.        screwstem

Bartonia paniculata (Michx.) Muhl.    twining screwstem

Bartonia paniculata (Michx.) Muhl. ssp. paniculata        twining screwstem
Bartonia lanceolata Small
Bartonia virginica (L.) B.S.P. var. paniculata (Michx.) Boivin
Centaurella paniculata Michx.

Bartonia virginica . Yellow bartonia - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Bartonia virginica (L.) B.S.P.        yellow screwstem
Sagina virginica L.


Beckmannia Host        sloughgrass

Beckmannia syzigachne . American slough grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fern.        American sloughgrass
Beckmannia eruciformis auct. non (L.) Host
Beckmannia eruciformis (L.) Host ssp. baicalensis (Kusnez.) Hultén
Beckmannia eruciformis (L.) Host var. uniflora Scribn. ex Gray
Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fern. ssp. baicalensis (Kusnez.) Koyama & Kawano
Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fern. var. uniflora (Scribn. ex Gray) Boivin


Belamcanda Adans.        belamcanda

Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.        blackberry lily
Gemmingia chinensis (L.) Kuntze


Bellis L.        bellis


Bellis perennis . European daisy - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Bellis perennis L.        lawndaisy


Berberis L.        barberry

Berberis repens . Creeping Oregon grape - Berberidaceae *MN* non-native

Berberis thunbergii . Japanese barberry - Berberidaceae *MN* non-native
    Berberis thunbergii DC.        Japanese barberry
Berberis thunbergii DC. var. atropurpurea Chenault

Berberis vulgaris . Common barberry - Berberidaceae *MN* non-native
    Berberis vulgaris L.        common barberry


Berteroa DC.        false madwort

Berteroa incana . Hoary alyssum - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
    Berteroa incana (L.) DC.        hoary false madwort
Alyssum incanum L.


Berula Bess. ex W.D.J. Koch        waterparsnip

Berula erecta . Stream parsnip - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville        cutleaf waterparsnip
Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville var. incisa (Torr.) Cronq.
Berula incisa (Torr.) G.N. Jones
Berula pusilla Fern.
Siella erecta (Huds.) M. Pimen.


Besseya Rydb.        kittentail

Besseya bullii . Kittentails - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Besseya bullii (Eat.) Rydb.        Bull's coraldrops
Synthyris bullii (Eat.) Heller
Wulfenia bullii (Eat.) Barnh


Beta L.        beet

Beta vulgaris . Sea beet - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
    Beta vulgaris L.        common beet
Beta maritima L.
Beta vulgaris L. ssp. maritima (L.) Arcang.


Betula L.        birch

Betula alleghaniensis . Yellow birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Betula alleghaniensis Britt.        yellow birch

Betula alleghaniensis Britt. var. alleghaniensis        yellow birch
Betula alleghaniensis Britt. var. fallax (Fassett) Brayshaw
Betula lutea Michx. f.
Betula lutea Michx. f. var. fallax Fassett

Betula alleghaniensis Britt. var. macrolepis (Fern.) Brayshaw        yellow birch
Betula lutea Michx. f. var. macrolepis Fern.

Betula cordifolia . Heart-leaved birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Betula murrayana Barnes & Dancik        Murray's birch

Betula nigra . River birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Betula nigra L.        river birch

Betula papyrifera . Paper birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Betula papyrifera Marsh.        paper birch

Betula papyrifera Marsh. var. cordifolia (Regel) Fern.        mountain paper birch
Betula alba L. var. cordifolia (Regel) Regel
Betula cordifolia Regel

Betula papyrifera Marsh. var. papyrifera        paper birch
Betula papyrifera Marsh. var. elobata (Fern.) Sarg.
Betula papyrifera Marsh. var. macrostachya Fern.
Betula papyrifera Marsh. var. pensilis Fern.

Betula pendula Roth        European white birch
Betula verrucosa Ehrh.

Betula pubescens . Downy birch - Betulaceae *MN* non-native
    Betula pubescens Ehrh.        downy birch
Betula alba L.

Betula pumila . Bog birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Betula pumila L.        bog birch

Betula pumila L. var. glabra Regel        bog birch

Betula pumila L. var. glandulifera Regel        bog birch
Betula glandulifera (Regel) Butler
Betula glandulosa Michx. var. glandulifera (Regel) Gleason
Betula nana L. var. glandulifera (Regel) Boivin

Betula pumila L. var. pumila        bog birch

Betula purpusii . Purpus' birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Betula ×purpusii Schneid. 

Betula rosendahlii . Rosendahl's birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Betula sandbergii . Sandberg's birch - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Betula ×sandbergii Britt.       


Bidens L.        beggarticks

Bidens aristosa . Tickseed sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens aristosa (Michx.) Britt.        bearded beggarticks
Bidens aristosa (Michx.) Britt. var. fritcheyi Fern.
Bidens aristosa (Michx.) Britt. var. mutica (Gray) Gattinger
Bidens aristosa (Michx.) Britt. var. retrorsa (Sherff) Wunderlin
Bidens involucrata (Nutt.) Britt.
Bidens polylepis Blake
Bidens polylepis Blake var. retrorsa Sherff

Bidens beckii . Water marigold - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Bidens cernua . Nodding bur marigold - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens cernua L.        nodding beggartick
Bidens cernua L. var. dentata (Nutt.) Boivin
Bidens cernua L. var. elliptica Wieg.
Bidens cernua L. var. integra Wieg.
Bidens cernua L. var. minima (Huds.) Pursh
Bidens cernua L. var. oligodonta Fern. & St. John
Bidens cernua L. var. radiata DC.
Bidens glaucescens Greene

Bidens comosa . Tufted beggarticks - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Bidens connata . Swamp beggarticks - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd.        purplestem beggarticks
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. ambiversa Fassett
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. anomala Farw.
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. fallax (Warnst.) Sherff
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. gracilipes Fern.
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. inundata Fern.
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. petiolata (Nutt.) Farw.
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. pinnata S. Wats.
Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd. var. submutica Fassett

Bidens coronata . Showy beggarticks - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens coronata (L.) Britt.        crowned beggarticks
Bidens coronata (L.) Britt. var. brachyodonta Fern.
Bidens coronata (L.) Britt. var. tenuiloba (Gray) Sherff
Bidens coronata (L.) Britt. var. trichosperma (Michx.) Fern.
Bidens trichosperma (Michx.) Britt.

Bidens discoidea . Discoid beggarticks - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens discoidea (Torr. & Gray) Britt.        small beggarticks

Bidens frondosa var. frondosa . Leafy beggarticks - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens frondosa L.        devil's beggartick
Bidens frondosa L. var. anomala Porter ex Fern.
Bidens frondosa L. var. caudata Sherff
Bidens frondosa L. var. pallida Wieg.
Bidens frondosa L. var. stenodonta Fern. & St. John

Bidens tripartita L.        threelobe beggarticks
Bidens acuta (Wieg.) Britt.
Bidens comosa (Gray) Wieg.

Bidens vulgata . Common beggarticks - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bidens vulgata Greene        big devils beggartick
Bidens frondosa L. var. puberula Wieg.
Bidens puberula Wieg.
Bidens vulgata Greene var. puberula (Wieg.) Greene
Bidens vulgata Greene var. schizantha Lunell


Blephilia Raf.        pagoda-plant

Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.        downy pagoda-plant

Blephilia hirsuta . Woodmint - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.        hairy pagoda-plant

Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth. var. hirsuta        hairy pagoda-plant

Blephilia subnuda . Cumberland pagoda plant - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native


Boehmeria Jacq.        false nettle

Boehmeria cylindrica . False nettle - Urticaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw.        smallspike false nettle
Boehmeria austrina Small
Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. var. drummondiana (Weddell) Weddell
Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. var. scabra Porter
Boehmeria decurrens Small
Boehmeria drummondiana Weddell
Boehmeria scabra (Porter) Small
Urtica cylindrica L.


Boltonia L'Hér.        doll's daisy

Boltonia asteroides (L.) L'Hér.        white doll's daisy

Boltonia asteroides (L.) L'Hér. var. latisquama (Gray) Cronq.        white doll's daisy
Boltonia latisquama Gray

Boltonia asteroides var. recognita . Boltonia - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Boltonia asteroides (L.) L'Hér. var. recognita (Fern. & Grisc.) Cronq.        white doll's daisy
Boltonia latisquama Gray var. microcephala Fern. & Grisc.
Boltonia latisquama Gray var. occidentalis Gray
Boltonia latisquama Gray var. recognita Fern. & Grisc.
Boltonia recognita (Fern. & Grisc.) G.N. Jones


Borago L.        borage

Borago officinalis . Borage - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
    Borago officinalis L.        common borage


Botrychium Sw.        grapefern

Botrychium acuminatum . Tailed grapefern - - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Botrychium acuminatum W.H. Wagner        tailed grapefern

Botrychium ascendens . Upswept moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Botrychium campestre . Prairie moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Botrychium campestre W.H. Wagner & Farrar        Iowa moonwort

Botrychium dissectum . Dissected grapefern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Botrychium dissectum Spreng.        cutleaf grapefern
Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. obliquum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Clute
Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. oblongifolium (Graves) Broun
Botrychium obliquum Muhl. ex Willd.
Botrychium obliquum Muhl. ex Willd. var. elongatum Gilbert & Haberer

Botrychium gallicomontanum . Frenchman's Bluff moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Botrychium gallicomontanum Farrar & Johnson-Groh        Frenchman's Bluff grapefern

Botrychium hesperium (Maxon & Clausen) W.H. Wagner & Lellinger        western moonwort
Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. ssp. occidentale A.& D. Löve & Kapoor
Botrychium matricariifolium (A. Braun ex Dowell) A. Braun ex Koch ssp. hesperium Maxon & Clausen
Botrychium matricariifolium (A. Braun ex Dowell) A. Braun ex Koch var. hesperium (Maxon & Clausen) Broun

Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) Angstr.        lanceleaf grapefern

Botrychium lanceolatum ssp. angustisegmentum . Narrow triangle moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) Angstr. var. angustisegmentum Pease & Moore        lanceleaf grapefern
Botrychium angustisegmentum (Pease & Moore) Fern.
Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) Angstr. ssp. angustisegmentum (Pease & Moore) Clausen

Botrychium lunaria . Common moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw.        common moonwort
Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. var. onondagense (Underwood) House
Botrychium onondagense Underwood

Botrychium matricariifolium . Matricary grapefern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Botrychium matricariifolium (A. Braun ex Dowell) A. Braun ex Koch        matricary grapefern

Botrychium michiganense . Michigan moonwort - Ophioglossaceae : state and federal listings *MN* native to Minnesota

Botrychium minganense . Mingan moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Botrychium minganense Victorin        Mingan moonwort
Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. var. minganense (Victorin) Dole
Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. ssp. minganense (Victorin) Calder & Taylor

Botrychium mormo . Goblin fern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Botrychium mormo W.H. Wagner        little goblin moonwort

Botrychium multifidum . Leathery grapefern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev.        leathery grapefern
Botrychium californicum Underwood
Botrychium coulteri Underwood
Botrychium matricariae (Schrank) Spreng.
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. var. coulteri (Underwood) Broun
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. var. californicum (Underwood) Broun
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. ssp. coulteri (Underwood) Clausen
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. ssp. californicum (Underwood) Clausen
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. var. intermedium (D.C. Eat.) Farw.
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. ssp. silaifolium (K. Presl) Clausen
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. var. silaifolium (K. Presl) Broun
Botrychium silaifolium K. Presl
Botrychium silaifolium K. Presl var. coulteri (Underwood) Jepson

Botrychium oneidense . Blunt-lobed grapefern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Botrychium oneidense (Gilbert) House        bluntlobe grapefern
Botrychium dissectum Spreng. var. oneidense (Gilbert) Farw.
Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. var. oneidense (Gilbert) Farw.

Botrychium pallidum . Pale moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Botrychium pallidum W.H. Wagner        pale botrychium

Botrychium pseudopinnatum W.H. Wagner        false daisyleaf moonwort

Botrychium rugulosum . St. Lawrence grapefern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Botrychium rugulosum W.H. Wagner        ternate grapefern
Botrychium ternatum auct. non (Thunb.) Sw.

Botrychium simple . Least moonwort - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc.        little grapefern
Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc. var. compositum (Lasch) Milde
Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc. var. laxifolium (Clausen) Fern.
Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc. var. tenebrosum (A.A. Eat.) Clausen
Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc. ssp. typicum Clausen
Botrychium tenebrosum A.A. Eat.

Botrychium spathulatum W.H. Wagner        spathulate botrychium

Botrychium virginianum . Rattlesnake fern - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw.        rattlesnake fern
Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. ssp. europaeum (Angstr.) Jáv.
Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. var. europaeum Angstr.


Bouteloua Lag.        grama

Bouteloua curtipendula . Side-oats grama - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.        sideoats grama

Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. var. curtipendula        sideoats grama
Atheropogon curtipendulus (Michx.) Fourn.
Chloris curtipendula Michx.

Bouteloua gracilis . Blue grama - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths        blue grama
Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths var. stricta (Vasey) A.S. Hitchc.
Bouteloua oligostachya (Nutt.) Torr. ex Gray
Chondrosum gracile Willd. ex Kunth
Chondrosum oligostachyum (Nutt.) Torr.

Bouteloua hirsuta . Hairy grama - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bouteloua hirsuta Lag.        hairy grama

Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. var. hirsuta        hairy grama
Bouteloua glandulosa (Cerv.) Swallen
Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. var. glandulosa (Cerv.) Gould
Chondrosum hirsutum (Lag.) Kunth


Brachyelytrum Beauv.        shorthusk

Brachyelytrum erectum . Bearded shorthusk - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Brachyelytrum erectum (Schreb. ex Spreng.) Beauv.        bearded shorthusk
Brachyelytrum aristosum (Michx.) Trel.

Brachyelytrum erectum var. erectum . Bearded shorthusk - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Brachyelytrum erectum var. glabratum . Bearded shorthusk - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Brachyelytrum septentrionale (Babel) G. Tucker        northern shorthusk
Brachyelytrum aristosum (Michx.) Trel. var. glabratum Vasey ex Millsp.
Brachyelytrum erectum (Schreb. ex Spreng.) Beauv. var. glabratum (Vasey ex Millsp.) Koyama & Kawano
Brachyelytrum erectum (Schreb. ex Spreng.) Beauv. var. septentrionale Babel


Brasenia Schreb.        brasenia

Brasenia schreberi . Watershield - Cabombaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.        watershield
Brasenia peltata Pursh


Brassica L.        mustard

Brassica juncea . Indian mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.        India mustard
Brassica integrifolia (Vahl) Schulz, non Rupr.
Brassica integrifolia Rupr.
Brassica japonica Thunb.
Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. var. crispifolia Bailey
Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. var. japonica (Thunb.) Bailey
Brassica willdenowii Boiss.
Sinapis juncea L.

Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. . Wild mustard - Brassicaceae   non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"

Brassica napus L.        rape
Brassica napobrassica (L.) P. Mill.
Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichenb.

Brassica nigra . Black mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch        black mustard
Sinapis nigra L.

Brassica oleracea L.        cabbage
Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.
Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L.

Brassica rapa . Field mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Brassica rapa L.        field mustard

Brassica rapa L. var. rapa        field mustard
Brassica campestris L.
Brassica campestris L. var. rapa (L.) Hartman
Brassica campestris L. ssp. rapifera (Metzger) Sinsk.
Brassica rapa L. ssp. campestris (L.) Clapham
Brassica rapa L. var. campestris (L.) W.D.J. Koch
Brassica rapa L. ssp. olifera DC.
Brassica rapa L. ssp. sylvestris Janchen
Caulanthus sulfureus Payson


Braya Sternb. & Hoppe        northern-rockcress

Braya glabella Richards.        smooth northern-rockcress

Braya glabella Richards. ssp. glabella        smooth northern-rockcress
Braya alpina Sternb. & Hoppe var. americana (Hook.) S. Wats.
Braya alpina Sternb. & Hoppe var. glabella (Richards.) S. Wats.
Braya americana (Hook.) Fern.
Braya arctica Hook.
Braya bartlettiana Jordal
Braya henryae Raup
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. americana (Hook.) Boivin
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. glabella (Richards.) Boivin

Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins.        low northern-rockcress
Arabidopsis novae-angliae (Rydb.) Britt.
Arabidopsis richardsonii Rydb.
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. ssp. arctica (Böcher) Rollins
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. ssp. abbei Böcher
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. abbei (Böcher) Boivin
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. arctica (Böcher) Boivin
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. interior (Böcher) Boivin
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. laurentiana (Böcher) Boivin
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. leiocarpa (Trautv.) Fern.
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. novae-angliae (Rydb.) Fern.
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. ssp. richardsonii (Rydb.) Hultén
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. ssp. ventosa Rollins
Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins. var. ventosa (Rollins) Boivin
Braya intermedia Sorensen
Braya novae-angliae (Rydb.) Sorensen
Braya novae-angliae (Rydb.) Sorensen var. interior Böcher
Braya novae-angliae (Rydb.) Sorensen var. laurentiana Böcher
Braya richardsonii (Rydb.) Fern.
Pilosella novae-angliae Rydb.
Pilosella richardsonii Rydb.
Sisymbrium humile C.A. Mey.
Torularia arctica (Böcher) A.& D. Löve
Torularia humilis (C.A. Mey.) O.E. Schulz
Torularia humilis (C.A. Mey.) O.E. Schulz ssp. arctica Böcher


Brickellia Ell.        brickellbush

Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners        false boneset

Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners var. corymbulosa (Torr. & Gray) Shinners        false boneset
Kuhnia eupatorioides L. var. corymbulosa Torr. & Gray
Kuhnia hitchcockii A. Nels.


Briza L.        quakinggrass

Briza media L.        perennial quakinggrass


Bromus L.        brome

Bromus arvensis L.        field brome

Bromus altissimus . Broad-glumed brome - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C.A. Mey.        rattlesnake brome
Bromus brizaeformis Fischer & C. Meyer

Bromus ciliatus . Fringed brome - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bromus ciliatus L.        fringed brome

Bromus ciliatus L. var. ciliatus        fringed brome
Bromopsis canadensis (Michx.) Holub
Bromus canadensis Michx.
Bromopsis ciliata (L.) Holub
Bromus ciliatus L. var. genuinus Fern.
Bromus ciliatus L. var. intonsus Fern.
Bromus dudleyi Fern.
Bromus richardsonii Link var. pallidus (Hook.) Shear

Bromus commutatus Schrad.        meadow brome
Bromus commutatus Schrad. var. apricorum Simonkai

Bromus erectus Huds.        erect brome
Bromopsis erecta (Huds.) Fourr.

Bromus hordeaceus L.        soft brome

Bromus hordeaceus L. ssp. hordeaceus        soft brome
Bromus mollis auct. non L.

Bromus hordeaceus L. ssp. molliformis (Lloyd) Maire & Weiller        soft brome
Bromus hordeaceus L. ssp. divaricatus (Bonnier & Layens) Kerguélen
Bromus molliformis Lloyd

Bromus inermis . Smooth brome - Poaceae *MN* non-native
    Bromus inermis Leyss.        smooth brome

Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis        smooth brome

Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis var. divaricatus Rohlena        smooth brome

Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis var. inermis        smooth brome
Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub

Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. pumpellianus (Scribn.) Wagnon        Pumpelly's brome

Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. pumpellianus (Scribn.) Wagnon var. arcticus (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Wagnon        Pumpelly's brome
Bromus inermis Leyss. var. aristatus Schur ex Scribn. & Merr.
Bromopsis pumpelliana (Scribn.) Holub ssp. arctica (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) A.& D. Löve
Bromus pumpellianus Scribn. var. arcticus (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Porsild

Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. pumpellianus (Scribn.) Wagnon var. pumpellianus (Scribn.) C.L. Hitchc.        Pumpelly's brome
Bromus ciliatus L. var. coloradensis Vasey ex Beal
Bromopsis dicksonii (Mitchell & Wilton) A.& D. Löve
Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub ssp. pumpelliana (Scribn.) W.A. Weber
Bromus inermis Leyss. var. purpurascens (Hook.) Wagnon
Bromus inermis Leyss. var. tweedyi (Scribn. ex Beal) C.L. Hitchc.
Bromus pumpellianus Scribn.
Bromopsis pumpelliana (Scribn.) Holub
Bromus pumpellianus Scribn. ssp. dicksonii Mitchell & Wilton
Bromus pumpellianus Scribn. var. tweedyi Scribn. ex Beal
Bromus pumpellianus Scribn. var. villosissimus Hultén

Bromus japonicus . Japenese brome - Poaceae *MN* non-native
    Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.        Japanese brome
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. var. porrectus Hack.
Bromus patulus Mert. & Koch

Bromus kalmii . Kalm's brome - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Bromus kalmii Gray        arctic brome
Bromopsis kalmii (Gray) Holub
Bromus purgans L.

Bromus latiglumis (Shear) A.S. Hitchc.        earlyleaf brome
Bromus altissimus Pursh
Bromus purgans auct. non L.

Bromus madritensis L.        compact brome
Anisantha madritensis (L.) Nevski

Bromus pubescens . Hairy brome - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd.        hairy woodland brome
Bromus ciliatus L. var. laeviglumis Scribn. ex Shear
Bromus purgans auct. non L.
Bromopsis pubescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Holub
Bromus purgans L. var. laeviglumis (Scribn. ex Shear) Swallen
Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd. var. laeviglumis (Scribn. ex Shear) Swallen

Bromus pumpellianus . Artic smooth brome - Poaceae *MN* origin undetermined

Bromus racemosus L.        bald brome

Bromus scoparius L.        broom brome

Bromus secalinus . Rye brome - Poaceae *MN* non-native
    Bromus secalinus L.        rye brome
Bromus secalinus L. var. hirsutus Kindb.
Bromus secalinus L. var. hirtus (F.W. Schultz) Hegi

Bromus squarrosus L.        corn brome

Bromus sterilis L.        poverty brome
Anisantha sterilis (L.) Nevski

Bromus tectorum . Cheatgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
    Bromus tectorum L.        cheatgrass
Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski
Bromus tectorum L. var. glabratus Spenner
Bromus tectorum L. var. hirsutus Regel
Bromus tectorum L. var. nudus Klett & Richter


Buchloe Engelm.        buffalograss

Buchloe dactyloides . Buffalo grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.        buffalograss
Bulbilis dactyloides (Nutt.) Raf. ex Kuntze
Sesleria dactyloides Nutt.


Buchnera L.        bluehearts

Buchnera americana L.        American bluehearts
Buchnera breviflora Pennell
Buchnera floridana Gandog.


Buddleja L.        butterflybush

Buddleja davidii Franch.        orange eye butterflybush


Buglossoides Moench        buglossoides

Buglossoides arvensis (L.) I.M. Johnston        corn gromwell
Lithospermum arvense L.


Bulbostylis Kunth        hairsedge

Bulbostylis capillaris . Bulbostylis - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Bulbostylis capillaris (L.) Kunth ex C.B. Clarke        densetuft hairsedge

Bulbostylis capillaris (L.) Kunth ex C.B. Clarke ssp. capillaris        densetuft hairsedge
Bulbostylis capillaris (L.) Kunth ex C.B. Clarke var. crebra Fern.
Bulbostylis capillaris (L.) Kunth ex C.B. Clarke var. isopoda Fern.
Fimbristylis capillaris (L.) Gray
Scirpus capillaris L.
Stenophyllus capillaris (L.) Britt.


Bunias L.        wartycabbage

Bunias orientalis L.        Turkish wartycabbage


Bupleurum L.        bupleurum

Bupleurum rotundifolium L.        hare's ear


Butomus L.        butomus

Butomus umbellatus . Flowering rush - Butomaceae *MN* non-native, Prohibited exotic species (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources)
    Butomus umbellatus L.        flowering rush


C
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Cabomba Aubl.      fanwort

Cabomba caroliniana Gray      Carolina fanwort

Cabomba caroliniana Gray var. caroliniana      Carolina fanwort




Cacalia atriplicifolia . Pale Indian plantain - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cacalia muhlenbergii . Great Indian plantain - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cacalia plantaginea . Tuberous Indian plantain - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list

Cacalia suaveolens . Sweet smelling Indian plantain - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list


Cakile P. Mill.      searocket

Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook.      American searocket

Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook. ssp. edentula      American searocket

Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook. ssp. edentula var. edentula      American searocket
Bunias edentula Bigelow
Cakile americana Nutt.
Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook. ssp. californica (Heller) Hultén
Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook. var. californica (Heller) Fern.

Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook. ssp. edentula var. lacustris Fern.      American searocket
Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook. ssp. lacustris (Fern.) Hultén
Cakile lacustris (Fern.) Pobed.


Calamagrostis Adans.      reedgrass

Calamagrostis canadensis . Bluejoint - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv.      bluejoint

Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. canadensis      bluejoint
Calamagrostis anomala Suksdorf
Calamagrostis atropurpurea Nash
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. pallida (Vasey & Scribn.) Stebbins
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. robusta Vasey
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. typica Stebbins
Calamagrostis expansa (Munro ex Hbd.) A.S. Hitchc. var. robusta (Vasey) Stebbins
Calamagrostis inexpansa Gray var. cuprea Kearney
Calamagrostis inexpansa Gray var. robusta (Vasey) Stebbins
Calamagrostis scribneri Beal

Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. langsdorfii (Link) Inman      bluejoint
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. lactea (Beal) C.L. Hitchc.
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. ssp. langsdorfii (Link) Hultén
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. scabra (J. Presl) A.S. Hitchc.
Calamagrostis ×lactea Beal (pro sp.)
Calamagrostis langsdorfii (Link) Trin.
Calamagrostis nubila Louis-Marie

Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. macouniana (Vasey) Stebbins      Macoun's reedgrass
Calamagrostis macouniana (Vasey) Vasey

Calamagrostis epigeios (L.) Roth      chee reedgrass

Calamagrostis epigeios (L.) Roth var. epigeios      chee reedgrass


Calamagrostis lacustris . Marsh reedgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list

Calamagrostis montanensis . Plains reedgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Calamagrostis montanensis Scribn. ex Vasey      plains reedgrass

Calamagrostis pickeringii Gray      Pickering's reedgrass
Calamagrostis pickeringii Gray var. debilis (Kearney) Fern. & Wieg.

Calamagrostis purpurascens . Purple reedgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Calamagrostis purpurascens R. Br.      purple reedgrass
Calamagrostis lepageana Louis-Marie
Calamagrostis maltei (Polunin) A.& D. Löve
Calamagrostis purpurascens R. Br. ssp. maltei (Polunin) Porsild
Calamagrostis purpurascens R. Br. var. maltei Polunin
Calamagrostis yukonensis Nash

Calamagrostis stricta . Narrow reedgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koel.      slimstem reedgrass

Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koel. ssp. inexpansa (Gray) C.W. Greene      northern reedgrass
Calamagrostis californica Kearney
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. arcta Stebbins
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. var. acuminata Vasey ex Shear & Rydb.
Calamagrostis chordorrhiza Porsild
Calamagrostis crassiglumis Thurb.
Calamagrostis expansa Rickett & Gilly, non (Munro ex Hbd.) A.S. Hitchc.
Calamagrostis fernaldii Louis-Marie
Calamagrostis hyperborea Lange var. americana (Vasey) Kearney
Calamagrostis hyperborea Lange var. elongata Kearney
Calamagrostis hyperborea Lange var. stenodes Kearney
Calamagrostis inexpansa Gray
Calamagrostis inexpansa Gray var. barbulata Kearney
Calamagrostis inexpansa Gray var. brevior (Vasey) Stebbins
Calamagrostis inexpansa Gray var. novae-angliae Stebbins
Calamagrostis labradorica Kearney
Calamagrostis lacustris (Kearney) Nash
Calamagrostis lapponica (Wahlenb.) Hartman var. brevipilis Stebbins
Calamagrostis pickeringii Gray var. lacustris (Kearney) A.S. Hitchc.
Calamagrostis robertii Porsild
Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koel. var. brevior Vasey
Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koel. var. lacustris (Kearney) C.W. Greene

Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koel. ssp. stricta      slimstem reedgrass
Calamagrostis neglecta (Ehrh.) P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.
Calamagrostis neglecta (Ehrh.) P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. var. gracilis (Scribn.) Scribn.
Calamagrostis neglecta (Ehrh.) P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. var. micrantha (Kearney) Stebbins
Calamagrostis neglecta (Ehrh.) P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. ssp. stricta (Timm) Tzvelev


×Calammophila Brand      calammophila

×Calammophila don-hensonii Reznicek & E.J. Judziewicz      Henson's calammophila


Calamovilfa (Gray) Hack. ex Scribn. & Southworth      sandreed

Calamovilfa longifolia var. longifolia . Sand reed grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn.      prairie sandreed

Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. var. longifolia      prairie sandreed

Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. var. magna Scribn. & Merr.      prairie sandreed


Calendula L.      marigold

Calendula officinalis L.      pot marigold


Calla L.      callalily

Calla palustris . Wild calla - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calla palustris L.      water arum


Callirhoe Nutt.      poppymallow

Callirhoe alcaeoides (Michx.) Gray      light poppymallow
Sida alcaeoides Michx.

Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & Gray) Gray      purple poppymallow

Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & Gray) Gray var. involucrata      purple poppymallow
Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & Gray) Gray var. novomexicana E.G. Baker

Callirhoe triangulata (Leavenworth) Gray      clustered poppymallow


Callistephus Cass.      callistephus

Callistephus chinensis (L.) Nees      China aster
Aster chinensis L.


Callitriche L.      water-starwort

Callitriche hermaphroditica . Autumn water starwort - Callitrichaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Callitriche hermaphroditica L.      northern water-starwort
Callitriche autumnalis L.

Callitriche heterophylla . Larger water starwort - Callitrichaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Callitriche heterophylla Pursh      twoheaded water-starwort

Callitriche heterophylla Pursh ssp. heterophylla      twoheaded water-starwort
Callitriche anceps Fern.

Callitriche palustris . Spring water starwort - Callitrichaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Callitriche palustris L.      vernal water-starwort
Callitriche palustris L. var. verna (L.) Fenley ex Jepson
Callitriche verna L.

Callitriche stagnalis Scop.      pond water-starwort

Callitriche terrestris Raf.      terrestrial water-starwort
Callitriche austinii Engelm.
Callitriche deflexa A. Braun
Callitriche deflexa A. Braun var. austinii (Engelm.) Hegelm.
Callitriche deflexa A. Braun var. subsessilis Fassett


Calluna Salisb.      heather

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull      heather


Calopogon R. Br. ex Ait. f.      grasspink

Calopogon oklahomensis . Oklahoma grass pink - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Calopogon tuberosus . Tuberous grass pink - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calopogon tuberosus (L.) B.S.P.      tuberous grasspink

Calopogon tuberosus (L.) B.S.P. var. tuberosus      tuberous grasspink
Calopogon pulchellus R. Br. ex Ait. f.
Calopogon pulchellus R. Br. ex Ait. f. var. latifolius (St. John) Fern.
Calopogon tuberosus (L.) B.S.P. var. latifolius (St. John) Boivin
Limodorum tuberosum L.


Caltha L.      marsh marigold

Caltha natans . Floating marsh marigold - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Caltha natans Pallas ex Georgi      floating marsh marigold
Thacla natans (Pallas ex Georgi) Deyl & Soják

Caltha palustris . Common marsh marigold - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Caltha palustris L.      yellow marsh marigold

Caltha palustris L. var. palustris      yellow marsh marigold
Caltha asarifolia DC.
Caltha natans Pallas ex Georgi var. asarifolia (DC.) Huth
Caltha palustris L. var. asarifolia (DC.) Rothrock
Caltha palustris L. ssp. asarifolia (DC.) Hultén
Caltha palustris L. var. flabellifolia (Pursh) Torr. & Gray


Calylophus Spach      sundrops

Calylophus serrulatus . Toothed evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calylophus serrulatus (Nutt.) Raven      yellow sundrops
Calylophus australis Towner & Raven
Meriolix intermedia Rydb. ex Small
Meriolix oblanceolata Rydb.
Meriolix serrulata (Nutt.) Walp.
Oenothera serrulata Nutt.
Oenothera serrulata Nutt. var. typica Munz


Calypso Salisb.      fairy slipper

Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes      fairy slipper

Calypso bulbosa var. americana . Fairy slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes var. americana (R. Br. ex Ait. f.) Luer      fairy slipper
Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House p.p.


Calystegia R. Br.      false bindweed

Calystegia hederacea Wallich      Japanese false bindweed

Calystegia macounii (Greene) Brummitt      Macoun's false bindweed
Convolvulus interior House

Calystegia pellita (Ledeb.) G. Don      hairy false bindweed
Calystegia pubescens Lindl.
Convolvulus japonicus Thunb.
Convolvulus pellitus Ledeb.

Calystegia sepium . Hedge bindweed - Convolvulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br.      hedge false bindweed

Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. americana (Sims) Brummitt      hedge false bindweed
Calystegia inflata Sweet
Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. var. americana (Sims) Matsuda
Convolvulus americanus (Sims) Greene
Convolvulus sepium L. var. americanus Sims

Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. angulata Brummitt      hedge false bindweed
Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. var. angulata (Brummitt) N. Holmgren
Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. var. repens (L.) Gray
Convolvulus repens L.
Convolvulus sepium L. var. repens (L.) Gray

Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. appalachiana Brummitt      Appalachia false bindweed

Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. erratica Brummitt      hedge false bindweed

Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. sepium      hedge false bindweed
Convolvulus nashii House
Convolvulus sepium L.
Convolvulus sepium L. var. communis R. Tryon

Calystegia spithamea . Upright bindweed - Convolvulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Calystegia spithamaea (L.) Pursh      low false bindweed

Calystegia spithamaea (L.) Pursh ssp. spithamaea      low false bindweed
Convolvulus spithamaeus L.

Calystegia spithamaea (L.) Pursh ssp. stans (Michx.) Brummitt      low false bindweed


Camassia Lindl.      camas

Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory      Atlantic camas
Camassia esculenta (Raf.) Cory
Quamasia hyacinthina (Raf.) Britt.


Camelina Crantz      false flax

Camelina alyssum . European false - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native

Camelina microcarpa . Small-seeded false flax - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Camelina microcarpa DC.      littlepod false flax
Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz ssp. microcarpa (DC.) E. Schmid

Camelina sativa . Large-seeded false flax - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz ssp. sativa      gold-of-pleasure
Camelina parodii Ibarra & La Porte
Myagrum sativum L.


Campanula L.      bellflower

Campanula americana . Tall bellflower - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Campanula aparinoides . Marsh bellflower - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Campanula aparinoides Pursh      marsh bellflower
Campanula aparinoides Pursh var. grandiflora Holz.
Campanula aparinoides Pursh var. uliginosa (Rydb.) Gleason
Campanula uliginosa Rydb.

Campanula aparinoides var. aparinoides . Marsh bellflower - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Campanula aparinoides var. grandiflora . Marsh bellflower - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Campanula carpatica Jacq.      tussock bellflower

Campanula glomerata . Clustered bellflower - Campanulaceae *MN* non-native
    Campanula glomerata L.      Dane's blood

Campanula medium L.      Canterbury bells

Campanula persicifolia L.      peachleaf bellflower
Campanula persicifolia L. var. alba Horton

Campanula rapunculoides . European bellflower - Campanulaceae *MN* non-native
    Campanula rapunculoides L.      rampion bellflower
Campanula rapunculoides L. var. ucranica (Bess.) K. Koch

Campanula rotundifolia . Harebell - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Campanula rotundifolia L.      bluebell bellflower
Campanula alaskana (Gray) W. Wight ex J.P. Anders.
Campanula dubia A. DC.
Campanula heterodoxa Bong.
Campanula intercedens Witasek
Campanula petiolata A. DC.
Campanula rotundifolia L. var. alaskana Gray
Campanula rotundifolia L. var. intercedens (Witasek) Farw.
Campanula rotundifolia L. ssp. intercedens (Witasek) A.& D. Löve
Campanula rotundifolia L. var. lancifolia Mert. & Koch
Campanula rotundifolia L. var. petiolata (A. DC.) J.K. Henry
Campanula rotundifolia L. var. velutina A. DC.
Campanula sacajaweana M.E. Peck

Campanula trachelium L.      bats in the belfry

Campanulastrum Small      bellflower

Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small      American bellflower
Campanula americana L.
Campanula americana L. var. illinoensis (Fresen.) Farw.


Campsis Lour.      campsis

Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau      trumpet creeper
Bignonia radicans L.
Tecoma radicans (L.) Juss.


Canadanthus Nesom      mountain aster

Canadanthus modestus (Lindl.) Nesom      giant mountain aster
Aster major (Hook.) Porter
Aster modestus Lindl.
Aster unalaschkensis Hook. var. major Hook.
Weberaster modestus (Lindl.) A.& D. Löve


Cannabis L.      hemp

Cannabis sativa . Marijuana - Cannabaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
    Cannabis sativa L.      marijuana

Cannabis sativa L. ssp. sativa      marijuana

Cannabis sativa L. ssp. sativa var. sativa      marijuana

Cannabis sativa L. ssp. sativa var. spontanea Vavilov      marijuana


Capsella Medik.      capsella

Capsella bursa-pastoris . Shepherd's purse - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.      shepherd's purse
Bursa bursa-pastoris (L.) Britt.
Bursa bursa-pastoris (L.) Britt. var. bifida Crépin
Bursa gracilis Gren.
Capsella rubella Reut.
Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L.


Caragana Fabr.      peashrub

Caragana arborescens . Siberian peashrub - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
    Caragana arborescens Lam.      Siberian peashrub


Cardamine L.      bittercress

Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) B.S.P.      bulbous bittercress
Arabis bulbosa Schreb. ex Muhl.
Arabis rhomboidea Pers.
Cardamine rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.

Cardamine concatenata . Cut-leaved toothwort - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Sw.      cutleaf toothwort
Cardamine laciniata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Wood
Dentaria concatenata Michx.
Dentaria concatenata Michx. var. coalescens Fern.
Dentaria laciniata Muhl. ex Willd.
Dentaria laciniata Muhl. ex Willd. var. integra (O.E. Schulz) Fern.

Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Wood      crinkleroot
Dentaria diphylla Michx.
Dentaria incisa Small

Cardamine douglassii Britt.      limestone bittercress

Cardamine flexuosa With.      woodland bittercress
Cardamine hirsuta L. ssp. flexuosa (With.) Forbes & Hemsl.
Cardamine konaensis St. John

Cardamine hirsuta L.      hairy bittercress

Cardamine impatiens L.      narrowleaf bittercress

Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) Wood      large toothwort
Dentaria maxima Nutt.

Cardamine parviflora L.      sand bittercress

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola . Small-flowered bitter cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cardamine parviflora L. var. arenicola (Britt.) O.E. Schulz      sand bittercress
Cardamine arenicola Britt.

Cardamine pensylvanica . Pensylvania bitter cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.      Pennsylvania bittercress
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. var. brittoniana Farw.

Cardamine pratensis L.      cuckoo flower

Cardamine pratensis var. palustris . Cuckoo flower - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cardamine pratensis L. var. pratensis      cuckoo flower
Cardamine palustris (Wimmer & Grab.) Peterm.
Cardamine pratensis L. var. palustris Wimmer & Grab.

Cardamine rhomboidea . Spring cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Cardaria Desv.      whitetop

Cardaria draba . Hoary cress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.      whitetop
Lepidium draba L.

Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Jarmolenko      hairy whitetop
Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Jarmolenko var. elongata Rollins
Hymenophysa pubescens C.A. Mey.


Cardiospermum L.      balloonvine

Cardiospermum halicacabum L.      love in a puff


Carduus L.      plumeless thistle

Carduus acanthoides . Plumeless thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
    Carduus acanthoides L.      spiny plumeless thistle

Carduus crispus L.      curly plumeless thistle

Carduus nutans . Nodding thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
    Carduus nutans L.      nodding plumeless thistle

Carduus ×orthocephalus Wallr.     


Carex L.      sedge

Carex adusta . Browned sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex adusta Boott      lesser brown sedge

Carex aggregata Mackenzie      glomerate sedge
Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd. var. aggregata (Mackenzie) Gleason

Carex alata Torr.      broadwing sedge

Carex albicans Willd. ex Spreng.      whitetinge sedge

Carex albicans Willd. ex Spreng. var. albicans      whitetinge sedge
Carex artitecta Mackenzie
Carex artitecta Mackenzie var. subtilirostris F.J. Herm.
Carex emmonsii Dewey ex Torr. var. muehlenbergii (Gray) J. Rettig
Carex nigromarginata Schwein. var. muehlenbergii (Gray) Gleason
Carex varia Muhl. ex Willd., non Host

Carex albicans Willd. ex Spreng. var. emmonsii (Dewey ex Torr.) J. Rettig      Emmons' sedge
Carex emmonsii Dewey ex Torr.

Carex albolutescens Schwein.      greenwhite sedge

Carex albursina . White bear sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex albursina Sheldon      white bear sedge
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. latifolia Boott

Carex alopecoidea . Foxtail sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex alopecoidea Tuckerman      foxtail sedge

Carex amphibola . Ambiguous sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex amphibola Steud.      eastern narrowleaf sedge
Carex amphibola Steud. var. globosa (Bailey) Bailey
Carex amphibola Steud. var. rigida (Bailey) Fern.
Carex amphibola Steud. var. turgida Fern.
Carex bulbostylis Mackenzie
Carex corrugata Fern.
Carex grisea Wahlenb.

Carex annectens (Bickn.) Bickn.      yellowfruit sedge
Carex annectens (Bickn.) Bickn. var. xanthocarpa (Kükenth.) Wieg.
Carex brachyglossa Mackenzie
Carex setacea Dewey var. ambigua (Barratt) Fern.

Carex aquatilis Wahlenb.      water sedge

Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. var. aquatilis      water sedge
Carex acutinella Mackenzie
Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. ssp. altior (Rydb.) Hultén
Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. var. altior (Rydb.) Fern.
Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. var. substricta Kükenth.
Carex suksdorfii Kükenth.
Carex substricta (Kükenth.) Mackenzie

Careax aquatilis var. substricta . Aquatic sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex arcta . Northern clustered sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex arcta Boott      northern cluster sedge

Carex arctata . Drooping wood sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex arctata Boott ex Hook.      drooping woodland sedge

Carex argyrantha Tuckerman      hay sedge
Carex foenea Willd. var. perplexa Bailey

Carex assiniboinensis . Assiniboine sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex assiniboinensis W. Boott      Assiniboia sedge

Carex atherodes . Slough sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex atherodes Spreng.      wheat sedge

Carex atlantica Bailey      prickly bog sedge

Carex atlantica Bailey ssp. atlantica      prickly bog sedge
Carex atlantica Bailey var. incomperta (Bickn.) F.J. Herm.
Carex echinata Murr. var. conferta (Chapman) Bailey
Carex incomperta Bickn.

Carex atlantica Bailey ssp. capillacea (Bailey) Reznicek      prickly bog sedge
Carex atlantica Bailey var. capillaceae (Bailey) Cronq.
Carex delicatula Bickn.
Carex howei Mackenzie
Carex howei Mackenzie var. capillacea (Bailey) Fern.
Carex interior Bailey var. capillacea Bailey
Carex mohriana Mackenzie

Carex atratiformis Britt.      scrabrous black sedge
Carex atrata L. p.p.

Carex aurea . Golden fruited sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex aurea Nutt.      golden sedge

Carex backii . Back's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex backii Boott      Back's sedge
Carex backii Boott var. subrostrata (Bates) Dorn
Carex durifolia Bailey
Carex durifolia Bailey var. subrostrata Bates

Carex bebbii . Bebb's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex bebbii Olney ex Fern.      Bebb's sedge

Carex bicknellii . Bicknell's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex bicknellii Britt.      Bicknell's sedge

Carex bicknellii Britt. var. bicknellii      Bicknell's sedge
Carex brevior (Dewey) Mackenzie var. crawei (W. Boott) Boivin

Carex blanda . Charming sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex blanda Dewey      eastern woodland sedge
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. blanda (Dewey) Boott

Carex brevior . Short sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex brevior (Dewey) Mackenzie      shortbeak sedge
Carex festucacea Schkuhr ex Willd. var. brevior (Dewey) Fern.

Carex bromoides . Brome-like sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex bromoides Schkuhr ex Willd.      bromelike sedge

Carex bromoides Schkuhr ex Willd. var. bromoides      bromelike sedge

Carex brunnescens . Brownish sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir.      brownish sedge

Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir. ssp. brunnescens      brownish sedge

Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir. ssp. sphaerostachya (Tuckerman) Kalela      brownish sedge
Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir. var. sphaerostachya (Tuckerman) Kükenth.

Carex bushii . Bush's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* non-native
    Carex bushii Mackenzie      Bush's sedge
Carex caroliniana Schwein. var. cuspidata (Dewey) Shinners

Carex buxbaumii . Buxbaum's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb.      Buxbaum's sedge

Carex canescens . Silvery sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex canescens L.      silvery sedge

Carex canescens L. ssp. canescens      silvery sedge
Carex curta Goodenough

Carex canescens L. ssp. disjuncta (Fern.) Toivonen      silvery sedge
Carex canescens L. var. disjuncta Fern.

Carex capillaris . Hair-like sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex capillaris L.      hairlike sedge
Carex capillaris L. ssp. chlorostachys (Stev.) A.& D. Löve & Raymond
Carex capillaris L. var. elongata Olney ex Fern.
Carex capillaris L. var. fuscidula (Krecz.) A.& D. Löve
Carex capillaris L. var. major Blytt
Carex capillaris L. ssp. robustior (Drej. ex Lange) Böcher

Carex careyana . Carey's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex careyana Torr. ex Dewey      Carey's sedge

Carex castanea . Chestnut-colored sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex castanea Wahlenb.      chestnut sedge

Carex cephaloidea (Dewey) Dewey      thinleaf sedge
Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd. var. cephaloidea (Dewey) Carey

Carex cephalophora . Oval-headed sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd.      oval-leaf sedge

Carex chordorrhiza . Creeping sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex chordorrhiza Ehrh. ex L. f.      creeping sedge

Carex communis . Colonial sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex communis Bailey      fibrousroot sedge

Carex communis Bailey var. communis      fibrousroot sedge

Carex comosa . Bristly sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex comosa Boott      longhair sedge

Carex concinna R. Br.      low northern sedge

Carex conjuncta . Jointed sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex conjuncta Boott      soft fox sedge

Carex conoidea . Field sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex conoidea Schkuhr ex Willd.      openfield sedge
Carex katahdinensis Fern.

Carex crawei . Crawe's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex crawei Dewey      Crawe's sedge

Carex crawfordii . Crawford's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex crawfordii Fern.      Crawford's sedge
Carex crawfordii Fern. var. vigens Fern.

Carex crinita . Fringe sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex crinita Lam.      fringed sedge

Carex crinita Lam. var. crinita      fringed sedge
Carex crinita Lam. var. minor Boott
Carex crinita Lam. var. simulans Fern.

Carex cristatella . Crested sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex cristatella Britt.      crested sedge

Carex crus-corvi . Raven's foot sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex crus-corvi Shuttlw. ex Kunze      ravenfoot sedge
Carex bayardii Fern.

Carex cryptolepis . Secretive sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex cryptolepis Mackenzie      northeastern sedge
Carex flava L. var. fertilis auct. non Peck

Carex cumulata (Bailey) Fern.      clustered sedge

Carex davisii . Davis' sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex davisii Schwein. & Torr.      Davis' sedge

Carex debilis Michx.      white edge sedge

Carex debilis Michx. var. interjecta Bailey      white edge sedge

Carex debilis var. rudgei . Weak sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex debilis Michx. var. rudgei Bailey      white edge sedge
Carex debilis Michx. ssp. rudgei (Bailey) A.& D. Löve
Carex flexuosa Muhl. ex Willd.

Carex decomposita Muhl.      cypressknee sedge

Carex deflexa . Northern sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex deflexa Hornem.      northern sedge

Carex deweyana . Dewey's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex deweyana Schwein.      Dewey sedge

Carex diandra . Lesser-panicled sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex diandra Schrank      lesser panicled sedge

Carex digitalis Willd.      slender woodland sedge
Carex digitalis Willd. var. asymmetrica Fern.
Carex digitalis Willd. var. macropoda Fern.

Carex dioica var. gynocrates . Feminine sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex disperma . Soft-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex disperma Dewey      softleaf sedge

Carex duriuscula C.A. Mey.      needleleaf sedge
Carex eleocharis Bailey
Carex stenophylla auct. non Wahlenb.
Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. ssp. eleocharis (Bailey) Hultén
Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. var. enervis Kükenth.

Carex eburnea . Ivory sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex eburnea Boott      bristleleaf sedge

Carex echinata . Slender sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex echinata Murr.      star sedge

Carex echinata Murr. ssp. echinata      star sedge
Carex angustior Mackenzie
Carex angustior Mackenzie var. gracilenta Clausen & H.A. Wahl
Carex cephalantha (Bailey) Bickn.
Carex echinata Murr. var. angustata (Carey) Bailey
Carex hawaiiensis St. John
Carex josselynii (Fern.) Mackenzie ex Pease
Carex laricina Mackenzie ex Bright
Carex leersii Willd.
Carex muricata L. var. angustata (Carey) Carey ex Gleason
Carex muricata L. var. cephalantha (Bailey) Wieg. & Eames
Carex muricata L. var. laricina (Mackenzie ex Bright) Gleason
Carex ormantha (Fern.) Mackenzie
Carex phyllomanica W. Boott var. angustata (Carey) Boivin
Carex phyllomanica W. Boott var. ormantha (Fern.) Boivin
Carex svensonis Skottsberg

Carex emoryi . Emory's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex emoryi Dewey      Emory's sedge
Carex stricta Lam. var. elongata (Boeckl.) Gleason

Carex exilis . Coastal sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex exilis Dewey      coastal sedge

Carex festucacea . Fescue sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex festucacea Schkuhr ex Willd.      fescue sedge

Carex filifolia . Thread-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex filifolia Nutt.      threadleaf sedge
Carex elyniformis Porsild

Carex flacca Schreb.      heath sedge
Carex glauca Scop.

Carex flava . Yellow sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex flava L.
Carex flava L. var. fertilis Peck
Carex flava L. var. gaspensis Fern.
Carex flava L. var. graminis Bailey
Carex flava L. var. laxior (Kükenth.) Gleason
Carex flava L. var. rectirostra Gaudin
Carex nevadensis Boiss. & Reut. ssp. flavella (Krecz.) Janchen

Carex foenea . Hay sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex foenea Willd.      dryspike sedge

Carex foenea Willd. var. foenea      dryspike sedge
Carex aenea Fern.
Carex siccata Dewey

Carex folliculata L.      northern long sedge

Carex formosa . Handsome sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Carex formosa Dewey      handsome sedge

Carex frankii Kunth      Frank's sedge

Carex garberi Fern.      elk sedge
Carex garberi Fern. ssp. bifaria (Fern.) Hultén
Carex garberi Fern. var. bifaria Fern.

Carex gracilescens . Necklace sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex gracilescens Steud.      slender looseflower sedge
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. gracillima (Boott) Boott ex B.L. Robins. & Fern.

Carex gracillima . Graceful sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex gracillima Schwein.      graceful sedge
Carex gracillima Schwein. var. macerrima Fern. & Wieg.

Carex granularis . Granular sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd.      limestone meadow sedge

Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd. var. granularis      limestone meadow sedge
Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd. var. recta Dewey
Carex rectior Mackenzie

Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd. var. haleana (Olney) Porter      limestone meadow sedge
Carex haleana Olney
Carex shriveri Britt.

Carex gravida . Heavy sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex gravida Bailey      heavy sedge

Carex gravida Bailey var. gravida      heavy sedge

Carex gravida Bailey var. lunelliana (Mackenzie) F.J. Herm.      heavy sedge
Carex lunelliana Mackenzie

Carex grayi . Gray's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex grayi Carey      Gray's sedge
Carex asa-grayi Bailey
Carex grayi Carey var. hispidula Gray

Carex gynandra . Nodding sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex gynandra Schwein.      nodding sedge
Carex crinita Lam. var. gynandra (Schwein.) Schwein. & Torr.

Carex gynocrates Wormsk. ex Drej.      northern bog sedge
Carex dioica L. ssp. gynocrates (Wormsk. ex Drej.) Hultén
Carex dioica L. var. gynocrates (Wormsk. ex Drej.) Ostenf.
Carex parallela auct. non (Laestad.) Sommerf.

Carex hallii Olney      deer sedge
Carex parryana Dewey ssp. hallii (Olney) D.F. Murr.
Carex parryana Dewey var. hallii (Olney) Kükenth.
Carex parryana Dewey var. unica Bailey

Carex haydenii . Hayden's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex haydenii Dewey      Hayden's sedge
Carex rousseaui Raymond
Carex stricta Lam. var. decora Bailey

Carex heleonastes L. f.      Hudson Bay sedge

Carex heleonastes L. f. ssp. heleonastes      Hudson Bay sedge
Carex curta Goodenough var. robustior (Kükenth.) Boivin

Carex hirsutella Mackenzie      fuzzy wuzzy sedge
Carex complanata Torr. & Hook. var. hirsuta (Willd.) Gleason
Carex triceps Mackenzie

Carex hirta L.      hammer sedge

Carex hirtifolia . Hairy-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex hirtifolia Mackenzie      pubescent sedge

Carex hitchcockiana . Hitchcock's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex hitchcockiana Dewey      Hitchcock's sedge

Carex houghtoniana . Houghton's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex houghtoniana Torr. ex Dewey      Houghton's sedge
Carex houghtonii Torr.

Carex hyalinolepis Steud.      shoreline sedge
Carex impressa (S.H. Wright) Mackenzie
Carex lacustris Willd. var. laxiflora Dewey
Carex riparia auct. non M.A. Curtis
Carex riparia M.A. Curtis var. impressa S.H. Wright

Carex hystericina . Porcupine sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd.      bottlebrush sedge

Carex inops Bailey      long-stolon sedge

Carex inops Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mackenzie) Crins      sun sedge
Carex erxlebeniana L. Kelso
Carex heliophila Mackenzie
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. digyna Boeckl.
Carex pensylvanica Lam. ssp. heliophila (Mackenzie) W.A. Weber

Carex interior . Interior sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex interior Bailey      inland sedge
Carex interior Bailey ssp. charlestonensis Clokey
Carex interior Bailey var. keweenawensis F.J. Herm.

Carex intumescens . Bladder sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex intumescens Rudge      greater bladder sedge
Carex intumescens Rudge var. fernaldii Bailey

Carex jamesii . James' sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex jamesii Schwein.      James' sedge

Carex katahdinensis . Katahdin sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list

Carex ×knieskernii Dewey (pro sp.)     

Carex lacustris . Lake sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex lacustris Willd.      hairy sedge
Carex riparia M.A. Curtis var. lacustris (Willd.) Kükenth.

Carex laeviconica . Smooth-cone sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex laeviconica Dewey      smoothcone sedge

Carex laevivaginata . Smooth-sheathed sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex laevivaginata (Kükenth.) Mackenzie      smoothsheath sedge
Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. var. laevivaginata Kükenth.

Carex lapponica O.F. Lang      Lapland sedge
Carex canescens L. var. subloliacea (Laestad.) Hartman

Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh.      woollyfruit sedge

Carex lasiocarpa . var. americana Wiregrass sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh. var. americana Fern.      American woollyfruit sedge
Carex lanuginosa Michx. var. americana (Fern.) Boivin
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh. ssp. americana (Fern.) Love & Bernard

Carex laxiculmis . Loose-culmed sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex laxiculmis Schwein.      spreading sedge

Carex laxiculmis Schwein. var. copulata (Bailey) Fern.      spreading sedge
Carex ×copulata (Bailey) Mackenzie

Carex laxiculmis Schwein. var. laxiculmis      spreading sedge

Carex laxiflora Lam.      broad looseflower sedge

Carex laxiflora Lam. var. laxiflora      broad looseflower sedge
Carex anceps Muhl.
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. patulifolia (Dewey) Carey

Carex laxiflora Lam. var. serrulata F.J. Herm.      broad looseflower sedge

Carex leavenworthii Dewey      Leavenworth's sedge
Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd. var. angustifolia Boott
Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd. var. leavenworthii (Dewey) Kükenth.

Carex lenticularis . Lenticular sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex lenticularis Michx.      lakeshore sedge

Carex lenticularis Michx. var. lenticularis      lakeshore sedge
Carex lenticularis Michx. var. albimontana Dewey
Carex lenticularis Michx. var. blakei Dewey
Carex lenticularis Michx. var. eucycla Fern.
Carex lenticularis Michx. var. merens Howe

Carex leptalea . Bristle-stalked sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex leptalea Wahlenb.      bristlystalked sedge

Carex leptalea Wahlenb. ssp. harperi (Fern.) W. Stone      Harper's sedge
Carex harperi Fern.
Carex leptalea Wahlenb. var. harperi (Fern.) Weatherby & Grisc.

Carex leptalea Wahlenb. ssp. leptalea      bristlystalked sedge

Carex leptonervia . Fine-nerved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex leptonervia (Fern.) Fern.      nerveless woodland sedge
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. varians Bailey

Carex limosa . Candle-lantern sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex limosa L.      mud sedge

Carex livida . Lead-colored sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex livida (Wahlenb.) Willd.      livid sedge

Carex livida (Wahlenb.) Willd. var. radicaulis Paine      livid sedge
Carex livida (Wahlenb.) Willd. var. grayana (Dewey) Fern.

Carex longii Mackenzie      Long's sedge

Carex lucorum Willd. ex Link      Blue Ridge sedge

Carex lucorum Willd. ex Link var. lucorum      Blue Ridge sedge
Carex michiganensis Dewey
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. distans Peck
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. lucorum (Willd. ex Link) Fern.
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. separans Peck

Carex lupuliformis Sartwell ex Dewey      false hop sedge

Carex lupulina . Hop umbrella sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd.      hop sedge
Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. var. pedunculata Gray
Carex ×macounii Dewey

Carex lurida . Sallow sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* non-native
    Carex lurida Wahlenb.      shallow sedge

Carex magellanica Lam.      boreal bog sedge

Carex magellanica Lam. ssp. irrigua (Wahlenb.) Hultén      boreal bog sedge
Carex magellanica Lam. var. irrigua (Wahlenb.) B.S.P.
Carex paupercula Michx.
Carex paupercula Michx. var. brevisquama Fern.
Carex paupercula Michx. var. irrigua (Wahlenb.) Fern.
Carex paupercula Michx. var. pallens Fern.

Carex meadii . Mead's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex meadii Dewey      Mead's sedge
Carex tetanica Schkuhr var. meadii (Dewey) Bailey

Carex merritt-fernaldii Mackenzie      Fernald's sedge

Carex mesochorea Mackenzie      midland sedge
Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd. var. mesochorea (Mackenzie) Gleason

Carex michauxiana . Michaux's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex michauxiana Boeckl.      Michaux's sedge
Carex abacta Bailey

Carex molesta Mackenzie ex Bright      troublesome sedge

Carex muehlenbergii Schkuhr ex Willd.      Muhlenberg's sedge

Carex muehlenbergii Schkuhr ex Willd. var. enervis Boott      Muhlenberg's sedge
Carex plana Mackenzie

Carex muhlenbergia var. muhlenbergia . Muhlenberg's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex muehlenbergii Schkuhr ex Willd. var. muehlenbergii      Muhlenberg's sedge

Carex muricata L.      rough sedge
Carex pairaei F.W. Schultz
Carex stellulata auct. non Goodenough

Carex muskingumensis . Muskingum sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex muskingumensis Schwein.      Muskingum sedge

Carex nebrascensis Dewey      Nebraska sedge

Carex nigra (L.) Reichard      smooth black sedge
Carex acuta auct. non L.
Carex goodenowii J. Gay
Carex nigra (L.) Reichard var. strictiformis (Bailey) Fern.

Carex nigromarginata Schwein.      black edge sedge

Carex normalis . Right-angle sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex normalis Mackenzie      greater straw sedge

Carex norvegica . Intermediate sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
   
Carex norvegica Retz.      Norway sedge

Carex norvegica Retz. ssp. inferalpina (Wahlenb.) Hultén      closedhead sedge
Carex angarae Steud.
Carex media R. Br.
Carex norvegica Retz. var. inferalpina (Wahlenb.) Boivin
Carex vahlii Schkuhr var. inferalpina Wahlenb.

Carex novae-angliae . New England sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex novae-angliae Schwein.      New England sedge

Carex obtusata . Blunt sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex obtusata Lilj.      obtuse sedge

Carex oligocarpa . Few-fruited sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex oligocarpa Schkuhr ex Willd.      richwoods sedge

Carex oligosperma . Bog wiregrass sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex oligosperma Michx.      fewseed sedge

Carex ormostachya Wieg.      necklace spike sedge
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. ormostachya (Wieg.) Gleason

Carex ovalis Goodenough      eggbract sedge
Carex leporina auct. non L.
Carex tracyi auct. non Mackenzie

Carex pallescens . Pale sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Carex pallescens L.      pale sedge
Carex pallescens L. var. neogaea Fern.

Carex parryana . Hall's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex pauciflora . Few-flowered sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex pauciflora Lightf.      fewflower sedge

Carex paupercula . Poor sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex peckii . Peck's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex peckii Howe      Peck's sedge
Carex albicans auct. non Willd. ex Spreng.
Carex nigromarginata Schwein. var. elliptica (Boott) Gleason
Carex nigromarginata Schwein. var. minor (Boott) Gleason

Carex pedunculata . Long-stalked sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex pedunculata Muhl. ex Willd.      longstalk sedge

Carex pellita . Woolly sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex pellita Muhl ex Willd.      woolly sedge
Carex lanuginosa auct. non Michx.
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh. var. latifolia (Boeckl.) Gilly

Carex pensylvanica Lam.      Pennsylvania sedge
Carex marginata Willd.
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. glumabunda Peck
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. marginata (Willd.) Dewey
Carex pensylvanica Lam. var. vespertina Bailey
Carex stolonifera Schwein.

Carex pensylvanica var. digyna . Sun-loving sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex plantaginea . Plantain-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Carex plantaginea Lam.      plantainleaf sedge

Carex platyphylla Carey      broadleaf sedge

Carex praegracilis . Very slender sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex praegracilis W. Boott      clustered field sedge
Carex camporum Mackenzie

Carex prairea . Prairie sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex prairea Dewey ex Wood      prairie sedge

Carex prasina Wahlenb.      drooping sedge

Carex praticola . Prairie-dweller sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex praticola Rydb.      meadow sedge
Carex praticola Rydb. var. subcoriacea F.J. Herm.

Carex projecta . Projecting sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex projecta Mackenzie      necklace sedge

Carex pseudocyperus . Cyperus sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex pseudocyperus L.      cypresslike sedge

Carex radiata . Eastern star sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex radiata (Wahlenb.) Small      eastern star sedge
Carex radiata (Wahlenb.) Small var. staminata Peck ex Howe
Carex rosea Schkuhr ex Willd. var. minor Boott
Carex rosea Schkuhr ex Willd. var. radiata (Wahlenb.) Dewey
Carex sylvicola J. Webber & P.W. Ball

Carex retroflexa Muhl. ex Willd.      reflexed sedge

Carex retrorsa . Retrorse sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex retrorsa Schwein.      knotsheath sedge

Carex richardsonii . Richardson's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex richardsonii R. Br.      Richardson's sedge

Carex rosea . Starry sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex rosea Schkuhr ex Willd.      rosy sedge
Carex convoluta Mackenzie
Carex flaccidula Steud.
Carex rosea Schkuhr ex Willd. var. pusilla Peck & Howe

Carex rossii . Ross' sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex rossii Boott      Ross' sedge
Carex brevipes W. Boott
Carex deflexa Hornem. var. rossii (Boott) Bailey
Carex diversistylis Roach

Carex rostrata Stokes      beaked sedge
Carex rostrata Stokes var. ambigens Fern.

Carex sartwellii . Sartwell's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex sartwellii Dewey      Sartwell's sedge

Carex sartwellii Dewey var. sartwellii      Sartwell's sedge

Carex saximontana Mackenzie      Rocky Mountain sedge
Carex backii Boott var. saximontana (Mackenzie) Boivin

Carex scabrata Schwein.      eastern rough sedge

Carex schweinitzii Dewey ex Schwein.      Schweinitz's sedge

Carex scirpoidea . Northern singlespike sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex scirpoidea Michx.      northern singlespike sedge
Carex athabascensis F.J. Herm.
Carex scirpiformis Mackenzie
Carex scirpoidea Michx. var. convoluta Kükenth.
Carex scirpoidea Michx. var. scirpiformis (Mackenzie) O'Neill & Duman
Carex scirpoidea Michx. var. stenochlaena Holm
Carex stenochlaena (Holm) Mackenzie

Carex scoparia . Pointed broom sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex scoparia Schkuhr ex Willd.      broom sedge

Carex scoparia Schkuhr ex Willd. var. scoparia      broom sedge
Carex scoparia Schkuhr ex Willd. var. condensa Fern.
Carex scoparia Schkuhr ex Willd. var. moniliformis Tuckerman
Carex tribuloides Wahlenb. var. moniliformis (Tuckerman) Britt.

Carex seorsa Howe      weak stellate sedge

Carex siccata . Dry spike sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex sparganioides . Thin-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd.      burr reed sedge

Carex sparganioides var. cephaloidea . Thin-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex sparganioides var. sparganioides . Thin-leaved sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex spicata Huds.      prickly sedge
Carex contigua Hoppe

Carex sprengelii . Sprengel's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex sprengelii Dewey ex Spreng.      Sprengel's sedge

Carex squarrosa L.      squarrose sedge

Carex stenophylla . Spike rush sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex sterilis . Sterile sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Carex sterilis Willd.      dioecious sedge
Carex elachycarpa Fern.
Carex ×minganinsularum Raymond
Carex muricata L. var. sterilis (Willd.) Gleason
Kobresia elachycarpa (Fern.) Fern.

Carex stipata . Awl-fruited sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd.      owlfruit sedge

Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. var. stipata      owlfruit sedge

Carex straminea Willd. ex Schkuhr      eastern straw sedge
Carex richii (Fern.) Mackenzie

Carex striatula Michx.      lined sedge
Carex ignota Dewey
Carex laxiflora Lam. var. angustifolia Dewey

Carex stricta . Tussock sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex stricta Lam.      upright sedge
Carex strictior Dewey
Carex stricta Lam. var. strictior (Dewey) Carey

Carex suberecta (Olney) Britt.      prairie straw sedge

Carex ×subimpressa Clokey (pro sp.)     

Carex ×subviridula Fern.     

Carex supina . Weak arctic sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex supina Willd. ex Wahlenb.      weak arctic sedge

Carex supina Willd. ex Wahlenb. var. spaniocarpa (Steud.) Boivin      weak arctic sedge
Carex supina Willd. ex Wahlenb. ssp. spaniocarpa (Steud.) Hultén

Carex swanii (Fern.) Mackenzie      Swan's sedge
Carex virescens Muhl. ex Willd. var. swanii Fern.

Carex sychnocephala . Many-headed sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex sychnocephala Carey      manyhead sedge

Carex tenera . Marsh straw sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex tenera Dewey      quill sedge
Carex tenera Dewey var. echinodes (Fern.) Wieg.

Carex tenuiflora . Sparse-flowered sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex tenuiflora Wahlenb.      sparseflower sedge

Carex tetanica . Rigid sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex tetanica Schkuhr      rigid sedge

Carex tincta (Fern.) Fern.      tinged sedge

Carex tonsa (Fern.) Bickn.      shaved sedge

Carex tonsa (Fern.) Bickn. var. rugosperma (Mackenzie) Crins      parachute sedge
Carex rugosperma Mackenzie

Carex tonsa (Fern.) Bickn. var. tonsa      shaved sedge
Carex rugosperma Mackenzie var. tonsa (Fern.) E.G. Voss
Carex umbellata Schkuhr ex Willd. var. tonsa Fern.

Carex torreyi . Torrey's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex torreyi Tuckerman      Torrey's sedge
Carex abbreviata Prescott

Carex torta Boott ex Tuckerman      twisted sedge

Carex tribuloides . Blunt broom sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex tribuloides Wahlenb.      blunt broom sedge

Carex tribuloides Wahlenb. var. tribuloides      blunt broom sedge

Carex ×trichina Fern.     

Carex trichocarpa . Hairy-fruited sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex trichocarpa Muhl. ex Willd.      hairyfruit sedge

Carex trisperma . Three-seeded bog sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex trisperma Dewey      threeseeded sedge

Carex trisperma Dewey var. trisperma      threeseeded sedge

Carex tuckermanii . Tuckerman's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex tuckermanii Dewey      Tuckerman's sedge

Carex typhina . Cattail sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex typhina Michx.      cattail sedge
Carex squarrosa L. var. typhina (Michx.) Nutt.

Carex umbellata . Umbel sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex umbellata Schkuhr ex Willd.      parasol sedge
Carex abdita Bickn.

Carex utriculata . Beaked sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex utriculata Boott      Northwest Territory sedge
Carex inflata Huds. var. utriculata (Boott) Druce
Carex rhynchophysa Fisch., C.A. Mey. & Avé-Lall.
Carex rostrata Stokes var. utriculata (Boott) Bailey

Carex vaginata . Sheathed sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex vaginata Tausch      sheathed sedge
Carex saltuensis Bailey

Carex vesicaria . Inflated sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex vesicaria L.      blister sedge

Carex vesicaria L. var. distenta Fries      blister sedge

Carex vesicaria L. var. jejuna Fern.      blister sedge

Carex vesicaria L. var. monile (Tuckerman) Fern.      blister sedge
Carex monile Tuckerman

Carex vesicaria L. var. raeana (Boott) Fern.      blister sedge
Carex raeana Boott

Carex virescens Muhl. ex Willd.      ribbed sedge
Carex costata Schwein.
Carex virescens Muhl. ex Willd. var. costata (Schwein.) Dewey

Carex viridula . Green sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex viridula Michx.      little green sedge

Carex viridula Michx. ssp. viridula      little green sedge
Carex oederi auct. non Retz.
Carex oederi Retz. var. recterostrata (Victorin) Dorn
Carex oederi Retz. ssp. viridula (Michx.) Hultén
Carex serotina Mérat

Carex vulpinoidea . Fosedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex vulpinoidea Michx.      fox sedge

Carex vulpinoidea var. ambigua . Yellow-fruited fosedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Carex vulpinoidea Michx. var. pycnocephala F.J. Herm.      fox sedge

Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea . Fosedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carex vulpinoidea Michx. var. vulpinoidea      fox sedge
Carex setacea Dewey

Carex wiegandii Mackenzie      Wiegand's sedge

Carex willdenowii Schkuhr ex Willd.      Willdenow's sedge

Carex willdenowii Schkuhr ex Willd. var. willdenowii      Willdenow's sedge

Carex woodii . Wood's sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex woodii Dewey      pretty sedge
Carex colorata Mackenzie
Carex tetanica Schkuhr var. woodii (Dewey) Wood

Carex xerantica . Dry sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Carex xerantica Bailey      whitescale sedge


Carpinus L.      hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana Walt.      American hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana . Blue beech - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carpinus caroliniana Walt. ssp. virginiana (Marsh.) Furlow      American hornbeam
Carpinus betulus L. var. virginiana Marsh.
Carpinus caroliniana Walt. var. virginiana (Marsh.) Fern.


Carum L.      carum

Carum carvi . Caraway - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
    Carum carvi L.      caraway
Carum velenovskyi Rohlena


Carya Nutt.      hickory

Carya cordiformis . Bitternut hickory - Juglandaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch      bitternut hickory
Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch var. latifolia Sarg.
Hicoria cordiformis (Wangenh.) Britt.

Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet      pignut hickory

Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet var. glabra      pignut hickory
Carya microcarpa (Nutt.) Britt.
Hicoria glabra (P. Mill.) Britt.

Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don      shellbark hickory
Hicoria laciniosa (Michx. f.) Sarg.

Carya ×laneyi Sarg.      Carya ×laneyi Sarg. var. chateaugayensis (Sarg.) Boivin

Carya ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg.      red hickory
Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet var. odorata (Marsh.) Little
Carya ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg. var. mollis (Ashe) Sudworth
Carya ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg. var. obcordata (Muhl. & Willd.) Sarg.
Carya ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg. var. odorata (Marsh.) Sarg.
Carya ×ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg. var. odorata (Marsh.) Boivin
Carya ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg. var. obovalis Sarg.
Hicoria ovalis (Wangenh.) Ashe

Carya ovata var. ovata . Shagbark hickory - Juglandaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Carya ovata (P. Mill.) K. Koch      shagbark hickory
Carya ovata (P. Mill.) K. Koch var. fraxinifolia Sarg.
Carya ovata (P. Mill.) K. Koch var. nuttallii Sarg.
Carya ovata (P. Mill.) K. Koch var. pubescens Sarg.
Hicoria alba Britt. p.p.
Hicoria borealis Ashe
Hicoria ovata (P. Mill.) Britt.


Castanea P. Mill.      chestnut

Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.      American chestnut
Castanea americana (Michaux) Raf.


Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.      Indian paintbrush


Castilleja coccinea . Indian paintbrush - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng.      scarlet Indian paintbrush
Castilleja ludoviciana Pennell

Castilleja septentrionalis . Northern paintbrush - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Castilleja septentrionalis Lindl.      Labrador Indian paintbrush
Castilleja acuminata auct. non (Pursh) Spreng.
Castilleja pallida (L.) Spreng. ssp. septentrionalis (Lindl.) Scoggan
Castilleja pallida (L.) Spreng. var. septentrionalis (Lindl.) Gray

Castilleja sessiliflora . Downy paintbrush - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Castilleja sessiliflora Pursh      downy paintedcup


Catabrosa Beauv.      whorlgrass

Catabrosa aquatica (L.) Beauv.      water whorlgrass
Aira aquatica L.
Catabrosa aquatica (L.) Beauv. var. uniflora S.F. Gray


Catalpa Scop.      catalpa

Catalpa ovata . Chinese catalpa - Bignoniaceae *MN* non-native
    Catalpa ovata G. Don      Chinese catalpa

Catalpa speciosa . Cigar tree - Bignoniaceae *MN* non-native
    Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm.      northern catalpa


Caulophyllum Michx.      cohosh

Caulophyllum giganteum (Farw.) Loconte & Blackwell      giant blue cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. var. giganteum Farw.

Caulophyllum thalictroides . Blue cohosh - Berberidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx.      blue cohosh


Ceanothus L.      ceanothus

Ceanothus americanus var. pitcheri . American New Jersey tea - Rhamnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Ceanothus americanus L.      New Jersey tea
Ceanothus americanus L. var. intermedius (Pursh) Torr. & Gray
Ceanothus americanus L. var. pitcheri Torr. & Gray
Ceanothus intermedius Pursh

Ceanothus herbaceus . Oval-leaved New Jersey tea - Rhamnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Ceanothus herbaceus Raf.      Jersey tea
Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. var. pubescens (Torr. & Gray ex S. Wats.) Shinners
Ceanothus ovatus auct. non Desf.
Ceanothus ovatus Desf. var. pubescens Torr. & Gray ex S. Wats.
Ceanothus pubescens (Torr. & Gray ex S. Wats.) Rydb. ex Small

Ceanothus sanguineus Pursh      redstem ceanothus
Ceanothus oreganus Nutt.


Celastrus L.      bittersweet

Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.      Asian bittersweet

Celastrus scandens . Climbing bittersweet - Celastraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Celastrus scandens L.      American bittersweet


Celtis L.      hackberry

Celtis occidentalis . Hackberry - -Ulmaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Celtis occidentalis L.      common hackberry

Celtis occidentalis L. var. occidentalis      common hackberry
Celtis occidentalis L. var. crassifolia (Lam.) Gray

Celtis tenuifolia Nutt.      dwarf hackberry
Celtis georgiana Small
Celtis laevigata Willd. var. smallii (Beadle) Sarg.
Celtis mississippiensis Bosc
Celtis occidentalis L. var. georgiana (Small) Ahles
Celtis pumila Pursh var. georgiana (Small) Sarg.
Celtis smallii Beadle
Celtis tenuifolia Nutt. var. georgiana (Small) Fern. & Schub.
Celtis tenuifolia Nutt. var. soperi Boivin


Cenchrus L.      sandbur

Cenchrus longispinus . Sandbur - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
    Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern.      mat sandbur
Cenchrus carolinianus Walt.


Centaurea L.      knapweed

Centaurea americana Nutt.      American star-thistle

Centaurea biebersteinii DC.      spotted knapweed
Acosta maculosa auct. non Holub
Centaurea maculosa auct. non Lam.

Centaurea cyanus . Cornflower - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Centaurea cyanus L.      garden cornflower
Leucacantha cyanus (L.) Nieuwl. & Lunell

Centaurea debeauxii Gren. & Godr.      meadow knapweed

Centaurea debeauxii Gren. & Godr. ssp. thuillieri Dostál      meadow knapweed
Centaurea pratensis Thuill., non Salisb.

Centaurea diffusa Lam.      white knapweed
Acosta diffusa (Lam.) Soják

Centaurea dubia . Short-fringed knapweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native

Centaurea jacea L.      brownray knapweed

Centaurea macrocephala Puschk. ex Willd.      bighead knapweed

Centaurea maculosa . Spotted knapweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"

Centaurea melitensis L.      Maltese star-thistle

Centaurea montana . Black knapweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Centaurea montana L.      perennial cornflower

Centaurea nigra L.      lesser knapweed
Centaurea nigra L. var. radiata DC.

Centaurea nigrescens Willd.      Tyrol knapweed
Centaurea dubia Suter ssp. vochinensis (Bernh. ex Reichenb.) Hayek
Centaurea vochinensis Bernh. ex Reichenb.

Centaurea repens . Russian knapweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"

Centaurea solstitialis L.      yellow star-thistle
Leucantha solstitialis (L.) A.& D. Löve

Centaurea transalpina Schleich. ex DC.      alpine knapweed
Centaurea dubia Suter

Centaurea triumfettii All.      squarrose knapweed
Centaurea squarrosa Willd.
Centaurea virgata Lam.
Centaurea virgata Lam. var. squarrosa (Willd.) Boiss.


Centaurium Hill      centaury

Centaurium erythraea Rafn      European centaury
Centaurium minus auct. non Moench
Centaurium umbellatum auct. non Gilib.
Erythraea centaurium of authors

Centaurium pulchellum . Beautiful centaury - Gentianaceae *MN* non-native
    Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce      branched centaury



Ceologlossum viride var. varescens . Long-bracted orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Cephalanthus L.      buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis . Buttonbush - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cephalanthus occidentalis L.      common buttonbush
Cephalanthus occidentalis L. var. californicus Benth.
Cephalanthus occidentalis L. var. pubescens Raf.

Cephalaria Schrad. ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes      cephalaria

Cephalaria gigantea (Ledeb.) Bobr.      Tatarian cephalaria
Cephalaria tatarica auct. non Roemer & J.A. Schultes


Cerastium L.      mouse-ear chickweed

Cerastium arvense . Field chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cerastium arvense L.      field chickweed

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. arvense      field chickweed

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum (L.) Ugborogho      field chickweed
Cerastium alsophilum Greene
Cerastium angustatum Greene
Cerastium arvense L. var. angustifolium Fenzl
Cerastium arvense L. var. latifolium Fenzl
Cerastium arvense L. var. purpurascens Boivin
Cerastium arvense L. var. viscidulum Gremli
Cerastium campestre Greene
Cerastium confertum Greene
Cerastium effusum Greene
Cerastium elongatum Pursh
Cerastium graminifolium Rydb.
Cerastium latifolium Fenzl
Cerastium nitidum Greene
Cerastium occidentale Greene
Cerastium oreophilum Greene
Cerastium patulum Greene
Cerastium scopulorum Greene
Cerastium sonnei Greene
Cerastium strictum L.
Cerastium subulatum Greene
Cerastium tenuifolium Pursh
Cerastium vestitum Greene

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. velutinum (Raf.) Ugborogho      field chickweed

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. velutinum (Raf.) Ugborogho var. villosum (Muhl. ex Darl.) Hollick & Britt.      field chickweed
Cerastium arvense L. var. villosissimum Pennell
Cerastium villosum Muhl. ex Darl.

Cerastium brachypodum (Engelm. ex Gray) B.L. Robins.      shortstalk chickweed
Cerastium brachypodum (Engelm. ex Gray) B.L. Robins. var. compactum B.L. Robins.
Cerastium nutans Raf. var. brachypodum Engelm. ex Gray

Cerastium fontanum Baumg.      common mouse-ear chickweed

Cerastium fontanum Baumg. ssp. vulgare (Hartman) Greuter & Burdet      big chickweed
Cerastium adsurgens Greene
Cerastium fontanum Baumg. ssp. holosteoides auct. non (Fries) Salman, van Ommering & de Voogd
Cerastium fontanum Baumg. ssp. triviale (Link) Jalas
Cerastium holosteoides auct. non Fries
Cerastium holosteoides Fries var. vulgare (Hartman) Hyl.
Cerastium triviale Link
Cerastium vulgatum L. 1762, non 1755
Cerastium vulgatum L. var. hirsutum Fries
Cerastium vulgatum L. var. holosteoides auct. non (Fries) Wahlenb.

Cerastium glomeratum Thuill.      sticky chickweed
Cerastium acutatum Suksdorf
Cerastium glomeratum Thuill. var. apetalum (Dumort.) Fenzl
Cerastium viscosum auct. non L.

Cerastium nutans . Nodding chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cerastium nutans Raf.      nodding chickweed

Cerastium nutans Raf. var. nutans      nodding chickweed
Cerastium longepedunculatum Muhl. ex Britt.
Cerastium nutans Raf. var. occidentale Boivin

Cerastium pumilum W. Curtis      European chickweed

Cerastium semidecandrum L.      fivestamen chickweed

Cerastium tomentosum L.      snow in summer

Cerastium vulgatum . Mouse-ear chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native


Ceratocephala Moench      curveseed butterwort

Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Bess.      curveseed butterwort
Ceratocephala falcata auct. non (L.) Pers.
Ceratocephala orthoceras DC.
Ranunculus falcatus auct. non L.
Ranunculus testiculatus Crantz


Ceratophyllum L.      hornwort

Ceratophyllum demersum . Common coontail - Ceratophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Ceratophyllum demersum L.      coon's tail
Ceratophyllum apiculatum Cham.
Ceratophyllum demersum L. var. apiculatum (Cham.) Aschers.
Ceratophyllum demersum L. var. apiculatum (Cham.) Garcke

Ceratophyllum echinatum . Spiny coontail - Ceratophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Ceratophyllum echinatum Gray      spineless hornwort
Ceratophyllum demersum L. var. echinatum (Gray) Gray
Ceratophyllum submersum L. var. echinatum (Gray) Wilmot-Dear


Cercis L.      redbud

Cercis canadensis L.      eastern redbud

Cercis canadensis L. var. canadensis      eastern redbud


Chaenomeles Lindl.      flowering quince

Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai      flowering quince
Chaenomeles lagenaria (Loisel.) Koidzumi


Chaenorhinum (DC.) Reichenb.      dwarf snapdragon

Chaenorrhinum minus . Dwarf snapdragon - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
    Chaenorhinum minus (L.) Lange      dwarf snapdragon


Chaerophyllum L.      chervil

Chaerophyllum procumbens (L.) Crantz      spreading chervil

Chaerophyllum procumbens (L.) Crantz var. procumbens      spreading chervil


Chaiturus Willd.      lion's tail

Chaiturus marrubiastrum (L.) Reichenb.      lion's tail
Leonurus marrubiastrum L.


Chamaecrista (L.) Moench      sensitive pea

Chamaecrista fasciculata . Partridge pea - Caesalpiniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene      sleepingplant

Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene var. fasciculata      sleepingplant
Cassia brachiata (Pollard) J.F. Macbr.
Cassia chamaecrista L.
Cassia fasciculata Michx.
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. brachiata (Pollard) Pullen ex Isely
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. depressa (Pollard) J.F. Macbr.
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. ferrisiae (Britt. ex Britt. & Rose) Turner
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. puberula (Greene) J.F. Macbr.
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. rostrata (Woot. & Standl.) B.L. Turner
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. robusta (Pollard) J.F. Macbr.
Cassia fasciculata Michx. var. tracyi (Pollard) J.F. Macbr.
Cassia mississippiensis Pollard
Cassia robusta (Pollard) Pollard
Cassia rostrata (Woot. & Standl.) Tidestrom ex Tidestrom & Kittell
Chamaecrista brachiata Pollard
Chamaecrista depressa (Pollard) Greene
Chamaecrista littoralis Pollard
Chamaecrista mississippiensis (Pollard) Pollard ex Heller
Chamaecrista robusta (Pollard) Pollard ex Heller
Chamaecrista rostrata Woot. & Standl.
Chamaecrista tracyi Pollard

Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench      partridge pea

Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench ssp. nictitans      partridge pea

Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench ssp. nictitans var. nictitans      partridge pea
Cassia aspera Muhl. ex Ell. var. mohrii Pollard
Cassia nictitans L.
Cassia nictitans L. var. hebecarpa Fern.
Cassia nictitans L. var. leiocarpa Fern.
Chamaecrista mohrii (Pollard) Small ex Britt. & Rose
Chamaecrista multipinnata (Pollard) Greene
Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench var. hebecarpa (Fern.) C.F. Reed
Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench var. leiocarpa (Fern.) Moldenke
Chamaecrista procumbens (L.) Greene


Chamaedaphne Moench      leatherleaf

Chamaedaphne calyculata . Leatherleaf - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench      leatherleaf

Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. angustifolia (Ait.) Rehd.      leatherleaf
Cassandra calyculata (L.) D. Don var. angustifolia (Ait.) Seymour


Chamaelirium Willd.      chamaelirium

Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray      fairywand
Chamaelirium obovale Small
Veratrum luteum L.

Chamaemelum P. Mill.      dogfennel

Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.      Roman chamomile
Anthemis nobilis L.


Chamaerhodos Bunge      little rose

Chamaerhodos erecta . Nuttall's groundrose - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chamaerhodos erecta (L.) Bunge      little rose

Chamaerhodos erecta (L.) Bunge ssp. nuttallii (Pickering ex Rydb.) Hultén      Nuttall's little rose
Chamaerhodos erecta (L.) Bunge var. parviflora (Nutt.) C.L. Hitchc.
Chamaerhodos nuttallii Pickering ex Rydb.
Chamaerhodos nuttallii Pickering ex Rydb. var. keweenawensis Fern.


Chamaesyce S.F. Gray      sandmat

Chamaesyce geyeri (Engelm.) Small      Geyer's sandmat

Chamaesyce geyeri (Engelm.) Small var. geyeri      Geyer's sandmat
Euphorbia geyeri Engelm.

Chamaesyce glyptosperma (Engelm.) Small      ribseed sandmat
Euphorbia glyptosperma Engelm.

Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.      pillpod sandmat
Euphorbia hirta L.
Euphorbia pilulifera auct. non L.

Chamaesyce humistrata (Engelm.) Small      spreading sandmat
Euphorbia humistrata Engelm.

Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small      spotted sandmat
Chamaesyce mathewsii Small
Chamaesyce supina (Raf.) Moldenke
Chamaesyce tracyi Small
Euphorbia maculata L.
Euphorbia supina Raf.

Chamaesyce missurica (Raf.) Shinners      prairie sandmat
Chamaesyce missurica (Raf.) Shinners var. calcicola Shinners
Chamaesyce nuttallii (Engelm.) Small
Chamaesyce petaloidea (Engelm.) Small
Chamaesyce zygophylloides (Boiss.) Small
Euphorbia missurica Raf.
Euphorbia missurica Raf. var. intermedia (Engelm.) L.C. Wheeler
Euphorbia missurica Raf. var. petaloidea (Engelm.) Dorn
Euphorbia nuttallii (Engelm.) Small
Euphorbia petaloidea Engelm.

Chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) Small      eyebane
Chamaesyce maculata auct. non (L.) Small
Chamaesyce preslii (Guss.) Arthur
Euphorbia maculata auct. non L.
Euphorbia nutans Lag.
Euphorbia preslii Guss.

Chamaesyce polygonifolia (L.) Small      seaside sandmat
Euphorbia polygonifolia L.

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Pers.) Small      thymeleaf sandmat

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Pers.) Small ssp. serpyllifolia      thymeleaf sandmat
Chamaesyce albicaulis (Rydb.) Rydb.
Chamaesyce neomexicana (Greene) Standl.
Euphorbia neomexicana Greene
Euphorbia serpyllifolia Pers.

Chamaesyce vermiculata (Raf.) House      wormseed sandmat
Chamaesyce rafinesquei (Greene) Arthur
Euphorbia vermiculata Raf.

Chamerion Raf. ex Holub      fireweed

Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub      fireweed

Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub ssp. circumvagum (Mosquin) Kartesz, comb. nov. ined.      fireweed
Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop. ssp. circumvagum (Mosquin) Moldenke
Chamerion danielsii D. Löve
Chamerion platyphyllum (Daniels) A.& D. Löve
Epilobium angustifolium L. var. abbreviatum (Lunell) Munz
Epilobium angustifolium L. ssp. circumvagum Mosquin
Epilobium angustifolium L. var. canescens Wood
Epilobium angustifolium L. ssp. macrophyllum (Hausskn.) Hultén
Epilobium angustifolium L. var. macrophyllum (Hausskn.) Fern.
Epilobium angustifolium L. var. platyphyllum (Daniels) Fern.

Chasmanthium Link      woodoats

Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) Yates      Indian woodoats
Uniola latifolia Michx.


Cheilanthes Sw.      lipfern

Cheilanthes feei . Slender lip fern - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cheilanthes feei T. Moore      slender lipfern

Cheilanthes lanosa . Hairy lip fern - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Cheilanthes lanosa (Michx.) D.C. Eat.      hairy lipfern
Cheilanthes vestita (Spreng.) Sw.


Chelidonium L.      celandine

Chelidonium majus . Celandine - Papaveraceae *MN* non-native
    Chelidonium majus L.      celandine

Chelidonium majus L. var. majus      celandine


Chelone L.      turtlehead

Chelone glabra . White turtlehead - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chelone glabra L.      white turtlehead
Chelone chlorantha Pennell & Wherry
Chelone glabra L. var. chlorantha (Pennell & Wherry) Cooperrider
Chelone glabra L. var. dilatata Fern. & Wieg.
Chelone glabra L. var. elatior Raf.
Chelone glabra L. var. elongata Pennell & Wherry
Chelone glabra L. var. linifolia Coleman
Chelone glabra L. var. ochroleuca Pennell & Wherry
Chelone glabra L. var. typica Pennell
Chelone montana (Raf.) Pennell & Wherry

Chelone obliqua . Purple turtlehead - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chelone obliqua L.      red turtlehead

Chelone obliqua L. var. speciosa Pennell & Wherry      red turtlehead


Chenopodium L.      goosefoot

Chenopodium album . White lamb's quarters - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
   
Chenopodium album L.      lambsquarters

Chenopodium album L. var. album      lambsquarters
Chenopodium album L. var. lanceolatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Coss. & Germ.
Chenopodium album L. var. polymorphum Aellen
Chenopodium amaranticolor Coste & Reyn.
Chenopodium giganteum D. Don
Chenopodium lanceolatum Muhl. ex Willd.
Chenopodium suecicum J. Murr.

Chenopodium album L. var. missouriense (Aellen) I.J. Bassett & C.W. Crompton      Missouri lambsquarters
Chenopodium missouriense Aellen
Chenopodium missouriense Aellen var. bushianum Aellen
Chenopodium paganum auct. non Reichenb.

Chenopodium album L. var. stevensii Aellen      Stevens' lambsquarters
Chenopodium album L. ssp. dacoticum Aellen
Chenopodium album L. ssp. fallax Aellen

Chenopodium album L. var. striatum (Krasan) Kartesz, comb. nov. ined.      lateflowering goosefoot
Chenopodium strictum Roth
Chenopodium strictum Roth var. glaucophyllum (Aellen) H.A. Wahl
Chenopodium strictum Roth ssp. glaucophyllum (Aellen) Aellen & Just.

Chenopodium ambrosioides L.      Mexican tea

Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. ambrosioides      Mexican tea
Ambrina ambrosioides (L.) Spach
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. anthelminticum (L.) Aellen
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. anthelminticum (L.) Gray
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. chilense (Schrad.) Speg.
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. ssp. euambrosioides Aellen
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. typicum (Speg.) Aellen
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. vagans (Standl.) J.T. Howell
Chenopodium obovatum Moq.
Chenopodium retusum Juss. ex Moq.
Teloxys ambrosioides (L.) W.A. Weber
Teloxys vagans (Standl.) W.A. Weber

Chenopodium aristatum L.      wormseed
Teloxys aristata (L.) Moq.

Chenopodium berlandieri . Pitseed goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium berlandieri Moq.      pitseed goosefoot

Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. berlandieri      pitseed goosefoot
Chenopodium album L. var. berlandieri (Moq.) Mackenzie & Bush

Chenopodium berlandieri var. bushianum . Pitseed goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. bushianum (Aellen) Cronq.      Bush's goosefoot
Chenopodium bushianum Aellen
Chenopodium bushianum Aellen var. acutidentatum Aellen
Chenopodium paganum auct. non Reichenb.

Chenopodium berlandieri var. zschackeri . Pitseed goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. zschackii (J. Murr) J. Murr ex Aschers.      Zschack's goosefoot
Chenopodium acerifolium Andrz.
Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. farinosum (Ludwig) Aellen
Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. ssp. platyphyllum (Issler) Ludwig
Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. ssp. zschackii (J. Murr) Zobel

Chenopodium bonus-henricus L.      good King Henry

Chenopodium botrys . Jerusalem oak - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
    Chenopodium botrys L.      Jerusalem oak goosefoot
Botrydium botrys (L.) Small
Teloxys botrys (L.) W.A. Weber

Chenopodium capitatum . Strawberry blite - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi      blite goosefoot
Blitum capitatum L.

Chenopodium foggii H.A. Wahl      Fogg's goosefoot

Chenopodium foliosum (Moench) Aschers.      leafy goosefoot
Blitum virgatum L.
Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi var. parvicapitatum Welsh
Chenopodium virgatum (L.) Ambrosi, non Thunb.
Morocarpus foliosus Moench

Chenopodium glaucum . Oak-leaved goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
    Chenopodium glaucum L.      oakleaf goosefoot
Chenopodium glaucum L. ssp. euglaucum Aellen

Chenopodium humile Hook.      marshland goosefoot
Chenopodium rubrum L. var. humile (Hook.) S. Wats.

Chenopodium leptophyllum . Narrow-leaved goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* origin undetermined

Chenopodium murale L.      nettleleaf goosefoot

Chenopodium overi Aellen      Over's goosefoot
Blitum hastatum Rydb.

Chenopodium polyspermum L.      manyseed goosefoot

Chenopodium polyspermum L. var. acutifolium (Sm.) Gaud.      manyseed goosefoot

Chenopodium pratericola . Desert goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium pratericola Rydb.      desert goosefoot
Chenopodium albescens Small
Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nels. var. leptophylloides (J. Murr) H.A. Wahl
Chenopodium pratericola Rydb. ssp. eupratericola Aellen
Chenopodium pratericola Rydb. var. leptophylloides (J. Murr) Aellen

Chenopodium pumilio R. Br.      clammy goosefoot
Chenopodium carinatum auct. non R. Br.
Teloxys pumilio (R. Br.) W.A. Weber

Chenopodium rubrum . Alkali blite - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium rubrum L.      red goosefoot

Chenopodium salinum Standl.      Rocky Mountain goosefoot
Chenopodium glaucum L. var. pulchrum Aellen
Chenopodium glaucum L. ssp. salinum (Standl.) Aellen
Chenopodium glaucum L. var. salinum (Standl.) Boivin

Chenopodium simplex . Maple-leaved goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf.      mapleleaf goosefoot
Chenopodium gigantospermum Aellen
Chenopodium hybridum auct. non L.
Chenopodium hybridum L. ssp. gigantospermum (Aellen) Hultén
Chenopodium hybridum L. var. gigantospermum (Aellen) Rouleau
Chenopodium hybridum L. var. simplex Torr.

Chenopodium standleyanum . Woodland goosefoot - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chenopodium standleyanum Aellen      Standley's goosefoot
Chenopodium gigantospermum Aellen var. standleyanum (Aellen) Aellen
Chenopodium hybridum L. var. standleyanum (Aellen) Fern.

Chenopodium subglabrum (S. Wats.) A. Nels.      smooth goosefoot
Chenopodium leptophyllum (Moq.) Nutt. ex S. Wats. var. subglabrum S. Wats.

Chenopodium urbicum L.      city goosefoot
Chenopodium urbicum L. var. intermedium (Mert. & Koch) W.D.J. Koch

Chenopodium vulvaria L.      stinking goosefoot


Chimaphila Pursh      prince's pine

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh      striped prince's pine
Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh var. dasystemma (Torr.) Kearney & Peebles

Chimaphila umbellata var. cisatlantica . Pipsissewa - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. Bart.      pipsissewa

Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. Bart. ssp. cisatlantica (Blake) Hultén      pipsissewa
Chimaphila corymbosa Pursh
Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. Bart. var. cisatlantica Blake


Chionodoxa Boiss.      chionodoxa

Chionodoxa luciliae Boiss.      glory of the snow


Chloris Sw.      windmill grass

Chloris verticillata Nutt.      tumble windmill grass


Chondrilla L.      chondrilla

Chondrilla juncea L.      hogbite


Chorispora R. Br. ex DC.      chorispora

Chorispora tenella . Crossflower - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Chorispora tenella (Pallas) DC.      crossflower


Chrysanthemum L.      daisy

Chrysanthemum coronarium L.      crowndaisy

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum . Ox-eye daisy - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"

Chrysanthemum parthenium . Feverfew - Asteraceae *MN* non-native



Chrysopsis villosa . Hairy golden aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Chrysopsis villosa var. angustifolia . Hairy golden aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Chrysopsis villosa var. foliosa . Hairy golden aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Chrysopsis villosa var. minor . Hairy golden aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Chrysopsis villosa var. villosa . Hairy golden aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota


Chrysosplenium L.      golden saxifrage

Chrysosplenium americanum . American golden saxifrage - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Chrysosplenium americanum Schwein. ex Hook.      American golden saxifrage

Chrysosplenium iowense . Iowa golden saxifrage - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
    Chrysosplenium iowense Rydb.      Iowa golden saxifrage
Chrysosplenium alternifolium L. ssp. iowense (Rydb.) Hultén
Chrysosplenium alternifolium L. var. iowense (Rydb.) Boivin


Cicer L.      cicer

Cicer arietinum L.      chick pea


Cichorium L.      chicory

Cichorium endivia L.      cultivated endive

Cichorium intybus . Chicory - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Cichorium intybus L.      chicory


Cicuta L.      water hemlock

Cicuta bulbifera . Bulb-bearing water hemlock - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cicuta bulbifera L.      bulblet-bearing water hemlock

Cicuta maculata L.      spotted water hemlock

Cicuta maculata L. var. angustifolia Hook.      spotted water hemlock
Cicuta occidentalis Greene

Cicuta maculata L. var. bolanderi (S. Wats.) Mulligan      spotted water hemlock
Cicuta bolanderi S. Wats.

Cicuta maculata var. maculata . Spotted water hemlock - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cicuta maculata L. var. maculata      spotted water hemlock
Cicuta curtissii Coult. & Rose
Cicuta maculata L. var. curtissii (Coult. & Rose) Fern.
Cicuta mexicana Coult. & Rose


Cimicifuga Wernischeck      bugbane

Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt.      black bugbane
Cimicifuga cordifolia Pursh
Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. var. cordifolia (Pursh) Gray p.p.


Cinna L.      woodreed

Cinna arundinacea . Stout woodreed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cinna arundinacea L.      sweet woodreed
Cinna arundinacea L. var. inexpansa Fern. & Grisc.

Cinna latifolia . Drooping woodreed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cinna latifolia (Trev. ex Goepp.) Griseb.      drooping woodreed


Circaea L.      enchanter's nightshade

Circaea alpina . var. alpina Alpine enchanter's nightshade - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Circaea alpina L.      small enchanter's nightshade

Circaea alpina L. ssp. alpina      small enchanter's nightshade

Circaea lutetiana L.      broadleaf enchanter's nightshade

Circaea lutetiana var. canadensis . Common enchanter's nightshade - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Circaea intermedia . Hybrid enchanter's nightshade - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Circaea ×intermedia Ehrh. (pro sp.)      Circaea canadensis sensu Fern.

Cirsium altissimum . Tall thistle - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Circaea lutetiana L. ssp. canadensis (L.) Aschers. & Magnus      broadleaf enchanter's nightshade
Circaea canadensis (L.) Hill var. virginiana Fern.
Circaea latifolia Hill
Circaea lutetiana L. var. canadensis L.
Circaea quadrisulcata (Maxim.) Franch. & Savigny var. canadensis (L.) Hara
Circaea quadrisulcata (Maxim.) Franch. & Savigny ssp. canadensis (L.) A.& D. Löve


Cirsium P. Mill.      thistle

Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill      tall thistle
Carduus altissimus L.
Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill var. biltmoreanum Petrak

Cirsium arvense . Canada thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
    Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.      Canada thistle
Carduus arvensis (L.) Robson
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. argenteum (Vest) Fiori
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. horridum Wimmer & Grab.
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. integrifolium Wimmer & Grab.
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. mite Wimmer & Grab.
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. vestitum Wimmer & Grab.
Cirsium incanum (Gmel.) Fisch.
Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. ex Bieb.
Serratula arvensis L.

Cirsium arvense var. arvense . Canada thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native

Cirsium arvense var. horridum . Canada thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native

Cirsium discolor . Field thistle - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng.      field thistle
Carduus discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.

Cirsium flodmanii . Flodman's thistle - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cirsium flodmanii (Rydb.) Arthur      Flodman's thistle
Cirsium nebraskense (Britt.) Lunell var. discissum Lunell
Cirsium oblanceolatum (Rydb.) K. Schum.

Cirsium hillii . Hill's thistle - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Cirsium hillii (Canby) Fern.      Hill's thistle
Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng. ssp. hillii (Canby) Moore & Frankton
Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng. var. hillii (Canby) Boivin

Cirsium ×iowense (Pammel) Fern. (pro sp.)  

Cirsium muticum . Swamp thistle - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cirsium muticum Michx.      swamp thistle
Carduus muticus (Michx.) Pers.
Cirsium bigelovii DC.
Cirsium muticum Michx. var. monticola Fern.
Cirsium muticum Michx. var. subpinnatifidum (Britt.) Fern.

Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop.      marsh thistle

Cirsium pitcheri (Torr. ex Eat.) Torr. & Gray      sand dune thistle

Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng.      wavyleaf thistle

Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. var. undulatum      wavyleaf thistle
Carduus helleri Small
Carduus undulatus Nutt.
Cirsium helleri (Small) Cory
Cirsium megacephalum (Gray) Cockerell
Cirsium ochrocentrum Gray var. helleri (Small) Petrak
Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. var. megacephalum (Gray) Fern.
Cnicus undulatus Gray var. megacephalus Gray

Cirsium vulgare . Bull thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
    Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.      bull thistle
Carduus lanceolatus L.
Carduus vulgaris Savi
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., non Hill
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop. var. hypoleucum DC.


Citrullus Schrad.      watermelon

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai      watermelon

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai var. lanatus      watermelon
Citrullus citrullus (L.) Karst.
Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.
Colocynthis citrullus (L.) Kuntze
Cucubertia citrullus L.
Momordica lanata Thunb.


Cladium P. Br.      sawgrass

Cladium mariscoides . Twig rush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr.      smooth sawgrass
Mariscus mariscoides (Muhl.) Kuntze


Claytonia L.      springbeauty

Claytonia caroliniana . Carolina spring beauty - Portulacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Claytonia caroliniana Michx.      Carolina springbeauty

Claytonia caroliniana Michx. var. caroliniana      Carolina springbeauty

Claytonia virginica . Virginia spring beauty - Portulacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Claytonia virginica L.      Virginia springbeauty

Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica      Virginia springbeauty
Claytonia media (DC.) Link
Claytonia robusta (Somes) Rydb.


Clematis L.      leather flower

Clematis occidentalis var. occidentalis . Clematis - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC.      western blue virginsbower

Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC. var. occidentalis      western blue virginsbower
Atragene americana Sims
Atragene occidentalis Hornem.
Clematis verticillaris DC.
Clematis verticillaris DC. var. cacuminis Fern.
Clematis verticillaris DC. var. grandiflora Boivin

Clematis terniflora . Sweet autumn virgin's bower - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native

Clematis virginiana . Virgin's bower - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Clematis virginiana L.      devil's darning needles
Clematis virginiana L. var. missouriensis (Rydb.) Palmer & Steyermark


Cleome L.      spiderflower

Cleome hassleriana Chod.      pink queen
Cleome hasslerana Chodat
Cleome houtteana auct. non Schlecht.
Cleome pungens auct. non Willd.
Cleome spinosa auct. non Jacq.

Cleome serrulata . Spiderflower Capp - Araceae *MN* non-native
    Cleome serrulata Pursh      Rocky Mountain beeplant
Cleome serrulata Pursh var. angusta (M.E. Jones) Tidestrom


Clinopodium L.      clinopodium

Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House      limestone calamint
Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners
Calamintha glabella (Michx.) Benth. var. angustifolia (Torr.) DeWolf
Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
Hedeoma arkansana Nutt.
Hedeoma glabra Nutt.
Satureja arkansana (Nutt.) Briq.
Satureja glabra (Nutt.) Fern.
Satureja glabella (Michx.) Briq. var. angustifolia (Torr.) Svens.

Clinopodium vulgare L.      wild basil
Calamintha vulgaris (L.) Halácsy non Clairv.
Clinopodium vulgare L. var. neogaea (Fern.) C.F. Reed
Satureja vulgaris (L.) Fritsch
Satureja vulgaris (L.) Fritsch var. diminuta (Simon) Fern. & Wieg.
Satureja vulgaris (L.) Fritsch var. neogaea Fern.


Clintonia Raf.      bluebead

Clintonia borealis . Bluebead lily - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf.      bluebead
Dracaena borealis Ait.


Cnicus L.      cnicus

Cnicus benedictus L.      blessed thistle
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.
Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier


Coeloglossum Hartman      frog orchid

Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman      longbract frog orchid

Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Luer      longbract frog orchid
Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Parl.
Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman ssp. bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Hultén
Habenaria bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
Habenaria viridis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. var. bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Reichenb. ex Gray

Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman var. viride      longbract frog orchid
Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman var. islandicum (Lindl.) Schulze
Habenaria viridis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
Habenaria viridis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. var. interjecta Fern.


Coincya Rouy      star-mustard

Coincya monensis (L.) Greuter & Burdet      star-mustard

Coincya monensis (L.) Greuter & Burdet ssp. recurvata (All.) Leadley      star-mustard
Coincya cheiranthos (Vill.) Greuter & Burdet
Hutera cheiranthos (Vill.) Gomez-Campo
Rhynchosinapis cheiranthos (Vill.) Dandy


Collinsia Nutt.      blue eyed Mary

Collinsia parviflora Lindl.      maiden blue eyed Mary
Antirrhinum tenellum Pursh
Collinsia grandiflora Lindl. var. pusilla Gray
Collinsia tenella (Pursh) Piper

Collinsia verna Nutt.      spring blue eyed Mary


Collinsonia L.      horsebalm

Collinsonia canadensis L.      richweed


Collomia Nutt.      trumpet

Collomia linearis . Linear-leaved collomia - Polemoniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Collomia linearis Nutt.      tiny trumpet


Colutea L.      colutea

Colutea arborescens L.      bladder senna


Comandra Nutt.      bastard toadflax

Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt.      bastard toadflax

Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. pallida (A. DC.) Piehl      pale bastard toadflax
Comandra pallida A. DC.
Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. var. angustifolia (A. DC.) Torr.
Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. var. pallida (A. DC.) M.E. Jones

Comandra umbellata var. umbellata . Bastard toadflax - Santalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. umbellata      bastard toadflax
Comandra richardsiana Fern.


Comarum L.      comarum

Comarum palustre L.      purple marshlocks
Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop.
Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop. var. parvifolia (Raf.) Fern. & Long
Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop. var. villosa (Pers.) Lehm.


Commelina L.      dayflower

Commelina communis . Asiatic dayflower - Commelinaceae *MN* non-native
    Commelina communis L.      Asiatic dayflower

Commelina communis L. var. communis      Asiatic dayflower
Commelina willdenowii Kunth

Commelina communis L. var. ludens (Miq.) C.B. Clarke      Asiatic dayflower
Commelina debilis Ledeb.

Commelina erecta . Slender dayflower - Commelinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Commelina erecta L.      whitemouth dayflower

Commelina erecta L. var. deamiana Fern.      whitemouth dayflower
Commelina erecta L. var. greenei Fassett

Comptonia L'Hér. ex Ait.      sweet fern

Comptonia peregrina . Sweet fern - Myricaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coult.      sweet fern
Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coult. var. aspleniifolia (L.) Fern.
Myrica aspleniifolia L.
Myrica aspleniifolia L. var. tomentosa (Chev.) Gleason
Myrica peregrina (L.) Kuntze


Conioselinum Hoffmann      hemlockparsley

Conioselinum chinense (L.) B.S.P.      Chinese hemlockparsley
Conioselinum pumilum Rose


Conium L.      poison hemlock

Conium maculatum . Poison hemlock - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
    Conium maculatum L.      poison hemlock


Conoclinium DC.      thoroughwort

Conoclinium coelestinum (L.) DC.      blue mistflower
Eupatorium coelestinum L.


Conopholis Wallr.      cancer-root

Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. f.      American cancer-root
Orobanche americana L.

Conringia Heister ex Fabr.      hare's ear mustard

Conringia orientalis . Hare's ear mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
    Conringia orientalis (L.) Dumort.      hare's ear mustard
Brassica orientalis L.


Consolida S.F. Gray      knight's-spur

Consolida ajacis . Doubtful knight's spur - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
    Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur      doubtful knight's-spur
Consolida ambigua (L.) P.W. Ball & Heywood
Delphinium ajacis L.
Delphinium ambiguum L.


Convallaria L.      lily of the valley

Convallaria majalis . Lily-of-the-valley - Liliaceae *MN* non-native
    Convallaria majalis L.      European lily of the valley


Convolvulus L.      bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis . Field bindweed - Convolvulaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
    Convolvulus arvensis L.      field bindweed
Convolvulus ambigens House
Convolvulus incanus auct. non Vahl
Strophocaulos arvensis (L.) Small


Conyza Less.      horseweed

Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.      Canadian horseweed

Conyza canadensis var. canadensis . Horseweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. canadensis      Canadian horseweed
Erigeron canadensis L.
Leptilon canadense (L.) Britt.

Conyza ramosissima . Spreading fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Conyza ramosissima Cronq.      dwarf horseweed
Erigeron divaricatus Michx.
Leptilon divaricatum (Michx.) Raf.


Coptis Salisb.      goldthread

Coptis trifolia . Goldthread - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.      threeleaf goldthread
Coptis groenlandica (Oeder) Fern.
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. ssp. groenlandica (Oeder) Hultén
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. var. groenlandica (Oeder) Fassett


Corallorrhiza Gagnebin      coralroot

Corallorhiza maculata . Spotted coralroot - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf.      summer coralroot

Corallorhiza macul
    Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. maculata      summer coralroot
Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. flavida (M.E. Peck) Cockerell
Corallorrhiza multiflora Nutt.

Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis . Spotted coralroot - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. occidentalis (Lindl.) Ames      summer coralroot
Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. immaculata M.E. Peck
Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. intermedia Farw.
Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. ssp. occidentalis (Lindl.) Cockerell
Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. punicea Bartlett

Corallorrhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Poir.      autumn coralroot

Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. odontorhiza . Autumn coralroot - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corallorrhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Poir. var. odontorhiza      autumn coralroot
Corallorrhiza micrantha Chapman

Corallorrhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Poir. var. pringlei (Greenm.) Freudenstein      autumn coralroot

Corallorrhiza striata Lindl.      hooded coralroot

Corallorhiza striata var. striata . Striped coralroot - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corallorrhiza striata Lindl. var. striata      hooded coralroot
Corallorrhiza ochroleuca Rydb.
Corallorrhiza striata Lindl. var. flavida Todsen & Todsen
Corallorrhiza striata Lindl. var. ochroleuca (Rydb.) Magrath

Corallorhiza trifida . Early coralroot - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corallorrhiza trifida Chatelain      yellow coralroot
Corallorrhiza corallorrhiza (L.) Karst.
Corallorrhiza trifida Chatelain var. verna (Nutt.) Fern.


Coreopsis L.      tickseed

Coreopsis grandiflora Hogg ex Sweet      largeflower tickseed

Coreopsis grandiflora Hogg ex Sweet var. harveyana (Gray) Sherff      largeflower tickseed
Coreopsis heterolepis Sherff

Coreopsis lanceolata . Lance-leaved coreopsis - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Coreopsis lanceolata L.      lanceleaf tickseed
Coreopsis crassifolia Ait.
Coreopsis heterogyna Fern.
Coreopsis lanceolata L. var. villosa Michx.

Coreopsis nuecensis Heller      crown tickseed

Coreopsis palmata . Bird's foot coreopsis - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Coreopsis palmata Nutt.      stiff tickseed

Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt.      golden tickseed

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria . Plains coreopsis - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. var. tinctoria      golden tickseed
Coreopsis cardaminefolia (DC.) Torr. & Gray
Coreopsis stenophylla Boynt.
Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. var. imminuta Sherff

Coreopsis tripteris L.      tall tickseed
Coreopsis tripteris L. var. deamii Standl.
Coreopsis tripteris L. var. intercedens Standl.
Coreopsis tripteris L. var. smithii Sherff
Coreopsis tripteris L. var. subrhomboidea Sherff


Coriandrum L.      coriander

Coriandrum sativum L.      coriander


Corispermum L.      bugseed

Corispermum americanum (Nutt.) Nutt.      American bugseed

Corispermum americanum (Nutt.) Nutt. var. americanum      American bugseed
Corispermum marginale Rydb. p.p.
Corispermum orientale auct. non Lam.
Corispermum simplicissimum Lunell

Corispermum hyssopifolium . Hyssop-leaved bugseed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native

Corispermum nitidum . Neat bugseed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native

Corispermum orientale . Eastern bugseed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native

Corispermum pallasii Steven      Siberian bugseed
Corispermum leptopterum (Aschers.) Iljin
Corispermum sibiricum Iljin p.p.


Cornus L.      dogwood

Cornus alternifolia . Pagoda dogwood - Cornaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cornus alternifolia L. f.      alternateleaf dogwood
Swida alternifolia (L. f.) Small

Cornus amomum P. Mill.      silky dogwood
Swida amomum (P. Mill.) Small

Cornus amomum var. schuetzeana . Silky dogwood - Cornaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cornus canadensis . Bunchberry - Cornaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cornus canadensis L.      bunchberry dogwood
Chamaepericlymenum canadense (L.) Aschers. & Graebn.
Cornella canadensis (L.) Rydb.
Cornus canadensis L. var. dutillyi (Lepage) Boivin

Cornus drummondii C.A. Mey.      roughleaf dogwood
Cornus priceae Small
Swida priceae (Small) Small

Cornus florida L.      flowering dogwood
Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. ex B.D. Jackson

Cornus ×friedlanderi W.H. Wagner     

Cornus obliqua Raf.      silky dogwood
Cornus amomum P. Mill. ssp. obliqua (Raf.) J.S. Wilson
Cornus amomum P. Mill. var. schuetzeana (C.A. Mey.) Rickett
Cornus purpusii Koehne

Cornus racemosa . Gray dogwood - Cornaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cornus racemosa Lam.      gray dogwood
Cornus foemina P. Mill. ssp. racemosa (Lam.) J.S. Wilson
Cornus paniculata L'Hér.

Cornus rugosa . Round-leaved dogwood - Cornaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cornus rugosa Lam.      roundleaf dogwood

Cornus sericea . Red-osier dogwood - Cornaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cornus sericea L.      redosier dogwood

Cornus sericea L. ssp. sericea      redosier dogwood
Cornus alba L. p.p.
Cornus alba L. var. baileyi (Coult. & Evans) Boivin
Cornus alba L. var. interior (Rydb.) Boivin
Cornus alba L. ssp. stolonifera (Michx.) Wangerin
Cornus baileyi Coult. & Evans
Cornus instolonea A. Nels.
Cornus interior (Rydb.) N. Petersen
Cornus sericea L. var. interior (Rydb.) St. John
Cornus sericea L. ssp. stolonifera (Michx.) Fosberg
Cornus stolonifera Michx.
Cornus stolonifera Michx. var. baileyi (Coult. & Evans) Drescher
Cornus stolonifera Michx. var. interior (Rydb.) St. John
Swida instolonea (A. Nels.) Rydb.
Swida sericea (L.) Holub
Swida stolonifera (Michx.) Rydb.

Cornus ×slavinii Rehd.     


Coronilla L.      crownvetch

Coronilla varia . Crownvetch - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
    Coronilla varia L.      purple crownvetch
Securigera varia (L.) Lassen


Coronopus Zinn      swinecress

Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.      lesser swinecress
Carara didyma (L.) Britt.
Lepidium didymum L.


Corydalis DC.      fumewort

Corydalis aurea Willd.      scrambled eggs
Capnoides aureum (Willd.) Kuntze
Corydalis washingtoniana Fedde

Corydalis aurea var. aurea . Golden corydalis - Fumariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Corydalis flavula (Raf.) DC.      yellow fumewort
Capnoides flavulum (Raf.) Kuntze
Fumaria flavula Raf.

Corydalis micrantha (Engelm. ex Gray) Gray      smallflower fumewort

Corydalis micrantha var. micrantha . Slender fumewort - Fumariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corydalis micrantha (Engelm. ex Gray) Gray ssp. micrantha      smallflower fumewort
Capnoides micranthum (Engelm. ex Gray) Britt.
Corydalis aurea Willd. var. micrantha Engelm. ex Gray

Corydalis sempervirens . Pale corydalis - Fumariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corydalis sempervirens (L.) Pers.      rock harlequin
Capnoides sempervirens (L.) Borkh.


Corylus L.      hazelnut

Corylus americana . American hazelnut - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corylus americana Walt.      American hazelnut
Corylus americana Walt. var. indehiscens Palmer & Steyermark

Corylus cornuta Marsh.      beaked hazelnut

Corylus cornuta ssp. cornuta . Beaked hazelnut - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Corylus cornuta Marsh. var. cornuta      beaked hazelnut
Corylus rostrata Ait.


Corynephorus Beauv.      clubawn grass

Corynephorus canescens (L.) Beauv.      gray clubawn grass
Aira canescens L.



Coryphantha vivipara var. vivipara . Ball cactus - Cactaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list


Cosmos Cav.      cosmos

Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.      garden cosmos

Cosmos sulphureus . Orange cosmos - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
    Cosmos sulphureus Cav.      sulphur cosmos


Cotoneaster Medik.      cotoneaster

Cotoneaster lucidus Schldl.      shiny cotoneaster


Crassula L.      pygmyweed

Crassula aquatica . Pigmyweed - Crassulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Crassula aquatica (L.) Schoenl.      water pygmyweed
Bulliarda aquatica (L.) DC.
Hydrophila aquatica (L.) House
Tillaea angustifolia Nutt.
Tillaeastrum aquaticum (L.) Britt.
Tillaea aquatica L.
Tillaea ascendens Eat.


Crataegus L.      hawthorn

Crataegus ambitiosa Sarg.      Grand Rapids hawthorn

Crataegus apiomorpha Sarg.      Fort Sheridan hawthorn
Crataegus apiomorpha Sarg. var. cyanophylla (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus merita Sarg.
Crataegus vittata Ashe

Crataegus arcana Beadle      Carolina hawthorn

Crataegus ater Ashe      Nashville hawthorn

Crataegus beata Sarg.      Dunbar's hawthorn

Crataegus brainerdii Sarg.      Brainerd's hawthorn

Crataegus calpodendron . Pear hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik.      pear hawthorn
Crataegus acanthacolonensis Laughlin
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. gigantea Kruschke
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. globosa (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. hispida (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. hispidula (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. microcarpa (Chapman) Palmer
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. mollicula (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. var. obesa (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus chapmanii (Beadle) Ashe
Crataegus fontanesiana (Spach) Steud.
Crataegus globosa Sarg.

Crataegus chrysocarpa . Fireberry hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe      fireberry hawthorn
Crataegus aboriginum Sarg.
Crataegus brunetiana Sarg.
Crataegus brunetiana Sarg. var. fernaldii (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus caliciglabrata Schuette
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. aboriginum (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. longiacuminata Kruschke
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. phoenicea Palmer
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. rotundifolia (Moench) Sarg.
Crataegus coccinea L. p.p.
Crataegus coccinata Sarg.
Crataegus columbiana T.J. Howell var. chrysocarpa (Ashe) Dorn
Crataegus faxonii Sarg.
Crataegus faxonii Sarg. var. durifrucata Kruschke
Crataegus faxonii Sarg. var. praecoqua (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus faxonii Sarg. var. praetermissa (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus illuminata Sarg.
Crataegus jackii Sarg.
Crataegus laurentiana Sarg. var. brunetiana (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus laurentiana Sarg. var. dissimilifolia Kruschke
Crataegus mercerensis Sarg.
Crataegus putnamiana Sarg.
Crataegus rotundifolia Moench p.p. non Lamb.
Crataegus sicca Sarg.
Crataegus sicca Sarg. var. glabrifolia (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus subrotundifolia Sarg.

Crataegus coccinea . Scarlet hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Crataegus coccinioides Ashe      Kansas hawthorn

Crataegus coleae Sarg.      Cole's hawthorn
Crataegus eatoniana Sarg.
Crataegus macauleyae Sarg.

Crataegus compacta Sarg.      clustered hawthorn

Crataegus compta Sarg.      adorned hawthorn
Crataegus levis Sarg.
Crataegus milleri Sarg.

Crataegus corusca Sarg.      shiningbranch hawthorn
Crataegus blothra Laughlin
Crataegus corusca Sarg. var. gigantea Kruschke
Crataegus corusca Sarg. var. hillii (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus hillii Sarg.

Crataegus crus-galli L.      cockspur hawthorn
Crataegus acutifolia Sarg.
Crataegus acutifolia Sarg. var. insignis (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus algens Beadle
Crataegus barrettiana Sarg.
Crataegus bushii Sarg.
Crataegus canbyi Sarg.
Crataegus cherokeensis Sarg.
Crataegus cocksii Sarg.
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. barrettiana (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. bellica (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. capillata Sarg.
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. exigua (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. leptophylla (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. macra (Beadle) Palmer
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. oblongata Sarg.
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. pachyphylla (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus crus-galli L. var. pyracanthifolia Ait.
Crataegus danielsii Palmer
Crataegus denaria Beadle
Crataegus fecunda Sarg.
Crataegus fontanesiana auct. non (Spach) Steud.
Crataegus hannibalensis Palmer
Crataegus mohrii Beadle
Crataegus operta Ashe
Crataegus palliata Sarg.
Crataegus palmeri Sarg.
Crataegus permixta Palmer
Crataegus pyracanthoides (Ait.) Beadle
Crataegus regalis Beadle
Crataegus regalis Beadle var. paradoxa (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus sabineana Ashe
Crataegus schizophylla Egglest.
Crataegus signata Beadle
Crataegus subpilosa Sarg.
Crataegus tantula Sarg.
Crataegus tenax Ashe
Crataegus triumphalis Sarg.
Crataegus uniqua Sarg.
Crataegus vallicola Sarg.

Crataegus desueta Sarg.      New York hawthorn
Crataegus desueta Sarg. var. wausaukiensis Kruschke

Crataegus dilatata Sarg.      broadleaf hawthorn
Crataegus conspecta Sarg.
Crataegus coccinioides Ashe var. locuples (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus locuples Sarg.

Crataegus disperma Ashe      spreading hawthorn
Crataegus ×collicola Ashe
Crataegus collina Chapman var. collicola (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus cuneiformis (Marsh.) Egglest.
Crataegus disperma Ashe var. peoriensis (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus ×pausiaca Ashe
Crataegus peoriensis Sarg.
Crataegus punctata Jacq. var. pausiaca (Ashe) Palmer

Crataegus dissona Sarg.      northern hawthorn
Crataegus disjuncta Sarg.
Crataegus dissona Sarg. var. bellula (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus franklinensis Sarg.
Crataegus incisa Sarg.
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. brachypoda (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. delawarensis (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. dissona (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus relicta Sarg.

Crataegus distincta Kruschke      distinct hawthorn

Crataegus dodgei Ashe      Dodge's hawthorn
Crataegus crassifolia Sarg.
Crataegus delosii Sarg.
Crataegus dodgei Ashe var. flavida (Sarg.) P.G. Sm. & Phipps
Crataegus dodgei Ashe var. rotundata (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus flavida Sarg.
Crataegus minutiflora Sarg.
Crataegus rotundata Sarg.

Crataegus douglasii . Black hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Crataegus douglasii Lindl.      black hawthorn

Crataegus douglasii Lindl. var. douglasii      black hawthorn
Crataegus columbiana T.J. Howell
Crataegus williamsii Egglest.

Crataegus flabellata . Fanleaf hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus flabellata (Spach) Kirchn.      fanleaf hawthorn
Crataegus densiflora Sarg.
Crataegus flabellata (Spach) Kirchn. var. densiflora (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus flabellata (Spach) Kirchn. var. grayana (Egglest.) Palmer
Crataegus grayana Egglest.

Crataegus fulleriana Sarg.      Fuller's hawthorn
Crataegus confragosa Sarg.
Crataegus fulleriana Sarg. var. chippewaensis (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus fulleriana Sarg. var. gigantea Kruschke
Crataegus fulleriana Sarg. var. miranda (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus holmesiana Ashe var. chippewaensis (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus holmesiana Ashe var. magniflora (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus illecebrosa Sarg.

Crataegus glareosa Ashe      Port Huron hawthorn

Crataegus holmesiana Ashe      Holmes' hawthorn
Crataegus holmesiana Ashe var. amicta (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus holmesiana Ashe var. villipes Ashe
Crataegus villipes (Ashe) Ashe

Crataegus ×immanis Ashe (pro sp.)     

Crataegus intricata Lange      Copenhagen hawthorn
Crataegus biltmoreana Beadle
Crataegus biltmoreana Beadle var. stonei (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus boyntonii Beadle
Crataegus coccinea auct. non L.
Crataegus fortunata Sarg.
Crataegus foetida Ashe
Crataegus horseyi Palmer
Crataegus intricata Lange var. boyntonii (Beadle) Kruschke
Crataegus intricata Lange var. neobushii (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus intricata Lange var. rubella (Beadle) Kruschke
Crataegus intricata Lange var. straminea (Beadle) Palmer
Crataegus neobushii Sarg.
Crataegus ouachitensis Palmer
Crataegus ouachitensis Palmer var. minor Palmer
Crataegus padifolia Sarg.
Crataegus pallens Beadle
Crataegus pagensis Sarg.
Crataegus padifolia Sarg. var. incarnata Sarg.
Crataegus rubella Beadle
Crataegus straminea Beadle
Crataegus stonei Sarg.

Crataegus iracunda Beadle      stolonbearing hawthorn
Crataegus beckwithiae Sarg.
Crataegus brumalis Ashe
Crataegus iracunda Beadle var. brumalis (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus iracunda Beadle var. diffusa (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus iracunda Beadle var. populnea (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus iracunda Beadle var. silvicola (Beadle) Palmer
Crataegus iracunda Beadle var. stolonifera (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. demissa (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus populnea Ashe
Crataegus stolonifera Sarg.

Crataegus irrasa Sarg.      Blanchard's hawthorn
Crataegus irrasa Sarg. var. blanchardii (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus mansfieldensis Sarg.
Crataegus oakesiana Egglest.

Crataegus jesupii Sarg.      Jesup's hawthorn
Crataegus filipes Ashe

Crataegus jonesiae Sarg.      Miss Jones' hawthorn
Crataegus harryi Sarg.
Crataegus jonesiae Sarg. var. brownietta (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus jonesiae Sarg. var. harryi (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus laurentiana Sarg.

Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.      smooth hawthorn

Crataegus lucorum Sarg.      grove hawthorn
Crataegus insolens Sarg.

Crataegus lumaria Ashe      roundleaf hawthorn
Crataegus caesariata Sarg.
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. caesariata (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus dodgei Ashe var. lumaria (Ashe) Sarg.

Crataegus macracantha . Large-thorned hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Crataegus macrosperma . Large-seeded hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus macrosperma Ashe      bigfruit hawthorn
Crataegus chadsfordiana Sarg.
Crataegus fluviatilis Sarg.
Crataegus fretalis Sarg.
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. acutiloba (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. eganii (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. matura (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. pastora (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. pentandra (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus macrosperma Ashe var. roanensis (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus randiana Sarg.
Crataegus roanensis Ashe
Crataegus roanensis Ashe var. fluviatilis (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus roanensis Ashe var. heidelbergensis (Sarg.) Kruschke

Crataegus margarettiae Ashe      Margarett's hawthorn
Crataegus evansiana Sarg.
Crataegus margarettiae Ashe var. angustifolia Palmer
Crataegus margarettiae Ashe var. brownii (Britt.) Sarg.
Crataegus margarettiae Ashe var. meiophylla (Sarg.) Palmer

Crataegus mollis . Downy hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus mollis Scheele      Arnold hawthorn
Crataegus albicans Ashe
Crataegus arkansana Sarg.
Crataegus brachyphylla Sarg.
Crataegus cibaria Beadle
Crataegus gravida Beadle
Crataegus induta Sarg.
Crataegus invisa Sarg.
Crataegus lacera Sarg.
Crataegus limaria Sarg.
Crataegus mollis Scheele var. dumetosa (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus mollis Scheele var. gigantea Kruschke
Crataegus mollis Scheele var. incisifolia Kruschke
Crataegus mollis Scheele var. sera (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus noelensis Sarg.
Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. var. albicans (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus ?placens Sarg.

Crataegus monogyna Jacq.      oneseed hawthorn
Crataegus curvisepala auct. non Lindm.
Crataegus oxyacantha auct. non L.
Crataegus oxyacantha L. var. paulii (Rehd.) Rehd.

Crataegus nitida (Engelm.) Sarg.      glossy hawthorn

Crataegus nitidula Sarg.      Ontario hawthorn
Crataegus nitidula Sarg. var. limatula (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus nitidula Sarg. var. macrocarpa Kruschke
Crataegus nitidula Sarg. var. recedens (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus recedens Sarg.

Crataegus opulens Sarg.      Rochester hawthorn
Crataegus beata Sarg. var. opulens (Sarg.) Palmer

Crataegus pedicellata Sarg.      scarlet hawthorn
Crataegus aulica Sarg.
Crataegus coccinea L. p.p.
Crataegus ellwangeriana Sarg.
Crataegus habereri Sarg.
Crataegus letchworthiana Sarg.
Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. var. assurgens (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. var. caesa (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. var. ellwangeriana (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. var. robesoniana (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. var. sertata (Sarg.) Kruschke

Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik.      Washington hawthorn
Crataegus cordata Ait.
Crataegus populifolia Walt.
Crataegus youngii Sarg.

Crataegus pringlei Sarg.      Pringle's hawthorn
Crataegus pringlei Sarg. var. exclusa (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus pringlei Sarg. var. lobulata (Sarg.) Egglest.

Crataegus prona Ashe      Illinois hawthorn
Crataegus gravis Ashe

Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch      waxyfruit hawthorn
Crataegus aspera Sarg.
Crataegus congesta Sarg.
Crataegus crawfordiana Sarg.
Crataegus deltoides Ashe
Crataegus formosa Sarg.
Crataegus gaudens Sarg.
Crataegus gattingeri Ashe
Crataegus gattingeri Ashe var. rigida Palmer
Crataegus georgiana Sarg.
Crataegus lecta Sarg.
Crataegus leiophylla Sarg.
Crataegus littoralis Sarg.
Crataegus mackenziei Sarg.
Crataegus mackenziei Sarg. var. aspera (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus mackenziei Sarg. var. bracteata (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus parvula Sarg.
Crataegus platycarpa Sarg.
Crataegus porteri Britt.
Crataegus porteri Britt. var. caerulescens (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. congesta (Sarg.) Phipps
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. conjuncta (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. grandiflora Kruschke
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. latisepala (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. leiophylla (Sarg.) Phipps
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. pachypoda (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. parvula (Sarg.) Phipps
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. porteri (Britt.) Egglest.
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. rugosa (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch var. virella (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus rugosa Ashe
Crataegus vicinalis Beadle
Crataegus virella Ashe

Crataegus punctata . Dotted hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus punctata Jacq.      dotted hawthorn
Crataegus collina Chapman
Crataegus collina Chapman var. secta (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus collina Chapman var. sordida (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus collina Chapman var. succincta (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus fastosa Sarg.
Crataegus punctata Jacq. var. aurea Ait.
Crataegus punctata Jacq. var. canescens Britt.
Crataegus punctata Jacq. var. microphylla Sarg.
Crataegus verruculosa Sarg.

Crataegus scabrida . Rough-leaved hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus scabrida Sarg.      rough hawthorn
Crataegus balkwillii Sarg.
Crataegus brainerdii Sarg. var. asperifolia (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus brainerdii Sarg. var. cyclophylla (Sarg.) Palmer
Crataegus brainerdii Sarg. var. egglestonii (Sarg.) B.L. Robins.
Crataegus brainerdii Sarg. var. scabrida (Sarg.) Egglest.
Crataegus dunbarii Sarg.
Crataegus hadleyana Sarg.
Crataegus improvisa Sarg.
Crataegus iterata Sarg.
Crataegus pinguis Sarg.
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. asperifolia (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. balkwillii (Sarg.) Phipps
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. cyclophylla (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. dunbarii (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. egglestonii (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. hadleyana (Sarg.) Phipps
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. honesta (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus scabrida Sarg. var. improvisa (Sarg.) Phipps

Crataegus schuettei Ashe      Schuette's hawthorn
Crataegus alnorum Sarg.
Crataegus basilica Beadle
Crataegus ferrissii Ashe
Crataegus schuettei Ashe var. basilica (Beadle) Phipps
Crataegus schuettei Ashe var. cuneata Kruschke
Crataegus schuettei Ashe var. ferrissii (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus schuettei Ashe var. gigantea Kruschke
Crataegus tortilis Ashe

Crataegus submollis . Quebec hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus submollis Sarg.      Quebec hawthorn
Crataegus champlainensis Sarg.

Crataegus suborbiculata Sarg.      Caughuawaga hawthorn
Crataegus durobrivensis Sarg.
Crataegus kellermanii Sarg.
Crataegus neobaxteri Sarg.
Crataegus saundersiana Sarg.
Crataegus suborbiculata Sarg. var. saundersiana (Sarg.) Kruschke

Crataegus succulenta . Fleshy hawthorn - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link      fleshy hawthorn
Crataegus ambrosia Sarg.
Crataegus ardula Sarg.
Crataegus bicknellii Egglest.
Crataegus celsa Sarg.
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. bicknellii (Egglest.) Palmer
Crataegus columbiana T.J. Howell var. occidentalis (Britt.) Dorn
Crataegus divida Sarg.
Crataegus ferta Sarg.
Crataegus florifera Sarg.
Crataegus florifera Sarg. var. celsa (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus florifera Sarg. var. mortonis (Laughlin) Kruschke
Crataegus florifera Sarg. var. shirleyensis (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus florifera Sarg. var. virilis (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus gemmosa Sarg.
Crataegus integriloba Sarg.
Crataegus incerta Sarg.
Crataegus laxiflora Sarg.
Crataegus leucantha Laughlin
Crataegus macracantha Lodd.
Crataegus macracantha Lodd. var. colorado (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus macracantha Lodd. var. divida (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus macracantha Lodd. var. integriloba (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus macracantha Lodd. var. occidentalis (Britt.) Egglest.
Crataegus macracantha Lodd. var. pertomentosa (Ashe) Kruschke
Crataegus mortonis Laughlin
Crataegus neofluvialis Ashe
Crataegus pertomentosa Ashe
Crataegus pisifera Sarg.
Crataegus saeva Sarg.
Crataegus shirleyensis Sarg.
Crataegus silvestris Sarg.
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. gemmosa (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. laxiflora (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. macracantha (Lodd.) Egglest.
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. michiganensis (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. neofluvialis (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. occidentalis Britt.
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. pertomentosa (Ashe) Palmer
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. pisifera (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link var. rutila (Sarg.) Kruschke
Crataegus sylvestris Sarg.
Crataegus venulosa Sarg.
Crataegus virilis Sarg.


Crepis L.      hawksbeard

Crepis biennis L.      rough hawksbeard

Crepis capillaris . Hawk's beard - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
    Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.      smooth hawksbeard

Crepis nicaeensis Balbis ex Pers.      Turkish hawksbeard

Crepis runcinata (James) Torr. & Gray      fiddleleaf hawksbeard

Crepis runcinata var. runcinata . Incised hawk's beard - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crepis runcinata (James) Torr. & Gray ssp. runcinata      fiddleleaf hawksbeard
Crepis alpicola (Rydb.) A. Nels.
Crepis glaucella Rydb.
Crepis neomexicana Woot. & Standl.
Crepis perplexans Rydb.
Crepis runcinata (James) Torr. & Gray ssp. typica Babcock & Stebbins
Psilochenia runcinata (James) A.& D. Löve

Crepis setosa Haller f.      bristly hawksbeard

Crepis tectorum . Yellow hawk's beard - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
   
Crepis tectorum L.      narrowleaf hawksbeard


Crotalaria L.      rattlebox

Crotalaria sagittalis . Rattlebox - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Crotalaria sagittalis L.      arrowhead rattlebox
Crotalaria sagittalis L. var. blumeriana Senn
Crotalaria sagittalis L. var. fruticosa (P. Mill.) Fawcett & Rendle
Crotalaria sagittalis L. var. oblonga Michx.


Croton L.      croton

Croton capitatus Michx.      hogwort

Croton capitatus Michx. var. capitatus      hogwort

Croton glandulosus . Northern croton - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Croton glandulosus L.      vente conmigo

Croton glandulosus L. var. septentrionalis Muell.-Arg.      vente conmigo

Croton monanthogynus Michx.      prairie tea


Crypsis Ait.      pricklegrass

Crypsis schoenoides (L.) Lam.      swamp pricklegrass
Heleochloa schoenoides (L.) Host ex Roemer


Cryptogramma R. Br.      rockbrake

Cryptogramma acrostichoides R. Br.      American rockbrake
Cryptogramma crispa (L.) R. Br. ex Hook. ssp. acrostichoides (R. Br.) Hultén

Cryptogramma stelleri . Slender cliff brake - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cryptogramma stelleri (Gmel.) Prantl      fragile rockbrake


Cryptotaenia DC.      honewort

Cryptotaenia canadensis . Honewort - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC.      Canadian honewort
Deringa canadensis (L.) Kuntze


Cucumis L.      melon

Cucumis melo L.      cantaloupe
Cucumis melo L. var. dudaim (L.) Naud.

Cucumis sativus L.      garden cucumber


Cucurbita L.      gourd

Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth      Missouri gourd
Pepo foetidissima (Kunth) Britt.

Cucurbita maxima Duchesne      winter squash

Cucurbita pepo L.      field pumpkin

Cucurbita pepo L. var. pepo      field pumpkin
Pepo pepo (L.) Britt. ex Small


Cuscuta L.      dodder

Cuscuta cephalanthi . Buttonbush dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta cephalanthi Engelm.      buttonbush dodder
Grammica cephalanthi (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek

Cuscuta coryli . Hazel dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta coryli Engelm.      hazel dodder
Grammica coryli (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek

Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L.      clover dodder

Cuscuta glomerata . Aster dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta glomerata Choisy      rope dodder

Cuscuta gronovii . Swamp dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes      scaldweed

Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes var. gronovii      scaldweed
Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes var. latiflora Engelm.
Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes var. saururi (Engelm.) MacM.
Cuscuta umbrosa auct. non Bey. ex Hook.
Grammica gronovii (Willd. ex J.A. Schultes) Hadac & Chrtek
Grammica umbrosa auct. non (Bey. ex Hook.) W.A. Weber

Cuscuta indecora . Collared dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta indecora Choisy      bigseed alfalfa dodder

Cuscuta indecora Choisy var. neuropetala (Engelm.) A.S. Hitchc.      bigseed dodder
Grammica indecora (Choisy) W.A. Weber ssp. neuropetala (Engelm.) W.A. Weber

Cuscuta megalocarpa . Large-fruit dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Federal noxious weed (USDA-Animal Plant Health Inspection Service)
    Cuscuta megalocarpa Rydb.      bigfruit dodder
Cuscuta curta (Engelm.) Rydb.
Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes var. curta Engelm.

Cuscuta obtusiflora var. glandulosa . Southern dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* origin undetermined, Federal noxious weed (USDA-Animal Plant Health Inspection Service)

Cuscuta pentagona . Bur clover dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta pentagona Engelm.      fiveangled dodder

Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. var. pentagona      fiveangled dodder
Cuscuta arvensis Bey. ex Engelm.
Cuscuta campestris Yuncker
Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. var. calycina Engelm.
Grammica campestris (Yuncker) Hadac & Chrtek
Grammica pentagona (Engelm.) W.A. Weber

Cuscuta polygonorum . Smartweed dodder - Cuscutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cuscuta polygonorum Engelm.      smartweed dodder


Cycloloma Moq.      cycloloma

Cycloloma atriplicifolium . Winged pigweed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cycloloma atriplicifolium (Spreng.) Coult.      winged pigweed
Kochia atriplicifolia Spreng.

Cymbalaria Hill      cymbalaria

Cymbalaria muralis P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.      Kenilworth ivy
Linaria cymbalaria (L.) P. Mill.


Cymopterus Raf.      springparsley

Cymopterus acaulis (Pursh) Raf.      plains springparsley

Cymopterus acaulis var. acaulis . Plains spring parsley - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Cymopterus acaulis (Pursh) Raf. var. acaulis      plains springparsley


Cynanchum L.      swallow-wort

Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi      Louis' swallow-wort
Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers., non Cav.
Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench

Cynanchum rossicum (Kleopov) Barbarich      European swallow-wort
Cynanchum medium auct. non R. Br.
Vincetoxicum medium auct. non (R. Br.) Dcne.
Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopov) Barbarich


Cynodon L.C. Rich.      Bermudagrass

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.      Bermudagrass
Capriola dactylon (L.) Kuntze
Panicum dactylon L.


Cynoglossum L.      hound's tongue

Cynoglossum amabile Stapf & Drummond      Chinese hound's tongue

Cynoglossum officinale . Hound's tongue - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
    Cynoglossum officinale L.      gypsyflower

Cynoglossum virginianum L.      wild comfrey

Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale . Wild comfrey - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cynoglossum virginianum L. var. boreale (Fern.) Cooperrider      wild comfrey
Cynoglossum boreale Fern.


Cynosurus L.      dogstail grass

Cynosurus cristatus L.      crested dogstail grass

Cynosurus echinatus L.      bristly dogstail grass


Cyperus L.      flatsedge

Cyperus acuminatus . Short-pointed umbrella sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Cyperus acuminatus Torr. & Hook. ex Torr.      tapertip flatsedge

Cyperus bipartitus . Brook nut sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus bipartitus Torr.      slender flatsedge
Cyperus niger Ruiz & Pavón var. rivularis (Kunth) V. Grant
Cyperus rivularis Kunth
Pycreus rivularis (Kunth) Palla

Cyperus diandrus . Sedge galingale - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus diandrus Torr.      umbrella flatsedge

Cyperus echinatus (L.) Wood      globe flatsedge
Cyperus ovularis (Michx.) Torr.
Cyperus ovularis (Michx.) Torr. var. sphaericus Boeckl.

Cyperus erythrorhizos . Red-rooted cyperus - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus erythrorhizos Muhl.      redroot flatsedge
Cyperus halei Torr. ex Britt.

Cyperus esculentus . Cocoa cyperus - Cyperaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
    Cyperus esculentus L.      chufa flatsedge

Cyperus esculentus L. var. leptostachyus Boeckl.      chufa flatsedge
Cyperus esculentus auct. non L. p.p.
Cyperus esculentus L. var. angustispicatus Britt.

Cyperus flavescens L.      yellow flatsedge
Cyperus flavescens L. var. poiformis (Pursh) Fern.
Cyperus nieuwlandii Geise
Pycreus flavescens (L.) Reichenb.

Cyperus houghtonii . Houghton's cyperus - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus houghtonii Torr.      Houghton's flatsedge

Cyperus lupulinus . Slender nut sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.) Marcks      Great Plains flatsedge

Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.) Marcks ssp. lupulinus      Great Plains flatsedge
Cyperus filiculmis auct. non Vahl
Cyperus martindalei auct. non Britt.
Mariscus filiculmis auct. non (Vahl) T. Koyama

Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.) Marcks ssp. macilentus (Fern.) Marcks      Great Plains flatsedge
Cyperus bushii Britt.
Cyperus filiculmis Vahl var. macilentus Fern.

Cyperus odoratus . Fragrant cyperus - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus odoratus L.      fragrant flatsedge
Cyperus acicularis Schrad. ex Nees
Cyperus eggersii Boeckl.
Cyperus engelmannii Steud.
Cyperus ferax L.C. Rich.
Cyperus ferruginescens Boeckl.
Cyperus longispicatus J.B.S. Norton
Cyperus macrocephalus Liebm.
Cyperus macrocephalus Liebm. var. eggersii (Boeckl.) S.D. Jones, J. Wipff & R. Carter
Cyperus odoratus L. var. acicularis (Schrad. ex Nees) O'Neill
Cyperus odoratus L. var. engelmannii (Steud.) R. Carter & S.D. Jones
Cyperus odoratus L. var. squarrosus (Britt.) S.D. Jones, J. Wipff & R. Carter
Cyperus speciosus Vahl
Cyperus speciosus Vahl var. squarrosus Britt.
Mariscus huarmensis Kunth
Torulinium confertum Desv. ex Hamilton
Torulinium eggersii (Boeckl.) C.B. Clarke
Torulinium odoratum (L.) S. Hooper

Cyperus rotundus . Purple nut sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* non-native
    Cyperus rotundus L.      nutgrass

Cyperus schweinitzii . Schweinitz's nut sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus schweinitzii Torr.      Schweinitz's flatsedge
Cyperus ×mesochoreus Geise
Cyperus schweinitzii Torr. var. uberior Kükenth.
Mariscus schweinitzii (Torr.) T. Koyama

Cyperus squarrosus . Awned umbrella sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus squarrosus L.      bearded flatsedge
Cyperus aristatus Rottb.
Cyperus aristatus Rottb. var. runyonii O'Neill
Cyperus inflexus Muhl.
Cyperus squarrosus L. var. runyonii (O'Neill) S.D. Jones & J. Wipff

Cyperus strigosus . Straw-colored umbrella sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cyperus strigosus L.      strawcolored flatsedge
Cyperus hansenii Britt.
Cyperus stenolepis Torr.
Cyperus strigosus L. var. capitatus Boeckl.
Cyperus strigosus L. var. multiflorus Geise
Cyperus strigosus L. var. robustior Britt.
Cyperus strigosus L. var. stenolepis (Torr.) Kükenth.


Cypripedium L.      lady's slipper

Cypripedium acaule . Stemless lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cypripedium acaule Ait.      moccasin flower
Fissipes acaulis (Ait.) Small

Cypripedium x andrewsii . Andrew's lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cypripedium ×andrewsii A.M. Fuller      Cypripedium ×andrewsii A.M. Fuller var. landonii (Garay) Boivin (pro nm.)

Cypripedium arietinum . Ram's head orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
    Cypripedium arietinum Ait. f.      ram's head lady's slipper
Criosanthes arietina (Ait. f.) House

Cypripedium calceolus . Yellow lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cypripedium calceolus var. parviflorum . Yellow lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens . Yellow lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota

Cypripedium candidum . Small white lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
    Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.      white lady's slipper

Cypripedium ×favillianum J.T. Curtis      Cypripedium ×andrewsii A.M. Fuller var. favillianum (J.T. Curtis) Boivin (pro nm.)

Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.      lesser yellow lady's slipper
Cypripedium calceolus L. var. parviflorum (Salisb.) Fern.
Cypripedium calceolus L. ssp. parviflorum (Salisb.) Hultén

Cypripedium pubescens Willd.      greater yellow lady's slipper

Cypripedium pubescens Willd. var. pubescens      greater yellow lady's slipper
Cypripedium calceolus L. var. pubescens (Willd.) Correll
Cypripedium calceolus L. var. planipetalum (Fern.) Victorin & Rouss.
Cypripedium furcatum Raf.
Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens (Willd.) Knight
Cypripedium planipetalum (Fern.) Morris & Eames

Cypripedium reginae . Showy lady's slipper - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cypripedium reginae Walt.      showy lady's slipper


Cystopteris Bernh.      bladderfern

Cystopteris bulbifera . Bulblet fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh.      bulblet bladderfern
Filix bulbifera (L.) Underwood

Cystopteris fragilis . Fragile fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh.      brittle bladderfern
Cystopteris dickieana Sim
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. angustata Lawson
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. ssp. dickieana (Sim) Hyl.
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. woodsioides Christ
Filix fragilis (L.) Underwood

Cystopteris laurentiana . Hybrid bladder fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cystopteris laurentiana (Weatherby) Blasdell      St. Lawrence bladderfern
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. huteri (Hausman) Luerss.
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. laurentiana Weatherby

Cystopteris protrusa . Protruding fragile fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cystopteris protrusa (Weatherby) Blasdell      lowland bladderfern
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. protrusa Weatherby

Cystopteris tennesseensis . Tennessee bladder fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cystopteris tennesseensis Shaver      Tennessee bladderfern
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. simulans (Weatherby) McGregor
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. tennesseensis (Shaver) McGregor

Cystopteris tenuis . Macay's brittle fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
    Cystopteris tenuis (Michx.) Desv.      upland brittle bladderfern
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. mackayi Lawson


Cytisus Desf.      broom

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link      scotchbroom
Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Wimmer ex Koch

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link var. scoparius      scotchbroom



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Dactylis glomerata . Orchard grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Dalea candida . White prairie clover - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Dalea candida var. candida . White prairie clover - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dalea candida var. oligophylla . Western white prairie clover - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dalea leporina . Foxtail dalea - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dalea purpurea var. purpurea . Purple prairie clover - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dalea villosa var. villosa . Silky prairie clover - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Danthonia spicata . Poverty grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Datura stramonium . Jimsonweed - Solanaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Datura wrightii . Angel's trumpet - Solanaceae *MN* non-native
Daucus carota . Queen Anne's lace - Apiaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Decodon verticillatus var. laevigatus . Waterwillow - Lythraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Delphinium carolinianum var. virescens . Prairie larkspur - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Deparia acrostichoides . Silvery spleenwort - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Deschampsia cespitosa . Tufted hair grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Deschampsia flexuosa . Slender hair grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Descurainia pinnata var. brachycarpa . Pinnate tansy mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Descurainia richardsonii . Richardson's tansy mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Descurainia sophia . Herb sophia, Flixweed - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Desmanthus illinoensis . Prairie mimosa - Mimosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Desmodium canadense . Canada tick trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Desmodium cuspidatum var. longifolium . Big tick trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Desmodium glutinosum . Pointed-leaved tick trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Desmodium illinoense . Illinois tick trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Desmodium nudiflorum . Stemless tick trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Dianthus armeria . Deptford pink - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Dianthus barbatus . Sweet William - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Dianthus deltoides . Maiden pink - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Diarrhena americana . American beakgrain - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Dicentra canadensis . Squirrel corn - Fumariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Dicentra cucullaria . Dutchman's breeches - Fumariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Didiplis diandra . Water purslane - Lythraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diervilla lonicera . Bush honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Digitalis grandiflora . Yellow foxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Digitalis lanata . Grecian floxglove - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Digitaria ischaemum . Smooth crabgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Digitaria sanguinalis . Hairy crabgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Dioscorea villosa . Wild yam - Dioscoreaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diphasiastrum complanatum . Northern groundcedar - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diphasiastrum digitatum . Southern groundcedar - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diphasiastrum tristachyum . Wirey groundcedar - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diphasiastrum habereri . Haberer's groundcedar - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diphasiastrum zeilleri . Zeiller's groundcedar - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Diplazium pycnocarpon . Narrow-leaved spleenwort - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Diplotaxis muralis . Sand rocket - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Dipsacus laciniatus . Teasel - Dipsacaceae *MN* non-native
Dirca palustris . Leatherwood - Thymelaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Disporum trachycarpum . Rough-fruited fairybells - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Distichlis spicata var. stricta . Salt grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dodecatheon meadia var. meadia . Prairie shooting star - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Dodecatheon radicatum var. radicatum . Jeweled shooting star - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Draba arabisans . Arabian whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Draba cana . Hoary whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Draba nemorosa . Yellow whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Draba norvegica . Norwegian whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Draba reptans . Carolina whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Draba reptans var. micrantha . Carolina whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Draba reptans var. reptans . Carolina whitlow grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Draba verna . European whitlow-grass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dracocephalum parviflorum . Dragonhead - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Drosera anglica . English sundew - Droseraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Drosera intermedia . Spatulate-leaved sundew - Droseraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Drosera linearis . Linear-leaved sundew - Droseraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Drosera rotundifolia . Round-leaved sundew - Droseraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Drosera obovata . Obovate-leaved sundew - Droseraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris carthusiana . Spinulose shield fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris cristata . Crested fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris expansa . Spreading wood fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris fragrans . Fragrant fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris goldiana . Goldie's fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Dryopteris intermedia . Glandular wood fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris marginalis . Marginal shield fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Dryopteris boottii . Boott's shield fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris triploidea . Triploid shield fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dryopteris uliginosa . Swamp shield fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dulichium arundinaceum . Three-way sedge - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Dyssodia papposa . Fetid marigold - Asteraceae *MN* non-native


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Echinacea pallida var. angustifolia . Narrow-leaved purple coneflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Echinochloa crusgalli var. crusgalli . Cockspur barnyard grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Echinochloa muricata . Rough barnyard grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Echinochloa muricata var. microstachya . Rough barnyard grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Echinochloa muricata var. muricata . Rough barnyard grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Echinochloa villosa Wooly cupgrass - Poaceae  non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Echinochloa walteri . Walter's barnyard grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Echinocystis lobata . Wild cucumber - Cucurbitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Echium vulgare . Blue weed - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Eclipta prostrata . Yerba de tajo - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Elaeagnus angustifolia . Russian olive - Elaeagnaceae *MN* non-native
Elaeagnus commutata . Silverberry - Elaeagnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elatine minima . Small waterwort  - Elatinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elatine triandra . Three-stamened waterwort Elatinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis acicularis . Least spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis compressa . Flattened spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis flavescens var. olivacea . Olivaceous spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Eleocharis intermedia . Intermediate spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis ovata . Ovoid spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis palustris . Red-stalked spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis parvula var. anachaeta . Dwarf spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Eleocharis pauciflora . Few-flowered spike rush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Eleocharis rostellata . Beaked spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Eleocharis tenuis var. borealis . Elliptic spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eleocharis wolfii . Wolf's spikerush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Eleusine indica . Indian goose grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Ellisia nyctelea . Ellisia - Hydrophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elodea bifoliata . Two leaf waterweed - Hydrocharitaceae *MN* non-native
Elodea canadensis . Canadian elodea - Hydrocharitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elodea nuttallii . Nuttall's elodea - Hydrocharitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus canadensis . Nodding wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus diversiglumis . Interrupted wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus hystrix . Bottlebrush grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus junceus . Russian wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus racemosus . Clustered wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus trachycaulus . Slender wheatgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus villosus . Downy wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus virginicus . Virginia wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus wiegandii . Weigand's wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elymus macounii . Macoun's barley - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Elytrigia repens . Quackgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Elytrigia smithii . Western wheatgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Empetrum atropurpureum . Purple crowberry - Empetraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Empetrum nigrum . Black crowberry - Empetraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Enemion biternatum . False rue anemone - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epigaea repens . Trailing arbutus - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium angustifolium . Fireweed - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium angustifolium var. angustifolium . Fireweed - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium angustifolium var. canescens . Fireweed - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium ciliatum var. ciliatum . American willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium coloratum . Purple-leaved willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium glandulosum . Northern willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium leptophyllum . Linear-leaved willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium palustre . Marsh willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium strictum . Downy willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epilobium wisconsinense . Wisconsin willow herb - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Epipactis helleborine . Helleborine - Orchidaceae *MN* non-native
Equisetum arvense . Field horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum fluviatile . Water horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum hyemale var. affine . Tall scouring rush - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum laevigatum . Smooth scouring rush - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum palustre . Marsh horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum pratense . Meadow horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum scirpoides . Dwarf scouring rush - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum sylvaticum . Woodland horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum variegatum var. variegatum . Variegated scouring rush - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum ferrissii . Ferriss' scouring rush - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum litorale . Shallow-water horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum mackaii . Mack's horsetail - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Equisetum nelsonii . Nelson's scouring rush - Equisetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eragrostis cilianensis . Stink grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Eragrostis frankii . Frank's lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eragrostis hypnoides . Creeping lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eragrostis minor . Little lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Eragrostis pectinacea . Tufted lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eragrostis pilosa var. perplexa . Indian lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eragrostis spectabilis . Purple lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eragrostis trichodes . Sand lovegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Erechtites hieracifolia var. hieracifolia . Pilewort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron acris var. kamtschaticus . Bitter fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Erigeron annuus . Annual fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron glabellus var. pubescens . Smooth fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron lonchophyllus . Short ray fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Erigeron philadelphicus . Philadelphia fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron pulchellus . Poor Robin's fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus . Poor Robin's fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron pulchellus var. tolsteadii . Poor Robin's fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron strigosus . Daisy fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron strigosus var. beyrichii . Daisy fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron strigosus var. septentrionalis . Daisy fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus . Daisy fleabane - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriocaulon aquaticum . Pipewort - Eriocaulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriochloa villosa . Hairy cupgrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native, State noxious weed in some counties (Minnesota Department of Agriculture)
Eriogonum annuum var. annuum . Annual eriogonum - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Eriophorum chamissonis . Chamisso's cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriophorum gracile . Slender cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriophorum polystachion . Tall cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriophorum tenellum . Delicate cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriophorum vaginatum var. spissum . Tussock cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriophorum virginicum . Tawny cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eriophorum viridicarinatum . Green-keeled cottongrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erodium cicutarium . Storksbill - Geraniaceae *MN* non-native
Erucastrum gallicum . Dog mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Eryngium yuccifolium . Rattlesnake master - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Erysimum asperum . Western wallflower - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erysimum cheiranthoides . Wormseed mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Erysimum inconspicuum . Small-flowered wallflower - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erythronium albidum var. albidum . White trout lily - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erythronium americanum . Yellow trout lily - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Erythronium propullans . Dwarf trout lily - Liliaceae  : federal Endangered list *MN* native to Minnesota
Euonymus atropurpureus . Wahoo - Celastraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium altissimum . Tall boneset - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium maculatum . Spotted Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium maculatum ssp. bruneri . Spotted Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium maculatum var. foliosum . Spotted Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium maculatum var. maculatum . Spotted Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum . Common boneset - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium purpureum . Sweet Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium purpureum var. holzingeri . Sweet Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium purpureum var. purpureum . Sweet Joe pye weed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium rugosum . White snakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Eupatorium sessilifolium . Upland boneset - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Euphorbia corollata var. corollata . Flowering spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia cyathophora . Painted leaf - Euphorbiaceae *MN* non-native
Euphorbia cyparissias . Cypress spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* non-native
Euphorbia dentata . Toothed spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia esula . Leafy spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
Euphorbia geyeri . Geyer's spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia glyptosperma . Ridge-seeded spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia helioscopia . Sun spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* non-native
Euphorbia hexagona . Six-angled spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia maculata . Prostrate hairy spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia marginata . Snow-on-the-mountain - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia missurica var. intermedia . Missouri spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Euphorbia nutans . Nodding spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia serpyllifolia . Thyme-leaved spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia spathulata . Prairie spurge - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphorbia pseudovirgata . Maxson's cliff fern - Euphorbiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euphrasia hudsoniana var. ramosior . Hudson Bay eyebright - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Euphrasia officinalis . Tartary eyebright - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Euthamia graminifolia . Grass-leaved goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia . Grass-leaved goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euthamia graminifolia var. major . Grass-leaved goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Euthamia gymnospermoides . Great Plains goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Fagopyrum esculentum . Buckwheat - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Fatoua villosa . Hairy crabweed - Moraceae *MN* non-native
Festuca brachyphylla var. rydbergii . Mountain fescue - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Festuca elatior . Tall fescue - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Festuca ovina . Sheep fescue - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Festuca paradoxa . Paradofescue - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Festuca pratensis . Meadow fescue - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Festuca rubra . Red fescue - Poaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Festuca subverticillata . Nodding fescue - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Festuca trachyphylla . Long-leaved fescue - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Filago arvensis . Field cotton rose - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Filipendula ulmaria . Queen-of-the-meadow - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Filipendula ulmaria var. denudata . Queen-of-the-meadow - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Filipendula ulmaria var. ulmaria . Queen-of-the-meadow - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Fimbristylis autumnalis . Autumn fimbry - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Fimbristylis puberula . Hairy fimbry - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Floerkea proserpinacoides . False mermaid - Limnanthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Fragaria vesca var. americana . Wood strawberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Fragaria virginiana . Common strawberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Frangula alnus . Alder buckthorn - Rhamnaceae *MN* non-native
Fraxinus americana . White ash - Oleaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Fraxinus nigra . Black ash - Oleaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. pennsylvanica . Green ash - Oleaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Froelichia floridana var. campestris . Prairie cottonweed - Amaranthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Fumaria officinalis . Earthsmoke - Fumariaceae *MN* non-native


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Gaillardia aristata . Blanketflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Gaillardia pulchella . Rose-ring gaillardia - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Galearis spectabilis . Showy orchis - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galeopsis tetrahit . Hemp nettle - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Galeopsis tetrahit var. bifida . Hemp nettle - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Galeopsis tetrahit var. tetrahit . Hemp nettle - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galinsoga parviflora . Small-flowered galinsoga - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Galinsoga quadriradiata . Hairy galinsoga - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Galium aparine . Cleavers - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium asprellum . Rough bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium boreale . Northern bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium concinnum . Shining bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium labradoricum . Labrador bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium mollugo . False baby's breath - Rubiaceae *MN* non-native
Galium obtusum var. obtusum . Obtuse bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium odoratum . Sweet woodruff - Rubiaceae *MN* non-native
Galium tinctorium var. tinctorium . Small bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium trifidum var. trifidum . Three-cleft bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium triflorum . Sweet-scented bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Galium verum . Yellow bedstraw - Rubiaceae *MN* non-native
Gaultheria hispidula . Creeping snowberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gaultheria procumbens . Wintergreen - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gaura biennis var. biennis . Biennial gaura - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gaura coccinea . Scarlet gaura - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gaylussacia baccata . Black huckleberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana affinis . Northern gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Gentiana andrewsii . Bottle gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii . Bottle gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana andrewsii var. dakotana . Bottle gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana flavida . Yellowish gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana puberulenta . Downy gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana rubricaulis . Great Lakes gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentiana billingtonii . Billington's gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentianella amarella . Felwort - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Gentianella quinquefolia var. occidentalis . Stiff gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentianopsis crinita . Greater fringed gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gentianopsis procera . Lesser fringed gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geocaulon lividum . Northern comandra - Santalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geranium bicknellii . Bicknell's cranesbill - Geraniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geranium carolinianum . Carolina cranesbill - Geraniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geranium maculatum . Wild geranium - Geraniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geranium pratense . Meadow geranium - Geraniaceae *MN* non-native
Geranium robertianum . Herb Robert - Geraniaceae *MN* non-native
Geranium sibiricum . Siberian cranesbill - Geraniaceae *MN* non-native
Geum aleppicum var. strictum . Yellow avens - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geum canadense . White avens - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geum laciniatum . Rough avens - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum . Big-leaved avens - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geum rivale . Purple avens - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Geum triflorum . Prairie smoke - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glaumaritima . Sea milkwort - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Glechoma hederacea . Creeping Charlie - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Gleditsia triacanthos . Honey locust - Caesalpiniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glyceria borealis . Northern manna grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glyceria canadensis . Rattlesnake grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glyceria grandis . Tall manna grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glyceria striata . Fowl manna grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glyceria striata var. striata . Fowl manna grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glyceria striata var. stricta . Fowl manna grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Glycyrrhiza lepidota . Wild licorice - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gnaphalium macounii . Clammy cudweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gnaphalium obtusifolium var. obtusifolium . Sweet everlasting - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gnaphalium uliginosum . Low cudweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Goodyera pubescens . Downy rattlesnake plantain - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Goodyera repens var. ophioides . Lesser rattlesnake plantain - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Goodyera tesselata . Tesselated rattlesnake plantain - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gratiola neglecta . Disk hyssop - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Grindelia squarrosa . Gumweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis . Gumweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Grindelia squarrosa var. serrulata . Gumweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Grindelia squarrosa var. squarrosa . Gumweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gymnocarpium dryopteris . Common oak fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gymnocarpium jessoense ssp. parvulum . Nahanni oak fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gymnocarpium robertianum . Northern oak fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gymnocarpium brittonianum . Britton's oak fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gymnocarpium intermedium . Intermediate oak fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gymnocladus dioica . Kentucky coffee tree - Caesalpiniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Gypsophila elegans . Elegant baby's breath - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Gypsophila muralis . Wall baby's breath - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Gypsophila paniculata . Paniculate baby's breath - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native


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Hackelia deflexa var. americana . Nodding stickseed - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Hackelia virginiana . Virginia stickseed - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Halenia deflexa var. deflexa . Spurred gentian - Gentianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hamamelis virginiana . Witch hazel - Hamamelidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Haplopappus spinulosus var. spinulosus . Cutleaf ironplant - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hedeoma hispidum . Mock pennyroyal - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hedeoma pulegioides . American pennyroyal - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Hedyotis longifolia . Bluets - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helenium autumnale var. autumnale . Autumn sneezeweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helenium flexuosum . Purple-headed sneezeweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthemum bicknellii . Hoary frostweed - - Cistaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthemum canadense . Canada frostweed - Cistaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus annuus . Common sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed (except cultivars)"
Helianthus giganteus . Giant sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus grosseserratus . Sawtooth sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus hirsutus . Hairy sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus maximiliani . Maximilian's sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus nuttallii ssp. rydbergii . Nuttall's sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Helianthus occidentalis var. occidentalis . Western sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus pauciflorus . Stiff sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus pauciflorus var. pauciflorus . Stiff sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus pauciflorus var. subrhomboideus . Stiff sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus petiolaris var. petiolaris . Prairie sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus strumosus . Woodland sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helianthus tuberosus . Jerusalem artichoke - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Helianthus laetiflorus . Bright sunflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Helictotrichon hookeri . Spike oat - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra . Ox-eye - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hemerocallis fulva . Fulvous daylily - Liliaceae *MN* non-native
Hemicarpha micrantha . Hemicarpha - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Heracleum lanatum . Cow parsnip - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hesperis matronalis . Dame's rocket - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Heteranthera limosa . Mud plantain - Pontederiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Heuchera richardsonii . Alumroot - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hibiscus laevis . Rose mallow - Malvaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hibiscus trionum . Flower-of-an-hour - Malvaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Hieracium aurantiacum . Orange hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Hieracium caespitosum . Meadow hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Hieracium floribundum . Smooth king devil - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Hieracium kalmii . Kalm's hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hieracium lachenalii . Common hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Hieracium longipilum . Long-bearded hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hieracium pilosella . Mouse-ear hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Hieracium piloselloides . King devil hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Hieracium scabrum . Sticky hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hieracium umbellatum . Rough hawkweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hierochloe odorata . Sweet grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hippuris vulgaris . Mare's tail - Hippuridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hordeum jubatum . Foxtail barley - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hordeum pusillum . Little barley - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hordeum vulgare . Nepal barley - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Hudsonia tomentosa . Beach heather - Cistaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Humulus japonicus . Japanese hops - Cannabaceae *MN* non-native
Humulus lupulus . Common hops - Cannabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides . Common hops - Cannabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Humulus lupulus var. pubescens . Common hops - Cannabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Huperzia appalachiana . Appalachian fir moss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Huperzia lucidula . Shining fir moss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Huperzia porophila . Rock fir moss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Threatened list
Huperzia selago . Northern fir moss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Huperzia buttersii . Butters' fir moss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hydrastis canadensis . Golden seal - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Hydrocotyle americana . American water pennywort - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Hydrophyllum appendiculatum . Appendaged waterleaf - Hydrophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum . Virginia waterleaf - Hydrophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypericum boreale . Northern St. John's wort - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypericum canadense . Canadian St. John’s-wort - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypericum ellipticum . Pale St. John's wort - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypericum majus . Large St. John's wort - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypericum perforatum . Common St. John's wort - Clusiaceae *MN* non-native
Hypericum punctatum . Spotted St. John's wort - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypericum pyramidatum . Great St. John's wort - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hypoxis hirsuta . Yellow stargrass - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Hyssopus officinalis . Hyssop - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native


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Ileverticillata var. verticillata . Winterberry - Aquifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Impatiens capensis . Spotted touch-me-not - Balsaminaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Impatiens pallida . Pale touch-me-not - Balsaminaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Inula helenium . Elecampane - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Iodanthus pinnatifidus . Purple rocket - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Ipomoea hederacea . Ivy-leaved morning-glory - Convolvulaceae *MN* non-native
Ipomoea purpurea . Common morning-glory - Convolvulaceae *MN* non-native
Iris pallida . Sweet iris - Iridaceae *MN* non-native
Iris pseudacorus . Yellow flag - Iridaceae *MN* non-native
Iris versicolor . Northern blue flag - Iridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Iris virginica var. shrevei . Southern blue flag - Iridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Isanthus brachiatus . False pennyroyal - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Isoetes echinospora . Braun's quillwort - Isoetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Isoetes lacustris . Lake quillwort - Isoetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Isoetes melanopoda . Prairie quillwort - Isoetaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Iva xanthifolia . Marsh elder - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"


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Jeffersonia diphylla . Twinleaf - Berberidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Juglans cinerea . Butternut - Juglandaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Juglans nigra . Black walnut - Juglandaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus acuminatus . Tapertip rush - Juncaceae *MN* non-native
Juncus alpinoarticulatus . Alpine rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus anthelatus . ? - Juncaceae *MN* non-native
Juncus arcticus var. balticus . Baltic rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus articulatus . Jointed rush - Juncaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Juncus brachycarpus . Short-fruited rush - Juncaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Juncus brachycephalus . Short-headed rush - Juncaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Juncus brevicaudatus . Narrow-panicled rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus bufonius . Toad rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus canadensis . Canada rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus compressus . Compressed rush - Juncaceae *MN* non-native
Juncus dudleyi . Dudley's rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus effusus . Soft rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus filiformis . Thread-like rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus gerardii . Black-grass rush - Juncaceae *MN* non-native
Juncus greenei . Greene's rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus interior . Inland rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus longistylis . Long-styled rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus marginatus . Marginated rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Juncus nodosus . Knotty rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus pelocarpus . Brown-fruited rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus stygius var. americanus . Bog rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Juncus subtilis . Slender rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus tenuis . Path rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus torreyi . Torrey's rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus vaseyi . Vasey's rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juncus gracilescens . Grass-like rush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juniperus communis var. depressa . Bush juniper - Cupressaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Juniperus horizontalis . Creeping juniper - Cupressaceae *MN* native to Minnesota *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana . Eastern red cedar - Cupressaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Kalmia polifolia . Bog laurel - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Knautia arvensis . Bluebuttons - Dipsacaceae *MN* non-native
Kochia scoparia . Summer cypress - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Koeleria pyramidata . Junegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Krigia biflora . Two-flowered Cynthia - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Kuhnia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa . False boneset - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lactuca biennis . Biennial blue lettuce - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lactuca canadensis . Canada wild lettuce - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lactuca floridana . Florida wild lettuce - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lactuca ludoviciana . Louisiana lettuce - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lactuca pulchella . Beautiful blue lettuce - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lactuca serriola . Prickly lettuce - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Lamium album . Dead nettle - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Lamium amplexicaule . Henbit - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Laportea canadensis . Wood nettle - Urticaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lappula redowskii . Western stickseed - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Lappula squarrosa . Two-row stickseed - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Lapsana communis . Nipplewort - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Larix decidua . European larch - Pinaceae *MN* non-native
Larix laricina . Tamarack - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lathyrus latifolius . Everlasting pea - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Lathyrus maritimus var. glaber . Beach pea - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lathyrus ochroleucus . Pale vetchling - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lathyrus palustris . Marsh vetchling - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lathyrus tuberosus . Earth chestnut - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus . Veiny pea - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lechea intermedia . Intermediate pinweed - Cistaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lechea stricta . Prairie pinweed - Cistaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lechea tenuifolia var. tenuifolia . Narrow-leaved pinweed - Cistaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Endangered list
Ledum groenlandicum . Labrador tea - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Leersia lenticularis . Catchfly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Special Concern list
Leersia oryzoides var. oryzoides . Rice cut grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Leersia virginica . White grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lemna minor . Lesser duckweed - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lemna obscura . Little duckweed - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lemna perpusilla . Minute duckweed - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lemna trisulca . Star duckweed - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lemna turionifera . Turion duckweed - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Leontodon autumnalis var. autumnalis . Fall dandelion - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Leonurus cardiaca . Common motherwort - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Leonurus marrubiastrum . Horehound motherwort - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Leonurus sibiricus . Motherwort - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Lepidium campestre . Field peppergrass - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Lepidium densiflorum . Green-flowered peppergrass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lepidium perfoliatum . Clasping peppergrass - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Lepidium sativum . Garden cress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Lepidium virginicum . Virginia peppergrass - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Leptochloa fascicularis var. acuminata . Sprangletop - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Leptoloma cognatum . Fall witch grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lespedeza capitata . Round-headed bush clover - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lespedeza intermedia . Wand lespedeza - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Lespedeza leptostachya . Prairie bush clover - Fabaceae : Federal Threatened list *MN* native to Minnesota
Lespedeza virginica . Slender bush clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Lesquerella ludoviciana . Bladderpod - Brassicaceae  :  *MN* native to Minnesota Minnesota Endangered list
Leucanthemella serotina . Giant daisy - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Leucophysalis grandiflora . Dwarf ground chervil - Solanaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Leymus cinereus . Basin wild rye - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Liatris aspera . Rough blazing star - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Liatris cylindracea . Cylindric blazing star - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Liatris ligulistylis . Northern plains blazing star - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Liatris punctata . Dotted blazing star - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Liatris pycnostachya . Great blazing star - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lilium lancifolium . Tiger lily - Liliaceae *MN* non-native
Lilium michiganense . Michigan lily - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum . Wood lily - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Limosella aquatica . Mudwort - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Linaria canadensis . Old field toadflax - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Linaria dalmatica . Dalmation toadflax - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Linaria genistifolia . Broad-leaved toadflax - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Linaria vulgaris . Butter-and-eggs - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Lindernia dubia . Yellow-seeded false pimpernel - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lindernia dubia var. anagallidea . Yellow-seeded false pimpernel - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lindernia dubia var. dubia . Yellow-seeded false pimpernel - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora . Twinflower - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Linum lewisii . Blue flax - Linaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Linum rigidum var. simulans . Stiff-stem yellow flax - Linaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Linum sulcatum . Grooved yellow flax - Linaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Linum usitatissimum . Common flax - Linaceae *MN* non-native
Liparis liliifolia . Lily-leaved twayblade - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Liparis loeselii . Loesel's twayblade - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Listera auriculata . Auricled twayblade - Orchidaceae  :  *MN* native to Minnesota Minnesota Endangered list
Listera convallarioides . Broad-leaved twayblade - Orchidaceae  :  *MN* native to Minnesota Minnesota Special Concern list
Listera cordata var. cordata . Heart-leaved twayblade - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lithospermum canescens . Hoary puccoon - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lithospermum carolinense var. croceum . Hairy puccoon - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lithospermum incisum . Narrow-leaved puccoon - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lithospermum latifolium . American gromwell - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Littorella uniflora var. americana . American shore plantain - Plantaginaceae  :  *MN* native to Minnesota Minnesota Special Concern list
Lobelia cardinalis var. cardinalis . Cardinal flower - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia dortmanna . Water lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia inflata . Indian tobacco - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia kalmii . Kalm's lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia siphilitica . Great lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia siphilitica var. ludoviciana . Great lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica . Great lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia spicata . Pale-spiked lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia spicata var. hirtella . Rough-spiked lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobelia spicata var. spicata . Rough-spiked lobelia - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lobularia maritima . Sweet alyssum - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Lolium perenne . English rye grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Lolium perenne var. aristatum . English rye grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Lolium perenne var. perenne . English rye grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Lolium temulentum . Darnel rye grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Lomatium orientale . Desert parsley - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera canadensis . Fly honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera dioica . Wild honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera dioica var. dioica . Wild honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera dioica var. glaucescens . Wild honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera hirsuta . Hairy honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera morrowii . Morrow's honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* non-native
Lonicera oblongifolia . Swamp fly honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera reticulata . Grape honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera tatarica . Tartarian honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* non-native
Lonicera villosa . Mountain fly honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lonicera x bella . Pretty honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* non-native
Lonicera xylosteum . European fly honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae *MN* non-native
Lotus corniculatus . Bird's foot trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Lotus purshianus . Prairie trefoil - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ludwigia palustris . Common water primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ludwigia polycarpa . False loosestrife - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lunaria annua . Moneyplant - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Lupinus perennis . Wild lupine - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lupinus polyphyllus . Large-leaved lupine - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Luzula acuminata var. acuminata . Pointed woodrush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Luzula luzuloides . Lamarck's woodrush - Juncaceae *MN* non-native
Luzula multiflora var. multiflora . Many-flowered woodrush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Luzula parviflora . Small-flowered woodrush - Juncaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lychnis alba (Mill.) . White cockle - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Lychnis chalcedonica . Scarlet campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Lycium barbarum . Matrimony vine - Solanaceae *MN* non-native
Lycopodiella inundata . Bog clubmoss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopodium annotinum . Bristly clubmoss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopodium clavatum . Running clubmoss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopodium dendroideum . Round-branched groundpine - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopodium hickeyi . Princess pine - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopodium lagopus . One-cone clubmoss - Lycopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopus americanus . Cut-leaved bugleweed - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopus asper . Rough bugleweed - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopus uniflorus . Northern bugleweed - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopus virginicus . Virginia bugleweed - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lycopus sherardii . Sherard's bugleweed - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lygodesmia juncea . Skeletonweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lygodesmia rostrata . Annual skeletonweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Lysimachia ciliata . Fringed loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lysimachia hybrida . Hybrid loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lysimachia nummularia . Moneywort - Primulaceae *MN* non-native
Lysimachia quadriflora . Prairie loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lysimachia quadrifolia . Whorled loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Lysimachia terrestris . Yellow loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lysimachia thyrsiflora . Tufted loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lysimachia vulgaris . Garden yellow loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* non-native
Lysimachia commixta . Mixed loosestrife - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lythrum alatum var. alatum . Wing-angled loosestrife - Lythraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Lythrum salicaria . Purple loosestrife - Lythraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"


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Machaeranthera canescens . Tahoka daisy - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Madia glomerata . Tarweed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Maianthemum canadense . Canada mayflower - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Maianthemum canadense var. canadense . Canada mayflower - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Maianthemum canadense var. interius . Canada mayflower - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda . White adder's mouth - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Malaxis paludosa . Bog adder's mouth - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Malaxis unifolia . Green adder's mouth - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Malus ioensis . Iowa crabapple - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Malva neglecta . Cheeses - Malvaceae *MN* non-native
Malva rotundifolia . Round-leaved mallow - Malvaceae *MN* non-native
Malva sylvestris . High mallow - Malvaceae *MN* non-native
Malva verticillata . Curled mallow - Malvaceae *MN* non-native
Marrubium vulgare . Horehound - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Marsilea vestita . Hairy waterclover - Marsileaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Matricaria maritima . Wild chamomile - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Matricaria matricarioides . Pineapple weed - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Matricaria recutita . Wild chamomile - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica . Ostrich fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Medicago lupulina . Black medick - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Medicago sativa . Alfalfa - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Medicago sativa ssp. falcata . Alfalfa - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Medicago sativa ssp.sativa . Alfalfa - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Melampyrum lineare . Cow wheat - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Melampyrum lineare var. americanum . Cow wheat - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Melampyrum lineare var. lineare . Cow wheat - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Melica nitens . Three-flowered melic - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Melilotus alba . White sweet clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Melilotus officinalis . Yellow sweet clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Menispermum canadense . Canada moonseed - Menispermaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mentha arvensis var. canadensis . Common mint - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mentha spicata . Spearmint - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Mentha x gentilis . Heartmint - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Menyanthes trifoliata . Buckbean - Menyanthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mertensia paniculata . Panicled bluebells - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mertensia virginica . Virginia bluebells - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Microseris cuspidata . Prairie false dandelion - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Milium effusum . Woodland millet grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mimulus glabratus var. fremontii . Yellow monkey flower - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mimulus ringens var. ringens . Blue monkey flower - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mirabilis hirsuta . Hairy four o'clock - Nyctaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mirabilis linearis . Narrow-leaved four o'clock - Nyctaginaceae *MN* non-native
Mirabilis nyctaginea . Heart-leaved four o'clock - Nyctaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Miscanthus sacchariflorus . Amur silver grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Mitchella repens . Partridgeberry - Rubiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mitella diphylla . Two-leaved miterwort - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mitella nuda . Naked miterwort - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Mollugo verticillata . Carpetweed - Molluginaceae *MN* non-native
Moluccella laevis . Shellflower - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Monarda didyma . Scarlet beebalm - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Monarda fistulosa . Wild bergamot - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa . Wild bergamot - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Monarda fistulosa var. menthaefolia . Wild bergamot - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Monarda punctata var. villicaulis . Horsemint - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Moneses uniflora . One-flowered pyrola - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Monolepis nuttalliana . Povertyweed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Monotropa hypopithys . Pinesap - Monotropaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Monotropa uniflora . Indian pipe - Monotropaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Montia chamissoi . Montia - Portulacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Morus alba . White mulberry - Moraceae *MN* non-native
Morus rubra . Red mulberry - Moraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia asperifolia . Scratchgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia cuspidata . Plains muhly - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia frondosa . Swamp muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Muhlenbergia glomerata . Clustered muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia mexicana . Mexican muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia racemosa . Marsh muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia richardsonis . Mat muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia schreberi . Dropseed muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia sylvatica . Woodland muhly grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Muhlenbergia uniflora . One-flowered muhly - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Myosotis arvensis . Field forget-me-not - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Myosotis laxa . Smaller forget-me-not - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myosotis scorpioides . True forget-me-not - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Myosotis sylvatica . Garden forget-me-not - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Myosotis verna . Virginia forget-me-not - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myosurus minimus . Mousetail - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myrica gale . Sweet gale - Myricaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myriophyllum alterniflorum . Alternate-flower water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myriophyllum farwellii . Farwell's water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myriophyllum heterophyllum . Broadleaf water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Myriophyllum sibiricum . Northern water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myriophyllum spicatum . Eurasian water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* non-native, Prohibited exotic species (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources)
Myriophyllum tenellum . Slender water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Myriophyllum verticillatum . Whorled water milfoil - Haloragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Najas flexilis . Flexuous naiad - Najadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Najas gracillima . Slender naiad - Najadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Najas guadalupensis . Southern naiad - Najadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Najas guadalupensis ssp. guadalupensis . Southern naiad - Najadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Najas guadalupensis ssp. olivacea . Southern naiad - Najadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Najas marina . Sea naiad - Najadaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Napaea dioica . Glade mallow - Malvaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Nelumbo lutea . American lotus - Nelumbonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nemopanthus mucronatus . Swamp holly - Aquifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nepeta cataria . Catnip - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Neslia paniculata . Ball mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Nicandra physalodes . Apple of Peru - Solanaceae *MN* non-native
Nigella damascena . Love-in-a-mist - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
Nuphar microphylla . Yellow pond lily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nuphar variegata . Yellow pond lily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nuphar rubrodisca . Yellow pond lily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nymphaea leibergii . Small white waterlily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Nymphaea odorata . American white waterlily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nymphaea odorata var. odorata . American white waterlily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Nymphaea odorata var. tuberosa . American white waterlily - Nymphaeaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Oenothera biennis . Common evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera biennis var. biennis . Common evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera biennis var. canescens . Common evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera clelandii . Cleland's evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera laciniata . Cut-leaved evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera nuttallii . Nuttall's evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera parviflora . Northern evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera parviflora var. oakesiana . Northern evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera parviflora var. parviflora . Northern evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera perennis . Perennial evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oenothera rhombipetala . Rhombic evening primrose - Onagraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Onoclea sensibilis . Sensitive fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Onopordum acanthium . Scotch thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Onosmodium molle . False gromwell - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Onosmodium molle var. hispidissimum . False gromwell - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Onosmodium molle var. hispidissimum . False gromwell - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Onosmodium molle var. occidentale . False gromwell - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Onosmodium molle var. occidentale . False gromwell - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ophioglossum pusillum . Adder's tongue - Ophioglossaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Opuntia fragilis . Brittle prickly pear - Cactaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Opuntia humifusa . Devil's tongue - Cactaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Opuntia macrorhiza . Plains prickly pear - Cactaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Ornithogalum umbellatum . Star of Bethlehem - Liliaceae *MN* non-native
Orobanche fasciculata . Clustered broomrape - Orobanchaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Orobanche ludoviciana var. ludoviciana . Louisiana broomrape - Orobanchaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Orobanche uniflora . One-flowered broomrape - Orobanchaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Orthocarpus luteus . Owl clover - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oryzopsis asperifolia . Moutain rice grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oryzopsis hymenoides . Indian rice grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Oryzopsis pungens . Sharp-pointed rice grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oryzopsis racemosa . Black-fruited rice grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Osmorhiza chilensis . Chilean sweet cicely - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Osmorhiza claytonii . Clayton's sweet cicely - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Osmorhiza depauperata . Blunt-fruited sweet cicely - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Osmorhiza longistylis . Aniseroot - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Osmunda cinnamomea . Cinnamon fern - Osmundaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Osmunda claytoniana . Interrupted fern - Osmundaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis . Royal fern - - Osmundaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ostrya virginiana . Ironwood - Betulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oxalis acetosella . Common wood sorrel - Oxalidaceae *MN* non-native
Oxalis dillenii . Southern wood sorrel - Oxalidaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Oxalis stricta . Yellow wood sorrel - Oxalidaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Oxalis violacea . Violet wood sorrel - Oxalidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oxypolis rigidior . Cowbane - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oxytropis campestris . Flat locoweed - Fabaceae *MN* origin undeermined
Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii . Lambert's locoweed - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Oxytropis splendens . Showy locoweed - Fabaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Oxytropis viscida . Sticky locoweed - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list


P
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Panax quinquefolium . American ginseng - Araliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Panatrifolium . Dwarf ginseng - Araliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum boreale . Northern panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum capillare . Witch grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum columbianum . Columbian panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum commonsianum var. euchlamydeum . White-haired panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum depauperatum . Poor panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum dichotomiflorum . Fall panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Panicum dichotomum . Forking panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum lanuginosum . Hairy panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum lanuginosum var. fasciculatum . Hairy panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum lanuginosum var. implicatum . Hairy panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum lanuginosum var. lindheimeri . White-haired panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum lanuginosum var. tennesseense . Hairy panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum latifolium . Broad-leaved panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum leibergii . Leiberg's panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum leucothrix . Southern panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum linearifolium . Linear-leaved panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum miliaceum . Proso millet - Poaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Panicum oligosanthes . Scribner's panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum perlongum . Long-leaved panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum philadelphicum . Philadelphia panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum villosissimum . Long-haired panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum virgatum . Switchgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum wilcoxianum . Wilcox's panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Panicum xanthophysum . Yellow panic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Papaver rhoeas . Corn poppy - Papaveraceae *MN* non-native
Papaver somniferum . Common poppy - Papaveraceae *MN* non-native
Parietaria pensylvanica . Pellitory - Urticaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Parnassia glauca . American grass-of-Parnassus - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Parnassia palustris . Marsh grass-of-Parnassus - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Paronychia canadensis . Canada forked chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Paronychia fastigiata var. fastigiata . Forked chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Parthenium integrifolium . Wild quinine - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Parthenocissus quinquefolia . Woodbine - Vitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Parthenocissus tricuspidata . Boston ivy - Vitaceae *MN* non-native
Parthenocissus vitacea . Virginia creeper - Vitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Paspalum setaceum var. ciliatifolium . Hairy beadgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pastinaca sativa . Wild parsnip - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
Pedicularis canadensis . Wood betony - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pedicularis lanceolata . Swamp lousewort - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pediomelum argophyllum . Silverleaf scurfpea - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pediomelum esculentum . Prairie turnip - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pellaea atropurpurea . Purple cliff brake - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Pellaea glabella ssp. glabella . Smooth cliff brake - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Peltandra virginica . Green arrow arum - Araceae *MN* non-native
Penstemon albidus . White beard tongue - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Penstemon digitalis . Foxglove beard tongue - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Penstemon gracilis . Slender beard tongue - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Penstemon grandiflorus . Large-flowered beard tongue - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Penstemon laevigatus . Eastern smooth beard tongue - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Penstemon pallidus . Pale beard tongue - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Penthorum sedoides . Ditch stonecrop - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Perilla frutescens . Perilla mint - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Petasites frigidus var. palmatus . Palmate sweet coltsfoot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Petasites sagittatus . Arrow-leaved sweet coltsfoot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Petasites vitifolius . Grape-leaved sweet coltsfoot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Petrorhagia saxifraga . Petrorhagia - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Petunia x hybrida . Garden petunia - Solanaceae *MN* non-native
Phacelia franklinii . Franklin's phacelia - Hydrophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Phalaris arundinacea . Reed canary grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Phalaris canariensis . Birdseed grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Phegopteris connectilis . Long beech fern Thelyx - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Phegopteris hexagonoptera . Broad beech fern Thelyx - Pteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Philadelphus coronarius . Sweet mock orange - Hydrangeaceae *MN* non-native
Phleum pratense . Timothy - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Phlox divaricata var. laphamii . Blue phlox - Polemoniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Phlox maculata . Wild sweet William - Polemoniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Phlox paniculata . Garden phlox - Polemoniaceae *MN* non-native
Phlox pilosa var. fulgida . Prairie phlox - Polemoniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Phlox subulata var. subulata . Ground pink - Polemoniaceae *MN* non-native
Phragmites australis . Common reed grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Phryma leptostachya . Lopseed - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Phyla lanceolata . Fogfruit - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla . Clammy ground cherry - Solanaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physalis pubescens var. grisea . Hairy ground cherry - Solanaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physalis virginiana . Virginia ground cherry - Solanaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physocarpus opulifolius . Ninebark - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physocarpus opulifolius var. intermedius . Ninebark - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physocarpus opulifolius var. opulifolius . Ninebark - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Physostegia parviflora . Western false dragonhead - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Physostegia virginiana var. virginiana . Obedient plant - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Picea abies . Norway spruce - Pinaceae *MN* non-native
Picea glauca . White spruce - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Picea mariana . Black spruce - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Picea rosendahlii . Rosendahl's spruce - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pilea fontana . Black-fruited clearweed - Urticaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pilea pumila . Dwarf clearweed - - Urticaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pimpinella saxifraga . Burnet saxifrage - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
Pinguicula vulgaris . Butterwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Pinus banksiana . Jack pine - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pinus resinosa . Red pine - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pinus rigida . Pitch pine - Pinaceae *MN* non-native
Pinus strobus . White pine - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pinus sylvestris . Scotch pine - Pinaceae *MN* non-native
Plagiobothrys scouleri . Popcorn flower - Boraginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Plantago aristata . Bracted plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Plantago elongata . Slender plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Plantago eriopoda . Alkali plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Plantago lanceolata . English plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* non-native, State prohibited weed seed (Minnesota Department of Agriculture)
Plantago major . Common plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* non-native
Plantago patagonica . Pursh's plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* non-native
Plantago patagonica var. patagonica . Pursh's plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* non-native
Plantago patagonica var. spinulosa . Pursh's plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* non-native
Plantago psyllium . Leafy-stemmed plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* non-native
Plantago rugelii . Rugel's plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Plantago virginica . Hoary plantain - Plantaginaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Platanthera clavellata . Small green wood orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Platanthera dilatata . Tall white bog orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera flava var. herbiola . Tubercled rein orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Platanthera hookeri . Hooker's orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera hyperborea . Tall Northern bog orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera lacera . Ragged fringed orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera obtusata . Small northern bog orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera orbiculata . Large round-leaved orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera praeclara . Western prairie fringed orchid - Orchidaceae - Federal Threatened list *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera psycodes . Small purple fringed orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Platanthera media . Intermediate bog orchid - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa alsodes . Wood bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa annua . Annual bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa arida . Plains bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa bulbosa . Bulbous bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa chaixii . Tall bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa compressa . Canada bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa glauca . Pale bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa interior . Inland bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa languida . Weak bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa nemoralis . Sylvan bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa paludigena . Bog bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Poa palustris . Fowl bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa pratensis . Kentucky bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa saltuensis . Pasture bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa sylvestris . Woodland bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Poa trivialis . Rough bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Poa wolfii . Wolf's bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Poa tormentuosa . Wooly bluegrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Podophyllum peltatum . Mayapple - Berberidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pogonia ophioglossoides . Rose pogonia - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polanisia dodecandra . Clammy weed Capp - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polanisia dodecandra var. dodecandra . Clammy weed Capp - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polanisia dodecandra var. trachysperma . Clammy weed Capp - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polanisia jamesii . James's polanisia Capp - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Polemonium occidentale ssp. lacustre . Western Jacob's ladder - Polemoniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Polemonium reptans . Spreading Jacob's ladder - Polemoniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygala cruciata . Cross-leaved milkwort - Polygalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Polygala paucifolia . Gaywings - Polygalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygala polygama var. obtusata . Racemed milkwort - Polygalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygala sanguinea . Blood milkwort - Polygalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygala senega . Seneca snakeroot - Polygalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygala verticillata var. isocycla . Whorled milkwort - Polygalaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonatum biflorum . Giant Solomon's seal - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonatum pubescens . Hairy Solomon's seal - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonella articulata . Coast jointweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum achoreum . Blue knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum amphibium . Water smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum amphibium var. emersum . Water smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum amphibium var. stipulaceum . Water smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum arenastrum . Common knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum arifolium . Halberd-leaved tearthumb - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum aviculare . Prostrate knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum bungeanum . Prickly smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum careyi . Carey's smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Polygonum cilinode var. cilinode . Fringed false buckwheat - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum convolvulus var. convolvulus . Black bindweed - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Polygonum cuspidatum . Japanese knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum douglasii . Douglas' knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum erectum . Erect knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum hydropiper . Marsh waterpepper - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum hydropiperoides var. hydropiperoides . Mild waterpepper - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum lapathifolium . Nodding smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum orientale . Prince's feather - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum pensylvanicum . Pennsylvania smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Polygonum persicaria . Lady's thumb - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Polygonum punctatum . Dotted smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum punctatum var. confertiflorum . Dotted smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum punctatum var. punctatum . Dotted smartweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum ramosissimum . Bushy knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum sachalinense . Giant knotwood - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Polygonum sagittatum . Arrow-leaved tearthumb - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum scandens . False buckwheat - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum scandens var. cristatum . False buckwheat - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum scandens var. scandens . False buckwheat - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum tenue . Slender knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum virginianum . Virginia knotweed - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polygonum viviparum var. viviparum . Alpine bistort - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Polymnia canadensis . Leafcup - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polypodium virginianum . Common polypody Polypodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polypogon monspeliensis . Annual rabbits-foot grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Polystichum acrostichoides . Christmas fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Polystichum braunii . Braun's holly fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Polystichum lonchitis . Northern holly fern - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Polytaenia nuttallii . Prairie parsley - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Pontederia cordata . Pickerelweed - Pontederiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Populus alba . White poplar - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Populus balsamifera . Balsam poplar - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Populus deltoides var. occidentalis . Cottonwood - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Populus grandidentata . Big-toothed aspen - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Populus nigra . Lombardy poplar - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Populus tremuloides . Quaking aspen - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Populus jackii . Jack's cottonwood - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Populus smithii . Smith's aspen - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Portulaca oleracea . Purslane - Portulacaceae *MN* non-native
Potamogeton alpinus . Alpine pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton amplifolius . Large-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton bicupulatus . Snailseed pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Potamogeton crispus . Curly pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* non-native, Prohibited exotic species (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources)
Potamogeton diversifolius var. diversifolius . Diverse-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Potamogeton epihydrus . Ribbon-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus . Leafy pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton friesii . Fries' pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton gramineus . Grass-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton illinoensis . Illinois pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton natans . Floating pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton nodosus . American pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton oakesianus . Oake's pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton obtusifolius . Blunt-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton praelongus . White-stemmed pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton pulcher . Spotted pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton pusillus . Very small pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton pusillus ssp. pusillus . Very small pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton pusillus ssp. tenuissimus . Very small pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton richardsonii . Richardson's pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton robbinsii . Robbins' pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton spirillus . Coiled pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton strictifolius . Straight-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton vaseyi . Vasey's pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Potamogeton haynesii . Haynes' pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potamogeton zosteriformis . Flat-stemmed pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla anserina . Silverweed - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla argentea . Silvery cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Potentilla arguta . Tall cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla effusa . Spreading cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla flabelliformis . Slender cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla fruticosa . Shrubby cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla intermedia . Downy cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Potentilla norvegica . Rough cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla palustris . Marsh cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla paradoxa . Bushy cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla pensylvanica . Pennsylvania cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla pensylvanica var. arida . Pennsylvania cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla pensylvanica var. bipinnatifida . Pennsylvania cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla recta . Rough-fruited cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Potentilla rivalis . Brook cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla simplex . Oldfield cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Potentilla tridentata . Three-toothed cinquefoil - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prenanthes alba . White rattlesnakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prenanthes aspera . Hairy rattlesnakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prenanthes crepidinea . Nodding rattlesnakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Prenanthes racemosa . Smooth rattlesnakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prenanthes racemosa var. multiflora . Smooth rattlesnakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prenanthes racemosa var. racemosa . Smooth rattlesnakeroot - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Primula mistassinica . Mistassini primrose - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunella vulgaris . Heal-all - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata . Heal-all - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris . Heal-all - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Prunus americana . Wild plum - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus domestica . European plum - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Prunus nigra . Canada plum - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus pensylvanica . Pin cherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus pumila . Sand cherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus pumila var. besseyi . Sand cherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus pumila var. cuneata . Sand cherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus pumila var. pumila . Sand cherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus serotina . Black cherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Prunus triloba . Flowering plum - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Prunus virginiana . Chokecherry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pseudotsuga menziesii . Douglas fir - Pinaceae *MN* non-native
Psoralidium tenuiflorum . Slender-leaved scurfpea - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Ptelea trifoliata . Hop tree - Rutaceae *MN* non-native
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum . Bracken - Dennstaedtiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Puccinellia distans . European alkali grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Puccinellia nuttalliana . Nuttall's alkali grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Puccinellia pallida . Torrey's mannagrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Pycnanthemum flexuosum . Narrow-leaved mountain mint - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Pycnanthemum virginianum . Virginia mountain mint - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pyrola asarifolia . Pink shinleaf - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pyrola chlorantha . Green-flowered pyrola - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pyrola elliptica . Elliptic shinleaf - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pyrola minor . Small shinleaf - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Pyrola rotundifolia var. americana . Round-leaved pyrola - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pyrola secunda . One-sided pyrola - Pyrolaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Pyrus baccata . Siberian crabapple - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Pyrus malus . Apple - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Pyrus prunifolia . Pear-leaved crabapple - Rosaceae *MN* non-native


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Quercus alba . White oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus bicolor . Swamp white oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus ellipsoidalis . Northern pin oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus macrocarpa . Bur oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus muhlenbergii . Chestnut oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus rubra . Northern red oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus velutina . Black oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus bebbiana . Bebb's hybrid white oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus hawkinsiae . Hawkins' hybrid black oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus hillii . Hill's hybrid white oak - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Quercus palaeolithica . Northern pin and black oak hybrid - Fagaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Ranunculus abortivus . Kidney-leaved buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus acris . Tall buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Ranunculus aquatilis var. diffusus . Limp white water crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus cymbalaria . Seaside crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus fascicularis . Swamp buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus flabellaris . Large yellow water crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus flammula . Spearwort - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
Ranunculus flammula var. ovalis . Spearwort - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus flammula var. reptans . Spearwort - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus gmelinii . Small yellow water crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus hispidus . Hispid buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus hispidus var. caricetorum . Hispid buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus . Hispid buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus lapponicus . Lapland buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Ranunculus macounii . Macoun's buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus pensylvanicus . Bristly buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus . Hooked crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus repens . Creeping buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
Ranunculus rhomboideus . Early buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus sceleratus . Cursed crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus sceleratus var. multifidus . Cursed crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus . Cursed crowfoot - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ranunculus testiculatus . Bur buttercup - Ranunculaceae *MN* non-native
Raphanus raphanistrum . Jointed charlock - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Raphanus sativus . Radish - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Ratibida columnifera . Prairie coneflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ratibida pinnata . Gray-headed coneflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rhamnus alnifolia . Dwarf alder - Rhamnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rhamnus cathartica . Common buckthorn - Rhamnaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Restricted noxious weed"
Rhamnus frangula (L.) . Glossy Buckthorn- Rhamnaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Restricted noxious weed"
Rheum rhabarbarum . Rhubarb - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rhus aromatica var. aromatica . Fragrant sumac - Anacardiaceae *MN* non-native
Rhus glabra . Smooth sumac - Anacardiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rhus hirta . Staghorn sumac - Anacardiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rhus borealis . Hybrid sumac - Anacardiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rhynchospora alba . White beak rush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rhynchospora capillacea . Hair-like beak rush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Rhynchospora fusca . Sooty-colored beak rush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Ribes americanum . Wild black currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes cynosbati . Prickly gooseberry - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes glandulosum . Skunk currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes hirtellum . Swamp gooseberry - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes hudsonianum . Northern black currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes lacustre . Swamp black currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes missouriense . Missouri gooseberry - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes nigrum . Black currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* non-native
Ribes odoratum . Flowering currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* non-native
Ribes oxyacanthoides var. oxyacanthoides . Northern gooseberry - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes sativum . Red currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* non-native
Ribes triste . Swamp red currant - Grossulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ribes uva-crispa . European gooseberry - Grossulariaceae *MN* non-native
Robinia hispida var. hispida . Prickly locust - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Robinia pseudoacacia . Black locust - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Robinia viscosa . Clammy locust - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Rorippa austriaca . Austrian yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Rorippa austriaca x sylvestris . Austrian and creeping yellow cress hybrid - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum . Small-leaved water cress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Rorippa palustris . Icelandic yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rorippa palustris var. fernaldiana . Icelandic yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rorippa palustris var. hispida . Icelandic yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rorippa sessiliflora . Sessile-flowered yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Rorippa sinuata . Spreading yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rorippa sylvestris . Creeping yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Rorippa reptabunda . Icelandic yellow cress - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rosa acicularis . Prickly rose - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rosa arkansana . Prairie rose - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rosa blanda . Smooth wild rose - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rosa eglanteria . Sweetbriar rose - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Rosa multiflora . Multiflora rose - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Rosa rugosa . Japanese rose - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Rosa woodsii var. woodsii . Wood's rose - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rotala ramosior . Toothcup - Lythraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Rubus ablatus . Mountain blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus acaulis . Arctic raspberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus acridens . Sharp-toothed blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus allegheniensis . Allegheny blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus alumnus . Nursling blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus canadensis . Smooth blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus chamaemorus . Cloudberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Rubus ferrofluvius . Iron river blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus flagellaris . Northern dewberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus frondosus . Leafy blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus fulleri . Fuller's blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus groutianus . Grout's blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus hispidus . Swamp dewberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus idaeus var. strigosus . Red raspberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus ithocanus . Ithaca blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus missouricus . Missouri blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus multifer . Fruitful dewberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus occidentalis . Black raspberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus parviflorus . Thimbleberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus pensilvanicus . Tall blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus plicatifolius . Plaited-leaf dewberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus pubescens . Dwarf raspberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus recurvans . Low-arching blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus recurvicaulis . Blanchard's dewberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus rosa . Rose blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus satis . Sufficient blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus semisetosus . Half-bristly blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus setosus . Bristly blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus spectatus . Proven blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus steelei . Steel's dewberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus stipulatus . Stipuled blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus superioris . Superior blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus wisconsinensis . Wisconsin blackberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rubus neglectus . Hybrid black raspberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima . Black-eyed Susan - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata . Tall coneflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rudbeckia subtomentosa . sweet coneflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rudbeckia triloba var. triloba . Three-leaved coneflower - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Ruellia humilis . Wild petunia Acanthaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rumex acetosa . Green sorrel - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex acetosella . Red sorrel - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex alpinus . Patience dock - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex altissimus . Tall water dock - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rumex crispus . Curly dock - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Rumex longifolius . Domestic dock - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex maritimus var. fueginus . Golden dock - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rumex obtusifolius . Bitter dock - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex orbiculatus . Great water dock - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rumex patientia . Patience dock - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex salicifolius . Willow-leaved dock - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Rumex stenophyllus . Narrow-leaved dock - Polygonaceae *MN* non-native
Rumex verticillatus . Whorled water dock - Polygonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ruppia cirrhosa . Ditchgrass - Ruppiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list


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Sagina nodosa ssp. borealis . Knotty pearlwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Sagina procumbens . Bird's eye pearlwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sagittaria brevirostra . Short-beaked arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sagittaria cristata . Crested arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sagittaria cuneata . Arum-leaved arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sagittaria graminea ssp. graminea . Grass-leaved arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sagittaria latifolia . Broad-leaved arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Federal noxious weed (USDA-Animal Plant Health Inspection Service)
Sagittaria montevidensis ssp. calycina . Hooded arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sagittaria rigida . Sessile-fruited arrowhead - Alismataceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salicornia rubra . Red saltwort - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Salix alba . White willow - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Salix amygdaloides . Peach-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix bebbiana . Bebb's willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix candida . Sage-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix daphnoides . European violet willow - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Salix discolor . Pussy willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix eriocephala . Heart-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix eriocephala var. eriocephala . Heart-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix eriocephala var. famelica . Heart-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix exigua . Sandbar willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix fragilis . Crack willow - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Salix humilis . Prairie willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix lucida var. lucida . Shining willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix maccalliana . Hoary-fruited willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Salix myricoides . Bluelf willow - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Salix nigra . Black willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix pedicellaris . Bog willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix pellita . Satiny willow - Salicaceae : Minnesota Special Concern list *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix pentandra . Bay-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Salix petiolaris . Slender willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix planifolia . Diamond-leaved willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix pseudomonticola . False mountaineer willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix pyrifolia . Balsam willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix sericea . Silky willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix serissima . Autumn willow - Salicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Salix x rubens . Red willow - Salicaceae *MN* non-native
Salsola collina . Salsola tumbleweed - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
Salsola kali (L.) . Russian thistle - Chenopodiaceae  non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Salsola tragus . Russian thistle - Chenopodiaceae *MN* non-native
Salvia nutans . Nodding salvia - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Salvia reflexa . Lance-leaved sage - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Sambucus canadensis . Common elder - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sambucus canadensis var. acutiloba . Common elder - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sambucus canadensis var. canadensis . Common elder - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sambucus racemosa . Red-berried elder - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sanguinaria canadensis . Bloodroot - Papaveraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sanicula canadensis . Canadian black snakeroot - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sanicula gregaria . Gregarious black snakeroot - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sanicula marilandica . Maryland black snakeroot - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sanicula trifoliata . Beaked snakeroot - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Saponaria officinalis . Bouncing bet - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea . Pitcher plant Sarraceniaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Satureja glabella . Narrow-leaved savory - Lamiaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Satureja vulgaris . Wild basil - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Saxifraga aizoon . Encrusted saxifrage - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Saxifraga cernua . Nodding saxifrage - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Saxifraga pensylvanica . Swamp saxifrage - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Saxifraga virginiensis . Early saxifrage - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Schedonnardus paniculatus . Tumble grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scheuchzeria palustris . Scheuchzeria Scheuchzeriaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Schizachne purpurascens . False melic grass - Poaceae  *MN* native to Minnesota
Schizachne purpurascens var. pubescens . False melic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Schizachne purpurascens var. purpurascens . False melic grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium . Little bluestem - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scilla sibirica . Squill - Liliaceae *MN* non-native
Scirpus acutus . Hardstem bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus atrovirens . Dark green bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus atrovirens var. atrovirens . Dark green bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus atrovirens var. pallidus . Dark green bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus cespitosus . Tufted bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus clintonii . Clinton's bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Scirpus cyperinus . Woolgrass - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus fluviatilis . River bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus heterochaetus . Slender bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus hudsonianus . Hudson Bay bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus maritimus var. paludosus . Prairie bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus microcarpus . Small-fruited bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus pungens . Three-square bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus smithii . Pursh's bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus subterminalis . Swaying bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus torreyi . Torrey's bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scirpus validus . Soft stem bulrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scleranthus annuus . Knawel - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Scleria triglomerata . Tall nutrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Scleria verticillata . Whorled nutrush - Cyperaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Scolochloa festucacea . Whitetop - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scrophularia lanceolata . Lance-leaved figwort - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scrophularia marilandica . Maryland figwort - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scrophularia nodosa . European figwort - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Scutellaria galericulata . Marsh skullcap - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scutellaria lateriflora . Mad dog skullcap - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scutellaria leonardii . Leonard's skullcap - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Scutellaria ovata var. versicolor . Ovate-leaved skullcap - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Scutellaria parvula . Prairie skullcap - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Secale cereale . Cultivated rye - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Sedum acre . Mossy stonecrop - Crassulaceae *MN* non-native
Sedum kamtschaticum . Orange stonewort - Crassulaceae *MN* non-native
Sedum purpureum . Orpine - Crassulaceae *MN* non-native
Sedum reflexum . Stonecrop - Crassulaceae *MN* non-native
Sedum rosea var. integrifolium . Leedy's roseroot - Crassulaceae - Federal Threatened list *MN* native to Minnesota
Sedum spurium . Stonecrop - Crassulaceae *MN* non-native
Selaginella rupestris . Rock spikemoss - Selaginellaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Selaginella selaginoides . Northern spikemoss - Selaginellaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Senecio aureus . Golden ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Senecio canus . Gray ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Senecio congestus . Swamp ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Senecio indecorus . Elegant groundsel - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Senecio integerrimus var. integerrimus . Entire ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Senecio pauperculus . Balsam ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Senecio plattensis . Prairie ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Senecio pseudaureus var. semicordatus . Western heart-leaved groundsel - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Senecio viscosus . Sticky ragwort - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Senecio vulgaris . Common groundsel - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Setaria faberi . Giant foxtail - Poaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Setaria glauca . Yellow foxtail - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Setaria italica . Foxtail millet - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Setaria verticillata var. verticillata . Bristly foxtail - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Setaria viridis . Green foxtail - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Shepherdia argentea . Buffaloberry - Elaeagnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Shepherdia canadensis . Soapberry - Elaeagnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sicyos angulatus . Bur cucumber - Cucurbitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Silene antirrhina . Sleepy catchfly - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Silene armeria . Sweet William catchfly - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Silene cserei . Smooth catchfly - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Silene dichotoma . Forking catchfly - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Silene drummondii . Drummond's campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Silene latifolia . White campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Silene nivea . Snowy campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Silene noctiflora . Night-flowering campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Silene stellata . Starry campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Silene stellata var. scabrella . Starry campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Silene stellata var. stellata . Starry campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Silene vulgaris . Bladder campion - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Silphium laciniatum . Compass plant - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum . Cup plant - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sinapis alba . White mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Sinapis arvensis . Wild mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Sisymbrium altissimum . Tumble mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Sisymbrium loeselii . Tall hedge mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Sisymbrium officinale . Hedge mustard - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native
Sisyrinchium angustifolium . Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass - Iridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sisyrinchium campestre . Field blue-eyed grass - Iridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum . Mountain blue-eyed grass - Iridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sisyrinchium mucronatum . Pointed-petal blue-eyed grass - Iridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sium suave . Water parsnip - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilacina racemosa . Common false Solomon's seal - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilacina stellata var. stellata . Starry false Solomon's seal - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilacina trifolia . Three-leaved false Solomon's seal - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilax ecirrata . Erect carrion flower - Smilacaceae/index.html">Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilax herbacea . Smooth carrion flower - Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilaherbacea var. herbacea . Smooth carrion flower - Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilaherbacea var. lasioneura . Smooth carrion flower - Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilaherbacea var. pulverulenta . Smooth carrion flower - Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilaillinoensis . Illinois carrion flower - Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Smilatamnoides . Greenbrier - Smilacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solanum carolinense . Horse nettle - Solanaceae *MN* non-native, State restricted weed seed (Minnesota Department of Agriculture)

Solanum dulcamara . Bittersweet nightshade - Solanaceae *MN* non-native
Solanum nigrum var. virginicum . Black nightshade - Solanaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Solanum rostratum . Buffalo bur - Solanaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Solanum sarrachoides . Eastern nightshade - Solanaceae *MN* non-native
Solanum triflorum . Three-flowered nightshade - Solanaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Solanum tuberosum . Irish potato - Solanaceae *MN* native to S. America [but Indigenous garden crop here]
Solidago canadensis . Canada goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis . Canada goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens . Canada goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago canadensis var. salebrosa . Canada goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago canadensis var. scabra . Canada goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago flexicaulis . Zigzag goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago gigantea . Giant goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago hispida . Hairy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago hispida var. arnoglossa . Hairy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago hispida var. hispida . Hairy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago juncea . Early goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago missouriensis . Missouri goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago missouriensis var. fasciculata . Missouri goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago missouriensis var. missouriensis . Missouri goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago mollis . Soft goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Solidago nemoralis . Gray goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago nemoralis var. longipetiolata . Gray goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis . Gray goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago ptarmicoides . Upland white aster - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago riddellii . Riddell's goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago rigida . Stiff goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago rigida var. humilis . Stiff goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago rigida var. rigida . Stiff goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago sciaphila . Cliff goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Solidago speciosa . Showy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago speciosa var. jejunifolia . Showy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago speciosa var. rigidiuscula . Showy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago speciosa var. speciosa . Showy goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago uliginosa . Bog goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago ulmifolia . Elm-leaved goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Solidago bernardii . Bernard's goldenrod - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sonchus arvensis . Field sow thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
Sonchus arvensis var. arvensis . Field sow thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Sonchus arvensis var. glabrescens . Field sow thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Sonchus asper . Spiny sow thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Sonchus oleraceus . Common sow thistle - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Sorbaria sorbifolia . False spiraea - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Sorbus americana . American mountain ash - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sorbus aucuparia . European mountain ash - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Sorbus decora . Showy mountain ash - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sorghastrum nutans . Indian grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sorghum almum . Columbus grass - Poaceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Sorghum sudanense . Sudanese sorghum - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Sparganium americanum . Nuttall's bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sparganium androcladum . Branching bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sparganium angustifolium . Narrow-leaved bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sparganium emersum . Unbranched bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sparganium eurycarpum . Giant bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sparganium fluctuans . Floating bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sparganium glomeratum . Clustered bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Sparganium natans . Small bur reed - Sparganiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spartina gracilis . Alkali cordgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spartina pectinata . Prairie cordgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spergula arvensis . Corn spurrey - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Spergularia rubra . Red sand spurrey - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Spermolepis inermis . Unarmed scaleseed - Apiaceae *MN* non-native
Sphaeralcea coccinea . Scarlet mallow - Malvaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sphenopholis obtusata . Prairie wedge grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sphenopholis obtusata var. major . Prairie wedge grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sphenopholis obtusata var. obtusata . Prairie wedge grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiraea alba . White meadowsweet - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiraea alba var. alba . White meadowsweet - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiraea alba var. latifolia . White meadowsweet - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiraea tomentosa var. rosea . Steeplebush - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiraea vanhouttei . Bridal wreath - Rosaceae *MN* non-native
Spiranthes casei . Case’s ladies’ tresses - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiranthes cernua . Nodding ladies' tresses - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiranthes lacera var. lacera . Northern slender ladies' tresses - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiranthes magnicamporum . Great Plains ladies' tresses - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spiranthes romanzoffiana . Hooded ladies' tresses - Orchidaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Spirodela polyrhiza . Greater duckweed - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus asper var. asper . Rough dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus cryptandrus . Sand dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus cryptandrus var. cryptandrus . Sand dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus cryptandrus var. fuscicolor . Sand dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus heterolepis . Prairie dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus neglectus . Annual dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Sporobolus vaginiflorus . Poverty dropseed - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stachys hispida . Smooth hedge nettle - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stachys palustris . Woundwort - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stachys palustris var. homotricha . Woundwort - Lamiaceae *MN* origin undetermined
Stachys palustris var. pilosa . Woundwort - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stachys tenuifolia . Narrow-leaved hedge nettle - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Staphylea trifolia . Bladdernut Staphyleaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stellaria alsine . Alsine chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stellaria aquatica . Giant chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Stellaria borealis var. borealis . Northern starwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stellaria crassifolia . Fleshy-leaved starwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stellaria graminea . Lesser stitchwort - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Stellaria longifolia . Long-leaved chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stellaria longipes . Long-stalked chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Stellaria media . Common chickweed - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Stipa comata . Needle-and-thread grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stipa spartea . Porcupine grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stipa viridula . Green needle grass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Streptopus amplexifolius . Clasping leaved twistedstalk - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Streptopus amplexifolius var. americanus . Clasping leaved twistedstalk - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Streptopus amplexifolius var. denticulatus . Clasping leaved twistedstalk - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Streptopus roseus var. longipes . Rose twistedstalk - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Strophostyles helvola . Wild bean - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Strophostyles leiosperma . Trailing pea - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stuckenia filiformis . Thread-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stuckenia filiformis ssp. alpina . Thread-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stuckenia filiformis ssp. occidentalis . Thread-leaved pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stuckenia pectinata . Sago pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Stuckenia vaginata . Sheathed pondweed - Potamogetonaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Suaeda calceoliformis . Seablite - Chenopodiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Subularia aquatica var. americana . Awlwort - Brassicaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Sullivantia renifolia . Reniform sullivantia - Saxifragaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Symphoricarpos albus . Snowberry - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Symphoricarpos occidentalis . Wolfberry - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus . Coralberry - Caprifoliaceae *MN* non-native :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Symphytum asperum . Prickly comfrey - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Symphytum officinale . Common comfrey - Boraginaceae *MN* non-native
Symplocarpus foetidus . Skunk cabbage - Araceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Syringa vulgaris . Common lilac - Oleaceae *MN* non-native
Syringa x persica . Persian lilac - Oleaceae *MN* non-native


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Taenidia integerrima . Yellow pimpernel - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Talinum parviflorum . Small-flowered fameflower - Portulacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Talinum rugospermum . Rough-seeded fameflower - Portulacaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Tanacetum vulgare . Tansey - Asteraceae *MN* non-native, Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Taraxacum laevigatum . Red-seeded dandelion - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Taraxacum officinale . Common dandelion - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Taxus canadensis . Canada yew - Taxaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tephrosia virginiana . Goat's rue - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Teucrium canadense . Germander - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale . Germander - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Teucrium canadense var. virginicum . Germander - Lamiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thalictrum dasycarpum . Tall meadow-rue - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thalictrum dioicum . Early meadow-rue - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thalictrum revolutum . Purple meadow-rue - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thalictrum thalictroides . Rue anemone - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thalictrum venulosum . Veiny meadow-rue - Ranunculaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thaspium barbinode . Meadow parsnip - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thelesperma megapotamicum . Hopi tea - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens . Northern marsh fern - Thelypteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thlaspi arvense . Pennycress - Brassicaceae *MN* non-native, State restricted weed seed (Minnesota Department of Agriculture)

Thuja occidentalis . White cedar - Cupressaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Thymus serpyllum . Creeping thyme - Lamiaceae *MN* non-native
Tiarella cordifolia . Foamflower - Saxifragaceae *MN* non-native
Tilia americana . Basswood - Tiliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tofieldia glutinosa var. glutinosa . Sticky false asphodel - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tofieldia pusilla . Small false asphodel - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list
Toxicodendron radicans var. negundo . Common poison ivy - Anacardiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota, Minn. Stat. §1505.0730, "Prohibited noxious weed"
Toxicodendron rydbergii . Western poison ivy - Anacardiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Toxicodendron vernix . Poison sumac - Anacardiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tradescantia bracteata . Bracted spiderwort - Commelinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis . Western spiderwort - Commelinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tradescantia ohiensis . Ohio spiderwort - Commelinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tragopogon dubius . Yellow goat's beard - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Tragopogon pratensis . Meadow goat's beard - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Triadenum fraseri . Marsh St. John's wort - - Clusiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Tribulus terrestris . Caltrop - Zygophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Trientalis borealis . Starflower - Primulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Trifolium arvense . Rabbit's foot clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Trifolium aureum . Palmate hop clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Trifolium campestre . Field hop clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Trifolium hybridum . Alsike clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Trifolium incarnatum . Crimson clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Trifolium pratense . Red clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Trifolium repens . White clover - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Triglochin maritima . Seaside arrowgrass - Juncaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Triglochin palustris . Marsh arrowgrass - Juncaginaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Trillium cernuum var. macranthum . Nodding trillium - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Trillium flexipes . Drooping trillium - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Trillium grandiflorum . Large-flowered trillium - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Trillium nivale . Snow trillium - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Triodanis leptocarpa . Slender-fruited Venus' looking-glass - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Triodanis perfoliata .Clasping-leaved Venus' looking-glass - Campanulaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Triosteum aurantiacum . Horse gentian - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Triosteum perfoliatum . Horse gentian - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Triplasis purpurea . Purple sandgrass - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Trisetum spicatum . Spike trisetum - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Triticum aestivum . Cultivated wheat - Poaceae *MN* non-native
Tsuga canadensis . Eastern hemlock - Pinaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Tussilago farfara . Coltsfoot - Asteraceae *MN* non-native
Typha angustifolia . Narrow-leaved cattail - Typhaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Typha latifolia . Broad-leaved cattail - Typhaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Typha glauca . Hybrid cattail - Typhaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Ulmus americana . American elm - Ulmaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ulmus pumila . Siberian elm - Ulmaceae *MN* non-native
Ulmus rubra . Red elm - Ulmaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Ulmus thomasii . Rock elm - Ulmaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis . Stinging nettle - Urticaceae *MN* non-native
Utricularia cornuta . Horned bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Utricularia gibba . Humped bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Utricularia intermedia . Intermediate bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Utricularia minor . Lesser bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Utricularia purpurea . Purple-flowered bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Utricularia resupinata . Lavender bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Utricularia vulgaris . Common bladderwort - Lentibulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Uvularia grandiflora . Large-flowered bellwort - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Uvularia sessilifolia . Pale bellwort - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Vaccaria hispanica . Cowherb - Caryophyllaceae *MN* non-native
Vaccinium angustifolium . Lowbush blueberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vaccinium cespitosum . Dwarf bilberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vaccinium macrocarpon . Large cranberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vaccinium myrtilloides . Velvet-leaved blueberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vaccinium oxycoccos . Small cranberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vaccinium uliginosum var. alpinum . Alpine bilberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Vaccinium vitis-idaea . Lingonberry - Ericaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Valeriana edulis var. ciliata . Edible valerian - Valerianaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Valeriana officinalis . Garden heliotrope - Valerianaceae *MN* non-native
Vallisneria Americana . Eelgrass - Hydrocharitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Verbascum blattaria . Moth mullein - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Verbascum nigrum . Black mullein - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Verbascum thapsus . Common mullein - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Verbena bracteata . Large-bracted vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* non-native
Verbena hastata . Blue vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Verbena simplex . Narrow-leaved vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Verbena stricta . Hoary vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Verbena urticifolia . White vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Verbena deamii . Deam's vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Verbena perriana . Hybrid vervain - Verbenaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vernonia baldwinii var. interior . Western ironweed - Asteraceae *MN* origin undetermined
Vernonia fasciculata . Bunched ironweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vernonia fasciculata var. fasciculata . Bunched ironweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vernonia fasciculata var. nebraskensis . Bunched ironweed - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica americana . American brooklime - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica arvensis . Corn speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronica catenata . Water speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica longifolia . Seaside veronica - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronica officinalis . Common speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronica peregrina . Purslane speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica peregrina var. peregrina . Purslane speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis . Purslane speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica persica . Bird's eye speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronica scutellata . Marsh speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica serpyllifolia . Thyme-leaved speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronica serpyllifolia var. humifusa . Thyme-leaved speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Veronica serpyllifolia var. serpyllifolia . Thyme-leaved speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronica verna . Spring speedwell - Scrophulariaceae *MN* non-native
Veronicastrum virginicum . Culver's root - Scrophulariaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viburnum edule . Squashberry - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viburnum lentago . Nannyberry - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viburnum rafinesquianum . Downy arrowwood - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viburnum rafinesquianum var. affine . Downy arrowwood - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viburnum rafinesquianum var. rafinesquianum . Downy arrowwood - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viburnum trilobum . Highbush cranberry - Caprifoliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vicia americana . American vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vicia americana var. americana . American vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vicia americana var. minor . American vetch - Fabaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vicia angustifolia . Narrow-leaved vetch - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Vicia cracca . Tufted vetch - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Vicia sativa . Spring vetch - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Vicia villosa . Hairy vetch - Fabaceae *MN* non-native
Vincetoxicum nigrum . Black swallow wort - Asclepiadaceae *MN* non-native
Viola adunca . Sand violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola arvensis . Field pansy - Violaceae *MN* non-native
Viola blanda . Big-leaved white violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola canadensis var. rugulosa . Rugulose violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola conspersa . Dog violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola cucullata . Marsh violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola lanceolata . Lance-leaved violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Viola macloskeyi var. pallens . Northern white violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola nephrophylla . Northern bog violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola novae-angliae . New England violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola nuttallii . Yellow prairie violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Viola palmata var. pedatifida . Bearded birdfoot violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola pedata . Beardless birdfoot violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola pubescens . Yellow violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola renifolia . Kidney-leaved violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola sagittata . Arrow-leaved violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola selkirkii . Great-spurred violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola sororia . Common blue violet - Violaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Viola tricolor . Pansy - Violaceae *MN* non-native
Vitis aestivalis var. argentifolia . Silverleaf grape - Vitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Vitis riparia Wild . grape - Vitaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Vulpia octoflora var. glauca . Eightweek fescue - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Waldsteinia fragarioides var. fragarioides . Barren strawberry - Rosaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Wolffia borealis . Spotted watermeal - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Wolffia columbiana . Columbian watermeal - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Wolffia globosa . Asian watermeal - Lemnaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Woodsia alpina . Alpine woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Woodsia glabella . Smooth woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Woodsia ilvensis . Rusty woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Woodsia obtusa ssp. obtusa . Blunt-lobed woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Woodsia oregana var. cathcartiana . Oregon woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN*
Woodsia scopulina ssp. laurentiana . Rocky Mountain woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Threatened list
Woodsia abbeae . Abbe's woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Woodsia gracilis . Slender woodsia - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Woodsia maxonii . Oregon and Rocky Mountain woodsia hybrid - Dryopteridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Xanthium pennsylvanicum (Wallr.) . Nightflowering catchfly - Asteraceae  Minn. Stat. §1505.0740, "Secondary noxious weed"
Xanthium strumarium . Cocklebur - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Xanthium strumarium var. canadense . Cocklebur - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum . Cocklebur - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Xanthium strumarium var. strumarium . Cocklebur - Asteraceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Xyris montana . Montane yellow-eyed grass - Xyridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Special Concern list
Xyris torta . Twisted yellow-eyed grass - Xyridaceae *MN* native to Minnesota :  Minnesota Endangered list


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Zannichellia palustris . Horned pondweed - Zannichelliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zanthoxylum americanum . Prickly ash - Rutaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zea mays . Corn - Poaceae *MN* Indigenous garden crop
Zigadenus elegans . White camass - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zigadenus elegans var. elegans . White camass - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zigadenus elegans var. glaucus . White camass - Liliaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zizania palustris . Wild rice - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zizania palustris var. interior . Wild rice - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zizania palustris var. palustris . Wild rice - Poaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zizia aptera . Heart-leaved alexanders - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zizia aurea . Golden alexanders - Apiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota
Zosterella dubia . Water stargrass - Pontederiaceae *MN* native to Minnesota


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Sources:

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  Minnesota and Federal Prohibited and Noxious Plants by Scientific Name (compiled by the Minnesota DNR's Exotic Species Program, 12-30-99).  http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/ecological_services/invasives/weedlist.pdf, accessed August 13, 2005.

-- . Minnesota Vascular Plants, 9/25/02.  http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/ecological_services/plant_list9-25-02.pdf, accessed August 12-13, 2005.

Minnesota Legislature.  Noxious Plants of Minnesota, Minn. Stat. § 1505.0730,  1505.0740.  http://www.mda.state.mn.us/appd/weeds/noxiousplantsminnesota.pdf, accessed August 13, 2005.

United States -  USDA Natural Resouces Conservation Services.  PLANTS Checklists.
Plants in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.  http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html
accessed August 13, 2005