1. BETULACEAE
   [Tourn.] L. sp. Pl. 1062.  1753

Description

Locale

      Taxonomy key
                                                                                                1. N. species
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Fagales

Family Betulaceae    (Family Information, Photo Gallery and Map Gallery)  1 : 605
            Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              black alder, European alder
                  Alnus alnus (L.) Britton
                  Alnus vulgaris Hill
                  Betula alnus L. var. glutinosa L.
            Alnus incana (L.) Moench  Plant found in Wisconsin
              mountain alder, speckled alder
            Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. rugosa (Du Roi) R.T.Clausen  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              mountain alder, speckled alder, swamp alder
                  Alnus glauca Michx.
                  Alnus incana (L.) Moench f. tomophylla Fernald
                  Alnus incana (L.) Moench var. americana Regel
                  Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng.
                  Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng. var. americana (Regel) Fernald
                  Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng. var. tomophylla (Fernald) Fernald
                  Betula alnus L. var. rugosa Du Roi
            Alnus viridis (Vill.) DC.  Plant found in Wisconsin
              green alder, mountain alder, Sitka alder
            Alnus viridis (Vill.) DC. subsp. crispa (Aiton) Turrill  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              American green alder, green alder, mountain alder
                  Alnus alnobetula (Ehrh.) K.Koch var. crispa (Aiton) H.J.P.Winkler
                  Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh
                  Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh var. elongata Raup
                  Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh var. harricanensis Lepage
                  Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh var. mollis (Fernald) Fernald
                  Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh var. stragula Fernald
                  Alnus mitchelliana M.A.Curtis ex A.Gray
                  Alnus mollis Fernald
                  Alnus viridis (Vill.) DC. var. crispa (Aiton) House
                  Alnus viridis (Vill.) DC. var. fernaldii House
                  Alnus X hultenii Murai
                  Betula crispa Aiton
                  Duschekia viridis (Chaix) Opiz


            Betula alleghaniensis Britton  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              yellow birch
                  Betula alleghaniensis Britton var. alleghaniensis
                  Betula alleghaniensis Britton var. fallax (Fassett) Brayshaw
                  Betula alleghaniensis Britton var. macrolepis (Fernald) Brayshaw
                  Betula lutea F.Michx.
                  Betula lutea F.Michx. f. fallax Fassett
                  Betula lutea F.Michx. var. macrolepis Fernald
                  Betula purpusii C.K.Schneid. f. fallax (Fassett) B.Boivin
            Betula cordifolia Regel  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              heart-leaf birch, mountain white birch
                  Betula alba L. var. cordifolia (Regel) Regel
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. cordifolia (Regel) Fernald
            Betula nigra L.  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              black birch, red birch, river birch
                  Betula rubra F.Michx.
            Betula papyrifera Marshall  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              canoe birch, paper birch, white birch
                  Betula alba L. var. elobata Fernald
                  Betula alba L. var. papyrifera (Marshall) Spach
                  Betula papyracea Aiton
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. elobata (Fernald) Sarg.
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. macrostachya Fernald
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. pensilis Fernald
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fernald
                  Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
                  Betula subcordata Rydb.
            Betula pendula Roth  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              European white birch, weeping birch
            Betula pendula Roth  Plant found in Wisconsin +
                  Betula alba L. var. dalecarlica L.f.
                  Betula pendula Roth f. dalecarlica (L.f.) C.K.Schneid.
                  Betula pendula Roth var. dalecarlica (L.f.) Rehder
            Betula pendula Roth var. pendula  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              European white birch, weeping birch
                  Betula verrucosa Ehrh.
            Betula pumila L.  Plant found in Wisconsin* +
              bog birch, dwarf birch, swamp birch
                  Betula borealis Spach
                  Betula glandulifera (Regel) B.T.Butler
                  Betula glandulosa Michx. var. glandulifera (Regel) Gleason
                  Betula glandulosa Michx. var. hallii (T.J.Howell) C.L.Hitchc.
                  Betula hallii T.J.Howell
                  Betula nana L. var. glandulifera (Regel) B.Boivin
                  Betula pubescens Ehrh. subsp. borealis (Spach) A.Löve & D.Löve
                  Betula pumila L. var. glandulifera Regel
                  Betula pumila L. var. glabra Regel
                  Betula pumila L. var. pumila
                  Betula pumila L. var. renifolia Fernald
            Betula X purpusii C.K.Schneid.  Plant found in Wisconsin +
              Purpus' birch
            Betula X sandbergii Britton  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              Sandberg's birch


            Carpinus caroliniana Walter  Plant found in Wisconsin
              blue-beech, hornbeam, ironwood, muscle-wood
            Carpinus caroliniana Walter subsp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              American hornbeam, blue-beech, hornbeam, ironwood
                  Carpinus betulus L. var. virginiana Marshall
                  Carpinus caroliniana Walter var. virginiana (Marshall) Fernald
                  Carpinus virginiana (Marshall) Sudw. 1893, not Miller 1768


            Corylus americana Walter  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              American hazelnut
                  Corylus americana Walter f. missouriensis (A.DC.) Fernald
                  Corylus americana Walter var. altior Fernald
                  Corylus americana Walter var. indehiscens E.J.Palmer & Steyerm.
                  Corylus americana Walter var. missourensis A.DC.
            Corylus cornuta Marshall  Plant found in Wisconsin
              beaked hazelnut
            Corylus cornuta Marshall subsp. cornuta  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              beaked hazelnut
                  Corylus cornuta Marshall var. cornuta
                  Corylus cornuta Marshall var. megaphylla Vict. & J.Rousseau
                  Corylus rostrata Aiton


            Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch  Plant found in Wisconsin * +
              eastern hop-hornbeam, ironwood
                  Carpinus virginiana Mill.
                  Ostrya virginica Willd. var. glandulosa Spach
                  Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch f. glandulosa (Spach) J.F.Macbr.
                  Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch f. virginiana
                  Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch subsp. lasia (Fernald) E.Murray
                  Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch var. glandulosa (Spach) Sarg.
                  Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch var. lasia Fernald
                  Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch var. virginiana


medicinal plant

Sources:

Nathanie1 L. Britton amd Addison Lord Brown,
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions from Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913

Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin - Madison, WISFLORA: Wisconsin Vascular Plant Specie
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