Reflections from the Ah­nish­i­nah­bæójib­way (We, the People)


July 1, 1994

While I was digging through my papers looking for another document, I came across some copies of B.I.A. records I’d misplaced, about taxation on the Red Lake Reservation.  According to these files, the Bemidji Daily Pioneer published a list of delinquent Red Lake Reservation taxpayers on January 11, 1924: Whites, Citizen Indians, and certain “non-citizen Indians.”  None of these people against whom Minnesota School District Number 119 levied a ten percent personal property tax in 1923 were Ahnishinahbæótjibway with a Dodem (although two of them were later defined by the U.S.A. as “4/4 blood quantum Indians”).  These White man’s Indians were being used to set a European-law precedent.  The plan was to use this motley group of B.I.A. employees, French Métis, and “lumberjack bastards” (who were already citizens prior to the 1924 U.S. Indian Citizenship Act because of their Indo-European patrilines) as a purported proxy for the Ahnishinahbæótjibway, institutionalizing State and local taxation of everyone’s personal property on Red Lake Reservation.

In his greed, the White man over-reached, and the deal fell through.  Part of the justification used for the taxation levied in the early 1920’s was payment for schools, and the long-range goal was to use property taxes to steal this land—as was done on the allotted Indian reservations.  But, under the Act of January 14, 1889, the United States unilaterally mis-appropriated more than three million acres of Ahnishinahbæótjibway land at Red Lake.  The Ahnishinahbæótjibway never consented to the sale of our land.  The U.S. Government knew that our Midé philosophy means we cannot sell land, and wrote the 1889 Act so that Ahnishinahbæótjibway land would be taken on the “consent” of the Métis Chippewas throughout Minnesota.  As with all “Indian land sales,” under both Indian Treaties and subsequent “Agreements,” one part of the title to the Aboriginal Indigenous Peoples’ land was stolen by Indian proxy “sale,” and another part claimed by the White man with a Judeo-Kristian ritual.

During the meetings which were held in 1889, the assembled Indians and Ahnishinahbæótjibway were told by the crooked Minnesota Chippewa Commission that there would be “payments.”  When I was young, Métis people and other Chippewa Indians relied on the oral history of the lies told at the July, 1889 meetings, and would tell me, “you know, you Red Lakers are going to be rich some day.”  The Minnesota Chippewa Commission lied to the Chippewa Indians they were using to sell Ahnishinahbæótjibway land, as well as to everybody else.  Under the provisions of the 1889 legislation which had already been passed by Congress, there would be no annuities or big lump-sum payments.  The proceeds from the sale of our stolen land was squandered on boarding schools, support of missionary religious institutions, B.I.A. operating funds, and other instruments of genocide used to destroy the Ahnishinahbæótjibway families.  The schools for which the White man wanted to levy a ten percent personal property tax, had already been paid for under the unilateral United States Act of January 14, 1889.

There was much grumbling and dissent about having to pay for the schools twice.  The B.I.A. considered their Indians dumb and inferior [they claimed “scientific evidence” that the Indians’ I.Q. was about 70], but they weren’t that dumb, and the files contain a number of letters written by the Chippewa Indians protesting the taxation and proposed tax-forfeiture.  The U.S. reconsidered their strategy, and the Department of the Interior wrote an opinion which included, and I quote, “as the United States has not fully carried out its object and purpose toward them, and they and their property still remain under its exclusive jurisdiction and control, it is believed that, under such circumstances, the State is without authority ... to interfere.”  The United States had been operating their Indian Reservations as concentration camps in which even the “proceeds of Indian labor” were confiscated under U.S. trusteeship of the Indian wards of the Western European Government, and continues their encroachment under the White “Indian Sovereignty” given to their 1934 I.R.A. Tribal Councils.

PLUNDER ECONOMICS: Roman law has always been based on an economic system in which self-proclaimed “royalty” applied their laws to other races of people (but not to themselves), committed genocide and colonized [stole] other peoples’ land and resources.  In order to hold and expand their colonies, the heirs of the Roman empire have used the dual strategy of genetically engineering the colonized people [for example, Indians], and forcing their own narrow hierarchical world-view onto their subject people through their own languages and the Creolization of the languages of the people they colonize.  Chippewa is such an hierarchial Creole language.

Encroachment, ecological plunder and self-serving ambiguities within their languages and their laws are defined by the heirs of the Romans as “the spread of $ivilization.”  When Columbus claimed that he had “discovered” this Continent for King Ferdinand and his Queen, Isabella, and claimed it under the authority of the Holy Roman Empire, this began encroachment which has continued unabated after Henry VIII’s break with the Papacy.  The Good Kristians, who broke the Ten Kommandments, and are still breaking them to this day, were encroaching on Aboriginal Indigenous Peoples as they established missions across the Continent.  The Manifest Destiny openly proclaimed by the United States in the last century was blatant encroachment, allegedly justified by the dual encroaching assertions, “God is on our side,” and “they weren’t using the land or ‘developing’ the resources.”  (Greed is a mental illness co-dependent with encroachment.)  The Western Europeans use of germ and chemical warfare, including deliberate infection of Aboriginal Indigenous people with tuberculosis and smallpox, was genocidal encroachment.

Trying to re-define the Aboriginal Indigenous people by lumping them in the same Western European category as their White Squaw Men—Indians—has always been encroachment, and signing Indian Treaties with the U.S.’ patrilineally White Indians was further encroachment.  Creating concentration camps euphemistically called Indian Reservations, operating compulsory-education boarding schools under the aegis of the Indian Treaties and Indian “Agreements,” and forcing Ahnishinahbæótjibway to take on the identity of Kristian Indians who spoke broken English, are all encroachment.

The Euro-Americans tried to encroach at Red Lake by taxing automobiles, horses and wagons in 1923.  This attempt was unsuccessful, and in 1924 they unilaterally and inaccurately re-defined Aboriginal Indigenous people as “non-citizen Indians” again, and further encroached by passing the oxymoron Indian Citizenship Act.  By that time, most of the people on the Reservation had gone through the compulsory-education boarding schools, and the Euro-Americans thought that they had brainwashed the Aboriginal Indigenous people into becoming Indians.  At Red Lake, “Indian citizenship” did not mean voting—it translated into slave labor: being forced to build roads for the encroaching Euro-Americans, under what was called a “poll tax.”  Encroaching “democracy” belatedly followed the poll tax, with the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act, patterned after the imported White government, and controlled by the U.S. Department of the Interior.

The I.R.A. form of encroachment government was unilaterally imposed by the U.S.A. at Red Lake in 1958.  In the 1970’s, the State of Minnesota used the White man’s I.R.A. for further encroachment, and used the Euro-Americans’ “Indian Sovereignty” to finally levy a State tax on automobiles at Red Lake, by issuing State “vanity” license plates (which say MN in the corner) through the I.R.A. tribal council.  The State of Minnesota Highway Patrol stops older cars with “Red Lake Plates” frequently—the State is obscuring the encroachment by hassling people, doubling their revenue, and laughing all the way to the Auditor’s Office.  This is classical European encroachment-sovereignty, aided and abetted by Chairman-for-Life Roger Jourdain.  The U.S.A. gave you Indians at Red Lake “Indian Sovereignty,” and now is using the ambiguities of this “Sovereignty” to tax you twice.  Poll taxes were made unconstitutional under the 24th Amendment, but apparently under the Jim Crow of Indian Sovereignty, such taxes (under another name) can still be legitimately applied to “Indians not taxed.”  Seat belt fines and cigarette taxes are both part of this White man’s protection-racket of encroachment.  Every time a centralized government taxes a person “for your protection,” they are taking another small part of your freedom.  Like the Mafia, the governments’ protection racket is just another shakedown.

The State has used encroachment—the schools, the “welfare” system, and taxation to take away any autonomy that Indians ever had as wards of the government under Trusteeship.  For generations, the U.S. policy-makers have assured each other that the “Indian problem” would be solved by the elimination of the Indians, and their Indians have been told, “with one stroke of the pen, you will no longer exist.”  The White man created the Indians, and because he owns the Indians’ identity and is the definer of Indian culture, he can unilaterally abolish Indians.

My telephone number is (218) 679-2382 and my mailing address is P.O. Box 484, Bemidji, MN 56601.

Wub-e-ke-niew


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